Search Results: clinical-epidemiology-the-essentials

Clinical Epidemiology

The Essentials

Author: Robert Fletcher,Robert Fletcher, MD, Msc,Suzanne W. Fletcher

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 1469826259

Category: Medical

Page: 272

View: 5748

Now in its Fifth Edition, Clinical Epidemiology: The Essentials is a comprehensive, concise, and clinically oriented introduction to the subject of epidemiology. Written by expert educators, this text introduces students to the principles of evidence-based medicine that will help them develop and apply methods of clinical observation in order to form accurate conclusions. The Fifth Edition includes more complete coverage of systematic reviews and knowledge management, as well as other key topics such as abnormality, diagnosis, frequency and risk, prognosis, treatment, prevention, chance, studying cases and cause.

Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics

A Primer for Clinical Investigators and Decision-Makers

Author: Michael S. Kramer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642613721

Category: Science

Page: 286

View: 1877

Here is a book for clinicians, clinical investigators, trainees, and graduates who wish to develop their proficiency in the planning, execution, and interpretation of clinical and epidemiological research. Emphasis is placed on the design and analysis of research studies involving human subjects where the primary interest concerns principles of analytic (cause-and- effect) inference. The topic is presented from the standpoint of the clinician and assumes no previous knowledge of epidemiology, research design or statistics. Extensive use is made of illustrative examples from a variety of clinical specialties and subspecialties. The book is divided into three parts. Part I deals with epidemiological research design and analytic inference, including such issues as measurement, rates, analytic bias, and the main forms of observational and experimental epidemiological studies. Part II presents the principles and applications of biostatistics, with emphasis on statistical inference. Part III comprises four chapters covering such topics as diagnostic tests, decision analysis, survival (life-table) analysis, and causality.

Clinical Epidemiology

How to Do Clinical Practice Research

Author: R. Brian Haynes

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 1451178794

Category: Medical

Page: 480

View: 2230

The Third Edition of this popular text focuses on clinical-practice research methods. It is written by clinicians with experience in generating and answering researchable questions about real-world clinical practice and health care—the prevention, treatment, diagnosis, prognosis, and causes of diseases, the measurement of quality of life, and the effects of innovations in health services. The book has a problem-oriented and protocol-based approach and is written at an introductory level, emphasizing key principles and their applications. A bound-in CD-ROM contains the full text of the book to help the reader locate needed information.

Understanding Evidence in Health Care

Using Clinical Epidemiology

Author: Suhail Doi

Publisher: Palgrave

ISBN: 9781420256697

Category: Medical

Page: 217

View: 4658

Understanding Evidence in Health Care delivers the essentials of clinical epidemiology for health practitioners, enabling them to practise evidence-based health care. Divided into two parts, Understanding Evidence in Health Care explains both the key concepts behind research output and how to interpret and apply the research. It teaches health care professionals how to: how to have an effective understanding of published reports, interact with hard-to-find and hard-to-understand terminology, and get real understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of scientific information in their field. Understanding Evidence in Health Care develops the reader's skills in a logical flow of background principles, useful data examples, clearly explained tables and figures, and end-of-chapter readings and exercises, thus offering invaluable guidance to doctors, nurses and health professionals in all fields.

Clinical Epidemiology

The Study of the Outcome of Illness

Author: Noel S. Weiss

Publisher: Monographs in Epidemiology and

ISBN: 9780195305234

Category: Medical

Page: 178

View: 596

Examining the principles and methods of research on the evaluation of factors affecting the outcome of illness, this volume emphasizes diagnostic and therapeutic interventions - the factors most readily modified by health care providers. The author discusses various ways of structuring observations on patient groups and appraises the nature and strength of inferences drawn from those observations. Weiss also demonstrates how the results of this type of research - clinical epidemiologic research - can be incorporated into the decision-making process utilized in clinical medicine." Among other changes, this new edition of Clinical Epidemiology greatly expands the chapter on randomized controlled trials and includes a whole new chapter on meta-analysis, authored by Peter Cummings with Noel S. Weiss. Meta-analysis, the statistical synthesis of data from comparable studies, was unheard of thirty years ago, but with the advent of increased computer technology, the method has been steadily growing in importance in the interpretation of the results of patient-oriented medical research. Clinical Epidemiology is an essential reference guide to the quantitative assessment of the consequences of illness for clinicians in training or in practice.

