Search Results: etrusco-ritu-case-studies-in-etruscan-ritual-behaviour-monographs-on-antiquity

Etrusco Ritu

Case Studies in Etruscan Ritual Behaviour

Author: L. Bouke van der Meer

Publisher: Peeters Pub & Booksellers

ISBN: 9789042925380

Category: History

Page: 167

View: 8268

This book focuses on Etruscan private and public ritual behaviour in the last millennium BC. It is based on archaeological, epigraphical and historical sources. Topics are context, form, origins, agency, dynamics (homeostasis or change), meaning, function and the survival of rites in the Roman imperial and later periods. After an introduction to recent theories and definitions, first private rituals are traced, rites de passage like marriage, birth, perinatal burial, transition to adulthood, immersion, healing, adoption, divination and consecration. Mortuary rituals are dealt with separately in view of their private and public dimensions. Pre-burial, burial, and post-burial rites, are primarily analysed by paying attention to sets of grave-goods, and to artefacts and bones found in or near a tomb, as written sources are almost absent. Grave sets reflect, from c. 800 until c. 40 BC, the core activity first of the elite and later of the rich middle class, namely eating and wine drinking. Not only the deceased were supposed to continue this ritual in the netherworld, eating and drinking also took place in pre- and post-burial phases of funerals. This practice was important for reasons of self-repesentation, consolidation of power, and social reproduction. Finally, fragments of or quotations from sacred books, especially lost libri rituales, transmitted by Greek and Roman authors, are confronted with the evidence of recent archaeological excavations, especially in newly founded cities. Though ancient authors were biased, it will appear that their information, especially on cosmological orientation, orthogonality, mundus, sulcus primigenius, and pomerium, often has a core of truth. Most Etruscan rituals disappeared in the fourth century AD. A few, however, survived until the present day, be it in a changed way, and in different contexts.

The Collection of Antiquities of the American Academy in Rome

Author: Larissa Bonfante

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472119893

Category: Art

Page: 388

View: 4063

The foundation of the American Academy in Rome dates back more than one hundred years to the early decades of the last century. Over the years, the Academy has acquired a study collection of material goods from antiquity, including coins, statues and figurines, lamps, stucco and other architectural fragments, jewelry, and inscriptions. While most are Roman in origin, some pieces are Greek or Etruscan. Some were gifts, others come from long-ago excavations, a few were bought. The Collection of Antiquities of the American Academy in Rome, the latest addition to the Supplements to the Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome series, focuses on highlights of the collection.

Pantheon

A New History of Roman Religion

Author: Jörg Rüpke

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400888859

Category: History

Page: 576

View: 7503

From one of the world's leading authorities on the subject, an innovative and comprehensive account of religion in the ancient Roman and Mediterranean world In this ambitious and authoritative book, Jörg Rüpke provides a comprehensive and strikingly original narrative history of ancient Roman and Mediterranean religion over more than a millennium—from the late Bronze Age through the Roman imperial period and up to late antiquity. While focused primarily on the city of Rome, Pantheon fully integrates the many religious traditions found in the Mediterranean world, including Judaism and Christianity. This generously illustrated book is also distinguished by its unique emphasis on lived religion, a perspective that stresses how individuals’ experiences and practices transform religion into something different from its official form. The result is a radically new picture of both Roman religion and a crucial period in Western religion—one that influenced Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and even the modern idea of religion itself. Drawing on a vast range of literary and archaeological evidence, Pantheon shows how Roman religion shaped and was shaped by its changing historical contexts from the ninth century BCE to the fourth century CE. Because religion was not a distinct sphere in the Roman world, the book treats religion as inseparable from political, social, economic, and cultural developments. The narrative emphasizes the diversity of Roman religion; offers a new view of central concepts such as “temple,” “altar,” and “votive”; reassesses the gendering of religious practices; and much more. Throughout, Pantheon draws on the insights of modern religious studies, but without “modernizing” ancient religion. With its unprecedented scope and innovative approach, Pantheon is an unparalleled account of ancient Roman and Mediterranean religion.

