Search Results: a-guide-to-distribution-theory-and-fourier-transforms

A Guide to Distribution Theory and Fourier Transforms

Author: Robert S. Strichartz

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812384300

Category: Mathematics

Page: 226

View: 494

This important book provides a concise exposition of the basic ideas of the theory of distribution and Fourier transforms and its application to partial differential equations. The author clearly presents the ideas, precise statements of theorems, and explanations of ideas behind the proofs. Methods in which techniques are used in applications are illustrated, and many problems are included. The book also introduces several significant recent topics, including pseudodifferential operators, wave front sets, wavelets, and quasicrystals. Background mathematical prerequisites have been kept to a minimum, with only a knowledge of multidimensional calculus and basic complex variables needed to fully understand the concepts in the book.A Guide to Distribution Theory and Fourier Transforms can serve as a textbook for parts of a course on Applied Analysis or Methods of Mathematical Physics, and in fact it is used that way at Cornell.

A Guide to Distribution Theory and Fourier Transforms

Author: Robert S Strichartz

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9813102292

Category: Mathematics

Page: 236

View: 9936

This important book provides a concise exposition of the basic ideas of the theory of distribution and Fourier transforms and its application to partial differential equations. The author clearly presents the ideas, precise statements of theorems, and explanations of ideas behind the proofs. Methods in which techniques are used in applications are illustrated, and many problems are included. The book also introduces several significant recent topics, including pseudodifferential operators, wave front sets, wavelets, and quasicrystals. Background mathematical prerequisites have been kept to a minimum, with only a knowledge of multidimensional calculus and basic complex variables needed to fully understand the concepts in the book. A Guide to Distribution Theory and Fourier Transforms can serve as a textbook for parts of a course on Applied Analysis or Methods of Mathematical Physics, and in fact it is used that way at Cornell.

A Guide to Distribution Theory and Fourier Transforms

Author: Robert S. Strichartz

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated

ISBN: 9789812384218

Category: Mathematics

Page: 226

View: 4365

This important book provides a concise exposition of the basic ideas of the theory of distribution and Fourier transforms and its application to partial differential equations. The author clearly presents the ideas, precise statements of theorems, and explanations of ideas behind the proofs. Methods in which techniques are used in applications are illustrated, and many problems are included. The book also introduces several significant recent topics, including pseudodifferential operators, wave front sets, wavelets, and quasicrystals. Background mathematical prerequisites have been kept to a minimum, with only a knowledge of multidimensional calculus and basic complex variables needed to fully understand the concepts in the book.A Guide to Distribution Theory and Fourier Transforms can serve as a textbook for parts of a course on Applied Analysis or Methods of Mathematical Physics, and in fact it is used that way at Cornell.

Distributions

Theory and Applications

Author: J.J. Duistermaat,Johan A.C. Kolk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817646752

Category: Mathematics

Page: 445

View: 8995

This textbook is an application-oriented introduction to the theory of distributions, a powerful tool used in mathematical analysis. The treatment emphasizes applications that relate distributions to linear partial differential equations and Fourier analysis problems found in mechanics, optics, quantum mechanics, quantum field theory, and signal analysis. The book is motivated by many exercises, hints, and solutions that guide the reader along a path requiring only a minimal mathematical background.

Distribution Theory and Transform Analysis

An Introduction to Generalized Functions, with Applications

Author: A.H. Zemanian

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486151948

Category: Mathematics

Page: 400

View: 4707

Distribution theory, a relatively recent mathematical approach to classical Fourier analysis, not only opened up new areas of research but also helped promote the development of such mathematical disciplines as ordinary and partial differential equations, operational calculus, transformation theory, and functional analysis. This text was one of the first to give a clear explanation of distribution theory; it combines the theory effectively with extensive practical applications to science and engineering problems. Based on a graduate course given at the State University of New York at Stony Brook, this book has two objectives: to provide a comparatively elementary introduction to distribution theory and to describe the generalized Fourier and Laplace transformations and their applications to integrodifferential equations, difference equations, and passive systems. After an introductory chapter defining distributions and the operations that apply to them, Chapter 2 considers the calculus of distributions, especially limits, differentiation, integrations, and the interchange of limiting processes. Some deeper properties of distributions, such as their local character as derivatives of continuous functions, are given in Chapter 3. Chapter 4 introduces the distributions of slow growth, which arise naturally in the generalization of the Fourier transformation. Chapters 5 and 6 cover the convolution process and its use in representing differential and difference equations. The distributional Fourier and Laplace transformations are developed in Chapters 7 and 8, and the latter transformation is applied in Chapter 9 to obtain an operational calculus for the solution of differential and difference equations of the initial-condition type. Some of the previous theory is applied in Chapter 10 to a discussion of the fundamental properties of certain physical systems, while Chapter 11 ends the book with a consideration of periodic distributions. Suitable for a graduate course for engineering and science students or for a senior-level undergraduate course for mathematics majors, this book presumes a knowledge of advanced calculus and the standard theorems on the interchange of limit processes. A broad spectrum of problems has been included to satisfy the diverse needs of various types of students.

