Gender and Family in the Ivory Tower
Author: Mary Ann Mason,Nicholas H. Wolfinger,Marc Goulden
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
Category: Social Science
The new generation of scholars differs in many ways from its predecessor of just a few decades ago. Academia once consisted largely of men in traditional single-earner families. Today, men and women fill the doctoral student ranks in nearly equal numbers and most will experience both the benefits and challenges of living in dual-income households. This generation also has new expectations and values, notably the desire for flexibility and balance between careers and other life goals. However, changes to the structure and culture of academia have not kept pace with young scholars’ desires for work-family balance. Do Babies Matter? is the first comprehensive examination of the relationship between family formation and the academic careers of men and women. The book begins with graduate students and postdoctoral fellows, moves on to early and mid-career years, and ends with retirement. Individual chapters examine graduate school, how recent PhD recipients get into the academic game, the tenure process, and life after tenure. The authors explore the family sacrifices women often have to make to get ahead in academia and consider how gender and family interact to affect promotion to full professor, salaries, and retirement. Concrete strategies are suggested for transforming the university into a family-friendly environment at every career stage. The book draws on over a decade of research using unprecedented data resources, including the Survey of Doctorate Recipients, a nationally representative panel survey of PhDs in America, and multiple surveys of faculty and graduate students at the ten-campus University of California system..
Gendered Perspectives in Faculty Roles and Work Lives
Author: Susan J. Bracken,Jeanie K. Allen,Diane R. Dean
Publisher: Stylus Publishing, LLC.
This book is of interest to all women in faculty ranks. It deals with extensive academic marketing. Why are women not entering academic careers at a rate proportional to their degree attainment? And once they enter academe, why are they are not achieving tenure or gaining promotion at the same rate as men? How can deeper understanding of attitudes toward academic women combined with research on their experiences within the academic environment, in particular those balancing family and academic careers, help us to shape more responsive institutional policies and environments? These questions are all the more urgent during current times when institutions recognize the need to recruit more women and faculty of color to meet their changing missions and student demographics. This book argues that creating healthy and equitable work environments for women is good for the whole academic community. Indeed, the authors make the point that, as the feminization of academe continues, failure to implement gender equity and family friendly initiatives could be perilous. This book brings together new and original research - representing a broad range of institutional types - that reveals the pressures women face to postpone childbirth and limit the size of their families; that exposes the often the inequitable treatment of their scholarship when women are part of a dual-career couples; and that identifies other tacit and structural barriers to women's advancement. This book challenges assumptions about how men and women manage the boundaries between their personal and professional lives and suggests new ways to creatively and collaboratively combine productive work lives and satisfying personal lives. It shows how women have agency in structuring their careers and describes a multiplicity of solutions that they and institutions can adopt to create new couple- and family-friendly structures and practices that will encourage women to stay in the pipeline. This book, and its companion volumes in the ""Women in Academe"" series, offers compelling data and ideas both for women scholars seeking fulfillment in their professional and personal lives, and for administrators who recognize the need to transform their work places.
Essays on Personal, Political and Professional Change
Author: Ellen C. Mayock,Domnica Radulescu
Category: Social Science
The eleven essays making up this book unite scholars from various disciplines to explore how feminists live, survive, and thrive in academia. The pieces investigate innovative ways that women academics occupy the space of the Academy as real living bodies while resisting being judged, devalued, or valued on the basis of their biological bodies. Specific themes include abortion rights activism, authority in the classroom, feminist mentoring, the role of women’s studies programs, division of labor, and the role of theater and performance in enacting lasting change.
Author: Tara Joy Yosso
Chicanas/os are part of the youngest, largest, and fastest growing racial/ethnic 'minority' population in the United States, yet at every schooling level, they suffer the lowest educational outcomes of any racial/ethnic group. Using a 'counterstorytelling' methodology, Tara Yosso debunks racialized myths that blame the victims for these unequal educational outcomes and redirects our focus toward historical patterns of institutional neglect. She artfully interweaves empirical data and theoretical arguments with engaging narratives that expose and analyse racism as it functions to limit access and opportunity for Chicana/o students. By humanising the need to transform our educational system, Yosso offers an accessible tool for teaching and learning about the problems and possibilities present along the Chicano/a educational pipeline.