Caere

Author: Nancy Thompson de Grummond,Lisa Pieraccini

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 1477308431

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 1585

The Etruscan city of Caere and eleven other Etruscan city-states were among the first urban centers in ancient Italy. Roman descriptions of Etruscan cities highlight their wealth, beauty, and formidable defenses. Although Caere left little written historical record outside of funerary inscriptions, its complex story can be deciphered by analyzing surviving material culture, including architecture, tomb paintings, temples, sanctuaries, and materials such as terracotta, bronze, gold, and amber found in Etruscan crafts. Studying Caere provides valuable insight not only into Etruscan history and culture but more broadly into urbanism and the development of urban centers across ancient Italy. Comprehensive in scope, Caere is the first English-language book dedicated to the study of its eponymous city. Collecting the work of an international team of scholars, it features chapters on a wide range of topics, such as Caere’s formation and history, economy, foreign relations, trade networks, art, funerary traditions, built environment, religion, daily life, and rediscovery. Extensively illustrated throughout, Caere presents new perspectives on and analysis of not just Etruscan civilization but also the city’s role in the wider pan-Mediterranean basin.

2011

Author: Massimo Mastrogregori

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110408066

Category: History

Page: 412

View: 6445

Die Bibliographie verzeichnet jährlich die bedeutendsten Neuerscheinungen geschichtswissenschaftlicher Monographien und Zeitschriftenartikel weltweit, die inhaltlich von der Vor- und Frühgeschichte bis zur jüngsten Vergangenheit reichen. Innerhalb der systematischen Gliederung nach Zeitalter, Region oder historischer Disziplin sind die Werke nach Autorennamen oder charakteristischem Titelhauptwort aufgelistet.

People, Forests, and Change

Lessons from the Pacific Northwest

Author: Deanna H. Olson,Beatrice Van Horne

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1610917677

Category: Nature

Page: 360

View: 9238

We owe much of our economic prosperity to the vast forested landscapes that cover the earth. But forests are under more pressure than ever. It is time to forgo the entrenched thinking that forests can be managed outside of human influence, and shift instead to management strategies that consider humans to be part of the forest ecosystem. People, Forests, and Change: Lessons from the Pacific Northwest, considers the nature of forests in flux and how to balance the needs of forests and rural communities. In the US northwest, forest ecosystem management has been underway for two decades, and key lessons are emerging. This book brings together ideas for policy makers, managers, students, and conservationists seeking to manage forests conscientiously and assure their long-term viability.

Studies in the Romanization of Italy

Author: Mario Torelli

Publisher: University of Alberta

ISBN: 9780888642417

Category: History

Page: 262

View: 6680

Mario Torelli's extensive research, originally published in Italian, on the various aspects of the Romanization of Italy provide the impetus for this collection of his essays. The breadth of discussion and range of topics chosen from Torelli's work by the editors provide a comprehensive picture of those crucial centuries of Roman history that led to the "tota Italia" of the Augustan age. Torelli's articles have been translated into English to form a unified treatment of the subject to provide a summa of recent work on a topic of major interest and relevance to all students and scholars of ancient Italy. Studies in the Romanization of Italy provides a detailed analysis of the socio-economic and cultural background and paints a full picture of the material evidence from a number of Italian regions and a variety of local situations pertaining to the period between the Late Republic and the Early Empire.

