Through a broad critical review of masculinity studies, the book provides an original synthesis of main theories, key concepts and empirical research. Designed to provide an up-to-date guide to the field, it combines the traditional sociological enquiry into the family, work and education with contemporary concerns about multiple identities, globalization and late modernity.
A stimulating work that challenges many of the existing assumptions about the revolutions of 1989, their aftermath and the future of post-Cold War Europe. European Library Its multidisciplinary character, its European focus, the importance of the issues raised by editors and contributors, combined with the quality of most contributions in the volume and the timelines of such an intervention in the current debate make Citizenship and Democratic Control in Contemporary Europe a valuable book for anyone interested in the current and future state of citizenship in Europe. Spyros A. Sofos, Democratization This volume should be required reading for anyone who believes that the events of 1989 mark the triumph of democracy and that liberal democracy represents the end of history. Readers primarily interested in the European Union will find a balanced critique of its democratic limitations. O. Croci, Journal of European Integration European integration, the collapse of state socialism and the relative decline of social democracy have left only two dominant European ideologies: nationalism and the free market. In Citizenship and Democratic Control in Contemporary Europe a distinguished group of scholars argues that a democratically reconstructed Europe requires a new approach centred around a concept of citizenship which is neither individualistic nor ethnically based but is concerned with the empowerment of individuals. The authors propose the development of a well-structured and pluralistic civic society which encourages active citizenship and a definition of democratic citizenship which can be expressed through self-organized social activity. Addressing issues central to the future of European democracy including politics and political processes, economic and social policy, and ideology, language and communication this important book challenges many of the existing assumptions about the revolutions of 1989, their aftermath and the future of post-Cold War Europe. Insightful and policy relevant, this book will be welcomed by sociologists, political scientists and economists interested in the ideologies underpinning European society.
New Challenges for Citizenship Research in a Cross-national Context
Author: Ruth Lister
Publisher: Policy Press
Category: Political Science
This is a collectively written, inter-disciplinary, thematic cross-national study which combines conceptual, theoretical, empirical and policy material in an ambitious and innovative way to explore a key concept in contemporary European political, policy and academic debates. The first part of the book clarifies the various ways that the concept of citizenship has developed historically and is understood today in a range of Western European welfare states. It elaborates on the contemporary framing of debates and struggles around citizenship. This provides a framework for three policy studies, looking at: migration and multiculturalism; the care of young children; and home-based childcare and transnational dynamics. The book is unusual in weaving together the topics of migration and childcare and in studying these issues together within a gendered citizenship framework. It also demonstrates the value of a multi-level conceptualisation of citizenship, stretching from the domestic sphere through the national and European levels to the global. The book is aimed at students of social policy, sociology, European studies, women's studies and politics and at researchers/scholars/policy analysts in the areas of citizenship, gender, welfare states and migration.
The demise of state Socialisms caused radical social, cultural and economic changes in Eastern Europe. Since then, young people have been confronted with fundamental disruptions and transformations to their daily environment, while an unsettling, globalized world substantially reshapes local belongings and conventional values. In times of multiple instabilities and uncertainties, this volume argues, young people prefer to try to adjust to given circumstances than to adopt the behaviour of potential rebellious, adolescent role models, dissident counter-cultures or artistic breakings of taboo. Eastern European Youth Cultures in a Global Context takes this situation as a starting point for an examination of generational change, cultural belongings, political activism and everyday practices of young people in different Eastern European countries from an interdisciplinary perspective. It argues that the conditions of global change not only call for a differentiated evaluation of youth cultures, but also for a revision of our understanding of 'youth' itself – in Eastern Europe and beyond.
In May 2004, after bringing their legislation into accordance with EU regulations, ten more countries joined the European Union. The contributors to this volume assess the impact of this historical development on gender relations in the new and old EU member states. Instead of focusing on either western or eastern Europe, this book investigates the similarities and differences in diverse parts of Europe. Although initially limited, gender equality was part of the original framework of the European Union, an organization often more open than national governments to feminist demands, as this volume illustrates with case studies from eastern and western Europe. The enlargement process thus provides some important policy instruments for increasing equality between men and women.
"Air Transport Law and Policy in the 1990s" is a collection of articles by distinguished experts in the field of international civil aviation, airport management and aircraft manufacturing. It gives an insight into the most topical developments related to the airline industry, environment and infrastructure, multilateral trends in international air transport and aircraft production, finance and airworthiness. The subjects concerned are dealt with from a policy, legal, economic and technical perspective and have as an objective to indicate trends for the next decade. "Pablo Mendes de Leon" is Director of the International Institute of Air and Space Law at Leiden University and a Board Member of the Netherlands Civil Aviation Foundation (Stichting Burgerluchtvaart). The Foundation has as its objective to promote the study of civil aviation from both a Dutch and an international perspective. "Emilie Aberson" is a member of the Legal Division of the Netherlands Department of Civil Aviation.
This book provides the first comprehensive information and detailed data on the welfare systems of all twenty-seven EU member states and offers the reader an invaluable introduction and basis for comparative welfare research. The introductory chapter summarizes the actual debate about welfare states and welfare (state) regimes, gives an overview on current welfare (state) research and analyses the main recent developments necessitating a new focus on European Welfare Systems. The twenty-seven chapters on the welfare systems of the member states are written on the basis of a common structure by experts from the individual states. An additional chapter analyses the current social and welfare policies of the EU and focuses on the interplay and limits between European and national social policies. Two concluding chapters provide (a) a first comparative analysis on the basis of all twenty-seven European Welfare Systems and (b) a theoretical reflection both arguing for and venturing the idea of politically limited pluralism in European welfare politics.
Corporate scandals at the beginning of the 2000s and the recent global financial crisis have renewed the attention of academics, regulators and practitioners to agency problems and possible solutions in the financial sector. Since that time, much thought has been given to new regulations and international corporate governance standards, in an attempt to guarantee prudent and sound financial management. While much of this thought has been focussed on the banking sector, Corporate Governance in the European Insurance Industry provides a unique perspective on the subject, focusing on the insurance industry and asking some important theoretical and practical questions. Are insurance companies systemically relevant, and does the existing regulation provide adequate protection for customers and guarantee financial stability? Is regulatory intervention consistent with economic and financial theories? And crucially, is this intervention consistent with empirical evidence of the behaviour and performance of insurance companies? The first part of this book provides the reader with a comprehensive review of current academic studies on the topic; the second part moves on to examine the regulation of corporate governance and its recent evolution after the global financial crisis. Within a context of vivid debate in the financial services industry, the issues explored in this book will be of value to anyone with an interest in insurance corporate governance and regulation. It is also a key source of research for academics in insurance and finance, as well as PhD students and post-graduate students in relevant subjects.