Search Results: chen-village-revolution-to-globalization

Chen Village

Revolution to Globalization

Author: Anita Chan,Richard Madsen,Jonathan Unger

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520259317

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

View: 6921

Chen Village has been acclaimed as a modern classic. The book's first two editions presented an enthralling and beautifully written account of a Chinese village in the throes of Maoist revolution--with tumultuous political campaigns, power struggles, a Cultural Revolution rebellion, and radical shifts in social customs--followed by dramatic changes in village life and local politics during the Deng Xiaoping period. Now, more than a decade and a half later, the authors have returned to Chen Village, and in three new chapters they explore astonishing developments. The once-backwater village is today a center of China's export industry, where more than 50,000 workers labor in modern factories, ruled over by the village government. The new chapters show how the latest swing in fortunes has affected the Chens' self-identity, customs, and entrepreneurship, while laying bare the stark situation of the workers who crowd in from poor parts of China's countryside. This new edition of Chen Village illuminates, in microcosm, the recent history of rural China up to the present time.

Chen Village

The Recent History of a Peasant Community in Mao's China

Author: Anita Chan,Richard Madsen,Jonathan Unger

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520047204

Category: China

Page: 293

View: 1197

Walmart in China

Author: Anita Chan

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801450204

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 294

View: 9046

What happens when the world's biggest retailer and the world's biggest country do business with each other? In this book, a group of thirteen experts from several disciplines examine the symbiotic but strained relationship between these giants.

Mao's Last Revolution

Author: Roderick MACFARQUHAR,Michael Schoenhals

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674040414

Category: History

Page: 752

View: 3460

The Cultural Revolution was a watershed event in the history of the People's Republic of China, the defining decade of half a century of communist rule. Before 1966, China was a typical communist state, with a command economy and a powerful party able to keep the population under control. But during the Cultural Revolution, in a move unprecedented in any communist country, Mao unleashed the Red Guards against the party. Tens of thousands of officials were humiliated, tortured, and even killed. Order had to be restored by the military, whose methods were often equally brutal. In a masterly book, Roderick MacFarquhar and Michael Schoenhals explain why Mao launched the Cultural Revolution, and show his Machiavellian role in masterminding it (which Chinese publications conceal). In often horrifying detail, they document the Hobbesian state that ensued. The movement veered out of control and terror paralyzed the country. Power struggles raged among Lin Biao, Zhou Enlai, Deng Xiaoping, and Jiang Qing--Mao's wife and leader of the Gang of Four--while Mao often played one against the other. After Mao's death, in reaction to the killing and the chaos, Deng Xiaoping led China into a reform era in which capitalism flourishes and the party has lost its former authority. In its invaluable critical analysis of Chairman Mao and its brilliant portrait of a culture in turmoil, "Mao's Last Revolution" offers the most authoritative and compelling account to date of this seminal event in the history of China.

Chinese Village, Socialist State

Author: Edward Friedman,Paul Pickowicz,Mark Selden

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300054286

Category: Reference

Page: 336

View: 7248

This book is a vivid portrayal of achievements and disasters over a quarter century of unprecedented turmoil in rural China as the Communist party wooed, won, and then lost the hearts of Chinese villagers. Basing their study on twenty visits over ten years to rural China plus unique archival data, the authors show how powerholders and villagers clashed or combined in making social revolution, building a repressive state, and trying to create or block socialism.

China's Rise in Historical Perspective

Author: Brantly Womack

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0742567230

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 593

This innovative text combines an understanding of the history of China's rise with analyses of its current challenges. Renowned historians, economists, and political scientists explore the internal dynamic of China's rise since traditional times through the key themes of China's identity, security, economy, environment, energy, and politics. Each themed section pairs a historian with a social scientist to give an overall view of where China is coming from and where it is heading. One of the PRC's best-known experts on international relations concludes by reflecting on the political psychology of China's view of itself in the world. Written in clear and accessible style, this nuanced book will be essential reading for all readers interested in China past and present and its growing global role.

Fractured Rebellion

Author: Andrew G. Walder

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674035038

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 8006

Fractured Rebellion is the first full-length account of the evolution of China's Red Guard Movement in Beijing, the nation's capital, from its beginnings in 1966 to its forcible suppression in 1968. Andrew Walder combines historical narrative with sociological analysis as he explores the radical student movement's crippling factionalism, devastating social impact, and ultimate failure.

Demystifying China

New Understandings of Chinese History

Author: Naomi Standen

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442208953

Category: History

Page: 244

View: 7336

For westerners, China s history is often reduced to a choice between timeless Confucian ideals or incomprehensible barbarisms such as footbinding or mass slaughter. This engaging and deeply knowledgeable book vigorously counters such oversimplifications. In concise and accessible style, China experts present cutting-edge research in an accessible format that challenges readers to move beyond the standard portrayals of Chinese history and develop more complex and nuanced understandings of the historical background and legacies that are essential for any realistic comprehension of twenty-first-century China."

