Search Results: everything-in-its-path-destruction-of-community-in-the-buffalo-creek-flood

Everything In Its Path

Author: Kai T. Erikson

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 143912731X

Category: Nature

Page: 288

View: 4963

The 1977 Sorokin Award–winning story of Buffalo Creek in the aftermath of a devastating flood. On February 26, 1972, 132-million gallons of debris-filled muddy water burst through a makeshift mining-company dam and roared through Buffalo Creek, a narrow mountain hollow in West Virginia. Following the flood, survivors from a previously tightly knit community were crowded into trailer homes with no concern for former neighborhoods. The result was a collective trauma that lasted longer than the individual traumas caused by the original disaster. Making extensive use of the words of the people themselves, Erikson details the conflicting tensions of mountain life in general—the tensions between individualism and dependency, self-assertion and resignation, self-centeredness and group orientation—and examines the loss of connection, disorientation, declining morality, rise in crime, rise in out-migration, etc., that resulted from the sudden loss of neighborhood.

Alle Menschen sind gleich - erfolgreiche nicht

Die verblüffenden kulturellen Ursachen von Erfolg

Author: Amy Chua,Jed Rubenfeld

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593422794

Category: Social Science

Page: 318

View: 8804

Warum sind Einwanderer aus China und dem Iran Gewinnertypen und die aus anderen Nationen oft nicht? »Tigermutter« Amy Chua und ihr Mann Jed Rubenfeld haben eine überraschende Antwort. Erfolg hat, wer drei Dinge mit auf den Weg bekommt: das Gefühl kollektiver Überlegenheit, gepaart mit einer tiefen Unsicherheit gegenüber der neuen Gesellschaft und nicht zuletzt einer guten Portion Selbstdisziplin. Das Gute: Das Erfolgsprinzip ist kulturell geprägt, aber dennoch übertragbar und kann uns auch hierzulande eine Lehre sein. Vorausgesetzt, wir haben den nötigen Biss!

Ursachen und Folgen von Katastrophen am Beispiel von Buffalo Creek

Author: Melanie Kaacksteen

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638229327

Category: Social Science

Page: 21

View: 6055

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2003 im Fachbereich Soziologie - Sonstiges, Note: sehr gut, Christian-Albrechts-Universität Kiel (Institut für Soziologie - Katastrophenforschungsstelle), Veranstaltung: Einführung in die Katastrophensoziologie, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die schriftliche Ausarbeitung des Referates stützt sich auf die Feldstudie von Kai T. Erikson über die Buffalo Creek Flut, die in wenigen Stunden ganze Existenzen in dem Kohleabbaugebiet der Appalachen zerstört hat.1 Die Arbeit versucht Ursachen aufzuspüren, welche das Ausmaß der Katastrophe begünstigt haben. Da menschliches Versagen als Ursache für die Katastrophe gilt, wird auf diesen Begriff eingegangen. Ein Schwerpunkt in Eriksons Studie sind die sozialen und individuellen Schäden für die Bewohner der betroffenen Gebiete. Hierbei wird das Ausmaß der Katastrophe besonders deutlich, denn die Bewohner Buffalo Creeks litten ungewöhnlich lange an dem Trauma, den psychischen Folgen der Katastrophe. Die sozialen Strukturen innerhalb der Gemeinde waren mit dem Unglück verschwunden. Erikson behandelt das individuelle und kollektive Trauma. Daran soll auch verdeutlicht werden, dass bereits eine erste Katastrophe, noch vor der Flut im Feb.1972, die soziale Ordnung in Buffalo Creek zerstört hat. Die Buffalo Creek Flut wird in Eriksons Werk als Katastrophe bezeichnet. Nach seiner Definition ist eine Katastrophe ein Ereignis mit einem ausgeprägten Anfang und Ende.2 Er bezeichnet sie als „a freak of nature“3; sie bedeutet für ihn somit eine Abweichung von der Normalität. Außerdem richtet sich die Arbeit nach der soziologischen Definition, wie sie in der Übung „Einführung in die Katastrophensoziologie“ erwähnt wurde, dass Katastrophe eine Störung der Gesellschaft bedeutet. Als literarische Hauptquelle dient Eriksons:“Everything in it’s path“. Um das menschliche Versagen zu analysieren werden noch andere Theorien hinzugezogen, weil dieser Bereich bei Erikson nur am Rande behandelt wird. Außerdem zieht die Ausarbeitung einige Internetquellen hinzu. Besonders zu empfehlen ist die Seite der Charlston Gazette online: „voices of Buffalo Creek“4, die zum 25. Jahrestag eine Artikelserie über die Flut herausbrachte. 1 Kai T. Erikson: Everything in it's path, Destruction of community in the Buffalo Creek Flood, New York 1976. 2 Ebda., S.253. 3 Zitat aus ebda. 4 Siehe die Links zu den einzelnen Artikel.

