Search Results: choosing-the-future-for-american-juvenile-justice

Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice

Author: David S. Tanenhaus

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479863408

Category: Law

Page: 257

View: 4893

This is a hopeful but complicated era for those with ambitions to reform the juvenile courts and youth-serving public institutions in the United States. As advocates plea for major reforms, many fear the public backlash in making dramatic changes.a Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice aprovides a look at the recent trends in juvenile justice as well as suggestions for reforms and policy changes in the future. Should youth be treated as adults when they break the law? How can youth be deterred from crime? What factors should be considered in how youth are punished?What role should the police have in schools?. This essential volume, edited by two of the leading scholars on juvenile justice, and with contributors who are among the key experts on each issue, the volume focuses on the most pressing issues of the day: the impact of neuroscience on our understanding of brain development and subsequent sentencing, the relationship of schools and the police, the issue of the school-to-prison pipeline, the impact of immigration, the privacy of juvenile records, and the need for national policiesOCoincluding registration requirements--for juvenile sex offenders.a Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice ais not only a timely collection, based on the most current research, but also a forward-thinking volume that anticipates the needs for substantive and future changes in juvenile justice."

American Juvenile Justice

Author: Franklin E. Zimring

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190914289

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 8156

American Juvenile Justice is a definitive volume for courses on the criminology and policy analysis of adolescence. The focus is on the principles and policy of a separate and distinct system of juvenile justice. The book opens with an introduction of the creation of adolescence, presenting a justification for the category of the juvenile or a period of partial responsibility before full adulthood. Subsequent sections include empirical investigations of the nature of youth criminality and legal policy toward youth crime. At the heart of the book is an argument for a penal policy that recognizes diminished responsibility and a youth policy that emphasizes the benefits of letting the maturing process continue with minimal interruption. In this updated and expanded second edition, Zimring has included four new chapters with examinations on important topics including, US Supreme Court decisions of life sentences for minors, the elected use of juvenile courts over criminal court, punitive sex offender registration for juveniles, and appropriate tactics for juvenile justice reform.

Memos from Midlife

24 Parables of Adult Adjustment

Author: Franklin E. Zimring

Publisher: Quid Pro Books

ISBN: 1610272986

Category: Humor

Page: 140

View: 7923

“... It’s the most entertaining book I’ve read this year.” — Steve Chapman, Columnist and Editorial Writer, The Chicago Tribune There are no pretentious pronouncements about public policy or dry conclusions from social science in these pages ... because it is a report from what Frank Zimring calls “my second career, and everybody else’s second career, the hard work of becoming an adult in the modern world.” Why is a piranha swimming in your pool a better illustration of how people get over-committed than a giant man eating shark? (Consult chapter 3.) What should you say when your eight-year-old asks whether you would save him or his sister if the lifeboat only had room for one? (See chapter 5.) Why are professors who hate to teach at their home campus positively lustful when invited to lecture somewhere else? (Chapter 11 explains.) When you finally succeed in giving up cigarettes, how should you feel about those who still smoke? (See chapter 2.) Why do so many of the people lined up to visit world famous landmarks look so unhappy to be there? (Chapter 20 reveals the secret.) “Frank Zimring has gained renown as a penetrating thinker and a tireless scholar, but Memos from Midlife reveals what his friends have always known: He is also a charming and thought-provoking companion with a devilish sense of humor. Addressing a range of unconventional topics, from ‘the arrogance of nostalgia’ to Portnoy’s real complaint, he provides both illumination and fun, as well as guidance on living wisely and well. It’s the most entertaining book I’ve read this year.” — Steve Chapman Columnist and Editorial Writer The Chicago Tribune A new collection of compelling and humorous essays, in the Journeys & Memoirs Series from Quid Pro Books.

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956141598

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 5899

Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

Do the Crime, Do the Time

Juvenile Criminals and Adult Justice in the American Court System

Author: G. Larry Mays,Rick Ruddell

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313392420

Category: Law

Page: 242

View: 8417

This book provides a fresh look at the way the United States is choosing to deal with some of the serious or persistent youth offenders: by transferring juvenile offenders to adult courts.