Veterinary Clinical Epidemiology, Third Edition

Author: Ronald D. Smith

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0849315662

Category: Medical

Page: 280

View: 2410

While veterinary medicine has always valued the concepts and methods of epidemiology, they are virtually inseparable in today’s clinical practice. With access to an ever-expanding number of journals, as well as countless Internet sources, more and more veterinarians are practicing evidence-based medicine. This is defined as the process of systematically finding, appraising, and adopting research findings as the primary basis for clinical decisions. “An underlying premise of the book is that patient-based research is epidemiologic research....It logically follows that the users of this information, veterinary students and practitioners, be skilled in its application to patient care.” – from the preface Veterinary Clinical Epidemiology, Third Edition focuses on developing a deeper understanding of epidemiology and exemplifies how an improved capacity for interpreting and critiquing available literature ultimately leads to improved patient care. In preparing this edition, Ronald Smith, a highly respected epidemiologist, practitioner, and educator, has entirely updated his earlier work to reflect those changes that have dramatically altered the practice of veterinary medicine over the last ten years. New to the third edition: · Numerous updated examples of the application of epidemiology in clinical practice · Expanded journal representation to include a larger selection of international research · Increased coverage of hypothesis testing, survey design, sampling and epidemiologic conceptsrelated to the practice of evidence-based medicine · Revised and updated information on diagnostic testing, risk assessment, causality, and the use of statistics Veterinary Clinical Epidemiology, Third Edition provides practitioners and researchers with the knowledge and tools to understand, critically assess, and make use of the medical literature that is vital to the treatment of animal patients.

Essential Epidemiology

An Introduction for Students and Health Professionals

Author: Penny Webb,Chris Bain

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139493956

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 7515

The new edition of this popular textbook remains a clear and practical introduction to epidemiology for students in all areas of health. By emphasising the role of epidemiology across a broad range of health monitoring and research, it gives students an understanding of the fundamental principles common to all areas of epidemiology. It also integrates the study of infectious and chronic diseases as well as public health and clinical epidemiology. Avoiding complex mathematics, it steps through the methods and potential problems underlying health data and reports, while maintaining a balance of rigour and clarity. The nuts-and-bolts of epidemiology are embedded in the wider international health perspective through recent and classical examples across different areas of health to engage students from a range of backgrounds. Concepts are illustrated with charts and graphs, and end-of-chapter questions test understanding (with answers provided). Online resources include further exercises, slides for teaching and useful weblinks.

Essentials of Clinical Infectious Diseases

Author: William F. Wright

Publisher: Demos Medical Publishing

ISBN: 1936287919

Category: Medical

Page: 367

View: 6264

This quick-reference handbook on clinical infectious diseases is intended for a broad medical audience. Written in outline format with 45 short focused chapters covering core infectious disease topics, the book provides a basic introduction to identifying and managing commonly encountered problems. Organized by system, each section begins with a general framework covering clinical presentation, laboratory and diagnostic evaluation, and empirical antibiotic therapy. Individual chapters within sections are devoted to particular problems and cover pathogenesis and risk factors, microbial causes, clinical manifestations, approach to the patient (history, examination, diagnostic studies), diagnostic criteria, and medical, antimicrobial, and surgical management.