After the Disaster

Author: N.A

Publisher: Cambria Press

ISBN: 1621969894

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 5013

Southern Cultures: Southern Waters Issue

Volume 20: Number 3 – Fall 2014 Issue

Author: Harry L. Watson,Jocelyn Neal

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469615959

Category: History

Page: 144

View: 4988

In the Fall 2014 issue of Southern Cultures… From mullet fishing on Brown's Island to shrimping on the Gulf Coast, from recreation on the Great Lakes of the South to coastal tourism in the Sunbelt and tramping in the swampy lowlands of eastern NC, we take a look at tourism's vital role in regional economies and the challenges of conservation and sustainability. Also in this issue, Andrew W. Kahrl examines the Sunbelt's foundation, "plac[ing] the coast at the center of the story and seek[ing] to understand how beaches came to reflect and influence broader changes in the region's cultures and political economy." Christopher J. Manganiello details the rise of dams on the Savannah River, which now block the migration of shad and sturgeon. "What did the shoals look like when the lilies bloomed?" he asks. "And…what would it be like to witness the great shad migrations and fishing parties of the past?" Ian Draves addresses that question by exploring the Tennessee Valley Authority's impact on tourism, and John James Kaiser chronicles the battle over rate hikes and regulated energy from North Carolina's Southern Power Company (now Duke Energy). David Cecelski's annotated photo essay, "An Eye for Mullet," provides witness to Brown's Island Mullet Camp. The photos, taken by Charles Farrell in 1938, reflect a time when fish dealers in Morehead City, N.C., "loaded so many barrels of salt mullet on outbound freight cars that local people referred to the railroad as 'the Old Mullet Line.'" Bernard L. Herman and William Arnett offer another visual take on water through the work of artists including Lonnie Holley, Ronald Lockett, and Thornton Dial Jr. ALSO! Poetry by Patricia Smith; and a short recollection by Bland Simpson on the swamps of his youth.

Environmental Psychology

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1478448288

Category: Education

Page: 39

View: 7557

Facts101 is your complete guide to Environmental Psychology. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

After Welfare

The Culture of Postindustrial Social Policy

Author: Sanford Schram

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814797549

Category: Political Science

Page: 234

View: 2080

American mainstream culture has always been fascinated with the notion of the primitive, particularly as embodied by Native Americans. In Inventing the American Primitive, Helen Carr illustrates how responses to the existence of Native American traditions have shaped ideas of American identity and American literature. Inventing the American Primitive examines a body of work, both literary and anthropological, that describes, inscribes, translates and transforms Native American myths and poetry. Drawing on post-colonial and feminist theory, as well as ethnography's recent textual turn, Carr reveals the conflicts and ambivalence in these texts. Through their writings, the writers and anthropologists studied were attempting to preserve a culture which their country, with their help or connivance, sought to destroy. The contradictions and tensions of this position run throughout their work. Although there is no simple narrative of progress in this story, as it moves from the eighteenth-century primitivism to twentieth-century modernism, the book shows the process by which the richness and complexity of Native American traditions came to be acknowledged. Inventing the American Primitive offers a radical new reading of American literary history, as well as fresh insights into the powerful pull of primitivism in United States culture, and into the interactions of gender and race ideologies.

