Search Results: discrete-mathematical-models-with-applications-to-social-biological-and-environmental-problems

Discrete Mathematical Models, with Applications to Social, Biological, and Environmental Problems

Author: Fred S. Roberts

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 559

View: 9766

Mathematical models; Graphs; Applications of graphs; Weighted digraphs and pulse processes; Markov chains; n-Person games; Group decisionmaking; Measurement and utility; Index.

The Geographic Spread of Infectious Diseases

Models and Applications

Author: Lisa Sattenspiel

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 069112132X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 286

View: 8586

The 1918-19 influenza epidemic killed more than fifty million people worldwide. The SARS epidemic of 2002-3, by comparison, killed fewer than a thousand. The success in containing the spread of SARS was due largely to the rapid global response of public health authorities, which was aided by insights resulting from mathematical models. Models enabled authorities to better understand how the disease spread and to assess the relative effectiveness of different control strategies. In this book, Lisa Sattenspiel and Alun Lloyd provide a comprehensive introduction to mathematical models in epidemiology and show how they can be used to predict and control the geographic spread of major infectious diseases. Key concepts in infectious disease modeling are explained, readers are guided from simple mathematical models to more complex ones, and the strengths and weaknesses of these models are explored. The book highlights the breadth of techniques available to modelers today, such as population-based and individual-based models, and covers specific applications as well. Sattenspiel and Lloyd examine the powerful mathematical models that health authorities have developed to understand the spatial distribution and geographic spread of influenza, measles, foot-and-mouth disease, and SARS. Analytic methods geographers use to study human infectious diseases and the dynamics of epidemics are also discussed. A must-read for students, researchers, and practitioners, no other book provides such an accessible introduction to this exciting and fast-evolving field.

Discrete Mathematics in the Schools

Author: Joseph G. Rosenstein

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821885789

Category: Mathematics

Page: 452

View: 4366

This book provides teachers of all levels with a great deal of valuable material to help them introduce discrete mathematics into their classrooms.

Sociologica

Leseliste der Sektionen und Arbeitsgruppen

Author: Bernhard (Hrsg.) Schäfers

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322985873

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 3149

Mathematics and the Real World

Proceedings of an International Workshop Roskilde University Centre (Denmark), 1978

Author: BOOSS

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034862873

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 137

View: 5262

Mathematical Models in Biology

Author: Leah Edelstein-Keshet

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 9780898719147

Category: Biology

Page: 586

View: 3981

Mathematical Models in Biology is an introductory book for readers interested in biological applications of mathematics and modeling in biology. A favorite in the mathematical biology community, it shows how relatively simple mathematics can be applied to a variety of models to draw interesting conclusions. Connections are made between diverse biological examples linked by common mathematical themes. A variety of discrete and continuous ordinary and partial differential equation models are explored. Although great advances have taken place in many of the topics covered, the simple lessons contained in this book are still important and informative. Audience: the book does not assume too much background knowledge--essentially some calculus and high-school algebra. It was originally written with third- and fourth-year undergraduate mathematical-biology majors in mind; however, it was picked up by beginning graduate students as well as researchers in math (and some in biology) who wanted to learn about this field.

Modeling and Simulation

Author: Hartmut Bossel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663108228

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 484

View: 2430

This book is the the English Language Version of the very successful German textbook, "Modellbildung und Simulation". It provides a self-contained and complete guide to the methods and mathematical background of modeling and simulation software of dynamic systems. Furthermore, an appropriate simulation software and a collection of dynamic system models (on the accompanying disk) are highlights of the book/software-Package.Dies ist die englischsprachige Ausgabe des sehr erfolgreichen Lehrbuches "Modellbildung und Simulation". Geboten wird eine vollständige Einführung in die Methoden der Simulation dynamischer Systeme, wobei auch der notwendige mathematische Hintergrund vermittelt wird. Außerdem ist eine Simulationssoftware Bestandteil des Werkes; auf der beiliegenden Diskette befinden sich ferner 50 Beispielsysteme ("Systemzoo"), die zur spielerischen Einübung der verwendeten Verfahren hilfreich sind.

Kompendium Systembiologie

Mathematische Modellierung und Modellanalyse

Author: Andreas Kremling

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3834886076

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 6541

Das Buch beschreibt die Grundlagen der mathematischen Modellierung zellulärer Systeme. Nach einer Klassifikation von Modellen wird schwerpunktmäßig auf deterministische Modelle eingegangen und für alle relevanten zellulären Prozesse entsprechende Gleichungen angegeben. Anschließend werden eine Reihe von Verfahren zur Modellanalyse vorgestellt. Etwas kürzer werden Verfahren zum Reverse Engineering und zur Analyse von Netzwerkgraphen abgehandelt. Am Ende werden noch Verfahren der Parameteridentifikation besprochen.