Color Atlas & Synopsis of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Third Edition

Author: Hunter Handsfield

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education / Medical

ISBN: 9780071624374

Category: Medical

Page: 348

View: 8434

An unmatched collection of full-color clinical images of common and rare sexually transmitted diseases More than 200 full-color photographs From the author’s extensive private collection of clinical photographs comes the latest edition of this classic atlas of sexually transmitted diseases. The third edition of Color Atlas & Synopsis of Sexually Transmitted Diseases offers a succinct outline presentation that features color photographs for each disorder, accompanied by a concise overview of epidemiology, clinical manifestations, the physical examination, diagnosis and management, and prevention. Coverage of each condition includes one more clinical case studies. Color Atlas & Synopsis of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 3e includes about twenty percent new photographs, and the text has been entirely rewritten to include the latest information on epidemiology and treatment. A new chapter reviews the global epidemiology of HIV and AIDS as well as other STDs, and the chapter on HIV and AIDS has been substantially expanded. You will also find an important overview section on the clinical approach to patients with STDs. While written primarily for the clinician, it is an excellent resource for patient education and for nonprofessionals interested in STDs. This unique atlas covers: Bacterial sexually transmitted diseases Viral sexually transmitted diseases Clinical syndromes An outstanding clinical guide to confirm your next diagnosis and a quick source of up-to-date information on tests and treatment, Color Atlas & Synopsis of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 3e offers a collection of images that cannot be duplicated in print or online.

Clinical Epidemiology: Principles, Methods, and Applications for Clinical Research

Author: Diederick E. Grobbee,Arno W. Hoes

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449667651

Category: Medical

Page: 413

View: 1621

New Edition Available 7/1/2013 In the current era of evidence-based medicine, clinical epidemiology is increasingly recognized as an essential tool in the critical appraisal of available evidence and the design of new studies. Clinical Epidemiology: Principles, Methods, and Applications for Clinical Research is a comprehensive resource that introduces the reader to the basics of clinical epidemiology and explores the principles and methods that can be used to obtain quantitative evidence on the effects of interventions and on the diagnosis, etiology, and prognosis of disease. The everyday challenges of clinical research and the quantitative knowledge required to practice medicine are also examined, making this book a valuable reference for both graduate and undergraduate students in medicine and related disciplines, as well as for professionals involved in the design and conduct of clinical research. Key features: · Worked-out examples from daily clinical practice included in all sections. · Relevant clinical research that can be used as exercises. · Several chapters devoted to research assessing the main and adverse effects of interventions, including introductions to clinical trials. · Common study designs (such as meta-analyses, case-control studies and randomized trials), as well as elementary data-analytical issues. Principles and Methods of Clinical Epidemiology explores the challenges clinicians face in daily practice and the quantitative knowledge required to practice medicine. An important distinction is made between research directed at unraveling causality (notably etiologic research and studies addressing the effects of interventions) and descriptive research aimed at predicting the presence (diagnostic research) or consequences of disease (prognostic research). The book is intended for both the users of clinical research findings (i.e. those practicing medicine and related disciplines such as pharmacy, health sciences, nursing sciences, and veterinary medicine) and those involved in the design and conduct of applied clinical research. Also future “users” and “do-ers” of applied clinical research (notably undergraduate students and PhD fellows in medicine and related disciplines) will benefit from the book. Teachers of clinical epidemiology will find the book a valuable reference with their classes.

Designing Clinical Research

Author: Stephen B. Hulley,Steven R. Cummings,Warren S. Browner,Deborah G. Grady,Thomas B. Newman

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 1469840545

Category: Medical

Page: 378

View: 7039

Designing Clinical Research sets the standard for providing a practical guide to planning, tabulating, formulating, and implementing clinical research, with an easy-to-read, uncomplicated presentation. This product incorporates current research methodology--including molecular and genetic clinical research--and offers an updated syllabus for conducting a clinical research workshop. Emphasis is on common sense as the main ingredient of good science. The book explains how to choose well-focused research questions and details the steps through all the elements of study design, data collection, quality assurance, and basic grant-writing.

