Search Results: a-theory-of-african-american-offending-race-racism-and-crime-criminology-and-justice-studies

A Theory of African American Offending

Race, Racism, and Crime

Author: James D. Unnever,Shaun L. Gabbidon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136809201

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 2036

A little more than a century ago, the famous social scientist W.E.B. Du Bois asserted that a true understanding of African American offending must be grounded in the "real conditions" of what it means to be black living in a racial stratified society. Today and according to official statistics, African American men – about six percent of the population of the United States – account for nearly sixty percent of the robbery arrests in the United States. To the authors of this book, this and many other glaring racial disparities in offending centered on African Americans is clearly related to their unique history and to their past and present racial subordination. Inexplicably, however, no criminological theory exists that fully articulates the nuances of the African American experience and how they relate to their offending. In readable fashion for undergraduate students, the general public, and criminologists alike, this book for the first time presents the foundations for the development of an African American theory of offending.

African American classics in criminology & criminal justice

Author: Shaun L. Gabbidon,Helen Taylor Greene,Vernetta D. Young

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 399

View: 8398

From W.E.B. Dubois through Lee Brown, this anthology provides a collection of the key articles in criminology and criminal justice written by black scholars. Available in a single volume for the first time, the articles collected in this book reflect the voices of African-American scholars and display the diversity of perspectives sought after in today's academic community. Crime in the African-American community is examined from social, economic and political perspectives, and the historical context of each article is provided by the editors. Spanning the 20th century, these works present a historical chronology of African-American views on crime and its control with theoretical perspectives that have often been tangential to mainstream scholarship.

Building a Black Criminology, Volume 24

Race, Theory, and Crime

Author: James D. Unnever,Shaun L. Gabbidon,Cecilia Chouhy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429757441

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

View: 1607

In light of the Black Lives Matter movement and protests in many cities, race plays an ever more salient role in crime and justice. Within theoretical criminology, however, race has oddly remained on the periphery. It is often introduced as a control variable in tests of theories and is rarely incorporated as a central construct in mainstream paradigms (e.g., control, social learning, and strain theories). When race is discussed, the standard approach is to embrace the racial invariance thesis, which argues that any racial differences in crime are due to African Americans being exposed to the same criminogenic risk factors as are Whites, just more of them. An alternative perspective has emerged that seeks to identify the unique, racially specific conditions that only Blacks experience. Within the United States, these conditions are rooted in the historical racial oppression experienced by African Americans, whose contemporary legacy includes concentrated disadvantage in segregated communities, racial socialization by parents, experiences with and perceptions of racial discrimination, and disproportionate involvement in and unjust treatment by the criminal justice system. Importantly, racial invariance and race specificity are not mutually exclusive perspectives. Evidence exists that Blacks and Whites commit crimes for both the same reasons (invariance) and for different reasons (race-specific). A full understanding of race and crime thus must involve demarcating both the general and specific causes of crime, the latter embedded in what it means to be "Black" in the United States. This volume seeks to explore these theoretical issues in a depth and breadth that is not common under one cover. Again, given the salience of race and crime, this volume should be of interest to a wide range of criminologists and have the potential to be used in graduate seminars and upper-level undergraduate courses.

Criminological Perspectives on Race and Crime

Author: Shaun L. Gabbidon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131757589X

Category: Social Science

Page: 298

View: 6705

Ideal for use in either crime theory or race and crime courses, this is the only text to look at the array of explanations for crime as they relate to racial and ethnic populations. Each chapter begins with a historical review of each theoretical perspective and how its original formulation and more recent derivatives account for racial/ethnic differences. The theoretical perspectives include those based on religion, biology, social disorganization/strain, subculture, labeling, conflict, social control, colonial, and feminism. The author considers which perspectives have shown the most promise in the area of race/ethnicity and crime.