The mandate for juvenile justice

Author: Mark Harrison Moore,Thomas Bearrows

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780387964744

Category: Law

Page: 199

View: 2133

From the preface: "History has dealt the juvenile court (and, more broadly, the juvenile justice system) a cruel blow. What began as a promising social experiment has disappointed nearly everyone... Inevitably, disillusionment has weakened the mandate of the juvenile justice system. Conflicts in philosophy, once held at bay by general enthusiasm for the enterprise, have now surfaced with great urgency. What, in fact, is the purpose of the juvenile justice system? Is it to protect the community from youth crime, or to help children grow up? Is it primarily a court dominated by concerns for justice? Or, is it more fundamentally a social service agency concerned with structuring the environments of children? Is the court an independent institution that stands apart from the community and administers justice in a fair and impartial way? Or, is the court an agent of the community in the sense that it establishes norms of conduct and draws both public and private agencies to the tasks of socializing children?"

Juvenile Justice and Youth Violence

Author: James C. Howell

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452249547

Category: Social Science

Page: 261

View: 4806

Comprehensive and detailed, this book provides information on: the history of the United States' response to juvenile delinquency; the increasing seriousness of the problem; and the public policies available to deal with it. James C Howell cites the pressing need for a clearer understanding of the risk factors for youth violence. Long-term solutions such as the development of more effective prevention programmes, better-matched offender//treatment programmes, and a more cost effective juvenile justice system are also discussed. Extensive figures and tables are included.

The Changing Adolescent Experience

Societal Trends and the Transition to Adulthood

Author: Jeylan T. Mortimer,Reed W. Larson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521891998

Category: FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS

Page: 280

View: 4267

Examines changes that are likely to impact adolescents' lives and their futures as adults.

The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

Author: Barry C. Feld,Donna M. Bishop

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019020883X

Category: Social Science

Page: 960

View: 9183

Over the last two decades, researchers have made significant discoveries about the causes and origins of delinquency. Specifically, we have learned a great deal about adolescent development and its relationship to decision-making, about multiple factors that contribute to delinquency, and about the processes and contexts associated with the course of delinquent careers. Over the same period, public officials have made sweeping jurisprudential, jurisdictional, and procedural changes in our juvenile justice systems. The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice presents a timely compilation of state-of-the-art critical reviews of knowledge about causes of delinquency and their significance for justice policy, and about developments in the juvenile justice system to prevent and control youth crime. The first half of the handbook focuses on juvenile crime and examines trends and patterns in delinquency and victimization, explores causes of delinquency-at the individual, micro-social, and macro-social levels, and from natural and social science perspectives-and their implications for structuring a youth justice system. The second half of the handbook concentrates on juvenile justice and examines a range of issues-including the historical origins and re-invention of the juvenile court; juvenile offenders' mental health status and considerations of trial competence and culpability; intake, diversion, detention, and juvenile courts; and transfer/waiver strategies-and considers how the juvenile justice system itself influences delinquency. The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice provides a comprehensive overview of juvenile crime and juvenile justice administration by authors who are all leading scholars involved in cutting-edge research, and is an essential resource for scholars, students, and justice officials.

Social Work Practice Research for the Twenty-First Century

Author: Anne E. Fortune,Philip McCallion,Katharine Briar-Lawson

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231512643

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 1104

Social work professionals must demonstrate their effectiveness to legislators and governments, not to mention clients and incoming practitioners. A thorough evaluation of the activities, ethics, and outcomes of social work practice is critical to maintaining investment and interest in the profession and improving the lives of underserved populations. Incorporating the concerns of a new century into a consideration of models for practice research, this volume builds on the visionary work of William J. Reid (1928-2003) who transformed social work research through empirically based and task-centered approaches-and, more recently, synthesized intervention knowledge for framing future study. This collection reviews the task-centered model and other contemporary Evidence-Based Practice models for working with individuals, families, groups, communities, and organizations. Essays demonstrate the value of these pragmatic approaches in the United States and international settings. Contributors summarize state-of-the-art methods in several key fields of service, including children and families, aging, substance abuse, and mental health. They also evaluate the research movement itself, outlining an agenda for today's sociopolitical landscape and the profession. This volume inspires practice research to prioritize evidence as a base for the profession.