Distribution Theory

Convolution, Fourier Transform, and Laplace Transform

Author: Gerrit Dijk

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110298511

Category: Mathematics

Page: 117

View: 5476

The theory of distributions has numerous applications and is extensively used in mathematics, physics and engineering. There is however relatively little elementary expository literature on distribution theory. This book is intended as an introduction. Starting with the elementary theory of distributions, it proceeds to convolution products of distributions, Fourier and Laplace transforms, tempered distributions, summable distributions and applications. The theory is illustrated by several examples, mostly beginning with the case of the real line and then followed by examples in higher dimensions. This is a justified and practical approach, it helps the reader to become familiar with the subject. A moderate number of exercises are added. It is suitable for a one-semester course at the advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate level or for self-study.

Differential Equations on Fractals

A Tutorial

Author: Robert S. Strichartz

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691186839

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 6250

Differential Equations on Fractals opens the door to understanding the recently developed area of analysis on fractals, focusing on the construction of a Laplacian on the Sierpinski gasket and related fractals. Written in a lively and informal style, with lots of intriguing exercises on all levels of difficulty, the book is accessible to advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and mathematicians who seek an understanding of analysis on fractals. Robert Strichartz takes the reader to the frontiers of research, starting with carefully motivated examples and constructions. One of the great accomplishments of geometric analysis in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries was the development of the theory of Laplacians on smooth manifolds. But what happens when the underlying space is rough? Fractals provide models of rough spaces that nevertheless have a strong structure, specifically self-similarity. Exploiting this structure, researchers in probability theory in the 1980s were able to prove the existence of Brownian motion, and therefore of a Laplacian, on certain fractals. An explicit analytic construction was provided in 1989 by Jun Kigami. Differential Equations on Fractals explains Kigami's construction, shows why it is natural and important, and unfolds many of the interesting consequences that have recently been discovered. This book can be used as a self-study guide for students interested in fractal analysis, or as a textbook for a special topics course.

The Fourier Transform and Its Applications

Author: Ronald Newbold Bracewell,Ronald Bracewell

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Science, Engineering & Mathematics

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 616

View: 5604

This text is designed for use in a senior undergraduate or graduate level course in Fourier Transforms. This text differs from many other fourier transform books in its emphasis on applications. Bracewell applies mathematical concepts to the physical world throughout this text, equipping students to think about the world and physics in terms of transforms.The pedagogy in this classic text is excellent. The author has included such tools as the pictorial dictionary of transforms and bibliographic references. In addition, there are many excellent problems throughout this book, which are more than mathematical exercises, often requiring students to think in terms of specific situations or asking for educated opinions. To aid students further, discussions of many of the problems can be found at the end of the book.

Fourier Transforms

Author: Ian Naismith Sneddon

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486685229

Category: Mathematics

Page: 542

View: 6139

Focusing on applications of Fourier transforms and related topics rather than theory, this accessible treatment is suitable for students and researchers interested in boundary value problems of physics and engineering. 1951 edition.

Number Theory, Fourier Analysis and Geometric Discrepancy

Author: Giancarlo Travaglini

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107044030

Category: Mathematics

Page: 252

View: 6866

"The first part of this book is dedicated to the first goal. The reader will find some topics typically presented in introductory books on Number Theory: factorization, arithmetic functions and integer points, congruences and cryptography, quadratic reciprocity, and sums of two and four squares. Starting from the first few pages we introduce some simple and captivating findings, such as Chebyshev's theorem and the elementary results for the Gauss circle problem and for the Dirichlet divisor problem, which may lead the reader to a deeper study of Number Theory, particularly students who are interested in Calculus and Analysis"--

Partial Differential Equations in Action

From Modelling to Theory

Author: Sandro Salsa

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319150936

Category: Mathematics

Page: 701

View: 8656

The book is intended as an advanced undergraduate or first-year graduate course for students from various disciplines, including applied mathematics, physics and engineering. It has evolved from courses offered on partial differential equations (PDEs) over the last several years at the Politecnico di Milano. These courses had a twofold purpose: on the one hand, to teach students to appreciate the interplay between theory and modeling in problems arising in the applied sciences, and on the other to provide them with a solid theoretical background in numerical methods, such as finite elements. Accordingly, this textbook is divided into two parts. The first part, chapters 2 to 5, is more elementary in nature and focuses on developing and studying basic problems from the macro-areas of diffusion, propagation and transport, waves and vibrations. In turn the second part, chapters 6 to 11, concentrates on the development of Hilbert spaces methods for the variational formulation and the analysis of (mainly) linear boundary and initial-boundary value problems.

