Search Results: apartheid-s-contras

Apartheid's Contras

An Inquiry Into the Roots of War in Angola and Mozambique

Author: William Minter

Publisher: William Minter

ISBN: 1856492664

Category: History

Page: 308

View: 918

Of all the many violent chapters in recent Southern African history, the conflicts in Angola and Mozambique since independence in 1975 have been the most protracted, complex and deadly for millions of civilians. William Minter argues that they represent a new kind of non-conventional warfare characteristic of the 'contra' period - neither classic guerrilla warfare nor straightforward external aggression, but comprising elements of civil war dominated by regional and global external powers. He examines the Unita and Renamo social structures, external interventions, patterns of military recruitment, conditioning, logistics and strategy, and the mistakes made by the Angolan and Mozambican states.

No Easy Victories

African Liberation and American Activists Over a Half Century, 1950-2000

Author: Charles E. Cobb (Jr.)

Publisher: William Minter

ISBN: 1592215750

Category: Africa

Page: 248

View: 5357

African news making headlines today is dominated by disaster: wars, famine, HIV. Those who respond - from stars to ordinary citizens - are learning that real solutions require more than charity. This book provides a comprehensive, panoramic view of US activism in Africa from 1950 to 2000, activism grounded in a common struggle for justice. It portrays organisations, activists and networks that contributed to African liberation and, in turn, shows how African struggles informed US activism, including the civil rights and black power movements.

Roads to Reconciliation

Author: Elin Skaar,Siri Gloppen,Astri Suhrke

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739109045

Category: Political Science

Page: 318

View: 5916

The past two decades have witnessed the end of several civil wars and authoritarian regimes. The global media brings the height of the conflicts to an international audience, but as the wars end and tensions resolve the media turns away, neglecting the often painful and slow process of reconciliation. In this volume, experts with both practical and policy experience in international conflict explore how societies confront and negotiate a repressive past characterized by gross human-rights violations. Grounding readers in theoretical approaches, the book explores contemporary experiences of reconciliation in Africa, Latin America, Europe, and Asia.

Africa since Independence

Author: Paul Nugent

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 023039356X

Category: History

Page: 680

View: 9832

A genuinely comparative study of the different trajectories and experiences of independent African states. This expanded, revised and updated new edition of an established text now includes the latest scholarship and features more on issues such as AIDS, urbanisation, South Sudan, questions of citizenship and the importance of transnational spaces.

Durable Peace

Challenges for Peacebuilding in Africa

Author: Taisier M. Ali,Robert O. Matthews

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442654287

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 5245

The African continent has been racked with war in the years since decolonization. In the aftermath of violent conflict, peace is often fragile. With Durable Peace, Taisier M. Ali and Robert O. Matthews have brought together leading scholars to discuss the experiences of ten African countries — Angola, Ethiopia, Liberia, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Uganda, and Zimbabwe — in recovering from violent civil war. In this series of remarkable and thought-provoking essays, the contributors shed light on the process of peacebuilding. Collectively, they demonstrate that if efforts to restore peace in war-torn societies are to be successful, such efforts must be wide in scope, involving security and political issues, as well as economic development and socio-psychological reconciliation. Additionally, they must be extended over long periods of time and, above all else, anchored in the local community. Peacebuilding is a difficult process, subject to frequent setbacks, and sometimes outright failure. Durable Peace concludes that any peacebuilding effort must include at least four building blocks: a secure environment, new political institutions that are broadly representative, a healthy economy, and a mechanism for dealing with injustices of the past and future. How these blocks are put together will vary, but if they are arranged to fit the specific local circumstances, the outcome will likely be self-sustaining peace.

War and hunger

rethinking international responses to complex emergencies

Author: Joanna Macrae,Anthony B. Zwi

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 242

View: 5893

The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies

Author: Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh,Gil Loescher,Katy Long,Nando Sigona

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191645885

Category: Political Science

Page: 800

View: 5244

Refugee and Forced Migration Studies has grown from being a concern of a relatively small number of scholars and policy researchers in the 1980s to a global field of interest with thousands of students worldwide studying displacement either from traditional disciplinary perspectives or as a core component of newer programmes across the Humanities and Social and Political Sciences. Today the field encompasses both rigorous academic research which may or may not ultimately inform policy and practice, as well as action-research focused on advocating in favour of refugees' needs and rights. This authoritative Handbook critically evaluates the birth and development of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, and analyses the key contemporary and future challenges faced by academics and practitioners working with and for forcibly displaced populations around the world. The 52 state-of-the-art chapters, written by leading academics, practitioners, and policymakers working in universities, research centres, think tanks, NGOs and international organizations, provide a comprehensive and cutting-edge overview of the key intellectual, political, social and institutional challenges arising from mass displacement in the world today. The chapters vividly illustrate the vibrant and engaging debates that characterise this rapidly expanding field of research and practice.

