A Handbook of Techniques
Author: E.J. Milner-Gulland,J. Marcus Rowcliffe
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Business & Economics
A practical and integrated approach to carrying out research on the conservation status of exploited species, from data collection to long-term management. Wildlife conservation and sustainable use have recently become centrepieces in conservation and development research.
Principles and Practices with Asian Examples
Author: Clement Allan Tisdell
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Category: Business & Economics
'The author, and economist, displays great sensitivity to the environment, not only in understanding complex ecosystems but also as related to the teachings of Eastern religions and rural philosophers such as Aldo Leopold. . . . written with both clarity and an obvious wealth of experience. . . . This well organized book has concluding comments and references at the end of each chapter and an index at the end. This highly readable book shows with candour how humanity can reconcile its needs with those of other species.' - Roger T. Parrott, Environment 'Drawing on his long experience in Australasia, Clem Tisdell has presented a compelling case for integrating biodiversity conservation with economics, and demonstrating how this integration can work in practice. This is an important contribution to the literature, and should be of broad interest to all who are working on environmental issues in Asia.' - Jeffrey A. McNeeley, Chief Scientist, IUCN - the World Conservation Union This important book highlights the conflicts between economic growth and the conservation of nature in the context of sustainable development. It places particular emphasis on biological diversity and examines possible policies for resolving conflicts which arise from the contrasting goals of conserving the natural environment and economic growth.
Towards Conservation and Sustainable Use
Publisher: OECD Publishing
This publication provides a conceptual framework for market creation in the biodiversity policy arena, as well as several examples of where the use of markets can assist policy makers in the search for more sustainable use and conservation of biodiversity.
Author: Jonathan Davies
Category: Biodiversity conservation
Linking Practice and Policy in Eastern Africa.
Lessons Learned from Ecological Networks
Author: Graham Bennett
IUCN's 5th World Parks Congress (2003) concluded that parks should not exist as unique islands, but need to be planned and managed as an integral part of the broader landscape. Ecological networks provide an operational model for conserving biodiversity that is based on ecological principles and allow a degree of human use of the landscape. This publication illustrates the development of several ecological networks around the world, demonstrating their benefits both for conservation and sustainable development.
Challenges for Sustainable Development
Author: Bruce Prideaux
Globally rainforests are under threat on numerous fronts, including clearing for agriculture, harvesting for timber and urban expansion. Yet they have a crucial role in biodiversity conservation, climate change mitigation and providing other ecosystem services. Rainforests are also attractive tourist spaces and where they have been used as a tourism resource they have generated significant income for local communities. However, not all use of rainforests as a tourism resource has been sustainable. This book argues that sustainability must be the foundation on which tourism use of this complex but ultimately fragile ecosystem is built upon. It provides a multi-disciplinary perspective, incorporating rainforest science, management and tourism issues. The book is organized into four sections commencing with 'Tourism in rainforest regions', followed by 'Threats to rainforest tourism' and 'The development and management of rainforest experiences', and finally 'Wildlife and rainforest tourism'. Each major rainforest region is covered, including the Amazon, Central America, Africa, Australia and south-east Asia, in the context of a specific issue. For example, rainforests in Papua New Guinea are examined in the context of community-based ecotourism development, while the rainforests in Borneo are discussed in an examination of wildlife issues. Other issues covered in this manner include governance, empowerment issues for rainforest peoples and climate change.