Understanding New Labour's Social Reforms
Author: Catherine A. Simon,Stephen Ward
Every Child Matters represents the most radical change to education and welfare provision in almost two decades. This book moves beyond a descriptive ‘how to’ framework to examine the underlying political and social aims of this policy agenda. The authors’ analysis reveals that Every Child Matters represents the Government’s attempt to codify perceived risks in society and to formulate their responses. In doing so, children are made the strategic focus of much wider social policy reform, the effects of which are first felt in education. Does Every Child Matter? explores the ramifications of this along three key lines of analysis: the restructuring of the state beyond its welfare functions changes in governance and the creation of new binaries a redefining of the education sector around the needs of the child. This book provides a unique and insightful critique of Every Child Matters and its contribution to understandings of New Labour social policy. It locates the genesis of the policy in terms of its social, political and historical contexts and questions the validity of constructing social policy around issues of child welfare. Students, academics and researchers in education studies and education policy will find this book of great interest.
AEHE Volume 40, Number 5
Author: Joan M. Herbers
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The case for a flexible work schedule for faculty has beenrepeatedly made, with one policy recommendation being part-timepositions for tenure-track/tenured faculty (PTTT). Despite some ofthe benefits of this approach for both faculty and institutions,the PTTT concept is the least implemented policy for facultyflexibility and is poorly understood. This report offers the firstcomprehensive treatment of PTTT, suggesting that this mode offlexibility enhances recruitment, retention, and engagement offaculty, while offering value-added productivity, planningpotential, and faculty loyalty for the institution. Herbers provides data that explore how a PTTT policy can lead tofaculty success and satisfaction across the lifespan of a career,and likewise offers analogies and examples of well-establishedpractices that administrators across institution types can adapt tocreate their own policies. Administrators and faculty will find theauthor’s policy recommendations, best practices, andsolutions to common challenges to be a roadmap for stimulatingchange in their institutions. This is the 5th issue of the 40th volume of the Jossey-Bass seriesASHE Higher Education Report. Each monograph is the definitiveanalysis of a tough higher education issue, based on thoroughresearch of pertinent literature and institutional experiences.Topics are identified by a national survey. Noted practitioners andscholars are then commissioned to write the reports, with expertsproviding critical reviews of each manuscript beforepublication.
Issues and Implications for U.S. Science and Engineering Leadership: Summary of a Workshop
Author: Institute of Medicine,National Academy of Engineering,National Academy of Sciences,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy
Publisher: National Academies Press
Category: Political Science
America's research universities have undergone striking change in recent decades, as have many aspects of the society that surrounds them. This change has important implications for the heart of every university: the faculty. To sustain their high level of intellectual excellence and their success in preparing young people for the various roles they will play in society, universities need to be aware of how evolving conditions affect their ability to attract the most qualified people and to maximize their effectiveness as teachers and researchers. Gender roles, family life, the demographic makeup of the nation and the faculty, and the economic stability of higher education all have shifted dramatically over the past generation. In addition, strong current trends in technology, funding, and demographics suggest that change will continue and perhaps even accelerate in academe in the years to come. One central element of academic life has remained essentially unchanged for generations, however: the formal structure of the professorial career. Developed in the mid-nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to suit circumstances quite different from today's, and based on traditions going back even earlier, this customary career path is now a source of strain for both the individuals pursuing it and the institutions where they work. The Arc of the Academic Research Career is the summary of a workshop convened by The Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy in September 2013 to examine major points of strain in academic research careers from the point of view of both the faculty members and the institutions. National experts from a variety of disciplines and institutions discussed practices and strategies already in use on various campuses and identified issues as yet not effectively addressed. This workshop summary addresses the challenges universities face, from nurturing the talent of future faculty members to managing their progress through all the stages of their careers to finding the best use of their skills as their work winds down.