Animals in Greek and Roman Religion and Myth

Author: Patricia A. Johnston,Attilio Mastrocinque,Sophia Papaioannou

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 144389821X

Category: History

Page: 545

View: 1996

This volume brings together a variety of approaches to the different ways in which the role of animals was understood in ancient Greco-Roman myth and religion, across a period of several centuries, from Preclassical Greece to Late Antique Rome. Animals in Greco-Roman antiquity were thought to be intermediaries between men and gods, and they played a pivotal role in sacrificial rituals and divination, the foundations of pagan religion. The studies in the first part of the volume examine the role of the animals in sacrifice and divination. The second part explores the similarities between animals, on the one hand, and men and gods, on the other. Indeed, in antiquity, the behaviour of several animals was perceived to mirror human behaviour, while the selection of the various animals as sacrificial victims to specific deities often was determined on account of some peculiar habit that echoed a special attribute of the particular deity. The last part of this volume is devoted to the study of animal metamorphosis, and to this end a number of myths that associate various animals with transformation are examined from a variety of perspectives.

The Religion of the Etruscans

Author: Nancy Thomson de Grummond,Erika Simon

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 9780292782334

Category: Religion

Page: 239

View: 1542

Devotion to religion was the distinguishing characteristic of the Etruscan people, the most powerful civilization of Italy in the Archaic period. From a very early date, Etruscan religion spread its influence into Roman society, especially with the practice of divination. The Etruscan priest Spurinna, to give a well-known example, warned Caesar to beware the Ides of March. Yet despite the importance of religion in Etruscan life, there are relatively few modern comprehensive studies of Etruscan religion, and none in English. This volume seeks to fill that deficiency by bringing together essays by leading scholars that collectively provide a state-of-the-art overview of religion in ancient Etruria. The eight essays in this book cover all of the most important topics in Etruscan religion, including the Etruscan pantheon and the roles of the gods, the roles of priests and divinatory practices, votive rituals, liturgical literature, sacred spaces and temples, and burial and the afterlife. In addition to the essays, the book contains valuable supporting materials, including the first English translation of an Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar (which guided priests in making divinations), Greek and Latin sources about Etruscan religion (in the original language and English translation), and a glossary. Nearly 150 black and white photographs and drawings illustrate surviving Etruscan artifacts and inscriptions, as well as temple floor plans and reconstructions.

The Search of the Cradle of Civilization

New Light on Ancient India

Author: Georg Feuerstein,Subhash Kak,David Frawley

Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publishe

ISBN: 9788120820371

Category: India

Page: 341

View: 6191

The book shows that the ancient Indians were no primitives but possessed a high spiritual culture, which not only influenced the evolution of the Western world in decisive ways but which still has much to teach us today. India`s archaic spirituality is codified in the rich symbols, metaphors, and myths of the magnificent Rig-Veda, which is shown to be much older than has been widely assumed by scholars. The present book also unravels the astonishing mathematical and astronomical code hidden in the Vedic hymns. Anyone interested in ancient cultural history, India, archaeo-astronomy, or spirituality will find this well-researched and cross-cultural work spellbinding and enriching.

Women's Religious Activity in the Roman Republic

Author: Celia E. Schultz

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807830186

Category: Religion

Page: 234

View: 8478

Expanding the discussion of religious participation of women in ancient Rome, Celia E. Schultz demonstrates that in addition to observances of marriage, fertility, and childbirth, there were more--and more important--religious opportunities available to R

Studia Varia from the J. Paul Getty Museum

Volume 1

Author: The J. Paul Getty Museum

Publisher: Getty Publications

ISBN: 0892362030

Category: Art

Page: 140

View: 4979

Ten essays examine a variety of objects ranging from jewelry and terracotta objects to architectural and sculpture fragments, in the antiquities collection of the J. Paul Getty Museum. The contributors undertake comparative analyses with similar objects found in the holdings of other museums, and make extensive use of illustrations and drawings to documents their arguments. The articles are in English, German, and Italian.

