Search Results: a-theory-of-african-american-offending-race-racism-and-crime-criminology-and-justice-studies

A Theory of African American Offending

Race, Racism, and Crime

Author: James D. Unnever,Shaun L. Gabbidon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136809201

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 4976

A little more than a century ago, the famous social scientist W.E.B. Du Bois asserted that a true understanding of African American offending must be grounded in the "real conditions" of what it means to be black living in a racial stratified society. Today and according to official statistics, African American men – about six percent of the population of the United States – account for nearly sixty percent of the robbery arrests in the United States. To the authors of this book, this and many other glaring racial disparities in offending centered on African Americans is clearly related to their unique history and to their past and present racial subordination. Inexplicably, however, no criminological theory exists that fully articulates the nuances of the African American experience and how they relate to their offending. In readable fashion for undergraduate students, the general public, and criminologists alike, this book for the first time presents the foundations for the development of an African American theory of offending.

African American classics in criminology & criminal justice

Author: Shaun L. Gabbidon,Helen Taylor Greene,Vernetta D. Young

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 399

View: 5111

From W.E.B. Dubois through Lee Brown, this anthology provides a collection of the key articles in criminology and criminal justice written by black scholars. Available in a single volume for the first time, the articles collected in this book reflect the voices of African-American scholars and display the diversity of perspectives sought after in today's academic community. Crime in the African-American community is examined from social, economic and political perspectives, and the historical context of each article is provided by the editors. Spanning the 20th century, these works present a historical chronology of African-American views on crime and its control with theoretical perspectives that have often been tangential to mainstream scholarship.

Building a Black Criminology, Volume 24

Race, Theory, and Crime

Author: James D. Unnever,Shaun L. Gabbidon,Cecilia Chouhy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429757441

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

View: 4201

In light of the Black Lives Matter movement and protests in many cities, race plays an ever more salient role in crime and justice. Within theoretical criminology, however, race has oddly remained on the periphery. It is often introduced as a control variable in tests of theories and is rarely incorporated as a central construct in mainstream paradigms (e.g., control, social learning, and strain theories). When race is discussed, the standard approach is to embrace the racial invariance thesis, which argues that any racial differences in crime are due to African Americans being exposed to the same criminogenic risk factors as are Whites, just more of them. An alternative perspective has emerged that seeks to identify the unique, racially specific conditions that only Blacks experience. Within the United States, these conditions are rooted in the historical racial oppression experienced by African Americans, whose contemporary legacy includes concentrated disadvantage in segregated communities, racial socialization by parents, experiences with and perceptions of racial discrimination, and disproportionate involvement in and unjust treatment by the criminal justice system. Importantly, racial invariance and race specificity are not mutually exclusive perspectives. Evidence exists that Blacks and Whites commit crimes for both the same reasons (invariance) and for different reasons (race-specific). A full understanding of race and crime thus must involve demarcating both the general and specific causes of crime, the latter embedded in what it means to be "Black" in the United States. This volume seeks to explore these theoretical issues in a depth and breadth that is not common under one cover. Again, given the salience of race and crime, this volume should be of interest to a wide range of criminologists and have the potential to be used in graduate seminars and upper-level undergraduate courses.

Criminological Perspectives on Race and Crime

Author: Shaun L. Gabbidon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131757589X

Category: Social Science

Page: 298

View: 2096

Ideal for use in either crime theory or race and crime courses, this is the only text to look at the array of explanations for crime as they relate to racial and ethnic populations. Each chapter begins with a historical review of each theoretical perspective and how its original formulation and more recent derivatives account for racial/ethnic differences. The theoretical perspectives include those based on religion, biology, social disorganization/strain, subculture, labeling, conflict, social control, colonial, and feminism. The author considers which perspectives have shown the most promise in the area of race/ethnicity and crime.

Criminological Theory

Context and Consequences

Author: J. Robert Lilly,Francis T. Cullen,Richard A. Ball

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506387284

Category: Social Science

Page: 592

View: 5129

Updated Edition of a Best-Seller! Offering a rich introduction to how scholars analyze crime, Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences moves readers beyond a commonsense knowledge of crime to a deeper understanding of the importance of theory in shaping crime control policies. The Seventh Edition of the authors’ clear, accessible, and thoroughly revised text covers traditional and contemporary theory within a larger sociological and historical context. It includes new sources that assess the empirical status of the major theories, as well as updated coverage of crime control policies and their connection to criminological theory.

