An Introduction to Analytical Reading and Reasoning
Author: Larry Wright
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Category: Foreign Language Study
Extensively classroom-tested, Critical Thinking: An Introduction to Analytical Reading and Reasoning provides a non-technical vocabulary and analytic apparatus that guide students in identifying and articulating the central patterns found in reasoning and in expository writing more generally. Understanding these patterns of reasoning helps students to better analyze, evaluate, and construct arguments and to more easily comprehend the full range of everyday arguments found in ordinary journalism. Critical Thinking distinguishes itself from other texts in the field by emphasizing analytical reading as an essential skill. It also provides detailed coverage of argument analysis, diagnostic arguments, diagnostic patterns, and fallacies. Opening with two chapters on analytical reading that help students recognize what makes reasoning explicitly different from other expository activities, the text then presents an interrogative model of argument to guide them in the analysis and evaluation of reasoning. This model allows a detailed articulation of "inference to the best explanation" and gives students a view of the pervasiveness of this form of reasoning. The author demonstrates how many common argument types--from correlations to sampling--can be analyzed using this articulated form. He then extends the model to deal with several predictive and normative arguments and to display the value of the fallacy vocabulary. Designed for introductory courses in critical thinking, critical reasoning, informal logic, and inductive reasoning, Critical Thinking features hundreds of exercises throughout and includes worked-out solutions and additional exercises (without solutions) at the end of each chapter. An Instructor's Manual, including solutions to the text's unanswered exercises and featuring other pedagogical aids, is available.
An Introduction to Reasoning Well
Author: Robert Arp,Jamie Carlin Watson
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
'You shouldn't drink too much. The Earth is round. Milk is good for your bones.' Are any of these claims true? How can you tell? Can you ever be certain you are right? For anyone tackling philosophical logic and critical thinking for the first time, Critical Thinking: An Introduction to Reasoning Well provides a practical guide to the skills required to think critically. From the basics of good reasoning to the difference between claims, evidence and arguments, Robert Arp and Jamie Carlin Watson cover the topics found in an introductory course. Now revised and fully updated, this Second Edition features a glossary, chapter summaries, more student-friendly exercises, study questions, diagrams, and suggestions for further reading. Topics include: the structure, formation, analysis and recognition of arguments deductive validity and soundness inductive strength and cogency inference to the best explanation truth tables tools for argument assessment informal and formal fallacies With real life examples, advice on graduate school entrance exams and an expanded companion website packed with additional exercises, an answer key and help with real life examples, this easy-to-follow introduction is a complete beginner's tool set to good reasoning, analyzing and arguing. Ideal for students in basic reasoning courses and students preparing for graduate school.
An Introduction to Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches
Author: Arthur Asa Berger
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
This step-by-step introduction to conducting media and communication research offers practical insights along with Arthur Asa Berger’s signature lighthearted style to make discussion of qualitative and quantitative methods easy to comprehend. The Fifth Edition of Media and Communication Research Methods includes a new chapter on discourse analysis; expanded discussion of social media, including discussion of the ethics of Facebook experiments; and expanded coverage of the research process with new discussion of search strategies and best practices for analyzing research articles. Ideal for research students at both the graduate and undergraduate level, this proven book is clear, concise, and accompanied by just the right number of detailed examples, useful applications, and valuable exercises to help students to understand, and master, media and communication research.
An Introduction to Critical Thinking and Writing with Readings
Author: Dean Memering,William Palmer
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
This book uses logos, pathos, and ethos in critical thinking, active reading, and persuasive writing. Accessible and stimulating, the versatile manual can be used as a rhetoric, a reader, a guide on research writing, and a guide on style. Through its chapters, users learn to excel at what they say; through our style interchapters users earn to excel at how they say it. Cheating, conservation, race, politics, male/female communication styles, gun control, abortion, same-sex marriage, stem cell research - many diverse and mature readings on these subjects engage readers and writers in analytical thinking and stimulate them to react with thoughtful discussions and compositions. For individuals who want to communicate clearly, argue persuasively, and analyze and evaluate what they read.
Science, Law, and the Possibility of Justice
Author: Carl F. Cranor
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
US tort law, cloaked behind increased judicial review of science, is changing before our eyes yet we cannot see it. While Supreme Court decisions have altered how courts review scientific testimony, the complexity of both science and legal procedures mask the resulting social consequences. Yet these consequences are too important to remain hidden. Mistaken court reviews of scientific evidence can decrease citizen access to the law, decrease incentives for firms to test their products, lower deterrence for harmful products, and decrease the possibility of justice for citizens injured by toxic substances. Even if courts review evidence well, increases in litigation costs and attorney screening of clients can impede access to the law. Newly revised and expanded, Toxic Torts, 2nd edition introduces these issues, reveals the relationships that can deny citizens just restitution for harms suffered, and shows how justice can be improved in toxic tort cases.
