Search Results: acceptable-risks

ACCEPTABLE RISKS

Author: Jonathan Kwitny

Publisher: Simon & Schuster

ISBN: 9780671732448

Category: Political Science

Page: 464

View: 2932

An indictment of the bureaucrats, doctors, scientists, and corporations that trade life for profit describes how two men set up a drug-smuggling operation in order to obtain the necessary medications for their HIV-positive friends. 50,000 first printing.

Acceptable Risk

Author: Baruch Fischhoff,Sarah Lichtenstein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521278928

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 185

View: 8077

A framework for making decisions about risks, with recommendations for research, public policy, and practice.

Take the Risk

Learning to Identify, Choose, and Live with Acceptable Risk

Author: Ben Carson, M.D.

Publisher: Zondervan

ISBN: 0310315921

Category: Religion

Page: 240

View: 8674

No risk, pay the cost. Know risk, reap the rewards. In our risk-avoidance culture, we place a high premium on safety. We insure our vacations. We check crash tests on cars. We extend the warranties on our appliances. But by insulating ourselves from the unknown—the risks of life—we miss the great adventure of living our lives to their full potential. Ben Carson spent his childhood as an at-risk child on the streets of Detroit, and today he takes daily risks in performing complex surgeries on the brain and the spinal cord. Now, offering inspiring personal examples, Dr. Carson invites us to embrace risk in our own lives. From a man whose life dramatically portrays the connection between great risks and greater successes, here are insights that will help you dispel your fear of risk so you can dream big, aim high, move with confidence, and reap rewards you’ve never imagined. By avoiding risk, are you also avoiding the full potential of your life? The surgery was as risky as anything Dr. Ben Carson had seen. The Bijani sisters—conjoined twins—shared part of a skull, brain tissue, and crucial blood flow. One or both of them could die during the operation. But the women wanted separate lives. And they were willing to accept the risk to reach the goal, even against the advice of their doctors … As a child on the dangerous streets of Detroit, and as a surgeon in operating theaters around the world, Dr. Ben Carson has learned all about risk—he faces it on a daily basis. Out of his perilous childhood, a world-class surgeon emerged precisely because of the risks Dr. Carson was willing to take. In his compelling new book, he examines our safety-at-all-costs culture and the meaning of risk and security in our lives. In our 21st-century world, we insulate ourselves with safety. We insure everything from vacations to cell phones. We go on low-cholesterol diets and buy low-risk mutual funds. But in the end, everyone faces risk, like the Bijani twins did with their brave decision. Even if our choices are not so dramatic or the outcome so heartbreaking, what does it mean if we back away instead of move forward? Have we so muffled our hearts and minds that we fail to reach for all that life can offer us—and all that we can offer life? Take the Risk guides the reader through an examination of risk, including: • A short review of risk-taking in history. • An assessment of the real costs and rewards of risk. • Learning how to assess and accept risks. • Understanding how risk reveals the purpose of your lives.

Acceptable Risk?

Making Decisions in a Toxic Environment

Author: Lee Clarke

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520076570

Category: Nature

Page: 229

View: 5189

Organizations and modern technology give us much of what we value, but they have also given us Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, and Bhopal. The question at the heart of this paradox is "What is acceptable risk?" Based on his examination of the 1981 contamination of an office building in Binghamton, New York, Lee Clarke's compelling study argues that organizational processes are the key to understanding how some risks rather than others are defined as acceptable. He finds a pattern of decision-making based on relationships among organizations rather than the authority of individuals or single agencies.

Acceptable Risks

Author: Pascal James Imperato,Greg Mitchell

Publisher: Viking Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 286

View: 9718

An examination of how risks are assessed and responded to on personal, corporate, and global levels offers a systematic study of what can be done to decrease the level of risk in each sector

Acceptable Risk

Author: Robin Cook

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9780425151860

Category: Fiction

Page: 388

View: 4196

The author of Chromosome 6 presents another thriller that gives readers an unsettling glimpse into the dangers of antidepressant drugs and tackles the ethics involved in such personality-altering medications as Prozac. Reissue.

