Search Results: biotransformations-in-organic-chemistry-a-textbook

Biotransformations in Organic Chemistry

A Textbook

Author: Kurt Faber

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319615904

Category: Science

Page: 434

View: 9154

This well-established textbook on biocatalysis provides a basis for undergraduate and graduate courses in modern organic chemistry, as well as a condensed introduction into this field. After a basic introduction into the use of biocatalysts—principles of stereoselective transformations, enzyme properties and kinetics—the different types of reactions are explained according to the 'reaction principle', such as hydrolysis, reduction, oxidation, C–C bond formation, etc. Special techniques, such as the use of enzymes in organic solvents, immobilization techniques, artificial enzymes and the design of cascade-reactions are treated in a separate section. A final chapter deals with the basic rules for the safe and practical handling of biocatalysts. The use of biocatalysts, employed either as isolated enzymes or whole microbial cells, offers a remarkable arsenal of highly selective transformations for state-of-the-art synthetic organic chemistry. Over the last two decades, this methodology has become an indispensable tool for asymmetric synthesis, not only at the academic level, but also on an industrial scale. In this 7th edition new topics have been introduced which include alcohol and amine oxidases, amine dehydrogenases, imine reductases, haloalkane dehalogenases, ATP-independent phosphorylation, Michael-additions and cascade reactions. This new edition also emphasizes the use of enzymes in industrial biotransformations with practical examples.

Biotransformations in Organic Chemistry - A Textbook

Author: Kurt Faber

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783642976087

Category:

Page: 372

View: 9347

An Introduction to Biotransformations in Organic Chemistry

Author: James Ralph Hanson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780716745419

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 92

View: 1369

This text is part of the Biochemical and Medicinal Chemistry Series Series Editor: John Mann, Professor of Organic Chemistry, University of Reading The aim of this series of short textbooks is to present full accounts of topics which are at the interface of chemistry and biology, from medicinal chemistry to molecular biology. The topics chosen for inclusion are popular subjects for upper-level undergraduate and postgraduate modular courses, and yet they receive inadequate coverage in traditional textbooks of organic chemistry and of biochemistry. Each text in the series provides a concise and up to date introduction to its subject in an attractive format. Biotransformations utilize biological systems to carry out chemical transformations. The use of both isolated enzymes and whole organisms in biotransformations is considered . Such processes are playing an increasingly important role in both the research laboratory and in industry because biotransformations occur under mild, 'environmentally friendly' conditions and they have a selectivity which often differs from that encountered with syntheses using traditional laboratory reagents.This accessible introduction to this growing field provides an up-to-date account of those situations in which biotransformations may present viable alternatives to purely chemical synthetic routes or be used in a complimentary manner to chemical reagents in a multi-step organic synthesis. Dr Hanson's concise introduction tothis burgeoning field covers, in addition to enzymatic and microbial methods, the biotransformation of drugs in humans. It is suitable as a course text for advanced undergraduate and graduate students of chemistry and the biomedical sciences. No previous knowledge of biotransformations is assumed.

Biotransformations in Preparative Organic Chemistry

The Use of Isolated Enzymes and Whole Cell Systems in Synthesis

Author: H. G. Davies

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biochemistry

Page: 268

View: 7429

This volume is designed for chemists working in an organic chemistry laboratory and for all scientists with an interest in biotransformations. It summarizes the important aspects of work in the burgeoning field of biotransformations, th...[missing text]

Multicomponent Reactions in Organic Synthesis

Author: Jieping Zhu,Qian Wang,Meixiang Wang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527332375

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 7907

Comprehensive and up–to–date, this book focuses on the latest advances in the field, such as newly developed techniques, more environmentally benign processes, broadened scopes, and completely novel MCRs. In addition to carbene–promoted MCRs and frequently applied metal–catalyzed MCRs, it also covers recently developed catalytic enantioselective variants as well as MCR in drug discovery and for the synthesis of heterocyclic molecules and macrocycles. Edited by the leading experts and with a list of authors reading like a "who′s who" in multicomponent reaction chemistry, this is definitely a must–have for every synthetic organic chemist as well as medicinal chemists working in academia and pharmaceutical companies.

