Nature no longer exists apart from humanity. The world we will inhabit is the one we have made. Geologists call this epoch the Anthropocene, Age of Humans. The facts of the Anthropocene are scientific—emissions, pollens, extinctions—but its shape and meaning are questions for politics. Jedediah Purdy develops a politics for this post-natural world.
The Politics of the Anthropocene is a sophisticated yet accessible treatment of how human institutions, practices, and principles need to be re-thought in response to the challenges of the Anthropocene, the emerging epoch of human-induced instability in the Earth system and its life-support capacities. However, the world remains stuck with practices and modes of thinking that were developed in the Holocene - the epoch of around 12,000 years of unusual stability in the Earth system, toward the end of which modern institutions such as states and capitalist markets arose. These institutions persist despite their potentially catastrophic failure to respond to the challenges of the Anthropocene, foremost among them a rapidly changing climate and accelerating biodiversity loss. The pathological trajectories of these institutions need to be disrupted by advancing ecological reflexivity: the capacity of structures, systems, and sets of ideas to question their own core commitments, and if necessary change themselves, while listening and responding effectively to signals from the Earth system. This book envisages a world in which humans are no longer estranged from the Earth system but engage with it in a more productive relationship. We can still pursue democracy, social justice, and sustainability - but not as before. In future, all politics should be first and foremost a politics of the Anthropocene. The arguments are developed in the context of issues such as climate change, biodiversity, and global efforts to address sustainability.
This multi-disciplinary volume brings together the voices of biblical scholars, classicists, philosophers, theologians and political theorists to explore how ecology and theology intersected in ancient thinking, both pagan, Jewish and Christian. Ecological awareness is by no means purely a modern phenomenon. Of course, melting icecaps and plastic bag charges were of no concern in antiquity: frequently what made examining your relationship with the natural world urgent was the light this shed on human relationships with the divine. For, in the ancient world, to think about ecology was also to think about theology. This ancient eco-theological thinking - whilst in many ways worlds apart from our own environmental concerns - has also had a surprisingly rich impact on modern responses to our ecological crisis. As such, the voices gathered in this volume also reflect on whether and how these ancient ideas could inform modern responses to our environment and its pressing challenges. Through multi-disciplinary conversation this volume offers a new and dynamic exploration of the intersection of ecology and theology in ancient thinking, and its living legacy.
ينادي الناقد الإنجليزي الرومانسي وليم هازلت بالقراءة بمتعة؛ فالقراءة الجيدة تحتاج إلى شهية، والنصيحة الأساسية لكم دائمًا هي أن تكونوا شغوفين بالكلمة المكتوبة، والحفاظ على حس الدعابة لديكم؛ يجب ألَّا تكون القراءة عملًا شاقًا، ولا مجرد هروب أيضًا؛ ولكنْ صورة من صور الحياة تعاش بنغمة أعلى، وإذا ما نفذت بالطريقة المناسبة، فإنها تقدم لك مزيدًا من الحياة، ومزيدًا من الناس الذين لا يمكنك مقابلتهم في الحياة الواقعية، وإن الطاقة غير المحدودة للكلمات، تمنحك الدهشة، وهي أغلى الهدايا على الإطلاق، وهي دائمًا مفتوحة لك، في كل لحظة، فالكتب بانتظارك. إن الغوص في أغوار كتاب بحيث تستغرق فيه وتندمج وتهجر محيطك بسعادة، يتطلب بعض التحضيرات؛ فلكي تتمتع عليك معرفة ما تبحث عنه؛ وهدف القراءة المتأنية في عصر السرعة هو الأخذ بيدك نحو تحقيق متعة أكبر في القراءة من خلال بعض القواعد البسيطة، وبعض النقاشات الثرية للكتب المفضلة. إن الكيفية التي تقرأ بها أكثر أهمية بكثير من الكم الذي تقرؤه؛ فالكتاب الجيد هو الشيء الوحيد الذي سيعلمك كيفية القراءة بانتباه كامل، والتركيز على المتعة والفائدة العقلية؛ لأن المقالات الصحفية والتغريدات والمدونات لن تريك ما تدور القراءة حوله؛ الكتاب وحده هو الذي يمكنه فعل ذلك. إن القراءة بصورة أفضل تعني القراءة بصورة أكثر أناة، وثمة سبب وجيه للتأني؛ فكما أنه يوجد الطبخ المتأني، والتفكير المتأني، فبالتأكيد توجد القراءة المتأنية. العبيكان 2017
Elephants rarely breed in captivity and are not considered domesticated, yet they interact with people regularly and adapt to various environments. Too social and sagacious to be objects, too strange to be human, too captive to truly be wild, but too wild to be domesticated—where do elephants fall in our understanding of nature? In Wildlife in the Anthropocene, Jamie Lorimer argues that the idea of nature as a pure and timeless place characterized by the absence of humans has come to an end. But life goes on. Wildlife inhabits everywhere and is on the move; Lorimer proposes the concept of wildlife as a replacement for nature. Offering a thorough appraisal of the Anthropocene—an era in which human actions affect and influence all life and all systems on our planet— Lorimer unpacks its implications for changing definitions of nature and the politics of wildlife conservation. Wildlife in the Anthropocene examines rewilding, the impacts of wildlife films, human relationships with charismatic species, and urban wildlife. Analyzing scientific papers, policy documents, and popular media, as well as a decade of fieldwork, Lorimer explores the new interconnections between science, politics, and neoliberal capitalism that the Anthropocene demands of wildlife conservation. Imagining conservation in a world where humans are geological actors entangled within and responsible for powerful, unstable, and unpredictable planetary forces, this work nurtures a future environmentalism that is more hopeful and democratic.