Acceptable Risks

Politics, Policy, and Risky Technologies

Author: C. F. Larry Heimann

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472023264

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 9583

Complex and risky technologies--technologies such as new drugs for the treatment of AIDS that promise great benefits to our society but carry significant risks--pose many problems for political leaders and the policy makers responsible for overseeing them. Public agencies such as the Food and Drug Administration are told by political superiors not to inhibit important technological advances and may even be charged with promoting such development but must also make sure that no major accidents occur under their watch. Given the large costs associated with catastrophic accidents, the general public and elected officials often demand reliable or failure-free management of these technologies and have little tolerance for the error. Research in this area has lead to a schism between those who argue that it is possible to have reliable management techniques and safely manage complex technologies and others who contend that such control is difficult at best. In this book C. F. Larry Heimann advances an important solution to this problem by developing a general theory of organizational reliability and agency decision making. The book looks at both external and internal influences on reliability in agency decision making. It then tests theoretical propositions developed in a comparative case study of two agencies involved with the handling of risky technologies: NASA and the manned space flight program and the FDA's handling of pharmaceuticals--particularly new AIDS therapies. Drawing on concepts from engineering, organizational theory, political science, and decision theory, this book will be of interest to those interested in science and technology policy, bureaucratic management and reform, as well as those interested in health and space policy. C. F. Larry Heimann is Assistant Professor of Political Science, Michigan State University.

Acceptable Risks

Politics, Policy, and Risky Technologies

Author: C. F. Larry Heimann

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472023264

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 1018

Complex and risky technologies--technologies such as new drugs for the treatment of AIDS that promise great benefits to our society but carry significant risks--pose many problems for political leaders and the policy makers responsible for overseeing them. Public agencies such as the Food and Drug Administration are told by political superiors not to inhibit important technological advances and may even be charged with promoting such development but must also make sure that no major accidents occur under their watch. Given the large costs associated with catastrophic accidents, the general public and elected officials often demand reliable or failure-free management of these technologies and have little tolerance for the error. Research in this area has lead to a schism between those who argue that it is possible to have reliable management techniques and safely manage complex technologies and others who contend that such control is difficult at best. In this book C. F. Larry Heimann advances an important solution to this problem by developing a general theory of organizational reliability and agency decision making. The book looks at both external and internal influences on reliability in agency decision making. It then tests theoretical propositions developed in a comparative case study of two agencies involved with the handling of risky technologies: NASA and the manned space flight program and the FDA's handling of pharmaceuticals--particularly new AIDS therapies. Drawing on concepts from engineering, organizational theory, political science, and decision theory, this book will be of interest to those interested in science and technology policy, bureaucratic management and reform, as well as those interested in health and space policy. C. F. Larry Heimann is Assistant Professor of Political Science, Michigan State University.

Acceptable Risk in Biomedical Research

European Perspectives

Author: Sigmund Simonsen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400726783

Category: Medical

Page: 296

View: 3820

This book is the first major work that addresses a core question in biomedical research: the question of acceptable risk. The acceptable level of risks is regulated by the requirement of proportionality in biomedical research law, which state that the risk and burden to the participant must be in proportion to potential benefits to the participant, society or science. This investigation addresses research on healthy volunteers, children, vulnerable subjects, and includes placebo controlled clinical trials. It represents a major contribution towards clarifying the most central, but also the most controversial and complex issue in biomedical research law and bioethics. The EU Clinical Trial Directive, the Council of Europe’s Oviedo Convention (and its Additional Protocol), and national regulation in member states are covered. It is a relevant work for lawyers and ethicists, and the practical approach makes a valuable tool for researchers and members of research ethics committees supervising biomedical research.

Acceptable Risks

Author: Natalie J. Damschroder

Publisher: Harlequin

ISBN: 1426893639

Category: Fiction

Page: N.A

View: 5546

When security expert Jason Templeton's team is ambushed while protecting a weapons manufacturer vital to U.S. interests, he risks his life to save the man's daughter...and loses. Unbeknownst to Jason, his mentor had been funding experimental medical procedures after losing his young wife. Using the untested drugs, Jason is brought back to life, stronger and faster than before, but also vulnerable in new ways. He's determined to find the traitor in their midst, who is after the miracle drug. That means protecting the brilliant scientist Lark Madrassa. Their attraction and compatibility are undeniable, but Jason tries to deny his growing feelings for her, thinking he is too damaged. When Lark's father is kidnapped they have to rely on each other in a dangerous plot to uncover the double agent. Before, Jason always accepted the risks—but what about when the life of the woman he loves is on the line? 95,000 words