Ostia Speaks

Inscriptions, Buildings and Spaces in Rome's Main Port

Author: L. Bouke van der Meer

Publisher: Peeters Pub & Booksellers

ISBN: 9789042927001

Category: History

Page: 129

View: 9045

With its long history as the principal port of Rome, Ostia forms one of the most significant and well known Roman sites. This book, designed for the interested general reader and visitor, as well as for a scholarly audience, forms a gazetteer and guide to the wide range of inscriptions which remain in situ. The inscriptions are introduced according to their location, and presented along with English translations, an explanation of their meaning and significance, and in the case of the more important or visually arresting inscriptions, accompanied by a photograph. Overall a picture is built up of daily life in the port over the whole sweep of the Roman era.

Divining the Etruscan World

The Brontoscopic Calendar and Religious Practice

Author: Jean MacIntosh Turfa

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139536400

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 6357

The Etruscan Brontoscopic Calendar is a rare document of omens foretold by thunder. It long lay hidden, embedded in a Greek translation within a Byzantine treatise from the age of Justinian. The first complete English translation of the Brontoscopic Calendar, this book provides an understanding of Etruscan Iron Age society as revealed through the ancient text, especially the Etruscans' concerns regarding the environment, food, health and disease. Jean MacIntosh Turfa also analyzes the ancient Near Eastern sources of the Calendar and the subjects of its predictions, thereby creating a picture of the complexity of Etruscan society reaching back before the advent of writing and the recording of the calendar.

Liber Linteus Zagrabiensis

Author: L. Bouke van der Meer

Publisher: Peeters Pub & Booksellers

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 210

View: 8962

This book is the first complete analysis of and comment on a unique Etruscan document, the Liber linteus zagrabiensis, the linen book of Zagreb, better known as the Mummy Wrappings of Zagreb, dated to the first half of the second century BC, containing the longest Etruscan text (c. 1330 words). It was made in Etruria and later on reused in Egypt. There the book was cut into eight strips, five of which were partly preserved. The book contains twelve columns or 'pages'. C. 60% of the original text has been preserved.

Divine Images and Human Imaginations in Ancient Greece and Rome

Author: N.A

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9047441656

Category: Social Science

Page: 456

View: 5286

Based on the visual and textual evidence, this volume concentrates on the artistic, intellectual, religious, and socio-political importance of divine images as media of communication in the polytheistic cosmos of ancient Greece and Rome.

Votives, Places, and Rituals in Etruscan Religion

Studies in Honor OfJean MacIntosh Turfa

Author: Margarita Gleba,Hilary Becker

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004170456

Category: Religion

Page: 291

View: 811

By considering votive, mortuary and secular rituals, the volume offers a contribution to the continued study of Etruscan culture and gathers new material, interpretations and approaches to the less emphasized areas of Etruscan religion.

Roman Gods

A Conceptual Approach

Author: Michael Lipka

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 904742848X

Category: Religion

Page: 232

View: 593

Drawing exclusively on the evidence from urban Rome up to the age of Constantine, the book analyzes the pagan, Jewish, and Christian concepts of God along the lines of space, time, personnel, function, iconography and ritual.

Archaic Roman Religion

With an Appendix on the Religion of the Etruscans

Author: Georges Dumézil

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780801854804

Category: History

Page: 715

View: 6637

When St. Paul and St. Peter reached Rome they encountered a state-sponsored religion that had been established for centuries. Amid the shrines and temples of Rome, the Romans sought to preserve and strengthen a religion especially suited to the ambitious city. But Roman religion had also proved permeable to many influences, from Greece, Egypt, Persia, and other parts of Italy. What then was truly Roman, and what had Romans done with their borrowings to stamp them with Roman character? By exhaustive study of texts, inscriptions, and archaeology of Roman sacred places, Dumezil traces the formation of archaic Roman religion from Indo-European sources through the development of the rites and beliefs of the Roman republic. He describes a religion that was not only influenced by the other religions with which it came into contact, but influenced them as well, in mutual efforts to distinguish one nation from another. Even so, certain continuities were sustained in order to achieve a religion that crossed generations and ways of life. The worship of certain gods became the special concerns of certain parts of society, all of which needed attention to assure Rome's success in war, civil administration, and the production of food and goods.

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