Introduction to Biocatalysis Using Enzymes and Microorganisms

Author: S. M. Roberts,Nicholas J. Turner,Andrew J. Willetts,Michael K. Turner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521436854

Category: Medical

Page: 195

View: 8457

This book gives an introduction to biotransformations, the practice of harnessing biological catalysts for the preparation of useful chemicals.

Comprehensive Organic Chemistry Experiments for the Laboratory Classroom

Author: Carlos A. M. Afonso,Nuno R. Candeias,Dulce Pereira Simão,Alexandre F. Trindade,Jaime A. S. Coelho,Bin Tan,Robert Franzén

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849739633

Category:

Page: 951

View: 7171

This expansive and practical textbook contains organic chemistry experiments for teaching in the laboratory at the undergraduate level covering a range of functional group transformations and key organic reactions.The editorial team have collected contributions from around the world and standardized them for publication. Each experiment will explore a modern chemistry scenario, such as: sustainable chemistry; application in the pharmaceutical industry; catalysis and material sciences, to name a few. All the experiments will be complemented with a set of questions to challenge the students and a section for the instructors, concerning the results obtained and advice on getting the best outcome from the experiment. A section covering practical aspects with tips and advice for the instructors, together with the results obtained in the laboratory by students, has been compiled for each experiment. Targeted at professors and lecturers in chemistry, this useful text will provide up to date experiments putting the science into context for the students.

Organic Synthesis with Enzymes in Non-Aqueous Media

Author: Giacomo Carrea,Sergio Riva

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527621733

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 9639

Closing a gap in the literature, this comprehensive book examines and discusses different non-aqueous systems from organic solvents to ionic liquids for synthetic applications, thus opening the door to new successful methods for biocatalytic reactions. It gathers into one handy source the information otherwise widely spread throughout the literature, combining useful background information with a number of synthetic examples, including industrial scale processes for pharmaceutical and fine chemicals. Extremely well structured, the text introduces the fundamentals of non-aqueous enzymology, before going on to new reaction media and synthetic applications using hydrolases and non-hydrolytic enzymes. The one-stop reference for everyone working in this hot field.

Biocatalysis for the Pharmaceutical Industry

Discovery, Development, and Manufacturing

Author: Junhua (Alex) Tao,Guo-Qiang Lin,Andreas Liese

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470823151

Category: Science

Page: 250

View: 1638

Biocatalysis is rapidly evolving into a key technology for the discovery and production of chemicals, especially in the pharmaceutical industry, where high yielding chemo-, regio-, and enantioselective reactions are critical. Taking the latest breakthroughs in genomics and proteomics into consideration, Biocatalysis for the Pharmaceutical Industry concisely yet comprehensively discusses the modern application of biocatalysis to drug discovery, development, and manufacturing. Written by a team of leading experts, the book offers deep insight into this cutting edge field. Covers a wide range of topics in a systematic manner with an emphasis on industrial applications Provides a thorough introduction to the latest biocatalysts, modern expression hosts, state-of-the-art directed evolution, high throughput screening, and bioprocess engineering Addresses frontier subjects such as emerging enzymes, metabolite profiling, combinatorial biosynthesis, metabolic engineering, and autonomous enzymes for the synthesis and development of chiral molecules, drug metabolites, and semi-synthetic medicinal compounds and natural product analogs Highlights the impact of biocatalysis on green chemistry Contains numerous graphics to illustrate concepts and techniques Biocatalysis for the Pharmaceutical Industry is an essential resource for scientists, engineers, and R&D policy makers in the fine chemical, pharmaceutical, and biotech industries. It is also an invaluable tool for academic researchers and advanced students of organic and materials synthesis, chemical biology, and medicinal chemistry.