How to Turn Information into Insights
Author: Max Shron
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
Many analysts are too concerned with tools and techniques for cleansing, modeling, and visualizing datasets and not concerned enough with asking the right questions. In this practical guide, data strategy consultant Max Shron shows you how to put the why before the how, through an often-overlooked set of analytical skills. Thinking with Data helps you learn techniques for turning data into knowledge you can use. You’ll learn a framework for defining your project, including the data you want to collect, and how you intend to approach, organize, and analyze the results. You’ll also learn patterns of reasoning that will help you unveil the real problem that needs to be solved. Learn a framework for scoping data projects Understand how to pin down the details of an idea, receive feedback, and begin prototyping Use the tools of arguments to ask good questions, build projects in stages, and communicate results Explore data-specific patterns of reasoning and learn how to build more useful arguments Delve into causal reasoning and learn how it permeates data work Put everything together, using extended examples to see the method of full problem thinking in action
Author: Galen A. Foresman,Peter S. Fosl,Jamie C. Watson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The Critical Thinking Toolkit is a comprehensive compendium that equips readers with the essential knowledge and methods for clear, analytical, logical thinking and critique in a range of scholarly contexts and everyday situations. Takes an expansive approach to critical thinking by exploring concepts from other disciplines, including evidence and justification from philosophy, cognitive biases and errors from psychology, race and gender from sociology and political science, and tropes and symbols from rhetoric Follows the proven format of The Philosopher’s Toolkit and The Ethics Toolkit with concise, easily digestible entries, “see also” recommendations that connect topics, and recommended reading lists Allows readers to apply new critical thinking and reasoning skills with exercises and real life examples at the end of each chapter Written in an accessible way, it leads readers through terrain too often cluttered with jargon Ideal for beginning to advanced students, as well as general readers, looking for a sophisticated yet accessible introduction to critical thinking
Author: Stella Cottrell
Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag
Studieren ist schwierig? - Nicht mit diesem Buch! Dieser praktische Leitfaden für Studienanfänger vermittelt grundlegende „Soft Skills“ (vom „Lernen lernen“ über Selbsteinschätzung, Zeit-, Projekt- und Stressmanagement bis zu Gedächtnis- und Schreibtraining, Prüfungs- und Klausursituationen sowie Karriereplanung u.v.m.) - locker präsentiert, in handliche Einheiten verpackt und je nach Bedarf selektiv nutzbar. Viele eingestreute kleine Tipps stehen neben Mini-Fragebögen, Kopiervorlagen für Tabellen, die man nicht im Buch ausfüllen möchte, und ähnlichen Hilfsmitteln. Das unterhaltsam-informative Werk beruht auf dem englischen Bestseller The Study Skilly Handbook und eignet sich für Abiturienten mit Studienwunsch, Studienanfänger verschiedenster Disziplinen und Quereinsteiger als Wegweiser durch die vielfältigen Anforderungen im "Studiendschungel".
A Guide to Literary Studies
Author: William Whitla
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Literary Criticism
The English Handbook: A Guide to Literary Studies is acomprehensive textbook, providing essential practical andanalytical reading and writing skills for literature students atall levels. With advice and information on fundamental methods ofliterary analysis and research, Whitla equips students with theknowledge and tools essential for advanced literary study. Includes traditional close reading strategies integrated withnewer critical theory, ranging from gender and genre topost-structuralism and post-colonialism; with examples fromBeowulf to Atwood, folk ballads to Fugard, and ChristopherMarlowe to Conrad’s Marlow Draws on a wide range of resources, from print to contemporaryelectronic media Supplies a companion website with chapter summaries, charts,examples, web links, and suggestions for further study
Author: F. Scott Fitzgerald
Publisher: Reclam Verlag
F. Scott Fitzgeralds Meisterwerk von 1925 ist eine der großen Liebesgeschichten der Weltliteratur. Jay Gatsby, durch dubiose Geschäfte zum Millionär geworden, gibt in seiner Villa auf Long Island glanzvolle Partys für die New Yorker Gesellschaft. Er selber aber träumt davon, die Vergangenheit wiederzubeleben und seine große Liebe zurückzugewinnen. Doch die Suche nach der verlorenen Zeit endet tragisch.
An Introductory Guide
Author: Guy Gibbon
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Category: Social Science
Critically Reading the Theory and Methods of Archaeology stands out as the most thorough and practical guide to the essential critical reading and writing skills that all students, instructors, and practitioners should have. It provides priceless insight for the here and now of the Theory and Methods of Archaeology classes and for a lifetime of reading, learning, teaching, and writing. Chapters focus on rigorous reasoning skills, types of argument, the main research orientations in archaeology, the basic procedural framework that underlies all schools of archaeology, and issues in archaeology raised by skeptical postmodernists.