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Arbeitsteilung und Geschlechterkonstruktion. »Gender at Work« in theoretischer und historischer Perspektive

Author: Angelika Wetterer

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand


Category: Social Science

Page: 628

View: 460

Im Zentrum dieser Studie steht die Arbeitsteilung zwischen den Geschlechtern als Modus und Medium der Geschlechterkonstruktion. Am Beispiel der Professionalisierung der Medizin und der Feminisierung der Krankenpflege wird ein Konzept der sozialen Konstruktion von Geschlecht entwickelt, das sich auf die Meso-Ebene der Berufe und Professionen bezieht und die mikrosoziologischen Engführungen der »doing gender«-Konzepte überwindet. Anknüpfend an Goffmans Überlegungen zur institutionellen Reflexivität zeigt die theorieorientierte historische Rekonstruktion,dass Strukturbildungsprozesse als Effekte einer stets fragilen Balance zu begreifen sind, in der Wissen und Handeln reflexiv aufeinander bezogen sind und konkurrierende Akteure auf Anerkennung und Kooperation angewiesen sind, um ihre Interessen durchzusetzen. Der praktische Justierungsprozess mit systematisch offenem Ausgang, der so Konturen gewinnt, eröffnet neue Perspektiven auf den sozialen Wandel der Geschlechterverhältnisse.

Work in a Modern Society

The German Historical Experience in Comparative Perspective

Author: Jürgen Kocka

Publisher: Berghahn Books


Category: History

Page: 221

View: 459

Whereas the history of workers and labor movements has been widely researched, the history of work has been rather neglected by comparison. This volume offers original contributions that deal with cultural, social and theoretical aspects of the history of work in modern Europe, including the relations between gender and work, working and soldiering, work and trust, constructions and practices. The volume focuses on Germany but also places the case studies in a broader European context. It thus offers an insight into social and cultural history as practiced by German-speaking scholars today but also introduces the reader to ongoing research in this field.

Computing Bodies

Gender Codes and Anthropomorphic Design at the Human-Computer Interface

Author: Claude Draude

Publisher: Springer


Category: Social Science

Page: 210

View: 226

Claude Draude analyzes embodied software agents – interface solutions that are designed to talk back and give emotional feedback – from a gender and media studies perspective. She addresses technological and sociocultural concepts in their interplay of shifting the boundary between what is considered as human and what as machine. The author discusses the technological realization of specific personality models that define the design of embodied software agents – emotion and gaze models, in particular. Finally, she explores these models in their broader cultural context by relating them to the prominent topic of the Turing test and the notion of the Uncanny Valley.

Gender and Judging

Author: Ulrike Schultz

Publisher: A&C Black


Category: Law

Page: 640

View: 518

Does gender make a difference to the way the judiciary works and should work? Or is gender-blindness a built-in prerequisite of judicial objectivity? If gender does make a difference, how might this be defined? These are the key questions posed in this collection of essays, by some 30 authors from the following countries; Argentina, Cambodia, Canada, England, France, Germany, India, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Kenya, the Netherlands, the Philippines, South Africa, Switzerland, Syria and the United States. The contributions draw on various theoretical approaches, including gender, feminist and sociological theories. The book's pressing topicality is underlined by the fact that well into the modern era male opposition to women's admission to, and progress within, the judicial profession has been largely based on the argument that their very gender programmes women to show empathy, partiality and gendered prejudice - in short essential qualities running directly counter to the need for judicial objectivity. It took until the last century for women to begin to break down such seemingly insurmountable barriers. And even now, there are a number of countries where even this first step is still waiting to happen. In all of them, there remains a more or less pronounced glass ceiling to women's judicial careers.

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Category: Public opinion


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