Search Results: everyday-probability-and-statistics

Everyday Probability and Statistics

Health, Elections, Gambling and War

Author: Michael Mark Woolfson

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 190897771X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 8182

Probability and statistics impinge on the life of the average person in a variety of ways — as is suggested by the title of this book. Very often information is provided that is factually accurate but intended to give a biased view. This book presents the important results of probability and statistics without making heavy mathematical demands on the reader. It should enable an intelligent reader to properly assess statistical information and to understand that the same information can be presented in different ways. In this second edition the author presents a new chapter exploring science and society including the way that scientists communicate with the public on current topics, such as global warming. The book also investigates pensions and pension policy, and how they are influenced by changing actuarial tables. Contents:The Nature of ProbabilityCombining ProbabilitiesA Day at the RacesMaking Choices and SelectionsNon-Intuitive Examples of ProbabilityProbability and HealthCombining Probabilities: The Craps Game RevealedThe UK National Lottery, Loaded Dice and Crooked WheelsBlock DiagramsThe Normal (or Gaussian) DistributionStatistics: The Collection and Analysis of Numerical DataThe Poisson Distribution and Death by Horse KicksPredicting Voting PatternsTaking Samples: How Many Fish in the Pond?Differences: Rats and IQsCrime is Increasing and DecreasingMy Uncle Joe Smoked 60 a DayChance, Luck and Making DecisionsScience and SocietyThe Pensions Problem Readership: Undergraduate students in mathematics; general public interested in probability and statistics. Keywords:Probability;StatisticsKey Features:Assumes a modest mathematical backgroundDeals with matters of everyday lifePresents problems and solutions for the reader to test their level of understanding

Applying Statistics and Probability to Everyday Life

Author: Erik Richardson

Publisher: Cavendish Square Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 1502619741

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 128

View: 7806

Stopping a plague (even zombies), tomorrow’s likelihood of rain, and buying a lottery ticket are united by chance. Wildlife conservation, a baseball box score, and governmental spending are united by the need to record numbers. Statistics and probability measure the current state of something and the relative likelihood of potential future states. This book will explore how common experiences are counted, evaluated, and used to make intelligent decisions for the future based on uncertain outcomes.

Introduction to Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists

Author: Sheldon M. Ross

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080919379

Category: Mathematics

Page: 680

View: 7049

This updated text provides a superior introduction to applied probability and statistics for engineering or science majors. Ross emphasizes the manner in which probability yields insight into statistical problems; ultimately resulting in an intuitive understanding of the statistical procedures most often used by practicing engineers and scientists. Real data sets are incorporated in a wide variety of exercises and examples throughout the book, and this emphasis on data motivates the probability coverage. As with the previous editions, Ross' text has remendously clear exposition, plus real-data examples and exercises throughout the text. Numerous exercises, examples, and applications apply probability theory to everyday statistical problems and situations. New to the 4th Edition: - New Chapter on Simulation, Bootstrap Statistical Methods, and Permutation Tests - 20% New Updated problem sets and applications, that demonstrate updated applications to engineering as well as biological, physical and computer science - New Real data examples that use significant real data from actual studies across life science, engineering, computing and business - New End of Chapter review material that emphasizes key ideas as well as the risks associated with practical application of the material

Everyday Statistical Reasoning

Possibilities and Pitfalls

Author: Timothy J. Lawson

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780534590949

Category: Education

Page: 142

View: 2233

Lawson uses scientific research and interesting examples to explain to students how statistical concepts can be applied to everyday decisions and judgements. Practical, user-friendly discussion of topics such as probability, correlation, and covariance help students make the connections between statistical concepts and the work they do in their psychology courses and labs.

Probably Not

Future Prediction Using Probability and Statistical Inference

Author: Lawrence N. Dworsky

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470282045

Category: Mathematics

Page: 328

View: 5937

An engaging, entertaining, and informative introduction to probability and prediction in our everyday lives Although Probably Not deals with probability and statistics, it is not heavily mathematical and is not filled with complex derivations, proofs, and theoretical problem sets. This book unveils the world of statistics through questions such as what is known based upon the information at hand and what can be expected to happen. While learning essential concepts including "the confidence factor" and "random walks," readers will be entertained and intrigued as they move from chapter to chapter. Moreover, the author provides a foundation of basic principles to guide decision making in almost all facets of life including playing games, developing winning business strategies, and managing personal finances. Much of the book is organized around easy-to-follow examples that address common, everyday issues such as: How travel time is affected by congestion, driving speed, and traffic lights Why different gambling casino strategies ultimately offer players no advantage How to estimate how many different birds of one species are seen on a walk through the woods Seemingly random events—coin flip games, the Central Limit Theorem, binomial distributions and Poisson distributions, Parrando's Paradox, and Benford's Law—are addressed and treated through key concepts and methods in probability. In addition, fun-to-solve problems including "the shared birthday" and "the prize behind door number one, two, or three" are found throughout the book, which allow readers to test and practice their new probability skills. Requiring little background knowledge of mathematics, readers will gain a greater understanding of the many daily activities and events that involve random processes and statistics. Combining the mathematics of probability with real-world examples, Probably Not is an ideal reference for practitioners and students who would like to learn more about the role of probability and statistics in everyday decision making.