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956141598

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 9272

Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

The Criminal justice system and Blacks

Author: Daniel E. Georges-Abeyie

Publisher: Clark Boardman Callaghan

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 350

View: 1056

This collection of original papers and articles by leading criminologists, as well as interviews with black criminal justice professionals and jurists provides a detailed look at the theory and practice of criminal research on crime, race and justice.

Violent Crime

Assessing Race and Ethnic Differences

Author: Darnell F. Hawkins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521626743

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 743

An exploration of the extent and causes of racial and ethnic differences in violent crime.

Race and Crime

An Annotated Bibliography

Author: Katheryn Russell-Brown

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313310331

Category: Reference

Page: 192

View: 6324

An annotated bibliography of research citations on race and crime in the United States from 1950-1999.

Understanding Race And Crime

Author: Webster, Colin

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335230393

Category: Social Science

Page: 255

View: 7870

Why are some ethnic minorities associated with higher levels of offending? How can racist violence be explained? Are the police and criminal justice system racist? Are the reasons for offending and victimization among ethnic minorities different from those among ethnic majorities? Understanding Race and Crime provides a comprehensive and critical introduction to the debates and controversies about race, crime and criminal justice. While focusing on Britain and America, it also takes a broader international perspective, with case studies including the historical legacy of lynching in the United States and racist state crime in the Nazi and Rwandan genocides. The book provides a conceptual framework in which racism, race and crime might be better understood. It traces the historical origins of how thinking about crime came to be associated with racism and how fears and anxieties about race and crime become rooted in places destabilized by rapid social change. The book questions whether race and ethnicity alone are significant enough factors to explain differing offending and victimization patterns between ethnic groups. Issues examined include: Contact/conflict with the police Public disorder Involvement with the criminal justice system Understanding Race and Crime is essential reading for students from a range of social science disciplines and for a variety of crime-related courses. It is also useful to practitioners in the criminal justice field and those interested in understanding the issues behind debates on 'race' and crime.

Richter ohne Gesetz

Islamische Paralleljustiz gefährdet unseren Rechtsstaat

Author: Joachim Wagner

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843701512

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 7725

Muslimische Friedensrichter tragen keine Robe und haben keine juristische Ausbildung. Und doch sind sie Schlüsselfiguren einer islamischen Paralleljustiz, die das deutsche Rechtssystem zunehmend aushebelt. Gemeinsam mit deutschen Strafverteidigern setzen sie durch, dass Messerstecher, Betrüger und Mörder straflos bleiben. Polizei und Gerichte schauen den Machenschaften ohnmächtig zu. Joachim Wagner beschreibt spektakuläre Fälle und enthüllt, wie unsere Justiz vor einer fremden Rechtskultur kapituliert. Friedensrichter klingt nach einem ehrbaren Beruf. Doch unbemerkt von der Öffentlichkeit und sogar der Justiz hat sich in muslimisch geprägten Einwanderervierteln eine islamische Paralleljustiz etabliert. In den Verhandlungen zwischen den Täter- und Opferfamilien geht es oft alles andere als friedlich zu: Um Schulden einzutreiben oder die Gegenseite einzuschüchtern wird erpresst, geprügelt und geschossen und selbst mit Mord gedroht. Sind sich Täter und Opfer einig, wird die Strafjustiz massiv behindert. Richter erleben regelmäßig, dass sich Opfer und Zeugen schlagartig an nichts mehr erinnern, frühere Aussagen bagatellisieren oder Aussagen vor Gericht verweigern. Dadurch wird das Strafmonopol des deutschen Rechtsstaates systematisch unterlaufen. Joachim Wagner hat intensiv recherchiert. Er hat Strafakten analysiert und ausführlich Kriminalbeamte, Staatsanwälte, Richter, Strafverteidiger, Streitschlichter und Islamwissenschaftler interviewt. Sein Buch ist auch ein Justizkrimi, der in eine verborgene Welt führt: Es schildert die rätselhaften Rituale von Familien- und Stammesfehden und die Machtkämpfe von kriminellen arabischen und türkischen Clans.