Laudato si

Die Umwelt-Enzyklika des Papstes

Author: Franziskus (Papst),

Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH

ISBN: 345180736X

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 8247

Mit großer Spannung wurde sie erwartet, auch von Nicht-Katholiken: Die Umwelt-Enzyklika von Papst Franziskus nimmt die heute entscheidenden Themen in den Blick; es geht um die geht um soziale, ökologische und politische Zusammenhänge. Wohl selten war ein päpstliches Schreiben so aktuell und brisant und vor allem relevant für alle Gesellschaftsschichten und Menschen weltweit. Mit "Laudato si" beweist Franziskus, dass die Kirche nach wie vor eine unverzichtbare Stimme im Diskurs zur Gestaltung der modernen Welt ist. Wer verstehen will, wie Papst und Kirche die großen Herausforderungen unserer Zeit bestehen wollen, kommt an diesem Werk nicht vorbei. Ein Muss für jeden, der an den drängenden Fragen unserer Zeit interessiert ist.

Meta-Heuristics Optimization Algorithms in Engineering, Business, Economics, and Finance

Author: Vasant, Pandian M.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466620870

Category: Computers

Page: 734

View: 4744

Optimization techniques have developed into a significant area concerning industrial, economics, business, and financial systems. With the development of engineering and financial systems, modern optimization has played an important role in service-centered operations and as such has attracted more attention to this field. Meta-heuristic hybrid optimization is a newly development mathematical framework based optimization technique. Designed by logicians, engineers, analysts, and many more, this technique aims to study the complexity of algorithms and problems. Meta-Heuristics Optimization Algorithms in Engineering, Business, Economics, and Finance explores the emerging study of meta-heuristics optimization algorithms and methods and their role in innovated real world practical applications. This book is a collection of research on the areas of meta-heuristics optimization algorithms in engineering, business, economics, and finance and aims to be a comprehensive reference for decision makers, managers, engineers, researchers, scientists, financiers, and economists as well as industrialists.

Growth and Diffusion Phenomena

Mathematical Frameworks and Applications

Author: Robert B. Banks

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540555070

Category: Science

Page: 455

View: 4020

Diffusion and growth phenomena abound in the real world surrounding us. Someexamples: growth of the world's population, growth rates of humans, public interest in news events, growth and decline of central city populations, pollution of rivers, adoption of agricultural innovations, and spreading of epidemics and migration of insects. These and numerous other phenomena are illustrations of typical growth and diffusion problems confronted in many branches of the physical, biological and social sciences as well as in various areas of agriculture, business, education, engineering medicine and public health. The book presents a large number of mathematical models to provide frameworks forthe analysis and display of many of these. The models developed and utilizedcommence with relatively simple exponential, logistic and normal distribution functions. Considerable attention is given to time dependent growth coefficients and carrying capacities. The topics of discrete and distributed time delays, spatial-temporal diffusion and diffusion with reaction are examined. Throughout the book there are a great many numerical examples. In addition and most importantly, there are more than 50 in-depth "illustrations" of the application of a particular framework ormodel based on real world problems. These examples provide the reader with an appreciation of the intrinsic nature of the phenomena involved. They address mainly readers from the physical, biological, and social sciences, as the only mathematical background assumed is elementary calculus. Methods are developed as required, and the reader can thus acquire useful tools for planning, analyzing, designing,and evaluating studies of growth transfer and diffusion phenomena. The book draws on the author's own hands-on experience in problems of environmental diffusion and dispersion, as well as in technology transfer and innovation diffusion.

