Search Results: arguments-that-count

Arguments that Count

Physics, Computing, and Missile Defense, 1949-2012

Author: Rebecca Slayton

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262019442

Category: Political Science

Page: 325

View: 2422

In a rapidly changing world, we rely upon experts to assess the promise and risks of new technology. But how do these experts make sense of a highly uncertain future? In Arguments that Count, Rebecca Slayton offers an important new perspective. Drawing on new historical documents and interviews as well as perspectives in science and technology studies, she provides an original account of how scientists came to terms with the unprecedented threat of nuclear-armed intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs). She compares how two different professional communities -- physicists and computer scientists -- constructed arguments about the risks of missile defense, and how these arguments changed over time. Slayton shows that our understanding of technological risks is shaped by disciplinary repertoires -- the codified knowledge and mathematical rules that experts use to frame new challenges. And, significantly, a new repertoire can bring long-neglected risks into clear view. In the 1950s, scientists recognized that high-speed computers would be needed to cope with the unprecedented speed of ICBMs. But the nation's elite science advisors had no way to analyze the risks of computers so used physics to assess what they could: radar and missile performance. Only decades later, after establishing computing as a science, were advisors able to analyze authoritatively the risks associated with complex software -- most notably, the risk of a catastrophic failure. As we continue to confront new threats, including that of cyber attack, Slayton offers valuable insight into how different kinds of expertise can limit or expand our capacity to address novel technological risks.

Oxford Studies in Epistemology

Author: Tamar Szabó Gendler,John Hawthorne

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199672709

Category: Philosophy

Page: 368

View: 3409

Oxford Studies in Epistemology is a biennial publication which offers a regular snapshot of state-of-the-art work in this important field. Under the guidance of a distinguished editorial board, it publishes exemplary papers in epistemology, broadly construed. Anyone wanting to understand the latest developments in the discipline can start here.

The Principle of Legal Certainty in EC Law

Author: J. Raitio

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401703531

Category: Philosophy

Page: 401

View: 2185

The intertwinement of EC law and national law may create unforeseeability in situations where EC law invades the national cases. This study contributes to the contemporary discussion, which wrestles with questions such as: What have been the visions and objectives for European integration in the last decades? How to describe European Union as a political entity and a legal system? What is the relationship between legal certainty, rule of law, various general principles and human rights?

A Theory of Argumentation

Author: Charles Arthur Willard

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

ISBN: 0817350292

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 336

View: 3723

Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:Ɛ mso-fareast-language:Ɛ mso-bidi-language:Ɛ} The thesis of this book is that argument is not a kind of logic but a kind of communication—conversation based on disagreement. Claims about the epistemic and political effects of argument get their authority not from logic but from their “fit with the facts” about how communication works. A Theory of Communication thus offers a picture of communication—distilled from elements of symbolic interactionism, personal construct theory, constructivism, and Barbara O’Keefe’s provocative thinking about logics of message design. The picture of argument that emerges from this tapestry is startling, for it forces revisions in thinking about knowledge, rationality, freedom, fallacies, and the structure and content of the argumentation discipline. The burden of this book is to establish a theoretical context for, and to elaborate the implications of, the claim that argument is a form of interaction in which two or more people maintain what they construe to be incompatible positions.

Transcendental Arguments and Science

Essays in Epistemology

Author: P. Bieri,Lorenz Krüger,R.-P. Horstmann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400994109

Category: Philosophy

Page: 326

View: 721

The goal of the present volume is to discuss the notion of a 'conceptual framework' or 'conceptual scheme', which has been dominating much work in the analysis and justification of knowledge in recent years. More specifi cally, this volume is designed to clarify the contrast between two competing approaches in the area of problems indicated by this notion: On the one hand, we have the conviction, underlying much present-day work in the philosophy of science, that the best we can hope for in the justifi cation of empirical knowledge is to reconstruct the conceptual means actually employed by science, and to develop suitable models for analyzing conceptual change involved in the progress of science. This view involves the assumption that we should stop taking foundational questions of epistemology seriously and discard once and for all the quest for uncontrovertible truth. The result ing program of justifying epistemic claims by subsequently describing patterns of inferentially connected concepts as they are at work in actual science is closely connected with the idea of naturalizing epistemology, with concep tual relativism, and with a pragmatic interpretation of knowledge. On the other hand, recent epistemology tends to claim that no subsequent reconstruction of actually employed conceptual frameworks is sufficient for providing epistemic justification for our beliefs about the world. This second claim tries to resist the naturalistic and pragmatic approach to epistemology and insists on taking the epistemological sceptic seriously.