The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People

Building a Foundation for Better Understanding

Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on the Health of Select Populations,Committee on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health Issues and Research Gaps and Opportunities

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309210658

Category: Medical

Page: 366

View: 7234

At a time when lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals--often referred to under the umbrella acronym LGBT--are becoming more visible in society and more socially acknowledged, clinicians and researchers are faced with incomplete information about their health status. While LGBT populations often are combined as a single entity for research and advocacy purposes, each is a distinct population group with its own specific health needs. Furthermore, the experiences of LGBT individuals are not uniform and are shaped by factors of race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, geographical location, and age, any of which can have an effect on health-related concerns and needs. The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People assesses the state of science on the health status of LGBT populations, identifies research gaps and opportunities, and outlines a research agenda for the National Institute of Health. The report examines the health status of these populations in three life stages: childhood and adolescence, early/middle adulthood, and later adulthood. At each life stage, the committee studied mental health, physical health, risks and protective factors, health services, and contextual influences. To advance understanding of the health needs of all LGBT individuals, the report finds that researchers need more data about the demographics of these populations, improved methods for collecting and analyzing data, and an increased participation of sexual and gender minorities in research. The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People is a valuable resource for policymakers, federal agencies including the National Institute of Health (NIH), LGBT advocacy groups, clinicians, and service providers.

Disaster and the Politics of Intervention

Author: Andrew Lakoff

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231519257

Category: Political Science

Page: 160

View: 470

Government plays a critical role in mitigating individual and collective vulnerability to disaster. Through measures such as disaster relief, infrastructure development, and environmental regulation, public policy is central to making societies more resilient. However, the recent drive to replace public institutions with market mechanisms has challenged governmental efforts to manage collective risk. The contributors to this volume analyze the respective roles of the public and private sectors in the management of catastrophic risk, addressing questions such as: How should homeland security officials evaluate the risk posed by terrorist attacks and natural disasters? Are market-based interventions likely to mitigate our vulnerability to the effects of climate change? What is the appropriate relationship between non-governmental organizations and private security firms in responding to humanitarian emergencies? And how can philanthropic efforts to combat the AIDS crisis ensure ongoing access to life-saving drugs in the developing world? More generally, these essays point to the way thoughtful policy intervention can improve our capacity to withstand catastrophic events. Additional Columbia / SSRC books on the Privatization of Risk and its Implications for Americans Bailouts: Public Money, Private ProfitEdited by Robert E. Wright Health at Risk: America's Ailing Health System-and How to Heal ItEdited by Jacob S. Hacker Laid Off, Laid Low: Political and Economic Consequences of Employment InsecurityEdited by Katherine S. Newman Pensions, Social Security, and the Privatization of RiskEdited by Mitchell A. Orenstein

Acts of God

The Unnatural History of Natural Disaster in America

Author: Ted Steinberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199838992

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 7920

As the waters of the Mississippi River and Lake Pontchartrain began to pour into New Orleans, people began asking the big question--could any of this have been avoided? How much of the damage from Hurricane Katrina was bad luck, and how much was poor city planning? Steinberg's Acts of God is a provocative history of natural disasters in the United States. This revised edition features a new chapter analyzing the failed response to Hurricane Katrina, a disaster Steinberg warned could happen when the book first was published. Focusing on America's worst natural disasters, Steinberg argues that it is wrong to see these tragedies as random outbursts of nature's violence or expressions of divine judgment. He reveals how the decisions of business leaders and government officials have paved the way for the greater losses of life and property, especially among those least able to withstand such blows--America's poor, elderly, and minorities. Seeing nature or God as the primary culprit, Steinberg explains, has helped to hide the fact that some Americans are simply better able to protect themselves from the violence of nature than others. In the face of revelations about how the federal government mishandled the Katrina calamity, this book is a must-read before further wind and water sweep away more lives. Acts of God is a call to action that needs desperately to be heard.