The Empire of Chance

How Probability Changed Science and Everyday Life

Author: Gerd Gigerenzer,Theodore Porter

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521398381

Category: History

Page: 340

View: 8896

This book tells how quantitative ideas of chance have transformed the natural and social sciences as well as everyday life over the past three centuries. A continuous narrative connects the earliest application of probability and statistics in gambling and insurance to the most recent forays into law, medicine, polling, and baseball. Separate chapters explore the theoretical and methodological impact on biology, physics, and psychology. In contrast to the literature on the mathematical development of probability and statistics, this book centers on how these technical innovations recreated our conceptions of nature, mind, and society.

Struck By Lightning

The Curious World of Probabilities

Author: Jeffrey S. Rosenthal

Publisher: HarperCollins Canada

ISBN: 1443401676

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 7491

From lotteries, opinion polls and insurance to worries about murder rates, natural disasters and terrorism, probability plays a major part in our everyday lives—a part that is frequently and needlessly misunderstood. Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, a math professor and improvisational comedian, comes to the rescue with this irreverent, bestselling exploration of the odds and oddities of randomness. Looking at such familiar topics as poker hands, e-mail spam, political elections and game shows, Struck by Lightning puts probability into perspective and has fun along the way.

Statistics and Probability

Author: Nicholas Faulkner,Erik Gregersen

Publisher: Encyclopaedia Britannica

ISBN: 1538300435

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 400

View: 1443

Adhering to state and national math standards, this informative volume introduces readers to a world they may know little about: statistics and probability. In an effort to better forecast the future for gains and combat the potential losses of uncertainty, numerous areas have come to rely on the power of these disciplines. This book introduces the historical and mathematical basis of statistics and probability, as well as their application to everyday situations. Readers will also meet the prominent thinkers who advanced the field for those who followed.

Probability Models

Author: John Haigh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 144715343X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 287

View: 8571

The purpose of this book is to provide a sound introduction to the study of real-world phenomena that possess random variation. It describes how to set up and analyse models of real-life phenomena that involve elements of chance. Motivation comes from everyday experiences of probability, such as that of a dice or cards, the idea of fairness in games of chance, and the random ways in which, say, birthdays are shared or particular events arise. Applications include branching processes, random walks, Markov chains, queues, renewal theory, and Brownian motion. This textbook contains many worked examples and several chapters have been updated and expanded for the second edition. Some mathematical knowledge is assumed. The reader should have the ability to work with unions, intersections and complements of sets; a good facility with calculus, including integration, sequences and series; and appreciation of the logical development of an argument. Probability Models is designed to aid students studying probability as part of an undergraduate course on mathematics or mathematics and statistics.

Understanding Probability

Author: Henk Tijms

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110765856X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 562

View: 386

Using everyday examples to demystify probability, this classic is now in its third edition with new chapters, exercises and examples.

Merriam-Webster's Guide to Everyday Math

A Home and Business Reference

Author: Brian Burrell

Publisher: Merriam-Webster

ISBN: 9780877796213

Category: Mathematics

Page: 373

View: 5645

Step-by-step guidance for clear answers to common math problems, this guide has extensive coverage of all situations involving numbers. Technical terms are highlighted and cross-referenced, and the book includes a concise directory to all information.

Probabilities in Everyday Life

Author: John D. McGervey

Publisher: Ivy Books

ISBN: 9780804105323

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 9483

Life can be unpredictable. And the more you can predict, the more control you will have over your own life. From calculating the health risks of smoking a pack of cigarettes a day to deciding on the best investments for your money, probabilities play a part in nearly all aspects of everyday life. Now, physics professor John D. McGervey puts all the facts and figures at your fingertips to help you make savvy, informed choices at home, at work, and at play. You will learn how the author believes you can: * Increase your chances of winning blackjack, contract bridge, horse racing, sports betting, and more * Get the most for your dollar when investing or buying insurance * Judge the risks of such common activities as smoking, using drugs, owning a handgun, and driving without a seat belt * Avoid faulty gambling systems and identify misleading statistics that can be used to draw you into poor investments * And much more. Inside you'll find a lively, entertaining, enlightening approach to minimizing your risks and maximizing your results -- simple strategies designed to give you the edge in life.

Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung für Dummies

Author: Deborah J. Rumsey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527805494

Category: Mathematics

Page: 374

View: 1404

Die Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung wird in der Schule oft nur beiläufig behandelt, dabei handelt es sich um ein besonders spannendes und alltagstaugliches Teilgebiet der Mathematik. Für alle, die über dieses Thema noch etwas mehr erfahren wollen oder müssen, erklärt Deborah Rumsey verständlich und mit Humor, was sie unbedingt wissen sollten. Egal ob Kontingenztabelle, zentraler Grenzwertsatz, Stichproben-, Binomial- oder Poissonverteilung, in diesem Buch lernen Sie, was es ist und wie Sie es anwenden. Zu jedem Kapitel finden Sie online eine Übungsaufgabe samt Lösung, um das Gelernte zu festigen. Auch Tipps zu praktischen Anwendungen - ob bei der Arbeit oder am Pokertisch - kommen nicht zu kurz. So finden Sie in diesem Buch alles, was Sie über Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung unbedingt wissen sollten.

Bayesian Statistics the Fun Way

Author: Will Kurt

Publisher: No Starch Press

ISBN: 9781593279561

Category:

Page: 268

View: 4588

Fun guide to learning Bayesian statistics and probability through unusual and illustrative examples. Many professionals use statistics and probabilities in their everyday work but struggle to make much sense of what they're doing. Bayesian Statistics the Fun Way gets you understanding the theory behind data analysis without making you slog through a load of dry concepts first - with no programming experience necessary. Fun and unusual examples are used to illustrate otherwise dry statistical concepts. You'll learn about probability with LEGO, statistics through Star Wars, distributions with bomb fuses, estimation through precipitation, and come away with some strong mathematical reasoning skills. You'll start with learning about priors and calculating simple probabilities and move on to measuring spreads and distributions, modelling data, simulating monte carlo scenarios, handling irrational data; you'll even get a crash course in R basics. This is a super approachable book for people who need to do data science and probability work in their lives, but never got a good grip on the underlying theory.

Understanding the World Around Through Simple Mathematics

Author: M. Kemal Atesmen

Publisher: Mehmet Kemal Atesmen

ISBN: 9780741463111

Category: Mathematics

Page: 291

View: 9078

This book uses different mathematical tools that we learned in high school and in college to solve in detail one hundred everyday problems from credit card interest, basal metabolic rate to earthquake magnitude.

Merriam-Webster's Pocket Guide to Business and Everyday Math

Author: Brian Burrell

Publisher: Merriam Webster

ISBN: 9780877795056

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 355

View: 761

"Quick help with math questions! Take-along format fits easily into a briefcase, schoolbag, or pocket. Helps with common problems, including bookkeeping, investing, ratios, statistics, and household math. Provides easy-to-apply solutions. Includes tables and formulas."

Statistics For Dummies

Author: Deborah J. Rumsey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118012062

Category: Mathematics

Page: 384

View: 545

Statistics For Dummies, 2nd Edition (9780470911082) is now being published as Statistics For Dummies, 2nd Edition (9781119293521). While this version features an older Dummies cover and design, the content is the same as the new release and should not be considered a different product. The fun and easy way to get down to business with statistics Stymied by statistics? No fear ? this friendly guide offers clear, practical explanations of statistical ideas, techniques, formulas, and calculations, with lots of examples that show you how these concepts apply to your everyday life. Statistics For Dummies shows you how to interpret and critique graphs and charts, determine the odds with probability, guesstimate with confidence using confidence intervals, set up and carry out a hypothesis test, compute statistical formulas, and more. Tracks to a typical first semester statistics course Updated examples resonate with today's students Explanations mirror teaching methods and classroom protocol Packed with practical advice and real-world problems, Statistics For Dummies gives you everything you need to analyze and interpret data for improved classroom or on-the-job performance.

Introduction to Probability

Author: John E. Freund

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486158438

Category: Mathematics

Page: 247

View: 1947

Featured topics include permutations and factorials, probabilities and odds, frequency interpretation, mathematical expectation, decision making, postulates of probability, rule of elimination, much more. Exercises with some solutions. Summary. 1973 edition.

What Are the Chances?

Probability, Statistics, Ratios and Proportions

Author: Rob Colson

Publisher: Franklin Watts

ISBN: 9781445149486

Category:

Page: 32

View: 1611

What are statistics and how are they used? What is the golden ratio? This book explores the maths of probability and statistics and shows how it relates to the everyday world with fantastic appealing visuals. The book is part of the Maths is Everywhere series, which demystifies all aspects of maths and shows how it relates to your everyday world with fun, colourful graphics. These are fantastic books for children aged nine plus who are studying maths, or for anyone who wants to get to grips with maths in a fun way.

Lady Luck

The Theory of Probability

Author: Warren Weaver

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486243429

Category: Mathematics

Page: 392

View: 3021

Shows the applications of probability theory in science, business, games, and everyday life

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