Author: Y. S. Shishodiya
Category: Biodiversity conservation
Biodiversity Is One Of The Major Global Resources. It Has Suffered From Diverse Natural And Man-Made Catastrophes But Continues To Provide Food, Medicinal Products And A Wide Range Of Other Materials Which Could Be Guranteed For The Future It Managed In A Sustainable Manner. Human Influence Is By Far The Greatest Threat To Diversity. No Part Of The Planet Escapes The Effects Of Human Activity, Which Affects Diversity Either Directly Or Indirectly. The Present Book Biodiversity For Sustainable Development Includes 21 Chapters On The Topics Which Are Contributing Towards This Goal. Chapters Related To Biodiversity Includes-Exploration, Utilization Conservation And Management Of Non-Timber Forest Resources, Biodiversity : The Impact Of Biotechnology, Gis-An Advanced Tool To Study Biodiversity, Some Threaten Plant And Animal Species Of Assam And Meghalaya Region, Sustainable Management Of Soil Fertility In Rainfed Farming Systems, Phytoplanktonic Diversity, Change Detection In Wetland Environment, Turnover Rate Of Forest Flover Liter And Biodiversity Aspects Of Biosphere Reserve. Articles Covers Information On Studies On Rhizobium Association With Sesbania Sps. Fundamental Facts About Grasses, Fruit Crops, A Viable Alternative To Shifting Cultivation, Ornithophitous Adaptations Of Some Plant Species, Primary Vascular Differentiation In Fabaceae, Antibacterial Properties Of Herbal Tooth Powder, Plants Used In Cosmetics. Some Articles Viz. Forensic Botany : Applications, Aspects And Prospects Of Plant Materials In Criminal Investigations, Village Scale Production And Use Of Leaf Concentrate And A Comparative Study Of The Functionality Of Plant Proteins And Their Uses In Food System Have Added Value To The Book. This Book Will Be Highly Beneficial To Students, Teachers And Research Workers In The Field Of Botany, Biodiversity Conservation And Environmental Science.
Conservation and Sustainable Development
Author: Richard Malloy,John Brock,Anthony Floyd,Margaret Livingston,Robert H. Webb
Publisher: CRC Press
The modern southwestern cities of Phoenix, Tucson, Las Vegas, Albuquerque, and El Paso occupy lands that once supported rich desert ecosystems. Typical development activities often resulted in scraping these desert lands of an ancient living landscape, to be replaced with one that is human-made and dependent on a large consumption of energy and natural resources. Design with the Desert: Conservation and Sustainable Development explores the natural and built environment of the American Southwest and introduces development tools for shaping the future of the region in a more sustainable way. Explore the Desert Landscape and Ecology This transdisciplinary collaboration draws on insights from leading authorities in their fields, spanning science, ecology, planning, landscape development, architecture, and urban design. Organized into five parts, the book begins by introducing the physical aspects of the desert realm: the land, geology, water, and climate. The second part deals with the "living" and ecological aspects, from plants and animals to ecosystems. The third part, on planning in the desert, covers the ecological and social issues surrounding water, natural resource planning, and community development. Bring the Desert into the City The fourth part looks at how to bring nature into the built environment through the use of native plants, the creation of habitats for nature in urban settings, and the design of buildings, communities, and projects that create life. The final part of the book focuses on urban sustainability and how to design urban systems that provide a secure future for community development. Topics include water security, sustainable building practices, and bold architecture and community designs. Design Solutions That Work with the Local Environment This book will inspire discussion and contemplation for anyone interested in desert development, from developers and environmentalists to planners, community leaders, and those who live in desert regions. Throughout this volume, the contributors present solutions to help promote ecological balance between nature and the built environment in the American Southwest—and offer valuable insights for other ecologically fragile regions around the world.
Learning Journeys in Conservation
Author: John Blewitt,Daniella Tilbury
Category: Business & Economics
Resilience is a term that is gaining currency in conservation and sustainable development, though its meaning and value in this context is yet to be defined. Searching for Resilience in Sustainable Development examines ways in which resilience may be created within the web of ecological, socio-economic and cultural systems that make up the world in. The authors embark upon a learning journey exploring both robust and fragile systems and asking questions of groups and individuals actively involved in building or maintaining resilience. Through a series of wide ranging interviews the authors give voice to the many different approaches to thinking of and building resilience that may otherwise stay rooted in and confined by specific disciplinary, professional or spatial contexts. The book documents emerging trends, shifting tactics and future pathways for the conservation and sustainable development movement post Rio+20, arriving at a set of diverse but connected conclusions and questions in relation to the resilience of people and planet. This book is ideal for students and researchers working in the fields of conservation, sustainable development, education, systems thinking and development studies. It will also be of great interest to NGOs and government officers whose interests and responsibilities focus on conserving or reconstructing biodiversity and system resilience.
