The Flourishing of Life, Self and Other
Author: B. Nooteboom
This book seeks to set humanism on a new footing. No longer Enlightenment intuitions of an autonomous, disconnected, and rational self but a philosophy oriented towards the relationship between self and other. With this, it seeks to provide an escape from present egotism and narcissism in society. It discusses altruism as well as its limitations.
Essays in the Philosophy of Nature
Author: Charles Hartshorne
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
In the three decades since it was first published, Charles Hartshorne’s Beyond Humanism has come to be regarded as a classic in the study of humanism and nature. The volume includes: Part One: HUMANISM AND HUMAN NEEDS •God or Nature •Humanism as Disintegration •Dewey’s Philosophy of Religion •Other Humanist Philosophies •Russia and Marxian Humanism •Freud’s View of Religion •Historic Forms of Humanism Part Two: NATURE •The Cosmic Variables •Order in a Creative Universe •Indeterminism in Psychology and Ethics •Mind and Matter •Mind and Body: Organic Sympathy •Russell on Causality •Santayana on Matter •Mead and Alexander on Time •Logical Positivism and the Method of Philosophy •Croce, Heidegger, and Hartmann •Conclusion: The Historic Role of Humanism
Animals, Chimeras, Autonomous Agents and the Law
Author: Tomasz Pietrzykowski
This book explores the legal conception of personhood in the context of contemporary challenges, such as the status of non-human animals, human-animal biological mixtures, cyborgisation of the human body, or developing technologies based on artificial autonomic agents. It reveals the humanistic assumptions underlying the legal approach to personhood and examines the extent to which they are undermined by current and imminent scientific and technological advances. Further, the book outlines an original conception of non-personal subjecthood so as to provide adequate normative solutions for the problematic status of sentient animals and other kinds of entities. Arguably, non-personal subjects of law should be regarded as holding one right, and only one right - the right to be taken into account.
Author: Associate Professor of Comparative Literature Emanuela Bianchi,Emanuela Bianchi,Professor of Philosophy Sara Brill,Sara Brill,Brooke Holmes,Robert F Goheen Professor in the Humanities and Professor of Classics Brooke Holmes
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Greco-Roman antiquity is often presumed to provide the very paradigm of Western humanism. This paradigm has been increasingly thrown into question by new theoretical currents such as posthumanism and the "new materialisms", which point toward entities, forces, and systems that pass through and beyond the human and which dislodge it from its primacy as the measure of things. Antiquities beyond Humanism seeks to explode this presumed dichotomy between the ancient tradition and the twenty-first century "turn": fourteen original essays explore the myriad ways in which Greek and Roman philosophy and literature can be understood as foregrounding the non-human rather than simply reflecting the ideals of classical humanism.Greek philosophy is filled with metaphysical explanations of the cosmos grounded in observations of the natural world. Other areas of ancient humanistic inquiry-ethics, poetry, political theory, medicine, rhetoric-extend into the realms of plant and animal life, even stone life, continually throwing into question the ontological status of living and non-living beings. By casting the non-human or more-than-human in a new light in relation to contemporary questions of gender, the environment, and networks of communication, the volume demonstrates that encounters with ancient texts, experienced as both familiar and strange, can help forge new understandings of life, whether understood as zoological, physical, psychical, ethical, juridical, political, divine, or cosmic.
Author: Cary Wolfe
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
What does it mean to think beyond humanism? Is it possible to craft a mode of philosophy, ethics, and interpretation that rejects the classic humanist divisions of self and other, mind and body, society and nature, human and animal, organic and technological? Can a new kind of humanities-posthumanities-respond to the redefinition of humanity's place in the world by both the technological and the biological or "green" continuum in which the "human" is but one life form among many? Exploring how both critical thought along with cultural practice have reacted to this radical repositioning, Cary Wolfe-one of the founding figures in the field of animal studies and posthumanist theory-ranges across bioethics, cognitive science, animal ethics, gender, and disability to develop a theoretical and philosophical approach responsive to our changing understanding of ourselves and our world. Then, in performing posthumanist readings of such diverse works as Temple Grandin's writings, Wallace Stevens's poetry, Lars von Trier's Dancer in the Dark, the architecture of Diller+Scofidio, and David Byrne and Brian Eno's My Life in the Bush of Ghosts, he shows how this philosophical sensibility can transform art and culture. For Wolfe, a vibrant, rigorous posthumanism is vital for addressing questions of ethics and justice, language and trans-species communication, social systems and their inclusions and exclusions, and the intellectual aspirations of interdisciplinarity. In What Is Posthumanism? he carefully distinguishes posthumanism from transhumanism (the biotechnological enhancement of human beings) and narrow definitions of the posthuman as the hoped-for transcendence of materiality. In doing so, Wolfe reveals that it is humanism, not the human in all its embodied and prosthetic complexity, that is left behind in posthumanist thought.
Peirce, James, Bergson, Whitehead, and Hartshorne
Author: David Ray Griffin,John B. Cobb,Marcus P. Ford,Pete A. Y. Gunter,Peter Ochs
Publisher: SUNY Press
In presenting Peirce, James, Bergson, Whitehead, and Hartshorne as members of a common and distinctively postmodern trajectory, this book casts the thought of each of them in a new light. It also suggests a new direction for the philosophical community as a whole, now that the various forms of modern philosophy, and even the deconstructive form of postmodern philosophy, are widely perceived to be dead-ends. This new option offers the possibility that philosophy may recover its role as critic and guide within the more general culture, a recovery that is desperately needed in these perilous times.