Author: Mari Castaneda,Kirsten Isgro
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Category: Social Science
Featuring forthright testimonials by women who are or have been mothers as undergraduates, graduate students, academic staff, administrators, and professors, Mothers in Academia intimately portrays the experiences of women at various stages of motherhood while theoretically and empirically considering the conditions of working motherhood as academic life has become more laborious. As higher learning institutions have moved toward more corporate-based models of teaching, immense structural and cultural changes have transformed women's academic lives and, by extension, their families. Hoping to push reform as well as build recognition and a sense of community, this collection offers several potential solutions for integrating female scholars more wholly into academic life. Essays also reveal the often stark differences between women's encounters with the academy and the disparities among various ranks of women working in academia. Contributors—including many women of color—call attention to tokenism, scarce valuable networks, and the persistent burden to prove academic credentials. They also explore gendered parenting within the contexts of colonialism, racism, sexism, ethnocentrism, ageism, and heterosexism.
Why Japanese Babies Sleep Soundly, Mexican Siblings Don’t Fight, and Parents Should Just Relax
Author: Robert LeVine,Sarah LeVine Sarah LeVine
Publisher: Souvenir Press Ltd
Category: Family & Relationships
Are modern parents obsessed with raising perfect children? Are they missing the bigger picture? Parents can only affect their children to a limited extent. In Do Parents Matter? anthropologists (and grandparents) Robert & Sarah LeVine investigate the diversity of parenting practices across the world – from the USA to Africa, Japan to Mexico – and come away with a reassuring conclusion: children tend to turn out to be the same well-adjusted adults all around the world no matter the parenting style. Japanese children sleep with their parents well into primary school, women of the Hausa tribe (largely based in Nigeria) avoid verbal and eye contact with their toddlers; Western parenting frowns on both practices but Japanese children show higher than average levels of empathy while Hausa children seen quite content. The Levines’ fascinating global investigation reveals that children are influenced more by culture than by their parents. This is the most in-depth survey of parenting practices across the world, and it has profound lessons for how parents should think about their children and families. There is no one-size-fits-all approach to parenting, free yourself from expert advice and learn to relax.
A Guide for Academic Leaders
Author: Laura Koppes Bryan,Cheryl A. Wilson
Shaping Work-Life Culture in Higher Education provides strategies to implement beneficial work-life policies in colleges and universities. As compared to the corporate sector, higher education institutions have been slow to implement policies aimed at fostering diversity and a healthy work-life balance, which can result in lower morale, job satisfaction, and productivity, and causes poor recruitment and retention. Based on extensive research, this book argues that an effective organizational culture is one in which managers and supervisors recognize that professional and personal lives are not mutually exclusive. With concrete guidelines, recommendations, techniques, and additional resources throughout, this book outlines best practices for creating a beneficial work-life culture on campus, and documents cases of supportive department chairs and administrators. A necessary guide for higher education leaders, this book will inform administrators about how they can foster positive work-life cultures in their departments and institutions.
Eine Geschichte der Sorge
Author: Meike S. Baader,Florian Eßer,Wolfgang Schröer
Publisher: Campus Verlag
Seit der epochalen »Geschichte der Kindheit« (1960) des französischen Historikers Philippe Ariès ist keine umfassende Geschichte der Kindheit mehr erschienen, die zu internationalen Debatten geführt hat. Dieser Sammelband gibt Impulse, sich heute wieder mit diesem spannenden Thema zu befassen und der Geschichtsvergessenheit innovative Sichtweisen entgegenzusetzen. Chronologisch geordnete Einzelbeiträge erzählen, auf der Grundlage epochenspezifischer Zuordnungen und eingebettet in sozialhistorische Zusammenhänge, eine Geschichte der Kindheit unter dem Aspekt der sorgenden Verhältnisse von der frühen Neuzeit bis heute. Was bedeutete es etwa, wenn die Sorge um das spirituelle Heil von Kindern im Vordergrund stand? Wie wurde Kindheit im 18. Jahrhundert zur Familienkindheit? Welche Veränderungen brachten wohlfahrtsstaatliche Regelungen mit sich und welche Implikationen hatte eine wissenschaftliche Sicht auf das Kind? Was wissen wir über Kinder im Holocaust und wie gestalten sich Sorgeverhältnisse in einer globalisierten Welt?
