Search Results: a-framework-for-assessing-effects-of-the-food-system

A Framework for Assessing Effects of the Food System

Author: National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Food and Nutrition Board,Committee on a Framework for Assessing the Health, Environmental, and Social Effects of the Food System

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030930783X

Category: Medical

Page: 444

View: 6220

How we produce and consume food has a bigger impact on Americans' well-being than any other human activity. The food industry is the largest sector of our economy; food touches everything from our health to the environment, climate change, economic inequality, and the federal budget. From the earliest developments of agriculture, a major goal has been to attain sufficient foods that provide the energy and the nutrients needed for a healthy, active life. Over time, food production, processing, marketing, and consumption have evolved and become highly complex. The challenges of improving the food system in the 21st century will require systemic approaches that take full account of social, economic, ecological, and evolutionary factors. Policy or business interventions involving a segment of the food system often have consequences beyond the original issue the intervention was meant to address. A Framework for Assessing Effects of the Food System develops an analytical framework for assessing effects associated with the ways in which food is grown, processed, distributed, marketed, retailed, and consumed in the United States. The framework will allow users to recognize effects across the full food system, consider all domains and dimensions of effects, account for systems dynamics and complexities, and choose appropriate methods for analysis. This report provides example applications of the framework based on complex questions that are currently under debate: consumption of a healthy and safe diet, food security, animal welfare, and preserving the environment and its resources. A Framework for Assessing Effects of the Food System describes the U.S. food system and provides a brief history of its evolution into the current system. This report identifies some of the real and potential implications of the current system in terms of its health, environmental, and socioeconomic effects along with a sense for the complexities of the system, potential metrics, and some of the data needs that are required to assess the effects. The overview of the food system and the framework described in this report will be an essential resource for decision makers, researchers, and others to examine the possible impacts of alternative policies or agricultural or food processing practices.

Nutrition and food systems

A report by the night level panel of experts on food security and nutrition of the commitee on world food security. September 2017

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 152

View: 3066

Presented at the 44th Committee on Food Security in October 2017, this report looks at the links between access to food and people's nutritional status. It calls for policies that promote adequate food access for all and strengthen consumers's information on healthy products.

Unsere gemeinsame Zukunft

Bericht der Weltkommission für Umwelt und Entwicklung

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 348

View: 2724

We were eight years in power

Eine amerikanische Tragödie

Author: Ta-Nehisi Coates

Publisher: Hanser Berlin

ISBN: 3446259805

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 9031

Mit Barack Obama sollte die amerikanische Gesellschaft ihren jahrhundertealten Rassismus überwinden. Am Ende seiner Amtszeit zerschlugen sich die Reste dieser Hoffnung mit der Machtübernahme Donald Trumps, den Ta-Nehisi Coates als "Amerikas ersten weißen Präsidenten" bezeichnet: ein Mann, dessen politische Existenz in der Abgrenzung zu Obama besteht. Coates zeichnet ein bestechend kluges und leidenschaftliches Porträt der Obama-Ära und ihres Vermächtnisses – ein essenzielles Werk zum Verständnis der Vergangenheit, Gegenwart und Zukunft der USA, von einem Autor, dessen eigene Geschichte jener acht Jahre von einem Arbeitsamt in Harlem bis ins Oval Office führte, wo er den Präsidenten interviewte.

A framework for conceptualizing impact assessment and promoting impact culture in agricultural research

Author: N.A

Publisher: IITA

ISBN: 9781312726

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2330

Implications of Economic Policy for Food Security

A Training Manual

Author: Anne Margaret Thomson,Manfred Metz,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251043790

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 298

View: 382

The aim of this manual is to help policy analysts improve their understanding of the concept of food security and the problems related to it. Food security is defined as availability of, stability of and access to food by each human being. The food system, including the production and transformation of food, is studied with a view to understanding the causes of food insecurity. The manual then shows how international, macro-level and agricultural-sector policies affect the food system and how national and international policies that could improve food security can be identified.

A Conceptual Framework for Integrated Impact Assessment of Trypanosomiasis Interventions

Author: N.A

Publisher: ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD)

ISBN: 9789291462131

Category: African trypanosomiasis

Page: 37

View: 7020

A Framework for Multispecies Assessment and Management

An ICES/NCM Background Document

Author: Anna Rindorf,Nordisk Ministerråd

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

ISBN: 9289325844

Category:

Page: 46

View: 3818

The report describes a framework that can be used to identify the most important trade-offs in ecosystem based fisheries management. The framework contains a description of how to identify the border between the science and policy domains, how to identify objectives and set goals for management, and how to communicate the management advice. Consultations with stakeholders showed that multi-species management advice needs to be precautionary, provide yields close to MSY, be in accordance with ecosystem constraints and be possible to communicate clearly to managers and policymakers. The use of the framework is demonstrated through examples from three different ecosystems: the Baltic Sea, the North Sea and the Barents Sea.