The Mathematics of Computerized Tomography

Author: F. Natterer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663014096

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 222

View: 2448

Numerical Analysis and Applied Mathematics ICNAAM 2011:

International Conference of Numerical Analysis and Applied Mathematics (Part One; Part Two; Part Three)

Author: Theodore E. Simos,George Psihoyios,Ch. Tsitouras,Zacharias Anastassi

Publisher: American Inst. of Physics

ISBN: 9780735409569

Category: Mathematics

Page: 2118

View: 7928

These proceedings will be of interest to Mathematicians, Applied Mathematicians, Computer Scientists, Physicists, Chemists, Engineers. The importance for the reader is that with this book one can finds all the new developments in the research on Numerical, Industrial and Applied Mathematics. All the research areas of Numerical Analysis and Computational Mathematics(Numerical ODEs, Numerical PDEs (inc. BVPs), Scientific Computing and Algorithms, Stochastic Differential Equations, Approximation, Numerical Linear Algebra, Numerical Integral Equations, Error Analysis and Interval Analysis, Difference Equations and Recurrence Relations, Numerical problems in Dynamical Systems, Applications to the Sciences (Computational Physics, Computational Statistics, Computational Chemistry, Computational Engineering etc.), Differential Algebraic Equations, Numerical methods in Fourier analysis etc), All the research areas of Applied and Industrial Mathematics (Mathematical Physics, Mathematical Chemistry, Mathematical Biology and Mathematical Medicine, Optimization and Operational Research, Theoretical Mechanics, Discrete Applied Mathematics, Statistics, Probability, Dynamical Systems, Algorithms, Experimental Mathematics, Theoretical Computer Science, Applied Analysis, Mathematical Modeling (including but not limited to mathematical modeling of engineering and environmental processes, manufacturing, and industrial systems, heat transfer, fluid mechanics, CFD, and transport phenomena; solid mechanics and mechanics of metals; electromagnets and MHD; reliability modeling and system optimization; decision sciences in an industrial and manufacturing context; civil engineering systems and structures; mineral and energy resources; relevant software engineering issues associated with CAD and CAE; and materials and metallurgical engineering, mathematical modeling of social, behavioral and other sciences), Decomposition and Reconstruction Algorithms, Subdivision Algorithms, Continuous and Discrete Wavelet Transform, Time-frequency Localization, Phase-Space Analysis, Subband Coding, Image Compression, Real-Time Filtering, Radar and Sonar Applications, Transient Analysis, Medical Imaging, Multigrid Methods, Frames, Bifurcation and Singularity Theory, Deterministic Chaos and Fractals, Soliton and Coherent Phenomena, Formation of Pattern, Evolution, Complexity Theory and Neural Networks, Analytical Approaches and Simulations for more Accurate Descriptions, Predictions, Experimental Observations and Applications of Nonlinear Phenomena in Science and Engineering, Theoretical and Applied aspects of Computational Geometry, Control Theory and Automation, Fuzzy Sets and Systems and Fuzzy Logic, Applied Algebra, Quality Theory of Differential Equations, Neural Networks , etc.)

Differentialgleichungen und ihre Anwendungen

Author: Martin Braun

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642975151

Category: Mathematics

Page: 598

View: 3796

Dieses richtungsweisende Lehrbuch für die Anwendung der Mathematik in anderen Wissenschaftszweigen gibt eine Einführung in die Theorie der gewöhnlichen Differentialgleichungen. Fortran und APL-Programme geben den Studenten die Möglichkeit, verschiedene numerische Näherungsverfahren an ihrem PC selbst durchzurechnen. Aus den Besprechungen: "Die Darstellung ist überall mathematisch streng und zudem ungemein anregend. Abgesehen von manchen historischen Bemerkungen ... tragen dazu die vielen mit ausführlichem Hintergrund sehr eingehend entwickelten praktischen Anwendungen bei. ... Besondere Aufmerksamkeit wird der physikalisch und technisch so wichtigen Frage nach Stabilität von Lösungen eines Systems von Differentialgleichungen gewidmet. Das Buch ist wegen seiner geringen Voraussetzungen und vorzüglichen Didaktik schon für alle Studenten des 3. Semesters geeignet; seine eminent praktische Haltung empfiehlt es aber auch für alle Physiker, die mit Differentialgleichungen und ihren Anwendungen umzugehen haben." #Physikalische Blätter#