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956141598

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 3914

Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

Teaching Criminology at the Intersection

A how-to guide for teaching about gender, race, class and sexuality

Author: Rebecca M. Hayes,Kate Luther,Susan Caringella

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135005710

Category: Social Science

Page: 148

View: 8647

Teaching about gender, race, social class and sexuality in criminal justice and criminology classrooms can be challenging. Professors may face resistance when they ask students to examine how gender impacts victimization, how race affects interactions with the police, how socioeconomic status shapes experiences in court or how sexuality influences treatment in the criminal justice system. Teaching Criminology at the Intersection is an instructional guide to support faculty as they navigate teaching these topics. Bringing together the experience and knowledge of expert scholars, this book provides time-strapped academics with an accessible how-to guide for the classroom, where the dynamics and discrimination of gender, race, class and sexuality demographics intersect and permeate criminal justice concerns. In the book, the authors of each chapter discuss how they teach a particular contemporary criminal justice issue and provide their suggestions for best practice, while grounding their ideas in pedagogical theory. Chapters end with a toolkit of recommended activities, assignments, films, readings or websites. As a teaching handbook, Teaching Criminology at the Intersection is appropriate reading for graduate level criminology, criminal justice and women’s and gender studies teaching instruction courses and as background reading and reference for instructors in these disciplines.

Was ist Theorie?

Theoriebegriff und Dialogische Theorie in den Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaften

Author: Peter V. Zima

Publisher: UTB

ISBN: 382524797X

Category: Social Science

Page: 308

View: 9561

Was ist Theorie und welche Bedeutung haben Ideologien und Werturteile für sie? Wie könnte ein kultur- und sozialwissenschaftlicher Theoriebegriff aussehen? Die Tatsache, dass eine zweite Auflage des vorliegenden Werks zustande kam, lässt das Bedürfnis nach einer konkreten Beantwortung der Frage erkennen. Das Buch antwortet auf die oben genannten Fragen, indem es zunächst klärt, wie sich Theorien in den verschiedenen Wissenschaftsbereichen definieren lassen. Anschließend werden die wichtigsten Theoriedebatten des 20. Jahrhunderts dargestellt, aber auch kritisch bewertet. Am Schluss des Bandes steht die Zusammenführung der unterschiedlichen Ansätze im Konzept einer Dialogischen Theorie, die den Besonderheiten der Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaften Rechnung trägt.

Violent Crime

Assessing Race and Ethnic Differences

Author: Darnell F. Hawkins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521626743

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 476

An exploration of the extent and causes of racial and ethnic differences in violent crime.

Understanding Race And Crime

Author: Webster, Colin

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335230393

Category: Social Science

Page: 255

View: 5284

Why are some ethnic minorities associated with higher levels of offending? How can racist violence be explained? Are the police and criminal justice system racist? Are the reasons for offending and victimization among ethnic minorities different from those among ethnic majorities? Understanding Race and Crime provides a comprehensive and critical introduction to the debates and controversies about race, crime and criminal justice. While focusing on Britain and America, it also takes a broader international perspective, with case studies including the historical legacy of lynching in the United States and racist state crime in the Nazi and Rwandan genocides. The book provides a conceptual framework in which racism, race and crime might be better understood. It traces the historical origins of how thinking about crime came to be associated with racism and how fears and anxieties about race and crime become rooted in places destabilized by rapid social change. The book questions whether race and ethnicity alone are significant enough factors to explain differing offending and victimization patterns between ethnic groups. Issues examined include: Contact/conflict with the police Public disorder Involvement with the criminal justice system Understanding Race and Crime is essential reading for students from a range of social science disciplines and for a variety of crime-related courses. It is also useful to practitioners in the criminal justice field and those interested in understanding the issues behind debates on 'race' and crime.

Race and Crime

A Text/Reader

Author: Helen Taylor Greene,Shaun L. Gabbidon

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412989078

Category: Social Science

Page: 477

View: 6005

Race and Crime: A Text Reader includes a collection of recent articles on race and crime published in a number of leading criminal justice journals, along with original textual material that serves to explain and unify the readings. Through discussion of selected articles, numerous topics are explored, including the historical, social, economic and political contexts of race and crime, such as class, gender, comparative perspectives, justice issues, theories and statistics.