Communist Multiculturalism

Ethnic Revival in Southwest China

Author: Susan McCarthy

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 0295800410

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 5533

The communist Chinese state promotes the distinctiveness of the many minorities within its borders. At the same time, it is vigilant in suppressing groups that threaten the nation's unity or its modernizing goals. In Communist Multiculturalism, Susan K. McCarthy examines three minority groups in the province of Yunnan, focusing on the ways in which they have adapted to the government's nationbuilding and minority nationalities policies since the 1980s. She reveals that Chinese government policy is shaped by perceptions of what constitutes an authentic cultural group and of the threat ethnic minorities may constitute to national interests. These minority groups fit no clear categories but rather are practicing both their Chinese citizenship and the revival of their distinct cultural identities. For these groups, being minority is, or can be, one way of being national. Minorities in the Chinese state face a paradox: modern, cosmopolitan, sophisticated people -- good Chinese citizens, in other words -- do not engage in unmodern behaviors. Minorities, however, are expected to engage in them.

Lijiang Stories

Shamans, Taxi Drivers, and Runaway Brides in Reform-Era China

Author: Emily Chao

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 0295804386

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 9636

Lijiang, a once-sleepy market town in southwest China, has become a magnet for tourism since the mid-1990s. Drawing on stories about taxi drivers, reluctant brides, dogmeat, and shamanism, Emily Chao illustrates how biopolitics and the essentialization of difference shape the ways in which Naxi residents represent and interpret their social world. The vignettes presented here are lively examples of the cultural reverberations that have occurred throughout contemporary China in the wake of its emergence as a global giant. With particular attention to the politics of gender, ethnicity, and historical representation, Chao reveals how citizens strategically imagine, produce, and critique a new moral economy in which the market and neoliberal logic are preeminent.

Charm Offensive

How China's Soft Power Is Transforming the World

Author: Joshua Kurlantzick

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300137915

Category: Political Science

Page: 306

View: 2711

At the beginning of the twenty-first century, China is poised to become a major global power. And though much has been written of China's rise, a crucial aspect of this transformation has gone largely unnoticed: the way that China is using soft power to appeal to its neighbours and to distant countries alike. This original book is the first to examine the significance of China's recent focus on soft power, that is, diplomacy, trade incentives, cultural and educational exchange opportunities, and other techniques, to project a benign national image, pose as a model of social and economic success, and develop stronger international alliances. Drawing on years of experience tracking China's policies in Southeast Asia, Latin America, and Africa, Joshua Kurlantzick reveals how China has wooed the world with a charm offensive that has largely escaped the attention of American policymakers. Beijing's new diplomacy has altered the political landscape in Southeast Asia and far beyond, changing the dynamics of China's relationships with other countries. China also has worked to take advantage of American policy mistakes, the author contends. In a provocative conclusion, he considers a future in which China may be the first nation since the Soviet Union to rival the U.S. in international influence.

Producing Guanxi

Sentiment, Self, and Subculture in a North China Village

Author: Andrew B. Kipnis

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822318736

Category: History

Page: 226

View: 7320

Throughout China the formation of guanxi, or social connections, involves friends, families, colleagues, and acquaintances in complex networks of social support and sentimental attachment. Focusing on this process in one rural north China village, Fengjia, Andrew B. Kipnis shows what guanxi production reveals about the evolution of village political economy, kinship and gender, and local patterns of subjectivity in Dengist China. His work offers a detailed description of the communicative actions - such as gift giving, being a host or guest, participating in weddings or funerals - that produce, manage, and deny guanxi in a specific time and place. Kipnis also offers a rare comparative analysis of how these practices relate To The varied and variable phenomenon of guanxi throughout China and as it has changed over time.Producing Guanxicombines the theory of Pierre Bourdieu And The insights of symbolic anthropology to contest past portrayals of guanxi as either a function of Chinese political economics or an unchanging Confucian social structure. In this analysis guanxi emerges as a purposeful human effort that makes use of past cultural logics while generating new ones. By exploring the role of sentiment in the creation of self, Kipnis critiques recent theories of subjectivity for their narrow focus on language and discourse, and contributes To The anthropological discussion of comparative selfhood. Navigating a path between mainstream social science and abstract social theory, Kipnis presents a more nuanced examination of guanxi than has previously been available and contributes generally to our understanding of relationships and human action. His findings will interest students of Chinese society as well as scholars across the fields of anthropology, cultural studies, gender studies, and social psychology.