Imprisonment in America

Choosing the Future

Author: Michael Sherman,Gordon J. Hawkins

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226752801

Category: Social Science

Page: 158

View: 5323

"For a few decades American prisons were the wonder of the world. [However] early hopes that a prison regime could be a powerful means of reforming most convicts have been abandoned, and prisons are seen even by some of those who think we need more of them as savage repositories, to be shunned or veiled rather than admired. This sad history is drawn with great insight and learning in [this] important new book about prisons and punishment in America by Michael Sherman and Gordon Hawkins. . . . The views of these professionals must be taken seriously."—Graham Hughes, New York Review of Books "This is a serious and enlightened and concerned attempt to fuse liberal and conservative attitudes and values to achieve a breakthrough in American penal policy."—Congressional Staff Journal

Juvenile justice in America

Author: Clifford E. Simonsen

Publisher: Macmillan Coll Div

ISBN: 9780024105318

Category: Law

Page: 504

View: 1562

Psychotherapy Is Worth It

A Comprehensive Review of Its Cost-Effectiveness

Author: Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 0873182162

Category: Medical

Page: 359

View: 9676

In Psychotherapy Is Worth It: A Comprehensive Review of Its Cost-Effectiveness, edited by Susan G. Lazar, M.D., and co-authored with members of the Committee on Psychotherapy of the Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry, surveys the medical, psychiatric and psychological literature from 1984 to 2007 that is relevant to the cost-effectiveness of all kinds of psychotherapy. The volume explores the cost of providing psychotherapy in relation to its impact both on health and on the costs to society of psychiatric illness and related conditions. Written for psychotherapists, psychiatric benefit providers, policy makers, and others interested in the cost-effectiveness of providing psychotherapeutic treatments, this book analyzes the burden of mental illness, particularly in the United States, and the enormous associated costs to society that constitute a chronic, insufficiently recognized crisis in the health of our nation. The authors point out that in the United States nearly 30% of the population over the age of 18 has a diagnosable psychiatric disorder and yet only about 33% of those treated receive minimally adequate care. In fact, most people with mental disorders in the United States remain untreated or poorly treated, leading to loss in productivity, higher rates of absenteeism, increased costs, morbidity and mortality from medical illnesses, and loss of life through suicide. This book provides a systematic and comprehensive review of 25 years of medical literature on the cost-effectiveness of psychotherapy and discusses the: Epidemiology of mental illness, including prevalence and treatment rates Misconceptions and stigmas associated with psychiatric illness and the provision of psychotherapy and how they affect those most in need of care Cost-effectiveness of psychotherapy for the major psychiatric disorders as well as savings that psychotherapy can yield in increased health, work productivity, lives saved, and medical and hospital related costs For instance, in a review of 18 studies conducted from 1984 to 1994, psychotherapy was found to be cost-effective in treating patients with severe disorders, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and borderline personality disorder, and led to improved work functioning and decreased hospitalization. Likewise, studies point to the enhancement of outcomes when psychotherapy is used in conjunction with medical therapies in the treatment of cancer, heart disease, and other prevalent, chronic diseases. Psychotherapy Is Worth It: A Comprehensive Review of Its Cost-Effectiveness concludes that studies confirm psychotherapy works for many conditions, is cost-effective, and is not over-used by those persons not truly in need. A treatment that is cost-effective is not "cheap"; rather, it can provide effective medical help at a cost acceptable to society, in comparison both to other effective treatments for the same condition and to medical treatments for other classes of mental disorder.

The Future of childhood and juvenile justice

Author: LaMar Taylor Empey,Kenyon Public Affairs Forum

Publisher: Univ of Virginia Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 422

View: 1896

Body Hunter

Author: Patricia Springer

Publisher: Kensington Publishing Corp.