Exploring Health and Environmental Costs of Food

Workshop Summary

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Institute of Medicine,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Food and Nutrition Board

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309265800

Category: Medical

Page: 116

View: 7595

The U.S. food system provides many benefits, not the least of which is a safe, nutritious and consistent food supply. However, the same system also creates significant environmental, public health, and other costs that generally are not recognized and not accounted for in the retail price of food. These include greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, soil erosion, air pollution, and their environmental consequences, the transfer of antibiotic resistance from food animals to human, and other human health outcomes, including foodborne illnesses and chronic disease. Some external costs which are also known as externalities are accounted for in ways that do not involve increasing the price of food. But many are not. They are borne involuntarily by society at large. A better understanding of external costs would help decision makers at all stages of the life cycle to expand the benefits of the U.S. food system even further. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the National Research Council (NRC) with support from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) convened a public workshop on April 23-23, 2012, to explore the external costs of food, methodologies for quantifying those costs, and the limitations of the methodologies. The workshop was intended to be an information-gathering activity only. Given the complexity of the issues and the broad areas of expertise involved, workshop presentations and discussions represent only a small portion of the current knowledge and are by no means comprehensive. The focus was on the environmental and health impacts of food, using externalities as a basis for discussion and animal products as a case study. The intention was not to quantify costs or benefits, but rather to lay the groundwork for doing so. A major goal of the workshop was to identify information sources and methodologies required to recognize and estimate the costs and benefits of environmental and public health consequences associated with the U.S. food system. It was anticipated that the workshop would provide the basis for a follow-up consensus study of the subject and that a central task of the consensus study will be to develop a framework for a full-scale accounting of the environmental and public health effects for all food products of the U.S. food system. Exploring Health and Environmental Costs of Food: Workshop Summary provides the basis for a follow-up planning discussion involving members of the IOM Food and Nutrition Board and the NRC Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources and others to develop the scope and areas of expertise needed for a larger-scale, consensus study of the subject.

Research Priorities for Assessing Health Effects from the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill

A Letter Report

Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee to Review the Federal Response to the Health Effects Associated with the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309163129

Category: Medical

Page: 28

View: 5210

It is as yet uncertain how the Gulf of Mexico oil spill will affect the health of clean-up workers and volunteers, residents, and visitors in the Gulf. The IOM recommends that the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services focus on researching psychological and behavioral health, exposure information to oil and dispersants, seafood safety, communication methods for health studies, and methods for conducting research in order to better understand and mitigate the effects on human health for this oil spill and for future disasters.

The Transformation of Agri-food Systems

Globalization, Supply Chains and Smallholder Farmers

Author: Ellen B. McCullough,Prabhu L. Pingali,Kostas G. Stamoulis

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251059623

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 381

View: 3524

The driving forces of income growth, demographic shifts, globalisation and technical change have led to a reorganisation of food systems from farm to plate. The characteristics of supply chains - particularly the role of supermarkets - linking farmers have changed, from consumption and retail to wholesale, processing, procurement and production. This has had a dramatic effect on smallholder farmers, particularly in developing countries. This book presents a comprehensive framework for assessing the impacts of changing agri-food systems on smallholder farmers, recognising the importance of heterogeneity between developing countries as well as within them. The book includes a number of case studies from Asia, Africa, Latin America and Eastern Europe, which are used to illustrate differences in food systems' characteristics and trends. The country case studies explore impacts on the small farm sector across different countries, local contexts and farm types

Politik der Globalisierung

Author: Ulrich Beck

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518409152

Category: International economic relations

Page: 421

View: 5818

Agriculture and the WTO

Creating a Trading System for Development

Author: Merlinda Ingco,John D. Nash

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 082138368X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 406

View: 4659

Developing countries have a major stake in the outcome of trade negotiations conducted under the auspices of the World Trade Organization (WTO). 'Agriculture and the WTO: Creating a Trading System for Development' explores the key issues and options in agricultural trade liberalization from the perspective of these developing countries. Leading experts in trade and agriculture from both developed and developing countries provide key research findings and policy analyses on a range of issues that includes market access, domestic support, export competition, quota administration methods, food security, biotechnology, intellectual property rights, and agricultural trade under the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture. Material is covered in summary and in comprehensive detail with supporting data, a substantial bibliography, and listings of online resources. This book will be of interest to policymakers and analysts in the fields of development economics and commodities pricing and trade.

Role of Fish in Enhancing Ricefield Ecology and in Integrated Pest Management

Summary Report of the Third Asian Regional Rice-Fish Farming Research and Development Workshop, Sukamandi Research Institute for Food Crops, Sukamandi, Subang, West Java, Indonesia, 6-11 June 1993

Author: Catalino R. Dela Cruz

Publisher: WorldFish

ISBN: 9718709517

Category: Aquaculture

Page: 50

View: 3085

Proposed Framework for Evaluating the Safety of Dietary Supplements -- For Comment

Author: Food and Nutrition Board,Institute of Medicine,Board on Life Sciences

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309583586

Category: Medical

Page: 133

View: 3354

This report outlines a three-step framework for considering the safety of dietary supplement ingredients. The first two steps in the process, "screening/flagging" and "priority setting," are designed to categorize dietary supplement ingredients based on theoretical or possible concern, and therefore the immediacy of the need for in-depth evaluation of safety, the third step of the process.