Frames in the Toxicity Controversy

Risk Assessment and Policy Analysis Related to the Dutch Chlorine Debate and the Swedish PVC Debate

Author: Arnold Tukker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401147566

Category: Science

Page: 382

View: 1875

Preface When you write a book like this after ten years' working as an environmental specialist, you end up with something that reflects your career. Of course, when I started working at the Ministry of the Environment in the Netherlands, I could not foresee that I would now be at TNO, nor that I would have performed research into chlorine, PVC, waste, etc. , that would come to form the basis for this book. But step by step, with some coincidence and with the support of several people - who were probably unaware of the crucial role that, with hindsight, they played - I arrived at a position where I could start to consider this enterprise. At this point I shall try something dangerous - thanking a few of those people who gave that support. At the same time, it is obvious that I cannot mention them all. I hope that those whom I do not mention will forgive me. A first, crucial moment in this sequence of events came quite soon after I joined TNO in 1990. Just a few weeks later, all the senior staff in my section decided to leave in order to set up their own company. I decided to stay at TNO. As a consequence, I had to manage it on my own.

A Plato Primer

Author: J.D.G. Evans

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317492145

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 3386

"A Plato Primer" introduces beginning students and the general reader to the main theses, concepts and arguments in Plato's philosophy. Subtle, versatile and multi-faceted though Plato's thought undoubtedly is, it has a core that needs to be explored and savoured. Evans presents this core, as it appears over a large range of his works, spread out over many decades of composition and many philosophical topics. Through all this diversity Plato's original philosophical personality shines through. Evans approaches the material thematically, in terms of modern philosophical categories, in seven main chapters. Within each of these individual treatments Evans follows the lines of argument in the main works of Plato that explore them. Indications about how to pursue given topics in the secondary literature are given in the helpful guide to further reading.

Hitler's Berlin

Abused City

Author: Thomas Friedrich

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300184883

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 6652

From his first visit to Berlin in 1916, Hitler was preoccupied and fascinated by Germany's great capital city. In this vivid and entirely new account of Hitler's relationship with Berlin, Thomas Friedrich explores how Hitler identified with the city, how his political aspirations were reflected in architectural aspirations for the capital, and how Berlin surprisingly influenced the development of Hitler's political ideas. A leading expert on the twentieth-century history of Berlin, Friedrich employs new and little-known German sources to track Hitler's attitudes and plans for the city. Even while he despised both the cosmopolitan culture of the Weimar Republic and the profound Jewish influence on the city, Hitler was drawn to the grandiosity of its architecture and its imperial spirit. He dreamed of transforming Berlin into a capital that would reflect his autocracy, and he used the city for such varied purposes as testing his anti-Semitic policies and demonstrating the might of the Third Reich. Illuminating Berlin's burdened years under Nazi subjection, Friedrich offers new understandings of Hitler and his politics, architectural views, and artistic opinions.

Beyond Humanism

The Flourishing of Life, Self and Other

Author: B. Nooteboom

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230371019

Category: Philosophy

Page: 250

View: 9196

This book seeks to set humanism on a new footing. No longer Enlightenment intuitions of an autonomous, disconnected, and rational self but a philosophy oriented towards the relationship between self and other. With this, it seeks to provide an escape from present egotism and narcissism in society. It discusses altruism as well as its limitations.

California. Court of Appeal (2nd Appellate District). Records and Briefs

B019236, Petition for Writ

Author: California (State).

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 8595

Illinois Appellate Reports

Official Reports of the Illinois Appellate Court

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law reports, digests, etc

Page: N.A

View: 3376

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 Administration

Real World Skills for Red Hat Administrators

Author: Sander van Vugt

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118421434

Category: Computers

Page: 672

View: 7357

The definitive guide to administering a Red Hat EnterpriseLinux 6 network Linux professionals who need a go-to guide on version 6 of RedHat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) will find what they need in thiscomprehensive Sybex book. It covers RHEL administration in detail,including how to set up and manage web and mail services, use RHELin enterprise environments, secure it, optimize storage, configurefor virtualization and high availability, and much more. It alsoprovides a great study aid for those preparing for either the RHCSAor RHCE certification exam. Red Hat is the Linux market leader, and Red Hat administratorsare in demand This Sybex guide is a comprehensive resource on Red HatEnterprise Linux administration and useful for those preparing forone of the Red Hat certification exams Covers setting up and managing web and mail services, usingRHEL in enterprise environments, securing RHEL, and optimizingstorage to fit your environment Explores advanced RHEL configurations, including virtualizationand high availability Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 Administration is the guideLinux professionals and Red Hat administrators need to stay currenton the newest version.

Ivor Horton's Beginning Visual C++ 2010

Author: Ivor Horton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470930349

Category: Computers

Page: 1231

View: 9740

The leading author of programming tutorials for beginners introduces you to Visual C++ 2010 Ivor Horton is the preeminent author of introductory programming language tutorials; previous editions of his Beginning Visual C++ have sold nearly 100,000 copies. This book is a comprehensive introduction to both the Standard C++ language and to Visual C++ 2010; no previous programming experience is required. All aspects of the 2010 release are covered, including changes to the language and the C++ standard.. Microsoft Visual C++ is one of the most popular C++ development environments and compilers, used by hundreds of thousands of developers Ivor Horton's approach to programming tutorials has achieved a huge following; this book gives beginning programmers a comprehensive introduction to both Standard C++ and Visual C++ 2010 Covers all the language changes in Visual C++ 2010, library additions, new MFC features, changes in the Visual Studio development environment, and more Also includes a brief introduction to programming for multicore processors in native C++ and C++/CLR processors Nearly 100,000 copies of this book have been sold in previous editions Beginners seeking a complete education in Visual C++ will find everything they need in Ivor Horton's Beginning Visual C++ 2010.