Richter ohne Gesetz

Islamische Paralleljustiz gefährdet unseren Rechtsstaat

Author: Joachim Wagner

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843701512

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 5186

Muslimische Friedensrichter tragen keine Robe und haben keine juristische Ausbildung. Und doch sind sie Schlüsselfiguren einer islamischen Paralleljustiz, die das deutsche Rechtssystem zunehmend aushebelt. Gemeinsam mit deutschen Strafverteidigern setzen sie durch, dass Messerstecher, Betrüger und Mörder straflos bleiben. Polizei und Gerichte schauen den Machenschaften ohnmächtig zu. Joachim Wagner beschreibt spektakuläre Fälle und enthüllt, wie unsere Justiz vor einer fremden Rechtskultur kapituliert. Friedensrichter klingt nach einem ehrbaren Beruf. Doch unbemerkt von der Öffentlichkeit und sogar der Justiz hat sich in muslimisch geprägten Einwanderervierteln eine islamische Paralleljustiz etabliert. In den Verhandlungen zwischen den Täter- und Opferfamilien geht es oft alles andere als friedlich zu: Um Schulden einzutreiben oder die Gegenseite einzuschüchtern wird erpresst, geprügelt und geschossen und selbst mit Mord gedroht. Sind sich Täter und Opfer einig, wird die Strafjustiz massiv behindert. Richter erleben regelmäßig, dass sich Opfer und Zeugen schlagartig an nichts mehr erinnern, frühere Aussagen bagatellisieren oder Aussagen vor Gericht verweigern. Dadurch wird das Strafmonopol des deutschen Rechtsstaates systematisch unterlaufen. Joachim Wagner hat intensiv recherchiert. Er hat Strafakten analysiert und ausführlich Kriminalbeamte, Staatsanwälte, Richter, Strafverteidiger, Streitschlichter und Islamwissenschaftler interviewt. Sein Buch ist auch ein Justizkrimi, der in eine verborgene Welt führt: Es schildert die rätselhaften Rituale von Familien- und Stammesfehden und die Machtkämpfe von kriminellen arabischen und türkischen Clans.

The Criminal justice system and Blacks

Author: Daniel E. Georges-Abeyie

Publisher: Clark Boardman Callaghan

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 350

View: 7091

This collection of original papers and articles by leading criminologists, as well as interviews with black criminal justice professionals and jurists provides a detailed look at the theory and practice of criminal research on crime, race and justice.

Außenseiter

Zur Soziologie abweichenden Verhaltens

Author: Howard S. Becker

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658012544

Category: Social Science

Page: 197

View: 6353

​ „Der Mensch mit abweichendem Verhalten ist ein Mensch, auf den diese Bezeichnung erfolgreich angewandt worden ist; abweichendes Verhalten ist Verhalten, das Menschen als solches bezeichnen“: Es ist einer der klassischen Sätze der Devianzsoziologie in einem der Klassiker des Feldes. Howard S. Becker betont fernab von alten und simplistischen Fragen danach, „warum Menschen Regeln brechen“, welche Situationen und welche Prozesse dazu führen, dass Menschen in Positionen geraten, in denen sie als „Regelbrecher“ betitelt werden, wie sie mit diesen Positionen umgehen und sich auch gegen diese wehren. „Außenseiter“ erschien erstmals 1963 in New York und wurde 1981 bei S. Fischer in deutscher Übersetzung publiziert. Seit den frühen neunziger Jahren vergriffen, liegt hier nun eine von Michael Dellwing überarbeitete und herausgegebene Version vor.