Discrete Fourier Analysis and Wavelets

Applications to Signal and Image Processing

Author: S. Allen Broughton,Kurt M. Bryan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118211006

Category: Mathematics

Page: 360

View: 2322

A thorough guide to the classical and contemporary mathematical methods of modern signal and image processing Discrete Fourier Analysis and Wavelets presents a thorough introduction to the mathematical foundations of signal and image processing. Key concepts and applications are addressed in a thought-provoking manner and are implemented using vector, matrix, and linear algebra methods. With a balanced focus on mathematical theory and computational techniques, this self-contained book equips readers with the essential knowledge needed to transition smoothly from mathematical models to practical digital data applications. The book first establishes a complete vector space and matrix framework for analyzing signals and images. Classical methods such as the discrete Fourier transform, the discrete cosine transform, and their application to JPEG compression are outlined followed by coverage of the Fourier series and the general theory of inner product spaces and orthogonal bases. The book then addresses convolution, filtering, and windowing techniques for signals and images. Finally, modern approaches are introduced, including wavelets and the theory of filter banks as a means of understanding the multiscale localized analysis underlying the JPEG 2000 compression standard. Throughout the book, examples using image compression demonstrate how mathematical theory translates into application. Additional applications such as progressive transmission of images, image denoising, spectrographic analysis, and edge detection are discussed. Each chapter provides a series of exercises as well as a MATLAB project that allows readers to apply mathematical concepts to solving real problems. Additional MATLAB routines are available via the book's related Web site. With its insightful treatment of the underlying mathematics in image compression and signal processing, Discrete Fourier Analysis and Wavelets is an ideal book for mathematics, engineering, and computer science courses at the upper-undergraduate and beginning graduate levels. It is also a valuable resource for mathematicians, engineers, and other practitioners who would like to learn more about the relevance of mathematics in digital data processing.

An Introduction to Laplace Transforms and Fourier Series

Author: Phil Dyke

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447163958

Category: Mathematics

Page: 318

View: 2356

In this book, there is a strong emphasis on application with the necessary mathematical grounding. There are plenty of worked examples with all solutions provided. This enlarged new edition includes generalised Fourier series and a completely new chapter on wavelets. Only knowledge of elementary trigonometry and calculus are required as prerequisites. An Introduction to Laplace Transforms and Fourier Series will be useful for second and third year undergraduate students in engineering, physics or mathematics, as well as for graduates in any discipline such as financial mathematics, econometrics and biological modelling requiring techniques for solving initial value problems.

Introduction to the Theory of Distributions

Author: Friedrich Gerard Friedlander,Mark Suresh Joshi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521649711

Category: Mathematics

Page: 175

View: 2784

The theory of distributions is an extension of classical analysis which has acquired a particular importance in the field of linear partial differential equations, as well as having many other applications, for example in harmonic analysis. Underlying it is the theory of topological vector spaces, but it is possible to give a systematic presentation without presupposing a knowledge, or using more than a bare minimum, of this. This book, first published in 1999, adopts this course and is based on graduate lectures given over a number of years. The prerequisites are few, but a reasonable degree of mathematical maturity is expected of the reader, as the treatment is rigorous throughout. From the outset the theory is developed in several variables, unlike most elementary texts; it is taken as far as such important topics as Schwartz kernels, the Paley-Wiener-Schwartz theorem and Sobolev spaces.

An Introduction to Fourier Analysis

Author: Russell L. Herman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498773710

Category: Mathematics

Page: 402

View: 4240

This book helps students explore Fourier analysis and its related topics, helping them appreciate why it pervades many fields of mathematics, science, and engineering. This introductory textbook was written with mathematics, science, and engineering students with a background in calculus and basic linear algebra in mind. It can be used as a textbook for undergraduate courses in Fourier analysis or applied mathematics, which cover Fourier series, orthogonal functions, Fourier and Laplace transforms, and an introduction to complex variables. These topics are tied together by the application of the spectral analysis of analog and discrete signals, and provide an introduction to the discrete Fourier transform. A number of examples and exercises are provided including implementations of Maple, MATLAB, and Python for computing series expansions and transforms. After reading this book, students will be familiar with: • Convergence and summation of infinite series • Representation of functions by infinite series • Trigonometric and Generalized Fourier series • Legendre, Bessel, gamma, and delta functions • Complex numbers and functions • Analytic functions and integration in the complex plane • Fourier and Laplace transforms. • The relationship between analog and digital signals Dr. Russell L. Herman is a professor of Mathematics and Professor of Physics at the University of North Carolina Wilmington. A recipient of several teaching awards, he has taught introductory through graduate courses in several areas including applied mathematics, partial differential equations, mathematical physics, quantum theory, optics, cosmology, and general relativity. His research interests include topics in nonlinear wave equations, soliton perturbation theory, fluid dynamics, relativity, chaos and dynamical systems.