هذا الكتاب هو رواية بعنوان ``أنا كارنينا`` من تأليف الكاتب الروسي ليو تولستوي، والرواية تعد أثرا أدبيا عالميا وإنسانيا خالدا، تُرجمت إلى معظم لغات العالم، وأُعيد طبعها مئات المرَّات، وقد تباينت آراء النُّقاد في هذه الرواية، فوضعت فيها دراسات كثيرة راوحت بين الإعجاب التام والرفض النسبي، إن لم نقل الرفض التام، فمَنْ أُعجب بها أُعجب لأنَّه رأى فيها عصارة فن ``تولستوي`` وخاتمة أعماله الكبرى، ومَن انتقدها فقد رأى فيها خللا فنيٍّا، كما رأى أحداثًا ثانويةً كبيرةً تواكب الحدث الرئيس بل وتكاد تطغى عليه.
This short book sets out to explore the concept of nature in the context of a changing reality, in which the extent of our transformation of the environment has become evident: What is nature and to what extent has humanity transformed it? How do nature and society relate to one another? What does the idea of a sustainable society entail and how can nature be understood as a political subject? What is the Anthropocene and how does it affect nature as both an idea and a material entity? Has nature perhaps “ended?” In addressing these questions, the author delivers a concise but meaningful study of contemporary understandings of nature, one that goes beyond the limits posed by a single discipline. Adopting a truly comprehensive perspective, the work incorporates classical disciplines such as philosophy, evolutionary theory and the history of ideas; new and mixed approaches ranging from environmental sociology to neurobiology and ecological economics and the emerging area of the environmental humanities and represents a growing branch of political thought that views nature as a new political subject.
From John Muir to David Brower, from the creation of Yellowstone National Park to the Endangered Species Act, environmentalism in America has always had close to its core a preservationist ideal. Generations have been inspired by its ethos—to encircle nature with our protection, to keep it apart, pristine, walled against the march of human development. But we have to face the facts. Accelerating climate change, rapid urbanization, agricultural and industrial devastation, metastasizing fire regimes, and other quickening anthropogenic forces all attest to the same truth: the earth is now spinning through the age of humans. After Preservation takes stock of the ways we have tried to both preserve and exploit nature to ask a direct but profound question: what is the role of preservationism in an era of seemingly unstoppable human development, in what some have called the Anthropocene? Ben A. Minteer and Stephen J. Pyne bring together a stunning consortium of voices comprised of renowned scientists, historians, philosophers, environmental writers, activists, policy makers, and land managers to negotiate the incredible challenges that environmentalism faces. Some call for a new, post-preservationist model, one that is far more pragmatic, interventionist, and human-centered. Others push forcefully back, arguing for a more chastened and restrained vision of human action on the earth. Some try to establish a middle ground, while others ruminate more deeply on the meaning and value of wilderness. Some write on species lost, others on species saved, and yet others discuss the enduring practical challenges of managing our land, water, and air. From spirited optimism to careful prudence to critical skepticism, the resulting range of approaches offers an inspiring contribution to the landscape of modern environmentalism, one driven by serious, sustained engagements with the critical problems we must solve if we—and the wild garden we may now keep—are going to survive the era we have ushered in. Contributors include: Chelsea K. Batavia, F. Stuart (Terry) Chapin III, Norman L. Christensen, Jamie Rappaport Clark, William Wallace Covington, Erle C. Ellis, Mark Fiege, Dave Foreman, Harry W. Greene, Emma Marris, Michelle Marvier, Bill McKibben, J. R. McNeill, Curt Meine, Ben A. Minteer, Michael Paul Nelson, Bryan Norton, Stephen J. Pyne, Andrew C. Revkin, Holmes Rolston III, Amy Seidl, Jack Ward Thomas, Diane J. Vosick, John A. Vucetich, Hazel Wong, and Donald Worster.