Cytochromes P450

Role in the Metabolism and Toxicity of Drugs and other Xenobiotics

Author: Costas Ioannides

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1847558429

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 9112

During half a century, cytochrome P450 in its original uniqueness as an optically "wrong" cytochrome has attracted many investigators, who have contributed to the unveiling of a bewildering multiplicity of biologically important functions of the, by now very large, superfamily of cytochrome P 450 enzymes. With its discovery in 1958 and with the advent of more refined spectroscopic methodologies, through the double wavelength spectrophotometry, the mysterious enzyme system began to reveal its secrets in a swift stream of investigative successes. As one of the most extensively studied enzyme systems worldwide the interest in cytochromes P450 very much reflects its importance in the elimination of drugs and other chemicals from the body and its role in chemical toxicity and in the aetiology of diseases such as cancer. There has been significant progress in research in this area in recent years and current books on this subject are now out of date. This much needed, new, fully up-to-date publication fills this gap and emphasises the new relevant topics that have emerged during the last decade in an easily accessible manner. The enzyme system, cytochromes P450, comprises a number of families/subfamilies, and the focus of the book is to deal with each individually, furnishing information directly relevant to scientists involved in the development of chemicals, in particular in the evaluation of their safety. The book has contributions from internationally respected scientists who are research-active in the relevant areas. The authors have made extensive use of figures and tables so that the reader can access the necessary information without always having to read the text. In addition, a very extensive, user-friendly index is a unique hallmark of the book. Part A of this monograph introduces the reader to the current knowledge of the evolutionary development of cytochrome P450 structure and function. Furthermore, it deals with the role of this enzyme in the formation of reactive intermediates. The shrewd and extensive utilisation of the molecular biology methodology very rapidly led to a vast body of enzymes calling for a classification of the plethora of different cytochromes P450 (the superfamily) into families and subfamilies. This is aptly exemplified by the ten chapters in Part B of this book, dealing with ten subfamilies and two families of cytochrome P450. Part C offers an insight into another aspect of cytochrome P450 research, namely its regulation through receptor-mediated stimuli - as opposed to enzyme induction or inhibition. The final chapter translates the current data on one of several drug metabolising systems into clinical application and highlights the role of cytochromes P450 in the treatment of neoplastic growth. The book deals extensively with each family/subfamily of the cytochromes P450 that contribute to the metabolism of xenobiotics. Essential and invaluable information is provided for the industrial research scientist working with fine chemicals, and especially those in the pharmaceutical industry, dealing with the safety evaluation of chemicals or being involved in the study of their metabolism, pharmacokinetics and toxicological properties. It should also prove of interest to Regulators concerned with the safety evaluation of chemicals, research pharmacologists and toxicologists, and postgraduate students studying drug metabolism and toxicology at an advanced level.

Ionic Liquids in Biotransformations and Organocatalysis

Solvents and Beyond

Author: Pablo Domínguez de María

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118158741

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 758

This book addresses the use of ionic liquids in biotransformation and organocatalysis. Its major parts include: an overview of the fundamentals of ionic liquids and their interactions with proteins and enzymes; the use of ILs in biotransformations; non-solvent applications such as additives, membranes, substrate anchoring, and the use of ILs in organocatalysis (from solvents to co-catalysts and new reactivities, as well as non-solvent applications such as anchoring and immobilization).

Organic Mechanisms

Reactions, Stereochemistry and Synthesis

Author: Reinhard Bruckner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642036511

Category: Science

Page: 855

View: 2687

“Much of life can be understood in rational terms if expressed in the language of chemistry. It is an international language, a language without dialects, a language for all time, a language that explains where we came from, what we are, and where the physical world will allow us to go. Chemical Language has great esthetic beauty and links the physical sciences to the b- logical sciences. ” from The Two Cultures: Chemistry and Biology by Arthur Kornberg (Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine, 1959) Over the past two centuries, chemistry has evolved from a relatively pure disciplinary pursuit to a position of central importance in the physical and life sciences. More generally, it has p- vided the language and methodology that has unified, integrated and, indeed, molecularized the sciences, shaping our understanding of the molecular world and in so doing the direction, development and destiny of scientific research. The “language of chemistry” referred to by my former Stanford colleague is made up of atoms and bonds and their interactions. It is a s- tem of knowledge that allows us to understand structure and events at a molecular level and increasingly to use that understanding to create new knowledge and beneficial change. The words on this page, for example, are detected by the eye in a series of events, now generally understood at the molecular level.

