Author: William E. Burns
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Alphabetically arranged entries cover the history of astrology from ancient Mesopotamia to the 21st century. In addition to surveying the Western tradition, the book explores Islamic, Indian, East Asian, and Mesoamerican astrology. • Provides alphabetically arranged reference entries that delineate the historical and cultural significance of astrology from ancient Mesopotamia to the present • Directs direct users to additional sources of information via entry bibliographies • Offers sidebars offer additional facts from primary source documents • Incorporates a timeline to help readers to place astrological developments in chronological context • Features an introductory essay for a narrative overview of the history of astrology, priming readers on its cultural relevance
Author: J. Paul Getty Museum
Publisher: Getty Publications
Thesaurus Cultus et Rituum Antiquorum (ThesCRA) is a major multi-volume reference on all known aspects of Greek, Etruscan, and Roman cults and rituals. Providing both a sweeping overview and in-depth investigation, ThesCRA covers the period from Homeric times (1000 B.C.) to late Roman times (A.D. 400). A definitive work on the topic, ThesCRA is the culmination of many years of research by scholars from across the United States and Europe and throughout the Mediterranean world. Each of their texts - either in English, French, German, or Italian - is followed by a catalogue entry listing the epigraphical and literary sources cited and referencing ancient iconographical documents related to the topic. Many of these iconographical items are depicted either in line drawings in the texts or in the plate sections of each volume. On completion, ThesCRA will comprise five volumes, a book of abbreviations, and an index volume. The volumes are arranged thematically. The first three deal with dynamic elements of ancient cults, such as cultic ritual and practice, while the last two are devoted to static elements, such as cult places and their personnel. sacrifices, libations, fumigations, and dedications (Volume I): and purification, consecration, initiation, heroization, apotheosis, banquets, dance, music, and rites and activities related to cult images (Volume II). Volume III, slated for August of 2005, will deal with divination; prayers and gestures of prayer; gestures and acts of veneration; supplication; asylum; oaths; magic; curses; and descration. Volumes IV and V, along with the Index, are scheduled for publication in February 2006. ThesCRA was developed by the eminent group of scholars who published the eight double-volumes of LIMC (Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae). Among the many contributors to the ThesCRA volumes are Jean Ch. Balty, Sir John Boardman, Walter Burkert, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Tonio Holscher, Anneliese Kossatz, Vassilis Lambrinoudakis, Francois Lissarrague, John H. Oakley, Ricardo Olmos, H. A. Shapiro, Erika Simon, and Marion True.
Cross-Cultural Questions in the History of Astrology
Author: Nicholas Campion,Dorian Gieseler Greenbaum
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Category: Social Science
Astrology is the practice of relating the heavenly bodies to lives and events on earth, and the tradition that has thus been generated. Many cultures worldwide have practised it in some form. In some it is rudimentary, in others complex. Culture and scholarship have categorised it as both belief and science, as a form of magic, divination or religious practice – but in many ways it defies easy categorisation. The chapters in this volume make a significant contribution to our understanding of astrology across a range of periods of cultures. Based on papers presented at the annual conference of the Sophia Centre held in 2012, the contributions range from China and Japan, through India, the ancient Near East, the classical world and early modern Europe, to Madagascar and Mesoamerica. The different topics include ritual and religion, magic and science, calendars and time, and questions of textual transmission and methodology. Astrology in Time and Place is essential reading for all interested in the history of humanity’s relationship with the cosmos.
Author: Paul Keyser,with John Scarborough
Publisher: Oxford University Press
With a focus on science in the ancient societies of Greece and Rome, including glimpses into Egypt, Mesopotamia, India and China, The Oxford Handbook of Science and Medicine in the Classical World offers an in depth synthesis of science and medicine circa 650 BCE to 650 CE. The Handbook comprises five sections, each with a specific focus on ancient science and medicine. The second section covers the early Greek era, up through Plato and the mid-fourth century bce. The third section covers the long Hellenistic era, from Aristotle through the end of the Roman Republic, acknowledging that the political shift does not mark a sharp intellectual break. The fourth section covers the Roman era from the late Republic through the transition to Late Antiquity. The final section covers the era of Late Antiquity, including the early Byzantine centuries. The Handbook provides through each of its approximately four dozen essays, a synthesis and synopsis of the concepts and models of the various ancient natural sciences, covering the early Greek era through the fall of the Roman Republic, including essays that explore topics such as music theory, ancient philosophers, astrology, and alchemy. The Oxford Handbook of Science and Medicine in the Classical World guides the reader to further exploration of the concepts and models of the ancient sciences, how they evolved and changed over time, and how they relate to one another and to their antecedents. There are a total of four dozen or so topical essays in the five sections, each of which takes as its focus the primary texts, explaining what is now known as well as indicating what future generations of scholars may come to know. Contributors suggest the ranges of scholarly disagreements and have been free to advocate their own positions. Readers are led into further literature (both primary and secondary) through the comprehensive and extensive bibliographies provided with each chapter.