Universal Rights and the Constitution

Author: Stephen A. Simon

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438451873

Category: Law

Page: 196

View: 5904

Innovative examination of the tensions between universal and more uniquely American definitions of cherished rights. Are constitutional rights based exclusively in uniquely American considerations, or are they based at least in part on principles that transcend the boundaries of any particular country, such as the requirements of freedom or dignity? By viewing constitutional law through the prism of this fundamental question, Universal Rights and the Constitution exposes an overlooked difficulty with opinions rendered by the Supreme Court, namely, an inherent ambiguity about the kinds of arguments that count in constitutional interpretation, which weakens the foundations of our most cherished rights. Rejecting current debates over constitutional interpretation as flawed, Stephen A. Simon offers an innovative framework designed to provide clearer foundations for rights interpretations while preserving a meaningful but limited role for universal arguments. He reveals the vital connections among contemporary debates over such matters as the right to privacy, the constitutionality of the death penalty, and the role of foreign law in constitutional interpretation.

Places that Count

Traditional Cultural Properties in Cultural Resource Management

Author: Thomas F. King

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759100718

Category: Architecture

Page: 335

View: 1423

Places That Count offers professionals within the field of cultural resource management (CRM) valuable practical advice on dealing with traditional cultural properties (TCPs). Responsible for coining the term to describe places of community-based cultural importance, Thomas King now revisits this subject to instruct readers in TCP site identification, documentation, and management. With more than 30 years of experience at working with communities on such sites, he identifies common issues of contention and methods of resolving them through consultation and other means. Through the extensive use of examples, from urban ghettos to Polynesian ponds to Mount Shasta, TCPs are shown not to be limited simply to American Indian burial and religious sites, but include a wide array of valued locations and landscapes—the United States and worldwide. This is a must-read for anyone involved in historical preservation, cultural resource management, or community development.

West's federal supplement. Second series

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2949

A Practical Study of Argument

Author: Trudy Govier

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780534505233

Category: Logic

Page: 484

View: 3186

This text provides students with a practical understanding of argument by means of enriched examples while maintaining philosophical soundness. The Fourth Edition of this widely acclaimed text continues to provide an integration of formal and informal logic, and fallacies and arguments in a clearly-presented and theoretically sensible fashion.

The Federal reporter. Second series

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 6242

Excel 2013 In Depth

Author: Bill Jelen

Publisher: Que Publishing

ISBN: 0133259323

Category: Computers

Page: 1248

View: 7022

Get more out of Microsoft Excel® 2013: more productivity and better answers for greater success! Drawing on his unsurpassed Excel experience, Bill Jelen (“Mr Excel”) brings together all the intensely useful knowledge you need: insights, techniques, tips, and shortcuts you just won’t find anywhere else. Excel 2013 In Depth is the fastest, best way to master Excel 2013’s full power; get comfortable with its updated interface; and leverage its new tools for everything from formulas, charts, and functions to dashboards, data visualization, and social media integration. Start by taking a quick “tour” of Excel 2013’s most valuable new features. Then, learn how to Build more trustworthy, error-resistant, flexible, extensible, intelligent, and understandable spreadsheets Get more productive with Excel 2013’s new Start Screen and Timelines Create formulas, charts, subtotals, and pivot tables faster with new Flash Fill and Analysis Lens Quickly apply attractive, consistent formats Master every function you’ll ever need,- including powerful new web services functions Solve real-world business intelligence analysis problems Create amazing PowerPivot data mashups that integrate information from anywhere Use Power View to generate stunningly intuitive maps, dashboards, and data visualizations Share workbooks on the Web and social networks Leverage the improved Excel Web App to create highly interactive web pages and online surveys Automate repetitive functions using Excel macros Supercharge your workbooks with new apps from the Excel App Store Like all In Depth books, Excel 2013 In Depth delivers complete coverage with detailed solutions, and troubleshooting help for tough problems you can’t fix on your own. Whatever you intend to do with Excel 2013, this is the only book you’ll need!

Arguments and Fists

Political Agency and Justification in Liberal Theory

Author: Mika LaVaque-Manty

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415931983

Category: Political Science

Page: 214

View: 8842

This volume is a comprehensive collection of critical essays on The Taming of the Shrew, and includes extensive discussions of the play's various printed versions and its theatrical productions. Aspinall has included only those essays that offer the most influential and controversial arguments surrounding the play. The issues discussed include gender, authority, female autonomy and unruliness, courtship and marriage, language and speech, and performance and theatricality.

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