This book provides an up-to-date summary of the consequences of demographic aging for labor markets, financial markets, economic growth, social security schemes and public finances in Germany, essentially reflecting the present state of knowledge in any of these areas. All contributions are written by leading experts in their fields and are based on results that emerge at the forefront of current research.
This book represents a culmination of my Ph.D. research conducted at the Ruhr Graduate School in Economics and at the University of Duisburg-Essen from Oc- ber 2005 to April 2008. Many people have generously contributed their time, ex- rience and resources towards the success of this dissertation. First and foremost, I would like to thank Prof. Dr. Volker Clausen, a great sup- visor, who has always encouraged my work. It has been a pleasure to work under his excellent guidance. His steady engagement and support have provided me the kind of working environment that has proved to be instrumental in writing this thesis. I am also grateful to my second supervisor, Prof. Dr. Thomas F. Rutherford, who has inspired my work from the beginning. This thesis would de?nitely not have been possible without his innumerable and fundamental contributions in the area of c- putational economics. As a co-author of Chapter 2 of this thesis, he was a pleasure to collaborate with and learn from.
Perspectives on Gender and Welfare State Transformations
Author: Heike Kahlert
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
Category: Social Science
Demographic change in Europe has been a topic of great public and political interest since the 1990s. The central aim of this book is to create new questions for research by connecting the topics of demographic change, of the restructuring of the welfare state and of change in gender relations. The articles have a closer look at the interrelation of these social and political changes by highlighting different national situations as well as different theoretical and empirical aspects. They try to reframe the 'problem' of demographic change by analyzing it in the context of gender and welfare state transformations.
The demographic change in Germany is a current and always present subject. The media, politicians and experts permanently discuss the topic. There are many different opinions and views, but all have a statistical commonality; humans are invariably growing older and at the same time Germany is struck by an alarming decline in the birth rate. This dilemma leads to a fast aging population with big problems for the whole German society and especially for the efficiency of the German Pension Insurance. Since many years, the legal pension fund is stuck in a crisis. Declining birth rates and an increasing expectancy of life yield to less and less premium payers and a steadily increasing group of pension recipients, which, due to the PAYG system, confronts the Pension Fund with a financial problem. Hence, the benefit level will further decline in the long term and the legal pension will not be sufficient as the exclusive old-age insurance. This assignment considers the key aspects of the demographic development, esp. the future perspective of the pension system. Furthermore, this assignment will discuss possible solutions in order to find out a possible strategy to solve this problem. The aspects are only related to Germany, even though Germany doesn’t stand alone with the phenomenon of demographic aging. Similar developments can be found in almost every European and western industrial nation.
Developments of the German electorate in times of demographic change
Author: Nora E. Sánchez Gassen
Category: Political Science
Nora E. Sánchez Gassen analyses how demographic trends and electoral law have influenced the German electorate in the past and projects their future impact. A set of population projections illustrates how the size and age structure of the electorate will change until 2030 due to ongoing demographic changes. Additional analyses reveal how reforms of electoral law and citizenship law could be used to influence these trends. Overall, the author combines demographic methods with democratic theory in order to investigate a topic that has so far received little attention in discussions on demographic change: the future of the democratic system.