Ending Mozambique's War

The Role of Mediation and Good Offices

Author: Cameron R. Hume

Publisher: US Institute of Peace Press

ISBN: 9781878379375

Category: Political Science

Page: 162

View: 9151

This first-hand account of the Mozambique mediations offers intriguing details that illustrate the complexity of the multi-track mediation process. Hume, a participant/observer in the Rome-based peace talks, relates the stages of the process to the principles of conflict management, negotiation, and mediation in a clear and graceful style. He delineates the separate roles played by the parties themselves (the government and RENAMO), the outside governments that intervened, and the mediators, with a special focus on the unique element in this peace process: the involvement of a private voluntary organization, the Community of Sant'Egidio.

Encyclopedia of African History 3-Volume Set

Author: Kevin Shillington

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135456690

Category: History

Page: 1912

View: 1292

Covering the entire continent from Morocco, Libya, and Egypt in the north to the Cape of Good Hope in the south, and the surrounding islands from Cape Verde in the west to Madagascar, Mauritius, and Seychelles in the east, the Encyclopedia of African History is a new A-Z reference resource on the history of the entire African continent. With entries ranging from the earliest evolution of human beings in Africa to the beginning of the twenty-first century, this comprehensive three volume Encyclopedia is the first reference of this scale and scope. Also includes 99 maps.

Allies in Adversity

The Frontline States in Southern African Security, 1975-1993

Author: Gilbert M. Khadiagala

Publisher: University Press of Amer

ISBN: 9780761838326

Category: History

Page: 317

View: 2117

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Dealing with the past

truth and reconciliation in South Africa

Author: Institute for a Democratic Alternative for South Africa

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Human rights

Page: 175

View: 8185

Africa Quarterly

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Africa

Page: N.A

View: 4184

Contesting Apartheid

U.S. Activism, 1960-1987

Author: Donald R. Culverson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 177

View: 9033

Contesting Apartheid examines how U.S. public and private sector interests produced wealth and poverty in South Africa. It explains how the anti-apartheid movement capitalized on the fragility of the racial regime. It exposes the political vulnerability of the international supporters who had insulated apartheid from policy consideration until the mid-1970s. Contesting Apartheid describes how activists converted civil rights movement ideals, symbols, and strategies into weapons against apartheid. They mobilized a grassroots network of groups previously excluded from foreign affairs, and proposes alternatives to uncritical acceptance of South Africa as an anti-Communist ally. The book examines the Sharpeville massacre, the Vietnam War, the Soweto uprisings, and the divestment campaigns. It explores the role played by news media and the intelligentsia in shaping popular perceptions of the crisis. Drawing on diverse sources such as organizational records and published literature, correspondences, interviews, personal papers, and government documents, this study views anti-apartheid activism as central to mainstream American political developments.

Constitutionalism and Transition

African and Eastern European Perspectives

Author: Joseph Oloka-Onyango,Chris Maina Peter

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Women's rights

Page: 266

View: 7892

Colonial and post-apartheid water projects in Southern Africa

political agendas and environmental consequences

Author: Kate Barger Showers

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Water resources development

Page: 76

View: 4248

The Cumulative Book Index

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 3690

Brothers At War

Dissidence and Rebellion in Southern Africa

Author: Abiodun Alao

Publisher: British Academic Press

ISBN: 9781850438168

Category: History

Page: 201

View: 9581

Civil War in many areas of Southern Africa has caused human disaster on a huge scale. While Zimbabwe alone has largely escaped this, Mozambique has been reduced to the status of the poorest, most aid-dependent state in Africa and UNITA's war in Angola continues. Abiodun Alao's account of the deep-rooted ethnic and ideological divisions in all three territories explores the ways in which this state of almost permanent instability and conflict emerged during and after the struggle for independence, and the extent to which existing tensions within the region were internationalized and exacerbated during the Cold War. While the most significant element in the conflict was the dominant role of the South African state in its pursuit of proxy wars to advance its own regional interests, Alao argues that South Africa did not on its own create the dissident movements or the conditions of conflict. Pretoria had only to fine-tune some of the existing movements to suit its own purposes. Based on much original research, this book adds a new perspective to our understanding of the formation of the main rebel movements, of their support bases and their transformation into political parties, as well as providing an important account of their relationship with the South African state.

Kronos

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: South Africa

Page: N.A

View: 4025

American jihad

the Reagan Doctrine as policy and practice

Author: Lucy J. Mathiak

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 417

View: 1890

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