Core Psychiatry E-Book

Author: Padraig Wright,Julian Stern,Michael Phelan

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702048585

Category: Medical

Page: 672

View: 4561

A new edition of a highly successful, award winning textbook for trainee psychiatrists, covering in one volume all the subjects required for the new MRCPsych and similar exams. Written in a highly engaging manner, it will also prove invaluable to qualified psychiatrists who need to keep up-to-date with the latest developments, as well as clinical psychologists, general practitioners, psychiatric nurses and senior medical students Concise yet comprehensive, Core Psychiatry relfects the latest developments in the curriculum plus all that is new and essential in clinical practice and the sciences that underpin it. It includes new information on the new Mental Capacity Act and Mental Health Act as well as enhanced sections on psychopharmacology, old age psychiatry, child and adolescent psychiatry, forensic psychiatry and rehabilitation. The book also makes refernce to the latest NICE guidelines and includes new sections on sleep medicine and trauma psychiatry. New edition of a popular MRCPsych curriculum based text Previous edition ‘Highly Commended’ (Mental Health category) in the BMA Awards 2005 Contains useful summary boxes, lists and key points to make last minute learning easy Comprehensive and authoritative resource written by contributors to ensure complete accuracy and currency of specialist information Chapters prepared by specialists working in conjunction with trainees – content totally up-to-date and jointly written by authors who have recently been in the exam situation Contains the latest findings in sleep medicine and trauma psychiatry Expanded section on psychology – including social psychology – to reflect the latest MRCPych examination format Text updated in full to reflect the new Mental Capacity Act and Mental Health Act Relevant chapters now contain a ‘skills and competency’ section to reflect changes in MRCPsych curriculum Updating and amendments to improve coverage of old age psychiatry, child and adolescent psychiatry, forensic psychiatry and rehabilitation Contains reference to the latest NICE guidelines in boxes and tables Enhanced discussion of the use of the best current management options, both pharmacological and psychotherapeutic, the latter including CBT, DBT, EMDR and psychodynamic group, couple and family therapy.

Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464963355

Category: Science

Page: 5106

View: 7300

Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Biological and Life Sciences Research. The editors have built Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Biological and Life Sciences Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Complex Systems

Theory and Applications

Author: G. Rzevski,C.A. Brebbia

Publisher: WIT Press

ISBN: 1784662356

Category: Computers

Page: 260

View: 3997

Containing papers presented at the 2016 New Forest Conference on Complex Systems, this multi-disciplinary book presents new approaches for resolving complex issues that cannot be resolved using conventional mathematical or software models. Complex Systems occur in an infinite variety of problems encompassing fields as diverse as economics, the environment, humanities, social and political sciences, physical sciences and engineering. The papers in the book cover such topics as: Complex business processes; Supply chain complexity; Complex adaptive software; Management of complexity; Complexity in social systems; Complexity in engineering; Complex issues in biological and medical sciences; Complex energy systems Complexity and evolution.

Recent Advances in Mathematical and Statistical Methods

IV AMMCS International Conference, Waterloo, Canada, August 20–25, 2017

Author: D. Marc Kilgour,Herb Kunze,Roman Makarov,Roderick Melnik,Xu Wang

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331999719X

Category: Computers

Page: 646

View: 3967

This book focuses on the recent development of methodologies and computation methods in mathematical and statistical modelling, computational science and applied mathematics. It emphasizes the development of theories and applications, and promotes interdisciplinary endeavour among mathematicians, statisticians, scientists, engineers and researchers from other disciplines. The book provides ideas, methods and tools in mathematical and statistical modelling that have been developed for a wide range of research fields, including medical, health sciences, biology, environmental science, engineering, physics and chemistry, finance, economics and social sciences. It presents original results addressing real-world problems. The contributions are products of a highly successful meeting held in August 2017 on the main campus of Wilfrid Laurier University, in Waterloo, Canada, the International Conference on Applied Mathematics, Modeling and Computational Science (AMMCS-2017). They make this book a valuable resource for readers interested not only in a broader overview of the methods, ideas and tools in mathematical and statistical approaches, but also in how they can attain valuable insights into problems arising in other disciplines.

Die Evolution der Kooperation

Aus dem Amerikanischen übersetzt und mit einem Nachwort von Werner Raub und Thomas Voss

Author: Robert Axelrod

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3486851748

Category: Philosophy

Page: 245

View: 4744

Wie ist Kooperation möglich in einer Welt von Egoisten, in der es keine zentrale Autorität gibt? Axelrod entwickelt aus der Spieltheorie - auf der Basis des "Gefangenendilemmas" - eine verblüffende Lösung. Nicht die raffinierteste, auch nicht die aggressivste, nicht die sanfteste Strategie sichert langfristig Erfolg, sondern die grundsätzlich wohlwollende, aber stets vergeltungsbereite: TIT FOR TAT, "wie Du mir, so ich Dir". Axelrod schließt daraus, dass in der globalen arbeitsteiligen Wirtschaftsweise geradezu ein innerer Zwang zur Kooperation besteht. Gewinnbringende Kooperationen sind für Unternehmen nützlicher als blinder Wettbewerb.

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