The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms became an entrenched part of the Canadian Constitution on April 17, 1982. The Charter represented a significant change in Canadian constitutional order and carried the courts, and the Supreme Court in particular, decisively into some of the biggest controversies in Canadian politics. Although the impact of the Charter on Canadian law and society was profound, a new status quo has been established. Even though there will be future Charter surprises and decisions that will claim news headlines, Peter J. McCormick argues that these cases will be occasional rather than frequent, and that the Charter "revolution" is over. Or, as he puts it in his introduction, "I will tell a story about the Charter, about the big ripples that have gradually but steadily died away such that the surface of the pond is now almost smooth." The End of the Charter Revolution explores the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, beginning with a general historical background, followed by a survey of the significant changes brought about as Charter decisions were made. The book addresses a series of specific cases made before the Dickson, Lamer, and McLachlin Courts, and then provides empirical data to support the argument that the Charter revolution has ended. The Supreme Court has without question become "a national institution of the first order," but even though the Charter is a large part of why this has happened, it is not Charter decisions that will showcase the exercise of this power in the future.
The Citizen's Charter has been described as John Major's big idea and despite its detractors, has been implemented in a wide range of public sector organisations. These include the Health Service, the rail industry, education, social security and local government. The application of the charters should, in theory, revolutionise service delivery and ensure that public services are sensitive to the needs of citizens.This study presents chapters by distinguished academic authors that evaluate the general philosophy of the Citizen's Charter and analyze its application to a number of specific services. The study will, therefore, consider whether the initiative was primarily concerned to benefit the citizen or to achieve cost cutting or greater central control in the public sector. There are few studies of this significant initiative currently available and this study will, therefore, cover a serious gap in the literature on public administration and management.
The new millennium provides an opportunity for the reappraisal of the British system of administrative justice; this volume presents and indispensable repository of the ideas needed to understand how that system should develop over the coming years. This book contains revised versions of the papers given at the International Conference on Administrative Justice held in Bristol in 1997. Forty yeaars after the publication of the Franks Committee report on Tribunals and Inquires, the conference reflected on developments since then and sought to provoke degate aBout how the future might unfold. Among the themes addressed in the papers are: the effect of the changing nature of the state on current institutions; human rights and administrative justice; the relationship between decision taking, riviews of decisions, and the adjudication of appeals; and the overview of administrative justice, taking into account lessons from abroad.
This book covers the A/S level government and politics syllabuses offered by the main examination boards in the UK. Written in clear, accessible, easy to understanding language, with checklists, bullet points, chapter summaries, boxes and charts, revision notes and sample examination questions, as well as further sources of information, in both written form and on the web, it covers everything from the electoral system and parties to the EU and constitutional reform.
Containing a Succinct Account of the Constitution, Privileges, Powers, Revenues, and Expenditure of Each Corporation : Together with Details Shewing the Practical Working of the Corporate System in Each Borough of City, and Any Defects Or Abuses which May Have Been Found to Exist ; in Two Volumes