Acceptable Risk Processes

Lifelines and Natural Hazards

Author: Craig Taylor,Erik VanMarcke

Publisher: ASCE Publications

ISBN: 9780784475195

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 248

View: 1106

Prepared by the Council on Disaster Reduction and the Technical Council on Lifeline Earthquake Engineering of ASCE. This TCLEE Monograph provides engineers and decision makers with tools to help them better understand acceptable risk processes and then develop risk reduction strategies and implement mitigation actions to reduce lifeline losses from future earthquakes. The disruption of lifelines from natural hazards has a direct impact on the world's regional economies and the health of their citizens. Therefore, it is important to understand what natural hazards are, how they can affect infrastructure lifelines, and what can be done to minimize their impact. These three elements, in turn, influence decisions that involve acceptable risk processes. The topic of "acceptable risk" provides one way of bringing integrated systems risk evaluations for disaster explicitly into a decision-making context. Topics include technical issues; risk criteria issues; and communication, administration, and regulation issues.

Strategic Risk Management

A Practical Guide to Portfolio Risk Management

Author: David Iverson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111817643X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 1557

A comprehensive guide to the key investment decisions all investors must make and how to manage the risk that entails Since all investors seek maximize returns balanced against acceptable risks, successful investment management is all about successful risk management. Strategic Risk Management uses that reality as a starting point, showing investors how to make risk management a process rather than just another tool in the investor's kit. The book highlights and explains primary investment risks and shows readers how to manage them across the key areas of any fund, including investment objectives, asset allocation, asset class strategy, and manager selection. With a strong focus on risk management at the time of asset allocation and at the time of implementation, the book offers important guidance for managers of benefit plans, endowments, defined contribution schemes, and family trusts. Offers a thorough examination of the role of risk management in the decision-making process for asset allocation, manager selection, and other duties of fund managers Written by the current head of portfolio design for the New Zealand Superannuation Fund Addresses the fundamental importance of risk management in today's post-crisis fund management landscape Strategic Risk Management is a comprehensive and easy-to-read guide that identifies the primary risks investors face and reveals how best to manage them.

Acceptable Evidence

Science and Values in Risk Management

Author: Deborah G. Mayo,Rachelle D. Hollander

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195358322

Category: Science

Page: 305

View: 6564

Discussions of science and values in risk management have largely focused on how values enter into arguments about risks, that is, issues of acceptable risk. Instead this volume concentrates on how values enter into collecting, interpreting, communicating, and evaluating the evidence of risks, that is, issues of the acceptability of evidence of risk. By focusing on acceptable evidence, this volume avoids two barriers to progress. One barrier assumes that evidence of risk is largely a matter of objective scientific data and therefore uncontroversial. The other assumes that evidence of risk, being "just" a matter of values, is not amenable to reasoned critique. Denying both extremes, this volume argues for a more constructive conclusion: understanding the interrelations of scientific and value issues enables a critical scrutiny of risk assessments and better public deliberation about social choices. The contributors, distinguished philosophers, policy analysts, and natural and social scientists, analyze environmental and medical controversies, and assumptions underlying views about risk assessment and the scientific and statistical models used in risk management.

Risk: Philosophical Perspectives

Author: Tim Lewens

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134100280

Category: Philosophy

Page: 232

View: 9052

How can we determine an acceptable level of risk? Should these decisions be made by experts, or by the people they affect? How should safety and security be balanced against other goods, such as liberty? This is the first collection to examine the philosophical dimensions of these pressing practical problems. Leading scholars exploring the full range of philosophical implications of risk, including: risk and ethics risk and rationality risk and scientific expertise risk and lay knowledge the objectivity of risk assessment risk and the precautionary principle risk and terror. With contributions from Carl F. Cranor, Sven Ove Hansson, Martin Kusch, Tim Lewens, D.H. Mellor, Adam Morton, Stephen Perry, Martin Peterson, Alan Ryan, Per Sandin, Cass R. Sunstein and Jonathan Wolff; this collection is essential reading, not only for philosophers and researchers in legal, economic and environmental studies, but for those seeking to gain a better understanding of the decisions we must make as concerned citizens.

Risk and Acceptability

Author: Mary Douglas

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135033730

Category: Reference

Page: 128

View: 8829

First published in 1985, Mary Douglas intended Risk and Acceptability as a review of the existing literature on the state of risk theory. Unsatisfied with the current studies of risk, which she found to be flawed by individualistic and psychologistic biases, she instead uses the book to argue risk analysis from an anthropological perspective. Douglas raises questions about rational choice, the provision of public good and the autonomy of the individual.