"Risk, Uncertainty and Practice in Conservation and Sustainable Use"
Author: Rosie Cooney,Barney Dickson
Great uncertainty typically surrounds decisions and management actions in the conservation of biodiversity and natural resource management, and yet there are risks of serious and irreversible harm for both biodiversity and the humans that rely on it. The precautionary principle arguably underlies all international conservation efforts and promotes acting to avoid serious or irreversible environmental harm, despite lack of scientific certainty as to the likelihood, magnitude or cause of harm. This book is the first to examine the application of the precautionary principle to biodiversity conservation and natural resource management, incorporating perspectives from scientists, economists, lawyers and practitioners from both developing and developed countries. It analyses the application and impacts of the principle in many areas including forestry, invasive alien species, wildlife trade, protected areas and fisheries, in a range of national and international contexts. Particular attention is drawn to issues of equity, livelihoods, science and politics, and the book provides guidelines for applying the precautionary principle to biodiversity conservation and natural resource management.
Author: H.H.T Prins,Jan Geu Grootenhuis,Thomas T. Dolan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
One of the major challenges of sustainable development is the interdisciplinary nature of the issues involved. To this end, a team of conservation biologists, hunters, tourist operators, ranchers, wildlife and land managers, ecologists, veterinarians and economists was convened to discuss whether wildlife outside protected areas in Africa can be conserved in the face of agricultural expansion and human population growth. They reached the unequivocal - if controversial - conclusion that wildlife can be an economic asset, especially in the African savannas, if this wildlife can be sustainably utilized through safari hunting and tourism. Using the African savannas as an example, Wildlife Conservation by Sustainable Use shows that in many instances sustainable wildlife utilization comprises an even better form of land use than livestock keeping. Even when population pressure is high, as in agricultural areas or in humid zones, and wild animal species can pose a serious cost to agriculture, these costs are mainly caused by small species with a low potential for safari hunting. Although ranching has a very low rate of return and is hardly ever profitable, the biggest obstacle to the model of sustainable wildlife use outlined in Wildlife Conservation by Sustainable Use is from unfair competition from the agricultural sector, such as subsidies and lack of taxation, resulting in market distortion for wildlife utilization. This book thus gives valuable evidence for a different way of working, providing arguments for removing such distortions and thereby facilitating financially sound land use and making it a rationally sound choice to conserve wildlife outside protected areas. The expert team of authors, most of whom came together at a workshop to thrash out the ideas that were then developed into the various chapters, has written a superb account of recent research on this complex subject, resulting in a book that is a major contribution to our understanding of sustainable use of land. The important conclusion is that wildlife conservation can be possible for landholders and local communities if they have a financial interest in protecting wildlife on their lands.
Author: Ivan R. Scales
Madagascar is one of the most biologically diverse places on the planet, the result of 160 million years of isolation from the African mainland. More than 80% of its species are not found anywhere else on Earth. However, this highly diverse flora and fauna is threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation and the island has been classified one of the world’s highest conservation priorities. Drawing on insights from geography, anthropology, sustainable development, political science and ecology, this book provides a comprehensive assessment of the status of conservation and environmental management in Madagascar. It describes how conservation organisations have been experimenting with new forms of protected areas, community-based resource management, ecotourism, and payments for ecosystem services. But the country must also deal with pressing human needs. The problems of poverty, development, environmental justice, natural resource use and biodiversity conservation are shown to be interlinked in complex ways. Authors address key questions, such as who are the winners and losers in attempts to conserve biodiversity? And what are the implications of new forms of conservation for rural livelihoods and environmental justice?
Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Biosphere
Author: Wissenschaftlicher Beirat der Bundesregierung Globale Umweltveränderungen (Germany),Hans-Joachim Schellnhuber
Category: Business & Economics
The Banksia Environmental Foundation has awarded The Natural Advantage of Nations: Business Opportunities, Innovation and Governance in the 21st Centuryand the supporting training program for engineers, the 'Engineering Sustainable Solutions Progr
Displacement, Forced Settlement and Sustainable Development
Author: Dawn Chatty,Marcus Colchester
Publisher: Berghahn Books
Category: Social Science
Wildlife conservation and other environmental protection projects can have tremendous impact on the lives and livelihoods of the often mobile, difficult-to-reach, and marginal peoples who inhabit the same territory. The contributors to this collection of case studies, social scientists as well as natural scientists, are concerned with this human element in biodiversity. They examine the interface between conservation and indigenous communities forced to move or to settle elsewhere in order to accommodate environmental policies and biodiversity concerns. The case studies investigate successful and not so successful community-managed, as well as local participatory, conservation projects in Africa, the Middle East, South and South Eastern Asia, Australia and Latin America. There are lessons to be learned from recent efforts in community managed conservation and this volume significantly contributes to that discussion.