ISBN: 078603775X

Category: True Crime

Page: 320

View: 2882

The chilling secret life of Faryion Wardrip, the Texas Sunday school teacher who was sent to death row for his brutal crimes. To the people of Olney, Texas, thirty-nine-year-old Faryion Wardrip was an upright citizen—a happily married man, a valued employee, and a respected Sunday school teacher. But everyone in Olney would soon learn the truth about the man they thought they knew. In January 1999, investigators reviewing the files of three unsolved murders dating back fifteen years came across information linking Wardrip to the attractive young female victims—Terry Sims, twenty, who had been bound, raped, and stabbed to death; Toni Gibbs, twenty-three, who was found slashed and sexually assaulted; and Ellen Blau, twenty-one, who disappeared after working a night shift, her badly decomposed body found a month later. Smart police work snared a sample of Wardrip’s DNA, matching it with semen found in the Sims case. Wardrip confessed to the three murders, and one more—the strangulation death of Debra Taylor, twenty-five—though it was Sims’s murder that put him on death row in Texas and made him the prime suspect in ten other similar unsolved killings in Fort Worth. From an author who has been called “the Texas version of Ann Rule,” this is the shocking true story of this infamous case (Times Record News, Wichita Falls). “Gripping true crime.” —Lt. James Cron, Dallas Sheriff’s Department (ret.)

Assessing and Managing Violence Risk in Juveniles

Author: Randy Borum,David Allan Verhaagen

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 159385322X

Category: Psychology

Page: 226

View: 7290

Highly practical and accessible, this is an indispensable resource for any mental health practitioner working with youth at risk for violent behavior. Presented is a comprehensive framework for evaluating juveniles in the justice system or those whose behavior in school, therapy sessions, or other contexts raises concern about violence. Detailed case examples illustrate the authors' scientifically grounded approach to selecting appropriate instruments, analyzing and communicating assessment results, and designing effective interventions. Special problems addressed include bullying, sexual aggression, fire setting, and homicide. The book also examines the development of aggressive conduct problems and their connections to other emotional and behavioral disorders.

Comparative Youth Justice

Critical Issues

Author: John Muncie,Barry Goldson

Publisher: Sage Publications Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 224

View: 7123

Reflecting on contemporary juvenile justice reform in England and Wales, this text also considers the issue within the context of other Western jurisdictions, identifying major international differences in juvenile policy and practice.

Restorative Juvenile Justice

Repairing the Harm of Youth Crime

Author: L. Walgrave,S. Gordon Bazemore

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781881798132

Category: Law

Page: 399

View: 1155

Authors from Australia (John Braithwaite, Christine Parker), Europe (Lode Walgrave, Klaus Sessar, ElmarWeitekamp) and North America (Gordon Bazemore, Ray Corrado, Barry Feld, Curt Taylor Griffiths, Susan Guarino-Ghezzi, Russ Immarigeon, Andrew Klein, Maria Schiff, Mark Umbreit, Daniel van Ness) discuss juvenile justice and the response the youth crime.

Illegal Guns in the Wrong Hands

Patterns of Gun Acquisition and Use Among Serious Juvenile Delinquents

Author: David C. May,G. Roger Jarjoura

Publisher: University Press of Amer

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 159

View: 6307

Illegal Guns in the Wrong Hands uses data from a sample of approximately 800 incarcerated juveniles from Indiana to examine the methods through which juvenile offenders obtain firearms, the causes of their firearm acquisition and use, their preferences when it comes to choosing a firearm and the reasons for that choice, and the role that guns play in their offending behaviors.

Die Sinnprovinz der Kriminalität

Zur Dynamik eines sozialen Feldes

Author: Henning Schmidt-Semisch,Henner Hess

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658034793

Category: Social Science

Page: 314

View: 6502

Was Kriminalität ist, das ist theoretisch und politisch höchst umstritten. Die entsprechenden Differenzen und Streitigkeiten werden in Kriminalitätsdiskursen thematisiert und ausgetragen, die sich zu einer Sinnprovinz der Kriminalität formieren, d.h. zu spezifischen Formen der Aufmerksamkeit, der Erfahrung, der Erklärung, der Reaktion etc. hinsichtlich sozialer Phänomene. Zugleich aber ist diese Sinnprovinz der Kriminalität nichts Starres, sondern dynamisch und in stetem Wandel begriffen. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes thematisieren solche Dynamiken in unterschiedlichen Bereichen des sozialen Feldes der Kriminalität.

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