Anxious Wealth

Money and Morality Among China's New Rich

Author: John Osburg

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 080478535X

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 4321

Who exactly are China's new rich? This pioneering investigation introduces readers to the private lives—and the nightlives—of the powerful entrepreneurs and managers redefining success and status in the city of Chengdu. Over the course of more than three years, anthropologist John Osburg accompanied, and in some instances assisted, wealthy Chinese businessmen as they courted clients, partners, and government officials. Drawing on his immersive experiences, Osburg invites readers to join him as he journeys through the new, highly gendered entertainment sites for Chinese businessmen, including karaoke clubs, saunas, and massage parlors—places specifically designed to cater to the desires and enjoyment of elite men. Within these spaces, a masculinization of business is taking place. Osburg details the complex code of behavior that governs businessmen as they go about banqueting, drinking, gambling, bribing, exchanging gifts, and obtaining sexual services. These intricate social networks play a key role in generating business, performing social status, and reconfiguring gender roles. But many entrepreneurs feel trapped by their obligations and moral compromises in this evolving environment. Ultimately, Osburg examines their deep ambivalence about China's future and their own complicity in the major issues of post-Mao Chinese society—corruption, inequality, materialism, and loss of trust.

Women and Confucian Cultures in Premodern China, Korea, and Japan

Author: Dorothy Ko,JaHyun Kim Haboush,Joan R. Piggott

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520231382

Category: History

Page: 337

View: 2145

This book rewrites the history of East Asia by rethinking the contentious relationship between "Confucianisms" and "women."

Children of Mao

Personality Development and Political Activism in the Red Guard Generation

Author: Anita Chan

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9781349073191

Category: Social Science

Page: 254

View: 8535

China Urban

Ethnographies of Contemporary Culture

Author: Nancy N. Chen,Constance D. Clark,Suzanne Z. Gottschang,Lyn Jeffery

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822381338

Category: Social Science

Page: 349

View: 9744

China Urban is an ethnographic account of China’s cities and the place that urban space holds in China’s imagination. In addition to investigating this nation’s rapidly changing urban landscape, its contributors emphasize the need to rethink the very meaning of the “urban” and the utility of urban-focused anthropological critiques during a period of unprecedented change on local, regional, national, and global levels. Through close attention to everyday lives and narratives and with a particular focus on gender, market, and spatial practices, this collection stresses that, in the case of China, rural life and the impact of socialism must be considered in order to fully comprehend the urban. Individual essays note the impact of legal barriers to geographic mobility in China, the proliferation of different urban centers, the different distribution of resources among various regions, and the pervasive appeal of the urban, both in terms of living in cities and in acquiring products and conventions signaling urbanity. Others focus on the direct sales industry, the Chinese rock music market, the discursive production of femininity and motherhood in urban hospitals, and the transformations in access to healthcare. China Urban will interest anthropologists, sociologists, political scientists, and those studying urban planning, China, East Asia, and globalization. Contributors. Tad Ballew, Susan Brownell, Nancy N. Chen, Constance D. Clark, Robert Efird, Suzanne Z. Gottschang, Ellen Hertz, Lisa Hoffman, Sandra Hyde, Lyn Jeffery, Lida Junghans, Louisa Schein, Li Zhang

A Woman Soldier's Own Story

The Autobiography of Xie Bingying

Author: Bingying Xie,Lily Chia Brissman,Barry Brissman

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231122504

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 281

View: 7548

The author shares her life story, including her childhood attempts to receive an education, her experiences as a soldier, and her later accomplishments as a writer.

Imagining China

Rhetorics of Nationalism in an Age of Globalization

Author: Stephen John Hartnett,Lisa B. Keränen,Donovan Conley

Publisher: MSU Press

ISBN: 162895308X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 501

View: 803

Standing as the world’s two largest economies, marshaling the most imposing armies on earth, holding enormous stockpiles of nuclear weapons, consuming a majority share of the planet’s natural resources, and serving as the media generators and health care providers for billions of consumers around the globe, the United States and China are positioned to influence notions of democracy, nationalism, citizenship, human rights, environmental priorities, and public health for the foreseeable future. These broad issues are addressed as questions about communication—about how our two nations envision each other and how our interlinked imaginaries create both opportunities and obstacles for greater understanding and strengthened relations. Accordingly, this book provides in-depth communication-based analyses of how U.S. and Chinese officials, scholars, and activists configure each other, portray the relations between the two nations, and depict their shared and competing interests. As a first step toward building a new understanding between one another, Imagining China tackles the complicated question of how Americans, Chinese, and their respective allies imagine themselves enmeshed in nations, old rivalries, and emerging partnerships, while simultaneously meditating on the powers and limits of nationalism in our age of globalization.

From Kung Fu to Hip Hop

Globalization, Revolution, and Popular Culture

Author: M. T. Kato

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791480631

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 281

View: 5650

Explores the revolutionary potential of Bruce Lee and hip hop culture in the context of antiglobalization struggles and transnational capitalism.

World Weavers

Globalization, Science Fiction, and the Cybernetic Revolution

Author: Kin-yuen Wong,Gary Westfahl,Amy Kit-sze Chan

Publisher: Kent State University Press

ISBN: 9789622097223

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 307

View: 2511

World Weavers is the first ever study on the relationship between globalization and science fiction. Scientific innovations provide citizens of different nations with a unique common ground and the means to establish new connections with distant lands. This study attempts to investigate how our world has grown more and more interconnected not only due to technological advances, but also to a shared interest in those advances and to what they might lead to in the future.

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