Fast Fourier Transform - Algorithms and Applications

Author: K. R. Rao,Do Nyeon Kim,Jae Jeong Hwang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402066290

Category: Mathematics

Page: 426

View: 587

This book presents an introduction to the principles of the fast Fourier transform. This book covers FFTs, frequency domain filtering, and applications to video and audio signal processing. As fields like communications, speech and image processing, and related areas are rapidly developing, the FFT as one of essential parts in digital signal processing has been widely used. Thus there is a pressing need from instructors and students for a book dealing with the latest FFT topics. This book provides thorough and detailed explanation of important or up-to-date FFTs. It also has adopted modern approaches like MATLAB examples and projects for better understanding of diverse FFTs.

The Way of Analysis

Author: Robert S. Strichartz

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780763714970

Category: Mathematics

Page: 739

View: 7613

The Way of Analysis gives a thorough account of real analysis in one or several variables, from the construction of the real number system to an introduction of the Lebesgue integral. The text provides proofs of all main results, as well as motivations, examples, applications, exercises, and formal chapter summaries. Additionally, there are three chapters on application of analysis, ordinary differential equations, Fourier series, and curves and surfaces to show how the techniques of analysis are used in concrete settings.

Fourier Transform Methods in Finance

Author: Umberto Cherubini,Giovanni Della Lunga,Sabrina Mulinacci,Pietro Rossi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470684924

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 8234

In recent years, Fourier transform methods have emerged as one of the major methodologies for the evaluation of derivative contracts, largely due to the need to strike a balance between the extension of existing pricing models beyond the traditional Black-Scholes setting and a need to evaluate prices consistently with the market quotes. Fourier Transform Methods in Finance is a practical and accessible guide to pricing financial instruments using Fourier transform. Written by an experienced team of practitioners and academics, it covers Fourier pricing methods; the dynamics of asset prices; non stationary market dynamics; arbitrage free pricing; generalized functions and the Fourier transform method. Readers will learn how to: compute the Hilbert transform of the pricing kernel under a Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) technique characterise the price dynamics on a market in terms of the characteristic function, allowing for both diffusive processes and jumps apply the concept of characteristic function to non-stationary processes, in particular in the presence of stochastic volatility and more generally time change techniques perform a change of measure on the characteristic function in order to make the price process a martingale recover a general representation of the pricing kernel of the economy in terms of Hilbert transform using the theory of generalised functions apply the pricing formula to the most famous pricing models, with stochastic volatility and jumps. Junior and senior practitioners alike will benefit from this quick reference guide to state of the art models and market calibration techniques. Not only will it enable them to write an algorithm for option pricing using the most advanced models, calibrate a pricing model on options data, and extract the implied probability distribution in market data, they will also understand the most advanced models and techniques and discover how these techniques have been adjusted for applications in finance. ISBN 978-0-470-99400-9

A Student's Guide to Fourier Transforms

With Applications in Physics and Engineering

Author: J. F. James

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139493949

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 3756

Fourier transform theory is of central importance in a vast range of applications in physical science, engineering and applied mathematics. Providing a concise introduction to the theory and practice of Fourier transforms, this book is invaluable to students of physics, electrical and electronic engineering, and computer science. After a brief description of the basic ideas and theorems, the power of the technique is illustrated through applications in optics, spectroscopy, electronics and telecommunications. The rarely discussed but important field of multi-dimensional Fourier theory is covered, including a description of Computer Axial Tomography (CAT scanning). The book concludes by discussing digital methods, with particular attention to the Fast Fourier Transform and its implementation. This new edition has been revised to include new and interesting material, such as convolution with a sinusoid, coherence, the Michelson stellar interferometer and the van Cittert–Zernike theorem, Babinet's principle and dipole arrays.

An Introduction to Fourier Series and Integrals

Author: Robert T. Seeley

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486151794

Category: Mathematics

Page: 112

View: 1155

DIVThis compact guide emphasizes the relationship between physics and mathematics, introducing Fourier series in the way that Fourier himself used them: as solutions of the heat equation in a disk. 1966 edition. /div

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