Author: Volodymyr Ivanov
Publisher: CRC Press
Updated Edition Includes a New Chapter and Enhanced Study Material The second edition of Environmental Microbiology for Engineers explores the role that microorganisms play in the engineered protection and enhancement of an environment. Offering a perfect balance of microbiological knowledge and environmental biotechnology principles, it provides a practical understanding of microorganisms and their functions in the environment and in the environmental engineering systems. The book also presents a quantitative description of applied microbiological processes and their engineering design. This updated edition adds a new chapter on construction biotechnology, as well as a new quiz, tutorial banks, and exam questions with solutions to aid readers with performing the design calculations needed and to enhance understanding of the material. The book covers essential topics that include: Diversity and functions of microorganisms in environmental engineering systems Environmental bioengineering processes Applied microbial genetics and molecular biology Microbiology of water and wastewater treatment Biotreatment of solid waste and soil bioremediation Microbial monitoring of environmental engineering systems Biocorrosion and biodeterioration of materials Biocementation and bioclogging of soil Biopollution of indoor environment Biofouling of facilities, and more Environmental Microbiology for Engineers provides a practical understanding of microorganisms in the civil engineering process and their functions in the environmental engineering systems, and is designed for practicing environmental engineers working in the areas of wastewater, solid waste treatment, soil remediation and ground improvement.
Author: Ralph Mitchell,Ji-Dong Gu
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The bestselling reference on environmental microbiology—now in a new edition This is the long-awaited and much-anticipated revision of the bestselling text and reference. Based on the latest information and investigative techniques from molecular biology and genetics, this Second Edition offers an in-depth examination of the role of microbiological processes related to environmental deterioration with an emphasis on the detection and control of environmental contaminants. Its goal is to further our understanding of the complex microbial processes underlying environmental degradation, its detection and control, and ultimately, its prevention. Features new to this edition include: A completely new organization with topics such as pathogens in developing countries, effects of genetically modified crops on microbial communities, and transformations of toxic metals Comprehensive coverage of key topics such as bacteria in the greenhouse and low-energy waste treatment New coverage relating core book content to local, regional, and global environmental problems Environmental Microbiology, Second Edition is essential reading for environmental microbiologists and engineers, general environmental scientists, chemists, and chemical engineers who are interested in key current subjects in environmental microbiology. It is also appropriate as a textbook for courses in environmental science, chemistry, engineering, and microbial ecology at the advanced undergraduate and graduate levels.
Author: Christon J. Hurst,Ronald L. Crawford,Jay L. Garland,David A. Lipson
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology Press
The most definitive manual of microbes in air, water, and soil and their impact on human health and welfare. • Incorporates a summary of the latest methodology used to study the activity and fate of microorganisms in various environments. • Synthesizes the latest information on the assessment of microbial presence and microbial activity in natural and artificial environments. • Features a section on biotransformation and biodegradation. • Serves as an indispensable reference for environmental microbiologists, microbial ecologists, and environmental engineers, as well as those interested in human diseases, water and wastewater treatment, and biotechnology.
Author: Raymond N. Yong,Catherine N. Mulligan,Masaharu Fukue
Publisher: CRC Press
In the seven years since the publication of the first edition of Sustainable Practices in Geoenvironmental Engineering, the combination of population growth and increased exploitation of renewable and non-renewable natural resources has added increased stresses on the quality and health of the geoenvironment. This is especially true when viewed in the context of the growing demand for food and shelter, energy and mineral resources, and their resultant effects on the natural capital of the geoenvironment. Completely revised and updated, this second edition of a bestseller introduces and discusses the concept of "stressors" and their impacts on the geoenvironment. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Clear definition of the geoenvironment New tools and remediation technologies, new management methods for geohazards, and enhanced coverage of social and economic sustainability Innovative approaches and techniques for reaching geoenvironmental sustainability More detail on treatment technologies, both in situ and ex situ Discussion on the mitigation of geodisasters Additional sections to discuss sustainability assessment protocols Updated information on models for prediction of contaminant behavior The authors explore the technologies that take into account targets, exposure routes (if applicable), future land use, acceptable risks, legislation, and resultant emissions/discharges in establishing the criteria and tools for evaluating technologies and protocols for environmental management of the impacted land. They then discuss how to choose the correct ones to use in different situations to protect the quality and health of natural resource and capital of the geoenvironment and ensure that these geoenvironmental natural resources and capital remain available for future generations and to develop innovative and sustainable techniques to make land more stable and safer.