Epidemiology E-Book

Author: Leon Gordis

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455742511

Category: Medical

Page: 416

View: 2784

Epidemiology, by award-winning educator and epidemiologist Leon Gordis, is a best-selling introduction to this complex science. Dr. Gordis leverages his vast experience teaching this subject in the classroom to introduce the basic principles and concepts of epidemiology in a clear, uniquely memorable way. He guides you from an explanation of the epidemiologic approach to disease and intervention, through the use of epidemiologic principles to identify the causes of disease, to a discussion of how epidemiology should be used to improve evaluation and public policy. It’s your best choice for an accessible yet rich understanding of epidemiology! Gain a solid foundation of basic epidemiologic principles as well as practical applications in public health and clinical practice. Visualize concepts vividly through abundant full-color figures, graphs, and charts. Check your understanding of essential information with 120 multiple-choice epidemiology self-assessment questions. Master the latest nuances in epidemiology thanks to a wealth of new and updated illustrations, examples, and epidemiologic data.

The Lancet Handbook of Essential Concepts in Clinical Research

Author: Kenneth F. Schulz,David A. Grimes

Publisher: The Lancet

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 223

View: 4737

The needs of clinicians predominate throughout the text, but these needs overlap with those of researchers especially in chapters covering randomized controlled trials. For readers to assess trials accurately they need to understand relevant guidelines on the conduct of trials that are emerging from methodological research. In presenting these discussions to clinicians these chapters will help researchers who also do randomized trials and provide a methodological background that enhances the quality and quantity of their research productivity. Enables clinicians to read the medical literature more critically Chapters cover: descriptive studies, cohort studies, case control studies, bias, and screening tests Five chapters dedicated to randomized controlled trials

The Essentials of Biostatistics for Physicians, Nurses, and Clinicians

Author: Michael R. Chernick

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118071948

Category: Medical

Page: 228

View: 1761

A fundamental and straightforward guide to using and understanding statistical concepts in medical research Designed specifically for healthcare practitioners who need to understand basic biostatistics but do not have much time to spare, The Essentials of Biostatistics for Physicians, Nurses and Clinicians presents important statistical methods used in today's biomedical research and provides insight on their appropriate application. Rather than provide detailed mathematics for each of these methods, the book emphasizes what healthcare practitioners need to know to interpret and incorporate the latest biomedical research into their practices. The author draws from his own experience developing and teaching biostatistics courses for physicians and nurses, offering a presentation that is non-technical and accessible. The book begins with a basic introduction to the relationship between biostatistics and medical research, asking the question "why study statistics?," while also exploring the significance of statisitcal methods in medical literature and clinical trials research. Subsequent chapters explore key topics, including: Correlation, regression, and logistic regression Diagnostics Estimating means and proportions Normal distribution and the central limit theorem Sampling from populations Contingency tables Meta-analysis Nonparametric methods Survival analysis Throughout the book, statistical methods that are often utilized in biomedical research are outlined, including repeated measures analysis of variance, hazard ratios, contingency tables, log rank tests, bioequivalence, cross-over designs, selection bias, and group sequential methods. Exercise sets at the end of each chapter allow readers to test their comprehension of the presented concepts and techniques. The Essentials of Biostatistics for Physicians, Nurses, and Clinicians is an excellent reference for doctors, nurses, and other practicing clinicians in the fields of medicine, public health, pharmacy, and the life sciences who need to understand and apply statistical methods in their everyday work. It also serves as a suitable supplement for courses on biostatistics at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels.

Tuberculosis

The Essentials, Fourth Edition

Author: Mario C. Raviglione

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420090232

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 3442

Every second a new person is exposed to tuberculosis (TB). Each untreated TB-infected person will infect 10-15 people every year. Following the success of its predecessor, this new edition of Tuberculosis: The Essentials scrutinizes the new discoveries and observations of the key aspects of the disease. Recognized world experts provide a concise, state-of-the-art review of the 15 essential elements of TBsupply an international, current view of the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment methodsdiscuss the emerging threat of XDR-TB and the HIV/AIDS factorassess advances in TB research such as new drugs and vaccinesreflect on the progress of the "Stop TB" strategy. See What’s New in the Fourth Edition: Updated chapters on epidemiology and pathogenesis provide new insights on TB infection and disease Updated chapters on diagnosis and treatment cover new tests and molecular detection methods Information on developing effective regiments and discussion of situations deserving specific precautions Coverage of adherence issues The book book is an essential guide for everybody working in the field of TB, from specialists to nurses and students, both from a clinical and public health perspective.