Arene Chemistry

Reaction Mechanisms and Methods for Aromatic Compounds

Author: Jacques Mortier

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118754980

Category: Science

Page: 992

View: 3542

Organized to enable students and synthetic chemists to understand and expand on aromatic reactions covered in foundation courses, the book offers a thorough and accessible mechanistic explanation of aromatic reactions involving arene compounds. • Surveys methods used for preparing arene compounds and their transformations • Connects reactivity and methodology with mechanism • Helps readers apply aromatic reactions in a practical context by designing syntheses • Provides essential information about techniques used to determine reaction mechanisms

Chemistry of Arsenic, Antimony and Bismuth

Author: N.C. Norman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780751403893

Category: Science

Page: 484

View: 748

This book provides a detailed, wide ranging and up-to-date review of all aspects of the chemistry of the elements arsenic, antimony and bismuth. The chapters are written by an international team of authors each of whom is both active and expert in their particular field. The coverage includes chapters on general properties and periodicity, the elements themselves, inorganic derivatives of the elements, co-ordination and solution chemistry, organocompounds, organotransition metal compounds, environmental and medicinal aspects and analytical methods. This volume will be of particular value to graduate and postgraduate chemists and materials scientists in both industry and academia who are concerned with any aspect of the chemistry of these three elements and will also be an essential addition to the reference section of any chemistry library.

Metal-Free Synthetic Organic Dyes

Author: Ghodsi Mohammadi Ziarani,Razieh Moradi,Negar Lashgari,Hendrik G. Kruger

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128156481

Category: Science

Page: 286

View: 2692

Metal- Free Synthetic Organic Dyes is a comprehensive guide to the synthetic, organic dyes that are classified by their chemical structure. As synthetic dyes are playing an increasingly important role in modern life, with applications in both industry and scientific research, this book provides insights on the many research attempts that have been made to explore new photosensitizers in the development of dye sensitized solar cells (DSCs). These novel photosensitizers have incorporated, within their structure, different organic groups, such as coumarins, cyanines, hemicyanines, indolines, triphenylamines, bis(dimethylfluorenyl) aminophenyls, phenothiazines, tetrahydroquinolines, carbazoles, polyenes, fluorenes, and many others. This comprehensive resource contains color figures and schemes for each dye discussed, and is an invaluable resource for organic, inorganic and analytical chemists working in academia and industry. Features a discussion of the synthesis of the new, high-value synthetic dyes and pigments and their applications and performance Includes coverage of new photosensitizers and their role in the development of dye sensitized solar cells (DSCs) Covers synthesis of the functional dyes that are ideal for applications in the dye and pigment industry, textiles, color science, solar energy materials and solar cells, biomedical sensors, advanced materials, structure and synthesis of materials, and more

The Practice of Medicinal Chemistry

Author: Camille Georges Wermuth,David Aldous,Pierre Raboisson,Didier Rognan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 012417213X

Category: Science

Page: 902

View: 6369

The Practice of Medicinal Chemistry, Fourth Edition provides a practical and comprehensive overview of the daily issues facing pharmaceutical researchers and chemists. In addition to its thorough treatment of basic medicinal chemistry principles, this updated edition has been revised to provide new and expanded coverage of the latest technologies and approaches in drug discovery. With topics like high content screening, scoring, docking, binding free energy calculations, polypharmacology, QSAR, chemical collections and databases, and much more, this book is the go-to reference for all academic and pharmaceutical researchers who need a complete understanding of medicinal chemistry and its application to drug discovery and development. Includes updated and expanded material on systems biology, chemogenomics, computer-aided drug design, and other important recent advances in the field Incorporates extensive color figures, case studies, and practical examples to help users gain a further understanding of key concepts Provides high-quality content in a comprehensive manner, including contributions from international chapter authors to illustrate the global nature of medicinal chemistry and drug development research An image bank is available for instructors at www.textbooks.elsevier.com

Handbook of Biotransformations of Aromatic Compounds

Author: B.L. Goodwin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203641965