Police Brutality, Racial Profiling, and Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System

Author: Egharevba, Stephen

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522510893

Category: Political Science

Page: 372

View: 1734

In order to protect and defend citizens, the foundational concepts of fairness and equality must be adhered to within any criminal justice system. When this is not the case, accountability of authorities should be pursued to maintain the integrity and pursuit of justice. Police Brutality, Racial Profiling, and Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System is an authoritative reference source for the latest scholarly material on social problems involving victimization of minorities and police accountability. Presenting relevant perspectives on a global and cross-cultural scale, this book is ideally designed for researchers, professionals, upper-level students, and practitioners involved in the fields of criminal justice and corrections.

Was ist Theorie?

Theoriebegriff und Dialogische Theorie in den Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaften

Author: Peter V. Zima

Publisher: UTB

ISBN: 382524797X

Category: Social Science

Page: 308

View: 6883

Was ist Theorie und welche Bedeutung haben Ideologien und Werturteile für sie? Wie könnte ein kultur- und sozialwissenschaftlicher Theoriebegriff aussehen? Die Tatsache, dass eine zweite Auflage des vorliegenden Werks zustande kam, lässt das Bedürfnis nach einer konkreten Beantwortung der Frage erkennen. Das Buch antwortet auf die oben genannten Fragen, indem es zunächst klärt, wie sich Theorien in den verschiedenen Wissenschaftsbereichen definieren lassen. Anschließend werden die wichtigsten Theoriedebatten des 20. Jahrhunderts dargestellt, aber auch kritisch bewertet. Am Schluss des Bandes steht die Zusammenführung der unterschiedlichen Ansätze im Konzept einer Dialogischen Theorie, die den Besonderheiten der Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaften Rechnung trägt.

The Handbook of Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice

Author: Ramiro Martinez, Jr.,Meghan E. Hollis,Jacob I. Stowell

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119113776

Category: Social Science

Page: 584

View: 5417

This Handbook presents current and future studies on the changing dynamics of the role of immigrants and the impact of immigration, across the United States and industrialized and developing nations. It covers the changing dynamics of race, ethnicity, and immigration, and discusses how it all contributes to variations in crime, policing, and the overall justice system. Through acknowledging that some groups, especially people of color, are disproportionately influenced more than others in the case of criminal justice reactions, the “War on Drugs”, and hate crimes; this Handbook introduces the importance of studying race and crime so as to better understand it. It does so by recommending that researchers concentrate on ethnic diversity in a national and international context in order to broaden their demographic and expand their understanding of how to attain global change. Featuring contributions from top experts in the field, The Handbook of Race and Crime is presented in five sections—An Overview of Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice; Theoretical Perspectives on Race and Crime; Race, Gender, and the Justice System; Gender and Crime; and Race, Gender and Comparative Criminology. Each section of the book addresses a key area of research, summarizes findings or shortcomings whenever possible, and provides new results relevant to race/crime and justice. Every contribution is written by a top expert in the field and based on the latest research. With a sharp focus on contemporary race, ethnicity, crime, and justice studies, The Handbook of Race and Crime is the ideal reference for advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, and scholars interested in the disciplines such as Criminology, Race and Ethnicity, Race and the Justice System, and the Sociology of Race.

Black Men, Invisibility and Crime

Towards a Critical Race Theory of Desistance

Author: Martin Glynn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134709269

Category: Social Science

Page: 186

View: 3659

Past studies have suggested that offenders desist from crime due to a range of factors, such as familial pressures, faith based interventions or financial incentives. To date, little has been written about the relationship between desistance and racialisation. This book seeks to bring much needed attention to this under-researched area of criminological inquiry. Martin Glynn builds on recent empirical research in the UK and the USA and uses Critical Race Theory as a framework for developing a fresh perspective about black men’s desistance. This book posits that the voices and collective narrative of black men offers a unique opportunity to refine current understandings of desistance. It also demonstrates how new insights can be gained by studying the ways in which elements of the desistance trajectory are racialised. This book will be of interest both to criminologists and sociologists engaged with race, racialisation, ethnicity, and criminal justice.

Intersectionality and Criminology

Disrupting and revolutionizing studies of crime

Author: Hillary Potter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136207473

Category: Social Science

Page: 194

View: 1967

The use of intersectionality theory in the social sciences has proliferated in the past several years, putting forward the argument that the interconnected identities of individuals, and the way these identities are perceived and responded to by others, must be a necessary part of any analysis. Fundamentally, intersectionality claims that not only are people’s lived experiences affected by their racial identity and by their gender identity, but that these identities, and others, continually operate together and affect each other. With "official" statistical data that indicate people of Color have higher offending and victimization rates than White people, and with the overrepresentation of men and people of Color in the criminal legal system, new theories are required that address these phenomena and that are devoid of stereotypical or debasing underpinnings. Intersectionality and Criminology provides a comprehensive review of the need for, and use of, intersectionality in the study of crime, criminality, and the criminal legal system. This is essential reading for academics and students researching and studying in the fields of crime, criminal justice, theoretical criminology, and gender, race, and socioeconomic class.