Rebuilding Sustainable Communities for Children and their Families after Disasters

A Global Survey

Author: Adenrele Awotona

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443818208

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 485

View: 3430

Disasters impose enormous misery on children, the most vulnerable members of the community. Records show that two million children have died as a direct consequence of armed conflict over the past decade. Globally, millions more have suffered death, disease, and dislocation as a result of such natural disasters as earthquakes, droughts, and floods. And even when emergency relief is available, permanent human damage remains; all too often, families fall apart, women are assaulted and degraded, and children are left to take care of themselves. In November 2008, the Center for Rebuilding Sustainable Communities after Disasters at the University of Massachusetts Boston, USA, hosted an international conference to examine how to reconstruct sustainable communities that would be safe and secure for children and their families after disasters. This volume collects some of the papers that were presented at the conference. It is remarkable for the sheer assortment of topics covered. These include the role of gender equality in alleviating poverty and assisting children, their families and their communities after disasters; war and child soldiers; lessons from Hurricane Katrina and the Tsunami; the nature of psychosocial resilience and its significance for managing mass emergencies, disasters and terrorism; and, the promotion of human dignity in the creation of sustainable environments that empower families in the aftermath of disasters.

Volatile Places

A Sociology of Communities and Environmental Controversies

Author: Valerie Gunter,Steve Kroll-Smith

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452239568

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 9195

Volatile Places: A Sociology of Communities and Environmental Controversies is a thoughtful guide to the spirited public controversies that inevitably occur when environments and human communities collide. The movie "An Inconvenient Truth" based on the environmental activism of Al Gore and the devastation of Hurricane Katrina are specifically highlighted. Authors Valerie Gunter and Steve Kroll-Smith begin with a simple observation and offer a provocative case study approach to the investigation of community and environmental controversies.

Theory & Practice in Clinical Social Work

Author: Jerrold R. Brandell

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483305678

Category: Social Science

Page: 880

View: 3967

This thoroughly updated resource is the only comprehensive anthology addressing frameworks for treatment, therapeutic modalities, and specialized clinical issues, themes, and dilemmas encountered in clinical social work practice. Editor Jerrold R. Brandell and other leading figures in the field present carefully devised methods, models, and techniques for responding to the needs of an increasingly diverse clientele. Key Features Coverage of the most commonly used theoretical frameworks and systems in social work practice Entirely new chapters devoted to clinical responses to terrorism and natural disasters, clinical case management, neurobiological theory, cross-cultural clinical practice, and research on clinical practice Completely revised chapters on psychopharmacology, dynamic approaches to brief and time-limited clinical social work, and clinical practice with gay men Content on the evidentiary base for clinical practice New, detailed clinical illustrations in many chapters offering valuable information about therapeutic process dimensions and the use of specialized methods and clinical techniques

Sacrifice Zones

The Front Lines of Toxic Chemical Exposure in the United States

Author: Steve Lerner

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262014408

Category: Medical

Page: 346

View: 3855

The stories of residents of low-income communities across the country who took action when pollution from heavy industry contaminated their towns.

Political Performance in Syria

From the Six-Day War to the Syrian Uprising

Author: Edward Ziter

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113735898X

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 259

View: 1003

Political Performance in Syria, charts the history of a theatre that has sought the expansion of civil society and imagined alternate political realities. In doing so, the manuscript situates the current use of performance and theatre by artists of the Syrian Revolution within a long history of political contestation.

Catastrophe in the Making

The Engineering of Katrina and the Disasters of Tomorrow

Author: William R. Freudenburg,Robert B. Gramling,Shirley Laska,Kai Erikson

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1610911563

Category: Architecture

Page: 224

View: 2101

When houses are flattened, towns submerged, and people stranded without electricity or even food, we attribute the suffering to “natural disasters” or “acts of God.” But what if they’re neither? What if we, as a society, are bringing these catastrophes on ourselves? That’s the provocative theory of Catastrophe in the Making, the first book to recognize Hurricane Katrina not as a “perfect storm,” but a tragedy of our own making—and one that could become commonplace. The authors, one a longtime New Orleans resident, argue that breached levees and sloppy emergency response are just the most obvious examples of government failure. The true problem is more deeply rooted and insidious, and stretches far beyond the Gulf Coast. Based on the false promise of widespread prosperity, communities across the U.S. have embraced all brands of “economic development” at all costs. In Louisiana, that meant development interests turning wetlands into shipping lanes. By replacing a natural buffer against storm surges with a 75-mile long, obsolete canal that cost hundreds of millions of dollars, they guided the hurricane into the heart of New Orleans and adjacent communities. The authors reveal why, despite their geographic differences, California and Missouri are building—quite literally—toward similar destruction. Too often, the U.S. “growth machine” generates wealth for a few and misery for many. Drawing lessons from the most expensive “natural” disaster in American history, Catastrophe in the Making shows why thoughtless development comes at a price we can ill afford.