A Laboratory Manual
Author: Ian L. Pepper,Charles P. Gerba,Jeffrey W. Brendecke
Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual is designed to meet the diverse requirements of upper division and graduate-level laboratory sessions in environmental microbiology. The experiments introduce students to the activities of various organisms and the analyses used to study them. The book is organized into three thematic sections: Soil Microbiology, Water Microbiology, and Environmental Biotechnology. The first section includes experiments on the soil as a habitat for microorganisms, and introduces the main types of soil microorganisms, how they interact with the soil, and the techniques used in their analysis. Experiments in the second section cover assays of microbial pathogens--bacteria, viruses, and protozoan parasites--used in food and water quality control as well as an exercise in applied bioremediation of contaminants in water. The final section on biotechnology includes applications of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the detection of bacteria and the use of enrichment cultures and a computer-based, physiological test bank to isolate and identify a bacterium useful in bioremediation. Designed for maximum versatility and ease of use for both the student and instructor, each experiment is self-contained and includes theoretical, practical, and pedagogical material. * New edition incorporates new experiments and the latest techniques * Designed for maximum versatility and ease of use for the student and instructor * Each experiment is self-contained and includes theoretical, practical, and pedagogical material.
Author: Jan Dirk van Elsas,Janet K. Jansson,Jack T. Trevors
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
In the ten years since the publication of Modern Soil Microbiology, the study of soil microbiology has significantly changed, both in the understanding of the diversity and function of soil microbial communities and in research methods. Ideal for students in a variety of disciplines, this second edition provides a cutting-edge examination of a fascinating discipline that encompasses ecology, physiology, genetics, molecular biology, and biotechnology, and makes use of biochemical and biophysical approaches. The chapters cover topics ranging from the fundamental to the applied and describe the use of advanced methods that have provided a great thrust to the discipline of soil microbiology. Using the latest molecular analyses, they integrate principles of soil microbiology with novel insights into the physiology of soil microorganisms. The authors discuss the soil and rhizosphere as habitats for microorganisms, then go on to describe the different microbial groups, their adaptive responses, and their respective processes in interactive and functional terms. The book highlights a range of applied aspects of soil microbiology, including the nature of disease-suppressive soils, the use of biological control agents, biopesticides and bioremediation agents, and the need for correct statistics and experimentation in the analyses of the data obtained from soil systems.
Author: David H.F. Liu,Bela G. Liptak
Publisher: CRC Press
Protecting the global environment is a single-minded goal for all of us. Environmental engineers take this goal to task, meeting the needs of society with technical innovations. Revised, expanded, and fully updated to meet the needs of today's engineer working in industry or the public sector, the Environmental Engineers' Handbook, Second Edition is a single source of current information. It covers in depth the interrelated factors and principles that affect our environment and how we have dealt with them in the past, are dealing with them today, and how we will deal with them in the future. This stellar reference addresses the ongoing global transition in cleaning up the remains of abandoned technology, the prevention of pollution created by existing technology, and the design of future zero emission technology. Béla G. Lipták speaks on Post-Oil Energy Technology on the AT&T Tech Channel.
Author: Larry L. Barton,R.J.C. McLean
An authoritative overview of the ecological activities of microbes in the biosphere Environmental Microbiology and Microbial Ecology presents a broad overview of microbial activity and microbes' interactions with their environments and communities. Adopting an integrative approach, this text covers both conventional ecological issues as well as cross-disciplinary investigations that combine facets of microbiology, ecology, environmental science and engineering, molecular biology, and biochemistry. Focusing primarily on single-cell forms of prokaryotes — and cellular forms of algae, fungi, and protozoans — this book enables readers to gain insight into the fundamental methodologies for the characterization of microorganisms in the biosphere. The authors draw from decades of experience to examine the environmental processes mediated by microorganisms and explore the interactions between microorganisms and higher life forms. Highly relevant to modern readers, this book examines topics including the ecology of microorganisms in engineered environments, microbial phylogeny and interactions, microbial processes in relation to environmental pollution, and many more. Now in its second edition, this book features updated references and major revisions to chapters on assessing microbial communities, community relationships, and their global impact. New content such as effective public communication of research findings and advice on scientific article review equips readers with practical real-world skills. Explores the activities of microorganisms in specific environments with case studies and actual research data Highlights how prominent microbial biologists address significant microbial ecology issues Offers guidance on scientific communication, including scientific presentations and grant preparation Includes plentiful illustrations and examples of microbial interactions, community structures, and human-bacterial connections Provides chapter summaries, review questions, selected reading lists, a complete glossary, and critical thinking exercises Environmental Microbiology and Microbial Ecology is an ideal textbook for graduate and advanced undergraduate courses in biology, microbiology, ecology, and environmental science, while also serving as a current and informative reference for microbiologists, cell and molecular biologists, ecologists, and environmental professionals.