Author: Robert Ranisch
Publisher: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften
Scientific advances in genetics, neuroscience, and artificial intelligence signal the end of our traditional concept of the human being. The most vigorous movements dealing with this ongoing crisis of humanism are posthumanism and transhumanism. While posthumanism reconsiders what it means to be human, transhumanism actively promotes human enhancement. Both approaches address the posthuman condition in the technological age. In 20 articles, written by leading scholars of the field, this volume provides the first comprehensive introduction to debates <I>beyond humanism.
The Posthuman Subject
Author: V. Flanagan
Category: Literary Criticism
Technology and Identity in Young Adult Fiction is not a historical study or a survey of narrative plots, but takes a more conceptual approach that engages with the central ideas of posthumanism: the fragmented nature of posthuman identity, the concept of agency as distributed and collective and the role of embodiment in understandings of selfhood.
Anthropology, Ecology and Postcoloniality
Author: Vassos Argyrou
Publisher: Berghahn Books
Category: Social Science
Although modernity's understanding of nature and culture has now been superseded by that of environmentalism, the power to define the meaning of both, and hence the meaning of the world itself, remains in the same (Western) hands. This bold argument is at the center of this provocative book that challenges the widespread assumption that environmentalism reflects a radical departure from modernity. Our perception of nature may have changed, the author maintains, but environmentalism remains a thoroughly modernist project. It reproduces the cultural logic of modernity, a logic that finds meaning in unity and therefore strives to efface difference, and to reconfirm the position of the West as the source of all legitimate signification.
From Souls to Systems
Author: Hans-Georg Moeller
Publisher: Open Court
What are systems? What is society? What happens to human beings in a hypermodern world? This book is an introduction to Niklas Luhmann's social system theory which explains specific functions like economy and mass media from a cybernetic perspective. Integrating various schools of thought including sociology, philosophy and biology Luhmann Explained results in an overall analysis of "world society". Special attention is given to the present-day relevance of Luhmann's theory with respect to globalization, electronic mass media, ethics, and new forms of protest.
Adventures with Donna Haraway
Author: Margret Grebowicz,Helen Merrick
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Feminist theorist and philosopher Donna Haraway has substantially impacted thought on science, cyberculture, the environment, animals, and social relations. This long-overdue volume explores her influence on feminist theory and philosophy, paying particular attention to her more recent work on companion species, rather than her "Manifesto for Cyborgs." Margret Grebowicz and Helen Merrick argue that the ongoing fascination with, and re-production of, the cyborg has overshadowed Haraway's extensive body of work in ways that run counter to her own transdisciplinary practices. Sparked by their own personal "adventures" with Haraway's work, the authors offer readings of her texts framed by a series of theoretical and political perspectives: feminist materialism, standpoint epistemology, radical democratic theory, queer theory, and even science fiction. They situate Haraway's critical storytelling and "risky reading" practices as forms of feminist methodology and recognize her passionate engagement with "naturecultures" as the theoretical core driving her work. Chapters situate Haraway as critic, theorist, biologist, feminist, historian, and humorist, exploring the full range of her identities and reflecting her commitment to embodying all of these modes simultaneously.
German Texts by Jewish Women Writers
Author: Dagmar C. G. Lorenz
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
Keepers of the Motherland is the first comprehensive study of German and Austrian Jewish women authors. Dagmar Lorenz begins with an examination of the Yiddish author Glikl Hamil, whose works date from the late-seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, and proceeds through such contemporary writers as Grete Weil, Katja Behrens, and Ruth Kl_ger. Along the way she examines an extraordinary range of distinguished authors, including Else Lasker-Sch_ler, Rosa Luxemburg, Nelly Sachs, and Gertrud Kolmar. ø Although Lorenz highlights the author?s individualities, she unifies Keepers of the Motherland with sustained attention to the ways in which they all reflect upon their identities as Jews and women. In this spirit Lorenz argues that ?the themes and characters as well as the environments evoked in the texts of Jewish women authors writing in German resist patriarchal structures. The term ?motherland,? defining the domain of the Jewish woman?s native language, regardless of political or ethnic boundaries, is juxtaposed with the concept ?fatherland,? referring to the power structures of the nation or state in which she resides.? Lorenz describes a vital, diverse, and largely dissident literary tradition?a brilliant countertradition, in effect, that has endured in spite of oppression and genocide. Combining careful research with inspired synthesis, Lorenz provides an indispensable work for students of German, Jewish, and women?s writings.
Author: John O'Loughlin
Publisher: Centretruths Digital Media
THE DIALECTICS OF SYNTHETIC ATTRACTION picks up from where 'The Classless Solution' (2004) left off, and does so in considerably more detail and with greater confidence in the veracity of its contentions, with a consequence that we have, for the first time, a post-Marxian and even supra-Marxist dialectics which does more justice to the historical process than Marx, with his narrowly economic take on things, ever did. Not a work to be underestimated!