Author: Jill Lepore
Category: Social Science
A riveting work of historical detection revealing that the origin of Wonder Woman, one of the world’s most iconic superheroes, hides within it a fascinating family story—and a crucial history of twentieth-century feminism Harvard historian and New Yorker staff writer Jill Lepore has uncovered an astonishing trove of documents, including the never-before-seen private papers of William Moulton Marston, Wonder Woman’s creator. Beginning in his undergraduate years at Harvard, Marston was influenced by early suffragists and feminists, starting with Emmeline Pankhurst, who was banned from speaking on campus in 1911, when Marston was a freshman. In the 1920s, Marston and his wife, Sadie Elizabeth Holloway, brought into their home Olive Byrne, the niece of Margaret Sanger, one of the most influential feminists of the twentieth century. The Marston family story is a tale of drama, intrigue, and irony. In the 1930s, Marston and Byrne wrote a regular column for Family Circle celebrating conventional family life, even as they themselves pursued lives of extraordinary nonconformity. Marston, internationally known as an expert on truth—he invented the lie detector test—lived a life of secrets, only to spill them on the pages of Wonder Woman. The Secret History of Wonder Woman is a tour de force of intellectual and cultural history. Wonder Woman, Lepore argues, is the missing link in the history of the struggle for women’s rights—a chain of events that begins with the women’s suffrage campaigns of the early 1900s and ends with the troubled place of feminism a century later. This edition includes a new afterword with fresh revelations based on never before seen letters and photographs from the Marston family’s papers. With 161 illustrations and 16 pages in full color
Women Write about Motherhood and Academic Life
Author: Elrena Evans,Caroline Grant
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
Written by contributors hailing from a variety of disciplines and viewpoints, the thirty-five essays in this anthology explore the continued inequality of the sexes in higher education and suggest changes that could make universities more family-friendly workplaces. Simultaneous.
Tools, Pedagogies, and Strategies to Transform Your Campus
Author: Tracy Davis,Laura M. Harrison
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Tools and strategies to foster transformative change for social justice Many believe that social justice education is simply the new politically correct term for diversity-focused intervention or multiculturalism. The true definition, however, is more complex, nuanced, and important to understand. Higher education today needs clarity on both the concept of social justice and effective tools to successfully translate theory into practice. In Advancing Social Justice: Tools, Pedagogies, and Strategies to Transform Your Campus, Tracy Davis and Laura M. Harrison offer educators a clear understanding of what social justice is, along with effective practices to help higher education institutions embrace a broad social justice approach in all aspects of their work with students, both inside and outside of the classroom. Theoretical, philosophical, and practical, the book challenges readers to take a step back from where they are, do an honest and unvarnished assessment of how they currently practice social justice, rethink how they approach their work, and re-engage based on a more informed and rigorous conceptual framework. The authors begin by clarifying the definition of social justice as an approach that examines and acknowledges the impact of institutional and historical systems of power and privilege on individual identity and relationships. Exploring identity devel-opment using the critical lenses of history and context, they concentrate on ways that oppression and privilege are manifest in the lived experiences of students. They also highlight important concepts to consider in designing and implementing effective social justice interventions and provide examples of effective social justice education. Finally, the book provides teachers and practitioners with tools and strategies to infuse a social justice approach into their work with students and within their institutions.
Von den acht "Sprüngen" in der mentalen Entwicklung Ihres Kindes während der ersten 14 Monate und wie Sie damit umgehen können
Author: Hetty van de Rijt,Frans X. Plooij
Publisher: Goldmann Verlag
Category: Family & Relationships
Die acht großen Entwicklungssprünge in der geistigen und körperlichen Entwicklung eines Babys gehen mit viel Unruhe und Geschrei einher und bringen Eltern zuweilen an den Rand der Verzweiflung. Dieser Ratgeber zeigt, wie Eltern sich und ihren Kindern helfen können, die herausfordernde Zeit der ersten 14 Lebensmonate gut zu überstehen.
Author: Jie-Qi Chen,Seana Moran,Howard Gardner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
"Cultures are like chemical elements. You can mix two of them, and you might get something useful like water or table salt. But you might also blow up the kitchen." —Thomas Armstrong from Multiple Intelligences Around the World Multiple intelligences (MI) theory has been introduced and implemented successfully in numerous countries around the world. This is the first collection to review, synthesize, and reflect on this unique cross-cultural and educational phenomenon. Through this synthesis and reflection, the book's authors provide a fresh and fuller understanding of MI theory. In addition, they develop more specific knowledge about why MI theory has been welcomed in so many countries, how its use can be appropriate in diverse cultures, and what has supported and fueled travel of the MI meme.