Die Wahrheit über das frühe Christentum
Author: Michael Baigent,Richard Leigh
Publisher: BASTEI LÜBBE
Wahrheiten, die die Kirche fürchtet und deshalb zurückhält Warum sind die meisten der so genannten Qumran-Rollen bis heute nicht veröffentlicht worden und werden nicht einmal Gelehrten außerhalb einer bestimmten Gruppe zugänglich gemacht? Michael Baigent und Richard Leigh enthüllen in diesem Buch zum ersten Mal, welch brisantes Material zurückgehalten wird ═ bislang unbekannte Texte über die Urchristen, über den Kampf des Paulus gegen Jakobus, den Gerechten, den Bruder Jesu und Führer der Jerusalemer Urkirche, über gewalttätige Auseinandersetzungen um den Führungsanspruch nach dem Tod des Jesus von Nazareth, der sich in höchstem Maße politisch engagiert hatte. Neue Entdeckungen der Bestseller-Autoren, die die römische Kirche erschüttern werden.
images of the universe from antiquity to the telescope
Author: Paolo Galluzzi
Since the dawn of time, man has been fascinated by the night sky and the heavenly bodies that inhabit it. In 1609, Galileo Galilei created an instrument that would change the way the world looked at the heavens forever - the telescope. Galileo: Images of the Universe is a magnificently illustrated volume that takes readers on a journey via the works of artists great and small, known and unknown, from the mystical and poetic visions of the heavens held in Egypt and Mesopotamia, through the Greek cosmogonies and the planetary architecture of Ptolemy, to the heliocentric theories of Copernicus that inspired the likes of Galileo, Kepler, and Newton to create the modern concept of the universe.
Lost, Missing, and Troublesome Stars from the Catalogues of Johannes Bayer, Nicholas-Louis de Lacaille, John Flamsteed, and Sundry Others
Author: Morton Wagman
Publisher: McDonald and Woodward Publishing Company
This book identifies the 'lost stars' of Bayer, Lacaille, Flamsteed, and other pioneering astronomers of the 17th and 18th centuries, and explains how and why these stars seem to have disappeared from modern star catalogues and atlases. In a style that will appeal to the novice as well as the seasoned astronomer, the author provides an introduction to early modern astronomy. The book reviews the composition and history of the 88 constellations recognised by the International Astronomical Union. In an account for each constellation the author includes a synopsis, in chart form, that tells the reader at a glance how many lettered or numbered stars there are in the constellation, the magnitude and catalogue numbers for those stars, and who first lettered or numbered each star. The author then describes the stars that have been 'lost' or mislabelled and explains, in detail, their troublesome status.
From Earliest Times to the Present
Author: Kocku von Stuckrad
Publisher: Equinox Publishing (UK)
Astrology numbers among mankinds oldest sciences. It played a prominent role not only in the advanced civilizations of antiquity but also in the cultural history of Europe. It contributed to the development of the natural sciences, primarily astronomy, physics and chemistry, was an integral element of philosophies and religions and influenced political decisions, some of which had substantial consequences. Kocku von Stuckrad masterfully interweaves the disparate aspects of this often neglected or gingerly approached field and provides a thorough synopsis of a central stream in the European history of science and ideas. Not least, this well organized and highly informative book will serve as a first-class introduction to systems of astrological interpretation. It includes a glossary which defines the most important concepts. A must for all who are interested in astrology today or in historical times, regardless of whether they are searching for relationships between the vault of heaven and the earth. In this first comprehensive history of astrology Kocku von Stuckrad describes how celestial science emerged in Mesopotamia and played a significant role in ancient Egypt. of the course of planets and stars grew more sophisticated. The author examines the role of astrology in various philosophical systems and in major religions, and he discusses the new approaches astrology took in modern times after its legitimacy increasingly came under fire.
Author: Wendell Stephen Reilly
Includes various reports of the Association.
Zeichen des Himmels und der Erde
Author: Stefan M. Maul
Den immerwährenden Traum der Menschheit, Einblick in die Zukunft nehmen und so den Erfolg wichtiger Unternehmungen schon im voraus überschauen zu können, schienen babylonische Gelehrte schon im ausgehenden dritten vorchristlichen Jahrtausend verwirklicht zu haben. Sie standen im Ruf, an zahlreichen Zeichen in Natur und Umwelt zukünftiges Wohl und Wehe genau zu erkennen und das Schicksal jedes einzelnen Menschen ergründen zu können. Daher waren sie nicht nur Königen und Heerführern als Ratgeber unentbehrlich, sondern erfreuten sich auch als Lebensberater großer Beliebtheit. Der Ruhm der altorientalischen Zeichendeuter war so groß, daß er sich im gesamten Mittelmeerraum verbreitete. Ihre Lehren prägten das Weltbild der Klassischen Antike. Als Mittel der Entscheidungsfindung kam in Rom und Griechenland namentlich den Orakelverfahren der Opferschau und der Lehre von den zukunftsweisenden Zeichen des gestirnten Himmels hohe Bedeutung zu. Stefan M. Maul erschließt in seinem gleichermaßen spannenden wie erhellenden Buch das kaum überschaubare und in weiten Teilen noch unveröffentlichte Schrifttum der babylonischen Gelehrten. Anschaulich erklärt er die altorientalischen Verfahren der Zukunftsschau und zeigt auf, wie sich im Lauf von Jahrtausenden aus den Lehren von der Zeichenhaftigkeit der Welt der Nährboden für unsere heutigen Wissenschaften bildete. In seinem eindrucksvollen Beitrag zur Geistesgeschichte geht er zudem der Frage nach, wie es möglich war, daß eine auf Eingeweideschau und Astrologie fußende Politikberatung dauerhaft stabile politische Verhältnisse beförderte.