Public Health Genomics

The Essentials

Author: Claudia N. Mikail

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470454415

Category: Medical

Page: 300

View: 1126

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has recognized genomics as a priority area in public health education. To help public health students and professionals achieve proficiency in the language of genetics and attain genomics competencies delineated by the CDC, this book offers an introduction to basic molecular genetics and discusses the relevance of genomics to such key public health issues as environmental health, ethnic health disparities, health policy and law, research ethics, maternal and child health, clinical preventive medicine, health behavior, health economics, and communicable disease control. Presented in a context that is easy to understand, the book serves as an accessible portal of entry into the world of public health genomics.

Clinical Epidemiology

Author: Diederick E. Grobbee,Professor of Clinical Epidemiology Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care University Medical Center Utrecht Utrecht Netherlands Diederick E Grobbee,Arno W. Hoes

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 144967433X

Category: Medical

Page: 450

View: 5192

Now updated with new data and examples throughout, Clinical Epidemiology: Principles, Methods, and Applications for Clinical Research, Second Edition is a comprehensive resource that introduces the reader to the basics of clinical epidemiology and explores the principles and methods that can be used to obtain quantitative evidence on the effects of interventions and on the diagnosis, etiology, and prognosis of disease. The everyday challenges of clinical research and the quantitative knowledge required to practice medicine are also examined, making this book a valuable reference for both graduate and undergraduate students in medicine and related disciplines, as well as for professionals involved in the design and conduct of clinical research.

Obstetrics and Gynecology

The Essentials of Clinical Care

Author: E. Albert Reece,Robert L. Barbieri

Publisher: Thieme Medical Pub

ISBN: 9783131439512

Category: Medical

Page: 557

View: 8524

Written by an international team of practitioners, this book offers an overview of the most important and common clinical issues in obstetrics and gynecology, including reproductive endocrinology, gynecologic oncology, and sexuality. It provides readers with current information on evidence-based approaches to the management of normal pregnancy, labor and birth, as well as the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of high-risk pregnancy, infertility, and acute and chronic diseases in women of all ages. For each condition the authors give a clear definition, discuss its epidemiology, etiology and pathophysiology, and present the most recent protocols for its detection, screening, and clinical management. Features: Clearly and consistently organized chapters for optimal comprehension of the material A section dedicated to the legal and ethical issues related to reproductive health More than 200 illustrations, many in full color, demonstrating critical data and concepts A summary of key points at the end of most chapters and Best Evidence boxes that focus on significant clinical trials Self-test questions and answers on an accompanying website A comprehensive introduction to the field, Obstetrics and Gynecology: The Essentials of Clinical Care is an excellent textbook and reference for medical students on clinical rotation in obstetrics/gynecology, and for residents in the specialty. Nurses, midwives, and physician assistants will also benefit from its wealth of information.

Public Health and Epidemiology at a Glance

Author: Margaret Somerville,K. Kumaran,Rob Anderson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118999320

Category: Medical

Page: 128

View: 4791

Public Health and Epidemiology at a Glance is a highly visual introduction to the key concepts and major themes of population health. With comprehensive coverage of all the core topics covered at medical school, it helps students understand the determinants of health and their study, from personal lifestyle choices and behaviour, to environmental, social and economic factors. This fully updated new edition features: • More coverage of audit and quality improvement techniques • Brand new sections on maternal and child health, and health of older people • New chapters on social determinants of health and guideline development • Expanded self-assessment material This accessible guide is an invaluable resource for medical and healthcare students, junior doctors, and those preparing for a career in epidemiology and public health.

Biostatistics

The Bare Essentials

Author: Charles D. Bluestone,Geoffrey R. Norman,David L. Streiner,Jeffrey P. Simons,Gerald B. Healy

Publisher: PMPH-USA

ISBN: 1607951789

Category: Medical

Page: 422

View: 7772

Preceded by: Pediatric otolaryngology / [edited by] Charles D. Bluestone ... [et al.]. 4th ed. c2003.

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