Author: Ernest Jawetz,Joseph L. Melnick,Edward A. Adelberg
Die Autoren haben beabsichtigt, diejenigen Gebiete der medizinischen Mikrobiologie kurz, exakt und in ihrem gegenwärtigen Stand darzustellen, die für die Infektionskrankheiten und ihre Chemotherapie von besonderer Bedeutung sind. Das Buch wendet sich in erster Linie an Medizinstudenten, außerdem an alle Ärzte in Krankenhaus und Praxis. Die Notwendigkeit für ein klares Verständnis der mlkrobiologischen Grundtatsachen ist in den letzten Jahren stärker geworden, da in Biochemie, Virologie und Chemotherapie so wie auf weiteren, die Medizin beeinflussenden Gebieten bedeutende Entwicklungen statt gefunden haben. Ein wesendicher Teil dieses Lehrbuches ist deswegen der Darstellung der Grundlagen gewidmet, wodurch sich das Buch auch für die Einführung des Studenten in den mikrobiologischen Kurs als brauchbar erweisen wird. Für die neue Auflage wurde ein Kapitel über Virus und Krebs neu geschrieben, und das Kapitel über antimikrobielle Chemotherapie wurde von Grund auf neu bearbeitet. Die Autoren freuen sich, bei dem Erscheinen der 7. amerikanischen Ausgabe von einer spanischen, deutschen, italienischen und griechischen Ausgabe, sowie von der Vorbereitung für eine serbokroatische Übersetzung berichten zu können. Die Autoren möchten nochmals allen danken, die ihnen bei der Bearbeitung dieser Auf lage behilflich waren, und die es ihnen durch ihre Kommentare und ihre Kritik ermöglicht haben, die in 2jährigen Abständen erscheinenden Revisionen dieses Buches auf dem neu esten Stand zu halten. ERNEsr JAWETZ JOSEPH L MELNICK San Frandsco, August 1966 EnWARD A AnELBERG III Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Kapitell Die ~lt der Mikroben 8 Kapitel 2 Cytologie der Bakterien Optische Methoden 8 9 Eukaryote Zellstrukturen Prokaryote Zellstrukturen . 12 14 Cytoplasmatische Strukturen. 27 Färbeverfahren .
Grundlagen und Anwendungen
Author: David Clark,Nanette Pazdernik
Grundlage aller biotechnologischen Prozesse sind molekularbiologische und genetische Regelmechanismen. Deshalb behandelt dieses neuartige Lehrbuch beides: die molekularbiologischen Grundlagen und die Anwendungen. Spannend und aktuell werden die Teilgebiete der Biotechnologie und das jeweils erforderliche molekularbiologische Grundwissen beschrieben. Der Bogen wird gespannt von der Nanobiotechnologie über Stoffwechseltechnologie, Genomics und Umweltbiotechnologie bis hin zur Gentherapie.