Uneven Ground

Appalachia since 1945

Author: Ronald D Eller

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813138639

Category: History

Page: 376

View: 8163

Appalachia has played a complex and often contradictory role in the unfolding of American history. Created by urban journalists in the years following the Civil War, the idea of Appalachia provided a counterpoint to emerging definitions of progress. Early-twentieth-century critics of modernity saw the region as a remnant of frontier life, a reflection of simpler times that should be preserved and protected. However, supporters of development and of the growth of material production, consumption, and technology decried what they perceived as the isolation and backwardness of the place and sought to "uplift" the mountain people through education and industrialization. Ronald D Eller has worked with local leaders, state policymakers, and national planners to translate the lessons of private industrial-development history into public policy affecting the region. In Uneven Ground: Appalachia since 1945, Eller examines the politics of development in Appalachia since World War II with an eye toward exploring the idea of progress as it has evolved in modern America. Appalachia's struggle to overcome poverty, to live in harmony with the land, and to respect the diversity of cultures and the value of community is also an American story. In the end, Eller concludes, "Appalachia was not different from the rest of America; it was in fact a mirror of what the nation was becoming."

We Want What's Ours

Learning from South Africa's Land Restitution Program

Author: Bernadette Atuahene

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191024058

Category: Law

Page: 240

View: 5526

Millions of people all over the world have been displaced from their homes and property. Dispossessed individuals and communities often lose more than the physical structures they live in and their material belongings, they are also denied their dignity. These are dignity takings, and land dispossessions occurring in South Africa during colonialism and apartheid are quintessential examples. There have been numerous examples of dignity takings throughout the world, but South Africa stands apart because of its unique remedial efforts. The nation has attempted to move beyond the more common step of providing reparations (compensation for physical losses) to instead facilitating dignity restoration, which is a comprehensive remedy that seeks to restore property while also confronting the underlying dehumanization, infantilization, and political exclusion that enabled the injustice. Dignity restoration is the fusion of reparations with restorative justice. In We Want Whats Ours, Bernadette Atuahenes detailed research and interviews with over one hundred and fifty South Africans who participated in the nations land restitution program provide a snapshot of South Africas successes and failures in achieving dignity restoration. We Want What's Ours is globally relevant because dignity takings have happened all around the world and throughout history: the Nazi confiscation of property from Jews during World War II; the Hutu taking of property from Tutsis during the Rwandan genocide; the widespread commandeering of native peoples property across the globe; and Saddam Husseins seizing of property from the Kurds and others in Iraq are but a few examples. When people are deprived of their property and dignity in years to come, the lessons learned in South Africa can help governments, policy makers, scholars, and international institutions make the transition from reparations to the more robust project of dignity restoration.

Here and There

Reading Pennsylvania's Working Landscapes

Author: Bill Conlogue

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 027106322X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 248

View: 4223

The global economy threatens the uniqueness of places, people, and experiences. In Here and There, Bill Conlogue tests the assumption that literature and local places matter less and less in a world that economists describe as “flat,” politicians believe has “globalized,” and social scientists imagine as a “global village.” Each chapter begins at home, journeys elsewhere, and returns to the author’s native and chosen region, northeastern Pennsylvania. Through the prisms of literature and history, the book explores tensions and conflicts within the region created by national and global demand for its resources: fertile farmland, forest products, anthracite coal, and college-educated young people. Making connections between local and global environmental issues, Here and There uses the Pennsylvania watersheds of urban Lackawanna and rural Lackawaxen to highlight the importance of understanding and protecting the places we call home.

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