Transformation of Agri-Food Systems

Globalization, Supply Chains and Smallholder Farmers

Author: Ellen B. McCullough

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 1849773335

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 406

View: 7025

'There should be a good market for this book. The topic is very timely and a major theme of the new World Development Report 2008. The editors and contributors are world class.'Derek Byerlee, World Bank'This is a topic of wide interest and high policy importance. The depth of coverage and excellent synthesis should ensure that the book will have a substantial market in high-level undergraduate and graduate courses in agricultural development. It will have a solid readership among development economists and policy makers as well.'Mark Rosegrant, International Food Policy Research InstituteThe driving forces of income growth, demographic shifts, globalization and technical change have led to a reorganization of food systems from farm to plate. The characteristics of supply chains - particularly the role of supermarkets - linking farmers have changed, from consumption and retail to wholesale, processing, procurement and production. This has had a dramatic effect on smallholder farmers, particularly in developing countries. This book presents a comprehensive framework for assessing the impacts of changing agri-food systems on smallholder farmers, recognizing the importance of heterogeneity between developing countries as well as within them. The book includes a number of case studies from Asia, Africa, Latin America and Eastern Europe, which are used to illustrate differences in food systems' characteristics and trends. The country case studies explore impacts on the small farm sector across different countries, local contexts and farm types.Published with FAO

Global Governance of Genetic Resources

Access and Benefit Sharing after the Nagoya Protocol

Author: Sebastian Oberthür,G. Kristin Rosendal

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135135487

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 268

View: 1160

This book analyses the status and prospects of the global governance of Access Benefit Sharing (ABS) in the aftermath of 2010’s Nagoya Protocol to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The CBD’s initial 1992 framework of global ABS governance established the objective of sharing the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources fairly between countries and communities. Since then, ABS has been a contested issue in international politics – not least due to the failure of effective implementation of the original CBD framework. The Nagoya Protocol therefore aims to improve and enhance this framework. Compared to the slow rate of progress on climate change, it has been considered a major achievement of global environmental governance, but it has also been coined a ‘masterpiece of ambiguity’. This book analyses the role of a variety of actors in the emergence of the Nagoya Protocol and provides an up-to-date assessment of the core features of the architecture of global ABS governance. This book offers a central resource regarding ABS governance for those working on and interested in global environmental governance. This is achieved by focusing on two broad themes of the wider research agenda on global environmental governance, namely architecture and agency. Furthermore, individual chapter contributions relate and link ABS governance to other prominent debates in the field, such as institutional complexes, compliance, market-based approaches, EU leadership, the role of small states, the role of non-state actors and more. Partly due to its seeming technical complexity, ABS governance has so far not been at the centre of attention of scholars and practitioners of global environmental governance. In this book, care is taken to provide an accessible account of key functional features of the governance system which enables non-specialists to gain a grasp on the main issues involved, allowing the issue of ABS governance to move centre-stage and be more fully recognised in discussions on global environmental governance.

Czech Republic: 2008 Article IV Consultation

Author: N.A

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 6763

Stock Assessment for Fishery Management

A Framework Guide to the Stock Assessment Tools of the Fisheries Management and Science Programme

Author: Daniel D. Hoggarth,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251055038

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 261

View: 2273

Provides guidelines for fish stock assessment and fishery management using the software tools developed by the UK's Department for International Development's Fisheries Management Science Programme. This report explains some key elements of the precautionary approach to fisheries management and outlines a range of alternative stock assessment approaches.

Water for Food Water for Life

A Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture

Author: David Molden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136548521

Category: Law

Page: 688

View: 4188

Managing water resources is one of the most pressing challenges of our times - fundamental to how we feed 2 billion more people in coming decades, eliminate poverty, and reverse ecosystem degradation. This Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture, involving more than 700 leading specialists, evaluates current thinking on water and its interplay with agriculture to help chart the way forward. It offers actions for water management and water policy - to ensure more equitable and effective use. This assessment describes key water-food-environment trends that influence our lives today and uses scenarios to explore the consequences of a range of potential investments. It aims to inform investors and policymakers about water and food choices in light of such crucial influences as poverty, ecosystems, governance, and productivity. It covers rainfed agriculture, irrigation, groundwater, marginal-quality water, fisheries, livestock, rice, land, and river basins. Ample tables, graphs, and references make this an invaluable work for practitioners, academics, researchers, and policymakers in water management, agriculture, conservation, and development. Published with IWMI.

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