Author: E. M. T. El-Mansi,C. F. A. Bryce,Arnold L. Demain,A.R. Allman
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
The pace of progress in fermentation microbiology and biotechnology is fast and furious, with new applications being implemented that are resulting in a spectrum of new products, from renewable energy to solvents and pharmaceuticals Fermentation Microbiology and Biotechnology, Second Edition builds on the foundation of the original seminal work, extending its reach to reflect the multidisciplinary and expansive nature of fermentation research and advancements. While retaining valuable information from the previous edition including a brief history of the industry, as well as an overview of instrumentation and fermentor design, fermentation kinetics, and flux control analysis, the second edition addresses numerous topics that have risen to prominence in the past few years. New chapters explore the diverse array of microbial biosynthetic pathways currently used by the fermentation and pharmaceutical industries for the production of primary and secondary metabolites such as amino acids, vitamins, antibiotics, immunosuppressants, and anti-tumor agents. The authors also examine recent advances in enzyme and co-factor engineering and cell immobilization with respect to both novel drug development and improved yields from microbial processes. Beyond pharmaceuticals, this volume considers the emerging role of fermentation in the conversion of renewable resources to fine chemicals, as well as its potential use in converting lignocellulosic waste to ethanol. In addition, readers will also discover new chapters devoted to discussions of industrial issues such as modeling and sensor technology, as well as supervision and control in the fermentation process. The text is packed with examples and case studies from the industry, carefully chosen to illuminate and reinforce principles and methodology discussed in the chapters. Organized and written in a concise and lucid manner that requires only a general background in microbiology, this volume meets the needs
Author: Bonnie A. Osif
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
With the encroachment of the Internet into nearly all aspects of work and life, it seems as though information is everywhere. However, there is information and then there is correct, appropriate, and timely information. While we might love being able to turn to Wikipedia® for encyclopedia-like information or search Google® for the thousands of links on a topic, engineers need the best information, information that is evaluated, up-to-date, and complete. Accurate, vetted information is necessary when building new skyscrapers or developing new prosthetics for returning military veterans While the award-winning first edition of Using the Engineering Literature used a roadmap analogy, we now need a three-dimensional analysis reflecting the complex and dynamic nature of research in the information age. Using the Engineering Literature, Second Edition provides a guide to the wide range of resources available in all fields of engineering. This second edition has been thoroughly revised and features new sections on nanotechnology as well as green engineering. The information age has greatly impacted the way engineers find information. Engineers have an effect, directly and indirectly, on almost all aspects of our lives, and it is vital that they find the right information at the right time to create better products and processes. Comprehensive and up to date, with expert chapter authors, this book fills a gap in the literature, providing critical information in a user-friendly format.
Social Engineering - Deutsche Ausgabe
Author: Christopher Hadnagy
Publisher: MITP-Verlags GmbH & Co. KG
Dieses Buch ist mehr als eine Sammlung cooler Stories, toller Hacks oder abgefahrener Ideen. Wissenschaftlich fundiert (dabei höchst unterhaltsam), stellt es das weltweit erste Framework für Social Engineering vor, auf dessen Grundlage der Autor genau analysiert, geradezu seziert, was einen guten Social Engineer ausmacht. Mit praktischen Ratschlägen wird der Leser befähigt, skills zu entwickeln, die es ihm ermöglichen, die nachweislich größte Schwachstelle in IT-Sicherheitssystemen auf die Probe zu stellen: den Menschen.
Publisher: Academic Press
Available as an exclusive product with a limited print run, Encyclopedia of Microbiology, 3e, is a comprehensive survey of microbiology, edited by world-class researchers. Each article is written by an expert in that specific domain and includes a glossary, list of abbreviations, defining statement, introduction, further reading and cross-references to other related encyclopedia articles. Written at a level suitable for university undergraduates, the breadth and depth of coverage will appeal beyond undergraduates to professionals and academics in related fields. 16 separate areas of microbiology covered for breadth and depth of content Extensive use of figures, tables, and color illustrations and photographs Language is accessible for undergraduates, depth appropriate for scientists Links to original journal articles via Crossref 30% NEW articles and 4-color throughout - NEW!
Author: Frank Chapelle
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Up-to-date coverage and a unique, multidisciplinary approach The ongoing effort to protect our valuable ground-water resources necessarily involves scientists and engineers from many disciplines. Ground-Water Microbiology and Geochemistry, Second Edition is designed to bridge the historical lack of communication among these disciplines by detailing-in language that cuts across specialties-the impact of microorganisms and microbial processes on ground-water systems. Carefully revised to reflect the many recent discoveries that have been made in the field, the Second Edition begins with an overview of microbiology, ideal for hydrologists and others who may lack formal training in the field. These initial chapters systematically cover the kinds of microorganisms found in subsurface environments, focusing on their growth, metabolism, genetics, and ecology. The second part of the book offers a hydrologic perspective on how microbial processes affect ground-water geochemistry in pristine systems. It also introduces the different classes of ground-water systems, and gives an overview of techniques for sampling subsurface environments. Readers gain an understanding of biogeochemical cycling in ground-water systems-in coverage unique to this book-and how ground-water chemistry can be used to study microbial processes in aquifer systems. The final section of the book deals with the biodegradation of human-introduced contaminants in ground-water systems, with an up-to-date review of the physiology, biochemistry, and redox conditions that favor biodegradation processes. Ground-Water Microbiology and Geochemistry, Second Edition is important reading for geoscientists, hydrologists, and environmental engineers, as well as for water planners and lawyers involved in environmental issues. It also serves as a compelling text for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in ground-water chemistry.