Ich habe einen Traum

Author: Martin Luther King

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783491450257

Category: African Americans

Page: 140

View: 6878

The Color of Crime

Racial Hoaxes, White Fear, Black Protectionism, Police Harassment, and Other Macroaggressions

Author: Katheryn Russell-Brown

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814774717

Category: Social Science

Page: 203

View: 7101

Winner of the 2009 National Jewish Book Award in American Jewish Studies Recipient of the 2010 Guggenheim Fellowship in Humanities-Intellectual & Cultural History It has become an accepted truth: after World War II, American Jews chose to be silent about the mass murder of millions of their European brothers and sisters at the hands of the Nazis. In this compelling work, Hasia R. Diner shows the assumption of silence to be categorically false. Uncovering a rich and incredibly varied trove of remembrances—in song, literature, liturgy, public display, political activism, and hundreds of other forms—We Remember with Reverence and Love shows that publicly memorializing those who died in the Holocaust arose from a deep and powerful element of Jewish life in postwar America. Not only does she marshal enough evidence to dismantle the idea of American Jewish “forgetfulness,” she brings to life the moving and manifold ways that this widely diverse group paid tribute to the tragedy. Diner also offers a compelling new perspective on the 1960s and its potent legacy, by revealing how our typical understanding of the postwar years emerged from the cauldron of cultural divisions and campus battles a generation later. The student activists and “new Jews” of the 1960s who, in rebelling against the American Jewish world they had grown up in “a world of remarkable affluence and broadening cultural possibilities” created a flawed portrait of what their parents had, or rather, had not, done in the postwar years. This distorted legacy has been transformed by two generations of scholars, writers, rabbis, and Jewish community leaders into a taken-for-granted truth.

Wieviel Kriminalität braucht die Gesellschaft?

Author: Nils Christie

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406527876

Category: Crime

Page: 190

View: 8126

Intersectionality and Criminology

Disrupting and revolutionizing studies of crime

Author: Hillary Potter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136207473

Category: Social Science

Page: 194

View: 7966

The use of intersectionality theory in the social sciences has proliferated in the past several years, putting forward the argument that the interconnected identities of individuals, and the way these identities are perceived and responded to by others, must be a necessary part of any analysis. Fundamentally, intersectionality claims that not only are people’s lived experiences affected by their racial identity and by their gender identity, but that these identities, and others, continually operate together and affect each other. With "official" statistical data that indicate people of Color have higher offending and victimization rates than White people, and with the overrepresentation of men and people of Color in the criminal legal system, new theories are required that address these phenomena and that are devoid of stereotypical or debasing underpinnings. Intersectionality and Criminology provides a comprehensive review of the need for, and use of, intersectionality in the study of crime, criminality, and the criminal legal system. This is essential reading for academics and students researching and studying in the fields of crime, criminal justice, theoretical criminology, and gender, race, and socioeconomic class.

Feministische Wissenschaftstheorie

zum Verhältnis von Wissenschaft und sozialem Geschlecht

Author: Sandra G. Harding

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783886193844

Category: Feminism

Page: 299

View: 577

Geil auf Gewalt

unter Hooligans

Author: Bill Buford

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783442156283

Category:

Page: 359

View: 6094

Multisystemische Therapie bei dissozialem Verhalten von Kindern und Jugendlichen

Author: Scott W Henggeler,Sonja K. Schoenwald,Charles M. Borduin,Melisa D. Rowland,Phillippe B. Cunningham

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642201474

Category: Medical

Page: 262

View: 4857

Die multisystemische Therapie (MST) ist ein empirisch abgesichertes Verfahren, das als Alternative zu stationären Behandlungskonzepten auch ambulant angewendet werden kann. In über 30 Ländern wird MST inzwischen erfolgreich mit Kindern und Jugendlichen in über 400 Programmen praktiziert. In diesem Buch werden die Prinzipien der multisystemischen Therapie erläutert. Außerdem bekommen Leser klare Leitlinien an die Hand: für die Indikation und um individuelle Interventionen bei delinquenten Jugendlichen und Kindern zu planen und durchzuführen.

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