Risk Assessment Principles for the Industrial Hygienist

Author: M. A. Jayjock,Jeremiah Lynch,Deborah Imel Nelson

Publisher: AIHA

ISBN: 0932627978

Category: Medical

Page: 110

View: 3584

This relevant and scholarly text masterfully integrates health risk assessment information and its importance to IH and environmental scientists. Topics include science and judgment, risk assessment, risk management, and the future of industrial hygiene.

Public Health Risk Assessment for Human Exposure to Chemicals

Author: K. Asante-Duah

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402009211

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 9801

Risks to humans as a consequence of chemical exposures are a complex issue with worldwide implications, especially in our modern societies. The effective management of human exposure to a variety of chemicals present in various sectors of society has indeed become a very important public health policy issue - and risk assessment promises a systematic way for developing appropriate strategies to aid public health risk management decisions. Risk assessment generally serves as a tool that can be used to organize, structure, and compile scientific information in order to help identify existing hazardous situations or problems, anticipate potential problems, establish priorities, and provide a basis for regulatory controls and/or corrective actions. In fact, with the control and containment of most infectious conditions and diseases of the past millennium having been achieved in most developed countries, and with the resultant increase in life expectancies, much more attention seems to have shifted to degenerative health problems. Many of the degenerative health conditions have been linked to thousands of chemicals regularly encountered in human living and occupational/work environments. It is important, therefore, that human health risk assessments are undertaken on a consistent basis - in order to determine the potential impacts of the target chemicals on public health. This book provides a concise, yet comprehensive overview of the many facets/aspects relating to human health risk assessments in relation to chemical exposure problems. It presents some very important tools and methodologies that can be used to address chemical exposure and public health risk management problems in a consistent, efficient, and cost?effective way. Overall the book represents a collection and synthesis of the principal elements of the risk assessment process that pertain to human exposures to chemicals in the human living and work environments. It offers an understanding of the scientific basis of risk assessment and its applications to public health policy decisions. Audience: The subject matter of this book should be of interest to many a professional encountering risk assessment in relation to environmental contamination and public health risk management programs – especially public and occupational health practitioners; environmental consultants; environmental attorneys; public policy analysts; and various health, environmental, and consumer advocacy interest groups. The book is also expected to serve as a useful educational and training resource for both students and professionals in the health-related and environmental fields – who have to deal with human exposures to chemicals, public health risk assessment issues, and/or environmental health management problems.

Toxicity and Risk

Context, Principles and Practice

Author: H Paul A Illing

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203468043

Category: Medical

Page: 168

View: 4991

Humans are constantly, and increasingly, exposed to chemicals - some naturally occurring and some manufactured. Exposure to some of these chemicals, or to large amounts of them, can bring risks to human health and the environment. Toxicity and Risk sets out the political, social, legal and scientific basis of risk assessment and risk management. Taking a highly multidisciplinary approach, the book discusses concepts of importance to industry, academia, health and safety bodies, such as individual risk and social risk. It also discusses the role of government and the judicial system, and the contrast between EU, UK and US legal and administrative frameworks for handling risk analysis.

De Minimis Risk

Author: Chris Whipple

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468452932

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 224

View: 4947

On May 29 and 30, 1985, a workshop was held to explore the legal, ethical, social, scientific, and practical aspects of the use of the de minimis risk concept for health and safety regulation. The workshop was sponsored by the Society for Risk Analysis and its National Capital Area Chapter, the Environmental Protection Agency, the Nuclear Reg ulatory Commission, and the Electric Power Research Institute. The two-day meeting was held in Washington, D. C. , at the Brookings Institution; however, the Brookings Institution was not a sponsor of the meeting and did not playa role in its program. De minimis risk policy considerations were addressed from a theoretical and phil osophical viewpoint, from a quantitative and methodological basis, and through insights gained with regulatory applications. The distinctions between these three approaches to the subject are not sharp; most papers in these proceedings address aspects of all three topics. The reader familiar with the literature on the use of risk assessment in regulatory policy and decision making will find significant new contributions to the field. One of these is the examination of regulatory actions-in particular actions by the EPA-in response to risks of varying magnitude. Many attempts to seek patterns in regulatory policies have been based on analysis of the implicit economic value in obtaining risk reductions. These analyses have typically found great variability in the marginal cost 1 effectiveness of regulatory actions.

Risk and Reason

Safety, Law, and the Environment

Author: Cass R. Sunstein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521016254

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 342

View: 4681

Reveals the sources of such problems as airplane safety, global warming, and pollution, and examines what can be done by providing proposals for social reform and risk regulation.

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