Author: Gabriel Bitton
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The new edition of a classic reference incorporating the latestfindings and discoveries The Third Edition of this classic reference provides readers withconcise, up-to-the-moment coverage of the role of microorganisms inwater and wastewater treatment. By providing a solid foundation inmicrobiology, microbial growth, metabolism, and nutrient cycling,the text gives readers the tools they need to make criticaldecisions that affect public health, as well as the practicalaspects of treatment, disinfection, water distribution,bioremediation, and water and wastewater reuse. The publication begins a discussion of microbiology principles,followed by a discussion of public health issues and concerns.Next, the core of the text is dedicated to a thorough examinationof wastewater and drinking water treatment, biosolids,pollution-control biotechnology, and drinking water distribution.The remainder of the text discusses toxicity testing in wastewatertreatment plants, and the public health aspects of wastewaterdisposal and reuse. The many advances in wastewater and drinking water microbiologyhave all been thoroughly integrated into the publication,including: * A new chapter on bioterrorism and drinking water safety * The latest developments in biofilm microbial ecology and biofilmimpact on drinking water quality * New, state-of-the-art detection techniques * Expanded and revised treatment of toxicity testing, including newtesting methods and studies on endocrine disrupters inwastewater * Alternatives to conventional wastewater treatment New problem sets, which test readers' knowledge, as well as a listof Internet resources have been added to each chapter. In addition,the publication's extensive references have been thoroughly revisedfor readers who would like to learn more about the latest findingsand discoveries on specialized topics. Finally, the color platesection has been expanded and contains many new illustrations andtables. An authoritative guide for all researchers, administrators, andengineers in the field of microbiology, Wastewater Microbiology,Third Edition is also a valuable reference for civil andenvironmental engineers, public health officials, and studentsinvolved in environmental engineering and science.
Methods and Protocols
Author: Ian T. Paulsen,Andrew J. Holmes
Publisher: Humana Press
An up-to-date view of molecular mechanisms for investigating microbial communities and their biological activities, this new volume of Environmental Microbiology: Methods and Protocols looks at recent advances that are having a big impact on the field such as metagenomics and other “omics” technologies, NanoSIMS, as well as stable isotope probing and more. Conveniently divided into four parts, the first section looks at methods involved in sampling environmental microorganisms, the second profiles different methods for investigating the diversity and composition of microbial communities, the third focuses on techniques for analyzing biological activities in situ, and the final section examines high throughput “omics” approaches for the characterization of environmental microbial communities. This book was written as part of the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, and, as such, chapters contain introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Fully updated and authoritative, Environmental Microbiology: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition aims to provide an unprecedented glimpse into the structure, composition, and activity of microbial communities across diverse environments and illuminate their impact on global ecological processes.
Author: Winfried Hartmeier
Obwohl oder gerade weil eine kaum mehr überschaubare Zahl von Publi kationen auf dem Gebiet der Immobilisierung von Biokatalysatoren existiert, ist es für den Anfänger, der einen Einstieg sucht, auf diesem Gebiet oft schwer, geeignete Informationen aus der Flut von Originalarbeiten herauszufinden. Einige gute, fast immer aber eng lischsprachige Monographien sind entweder außerordentlich umfang reich und teuer, oder sie behandeln nur ausgewählte Teilaspekte der Immobilisierung. Dem will die vorliegende Einführung abhelfen. Sie soll dem Leser zu einem raschen Überblick verhelfen und ihm den inzwischen abgesicherten Kenntnisstand nach Art eines kurzen Lehr buches vermitteln. Das Buch ist aus Erfahrungen in Vorlesungen, Praktika und Kursen entstanden. Es soll sich maßgeblich an Lernende wenden, auch wenn "Immobilisierte Biokatalysatoren" bisher noch nicht zum Stan dardrepertoire der Lehre an deutschen Universitäten und Fachhoch schulen gehören. Es ist jedoch die Oberzeugung des Autors, daß sich dies in den kommenden Jahren mit der wachsenden Bedeutung dieses Gebietes und mit der allgemeinen Etablierung der Biotechnologie an den Hochschulen ändern wird. Ober den Kreis der Studenten und Dozen ten hinaus wendet sich die Einführung aber auch an die vielen Natur wissenschaftler und Techniker der industriellen Praxis, die sich mit immobilisierten Biokatalysatoren befassen und sich dazu ein ent sprechendes Grundwissen aneignen wollen.