Category: Science

Page: 2128

View: 5104

Understanding the biotransformations of aromatic compounds and how they metabolize in animals, plants, and microbes, is central to the applications in a wide range of industries, such as the design and testing of natural and synthetic pharmaceuticals, oil refining, the development of agrochemicals, bioremediation, and for use in functional genomics and xenobiotics. Presenting the most complete resource of its kind, the Handbook of Biotransformations of Aromatic Compounds examines 20,000 aromatic compounds researched since 1972, and assembled from all the major, relevant journals. The author focuses his coverage on the biotransformation in animals, plants, and microbes while remaining within the scope of aromatic compounds that contain, or are fused with, at least one aromatic C6 ring. Part One lists each compound alphabetically along with the forward and reverse mechanisms of its metabolism in specific organisms. Part Two characterizes the different types of organic reactions that have been identified - including formation and degradation, oxidations and reductions, substitution, and transfer reactions - and the enzymes associated with those reactions. The author cites selected references for enzymes that are well documented while filling in the details for those with little research literature. This book also contains a searchable CD-ROM of the author's previous work covering aromatic compounds researched from 1900 through 1972. Presenting the most complete resource of its kind, this well-established author draws on his firsthand knowledge to organize a large body of information into a user-friendly and indispensable handbook for professionals, policymakers, and researchers alike.

Stereoselective Synthesis in Organic Chemistry

Author: Atta-ur-Rahman,Zahir Shah

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461383277

Category: Science

Page: 522

View: 1686

Contemporary Drug Synthesis

Author: Jie Jack Li,Douglas S. Johnson,Drago R. Sliskovic,Bruce D. Roth

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471686736

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 3078

An integrated and insightful look at successful drug synthesis in today's drug discovery market The pharmaceutical industry is unquestionably vibrant today, with drug synthesis making a vital contribution. Whether in the early developmental stages of identifying and optimizing a lead, or the latter stages of process development and cost-effective scale-up, the ability to design elegant and economical synthetic routes is often a major factor in the eventual viability and commercial success of a drug. Contemporary Drug Synthesis examines how leading researchers and manufacturers have integrated chemistry, biology, pharmacokinetics, and a host of other disciplines in the creation and development of leading drugs. Authored by four of the pharmaceutical industry's most respected scientists, this timely volume: Focuses on the processes that resulted in high-profile drugs including Lipitor, Celebrex, Viagra, Gleevec, Nexium, Claritin, and over a dozen others Provides an in-depth introduction to each drug, followed by a detailed account of its synthesis Organizes the drugs into fourteen therapeutic areas for clarity and ease of use Process chemists provide an essential bridge between chemistry and the marketplace, creating scientifically practical drug processes while never losing sight of the commercial viability of those processes. Contemporary Drug Synthesis meets the needs of a growing community of researchers in pharmaceutical research and development, and is both a useful guide for practicing pharmaceutical scientists and an excellent text for medicinal and organic chemistry students.

Practical Biotransformations

A Beginner's Guide

Author: Gideon Grogan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405193670

Category: Science

Page: 331

View: 2146

The development of new asymmetric catalytic methods is of fundamental importance to industrial synthetic chemistry. The demand for optically pure synthetic intermediates and the drive to adopt greener methods of synthesis have stimulated a growing interest in biocatalysis as a selective and environmentally benign synthetic technique. Practical Biotransformations: A Beginner's Guide provides an introduction to microbes and enzymes and demonstrates their practical applications in synthetic organic chemistry. Designed as a laboratory manual, this user-friendly guide discusses standard laboratory techniques, with appropriate advice on aspects of microbial practice and associated safety. Topics covered include: An introduction to equipment in a biotransformations laboratory An overview of biocatalyst sources Maintenance and growth of biocatalysts Example biotransformations using commercially available microbes and enzymes Basic gene cloning and the use of ‘designer’ biocatalysts This book will be a valuable resource for synthetic organic chemists with little or no experience of biochemistry or microbiology. It is the author’s hope that this text will inspire readers to consider biocatalytic methods as real alternatives to traditional synthetic solutions.

Find eBook