The Color of Crime

Racial Hoaxes, White Fear, Black Protectionism, Police Harassment, and Other Macroaggressions

Author: Katheryn Russell-Brown

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814774717

Category: Social Science

Page: 203

View: 6570

Winner of the 2009 National Jewish Book Award in American Jewish Studies Recipient of the 2010 Guggenheim Fellowship in Humanities-Intellectual & Cultural History It has become an accepted truth: after World War II, American Jews chose to be silent about the mass murder of millions of their European brothers and sisters at the hands of the Nazis. In this compelling work, Hasia R. Diner shows the assumption of silence to be categorically false. Uncovering a rich and incredibly varied trove of remembrances—in song, literature, liturgy, public display, political activism, and hundreds of other forms—We Remember with Reverence and Love shows that publicly memorializing those who died in the Holocaust arose from a deep and powerful element of Jewish life in postwar America. Not only does she marshal enough evidence to dismantle the idea of American Jewish “forgetfulness,” she brings to life the moving and manifold ways that this widely diverse group paid tribute to the tragedy. Diner also offers a compelling new perspective on the 1960s and its potent legacy, by revealing how our typical understanding of the postwar years emerged from the cauldron of cultural divisions and campus battles a generation later. The student activists and “new Jews” of the 1960s who, in rebelling against the American Jewish world they had grown up in “a world of remarkable affluence and broadening cultural possibilities” created a flawed portrait of what their parents had, or rather, had not, done in the postwar years. This distorted legacy has been transformed by two generations of scholars, writers, rabbis, and Jewish community leaders into a taken-for-granted truth.

Structural Strains

Author: Ronny Steinbrück

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638425134

Category: Social Science

Page: 29

View: 3193

Bei der Erforschung von neuen sozialen Bewegungen fällt auf, dass es sich um ein komplexes Forschungsobjekt handelt. Das ist in einem Forschungszweig immer daran zu erkennen, wenn es viele verschiedene Thesen gibt, die alle ihre Richtigkeit haben, allerdings die Sache nicht in ihrem vollen Umfang behandeln. Bei der Untersuchung der neuen Sozialen Bewegungen ist festzustellen, dass sich fünf Paradigmen hervortun, wenn es um die Erklärung des Aufkommens und der Protestbereitschaft der neuen sozialen Bewegungen geht. Bei diesen Paradigmen wird auch von Bezugssystemen gesprochen. Was genau ist ein Paradigma? Bei einem Paradigma handelt es sich um eine Grundannahme, die sich innerhalb eines Forschungszweigs durchgesetzt hat und von dem größten Teil der Forscher nicht mehr hinterfragt wird. Es repräsentiert „die spezifische Weltsicht, mit der die Forscher ihren jeweiligen Gegenstandsbereich beobachten und beschreiben.“ Untersuchungsgegenstand dieser Arbeit ist eines dieser Paradigmen. Es geht um den so genannten „Structural Strains“ Ansatz. Zu Erforschen gilt es, unter welchen Aspekten dieses Bezugssystem das Forschungsobjekt wahrnimmt und in wie fern es bei diesem Ansatz zu einer ganzheitlichen Untersuchung der neuen sozialen Bewegungen kommt. Dazu soll der Structural Strains Ansatz aus drei Perspektiven beleuchtet werden. Als erstes geht es um die Erfahrung der relativen Deprivation, die zum Protestverhalten führen soll. Des weiteren sind es die strukturellen Vorraussetzungen, die zur Erklärung der neuen sozialen Bewegungen herhalten müssen. Zum Schluss soll auch noch die Wertwandelthese von Inglehart behandelt werden.

Wieviel Kriminalität braucht die Gesellschaft?

Author: Nils Christie

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406527876

Category: Crime

Page: 190

View: 4686

Ueber Verbrechen und Strafen

Author: Cesare Beccaria,J. Glaser

Publisher: Рипол Классик

ISBN: 5883753272

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 1552

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