Search Results: explaining-foreign-policy

Explaining Foreign Policy

U.S. Decision-Making in the Gulf Wars

Author: Steve A. Yetiv

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421402645

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 3323

Thoroughly updated with a new preface and a chapter on the 2003 Iraq War, Explaining Foreign Policy, already widely used in courses, will continue to be of interest to students and scholars of foreign policy, international relations, and related fields.

Explaining foreign policy

Author: Lloyd Jensen

Publisher: Prentice Hall


Category: Political Science

Page: 278

View: 5577

Small States in World Politics

Explaining Foreign Policy Behavior

Author: Jeanne A. K. Hey

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers

ISBN: 9781555879433

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 4356

The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus is increasing. Patients with this disease are prone to devastating complications, many of which can be prevented or reduced by appropriate interventions in primary care. Primary health care teams need relevant up-to-date guidance about how to improve the care that they provide to patients with this disease.

Explaining Foreign Policy

International Diplomacy and the Russo-Georgian War

Author: Hans Mouritzen,Anders Wivel

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub

ISBN: 9781588268358

Category: History

Page: 223

View: 2558

Why would Georgia attack South Ossetia in August 2008, with Russian forces conducting exercises nearby? This remains a puzzle to analysts-on a not inconsiderable list of foreign policy puzzles. Hans Mouritzen and Anders Wivel use the example of the Russo-Georgian war to illustrate and evaluate their original model for explaining foreign policy behavior. The authors apply the model to the actions of 40 countries in relation to the 2008 war. Uniquely linking system, interstate, and intrastate levels of explanation, and benefiting from the WikiLeaks revelations, they offer an important new tool for foreign policy analysis.

Explaining Pakistan’s Foreign Policy

Escaping India

Author: Aparna Pande

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136818944

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 9900

Pakistan has over the decades become a hotbed for the terrorist ideology often referred to as Jihadism. This book investigates the underlying principles of Pakistan’s foreign policy from 1947 until the present day, and explains the rise of Jihadism as an offshoot of Pakistan’s security concerns. The book goes on to discuss that from its inception as a separate state, Pakistan’s foreign policy focused on ‘seeking parity’ with India and ‘escaping’ from an Indian South Asian identity. The desire to achieve parity with its much larger neighbour led Pakistan to seek the assistance and support of allies. The author analyses the relationship Pakistan has with Afghanistan, United States, China and the Muslim world, and looks at how these relationships are based on the desire that military, economic and diplomatic aid from these countries would bolster Pakistan’s meagre resources in countering Indian economic and military strength. The book presents an interesting contribution to South Asian Studies, as well as studies on International Relations and Foreign Policy.

Explaining Russian Foreign Policy Behavior

Theory and Practice

Author: Alexander Sergunin

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 3838267826

Category: Political Science

Page: 220

View: 5013

This book aims to explain the reasons behind Russia's international conduct in the post-Soviet era, examining Russian foreign policy discourse with a particular focus on the major foreign policy schools of Atlanticism, Eurasianism, derzhavniki, realpolitik, geopolitics, neo-Marxism, radical nationalism, and post-positivism. The Russian post-Soviet threat perceptions and national security doctrines are studied. The author critically assesses the evolution of Russian foreign policy decision-making over the last 25 years and analyzes the roles of various governmental agencies, interest groups and subnational actors. Concluding that a foreign policy consensus is gradually emerging in contemporary Russia, Sergunin argues that the Russian foreign policy discourse aims not only at the formulation of an international strategy but also at the search for a new national identity.Alexander Sergunin argues that Russia's current domestic situation, defined by numerous socio-economic, inter-ethnic, demographic, environmental, and other problems, dictates the need to abandon superpower ambitions and to rather set modest foreign policy goals.

Explaining Change in Russian Foreign Policy

The Role of Ideas in POST-SOVIET Russia's Conduct towards the West

Author: C. Thorun

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230589960

Category: Political Science

Page: 203

View: 6282

An assessment of the explanatory utility of different approaches to account for post-Soviet Russia's foreign policy towards the West, arguing that only by focusing both on external constraints and changes in the Russian leadership's foreign policy thinking can we explain major facets of Russia's conduct from 1992-2007.

Explaining the History of American Foreign Relations

Author: Frank Costigliola,Michael Hogan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107054184

Category: History

Page: 390

View: 5833

This volume presents substantially revised and new essays on methodology and approaches in foreign and international relations history.

Explaining the European Union's Foreign Policy

A Practice Theory of Translocal Action

Author: Magnus Ekengren

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108422306

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 4626

Explains why the EU interacts and intervenes beyond its borders, using case studies to present a theory of practice-driven action.

Analyzing Foreign Policy

Author: Derek Beach

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137002794

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 9361

Genuinely international in scope and drawing on a wide range of examples from around the world, this important new text provides an accessible introduction to the key elements of foreign policy analysis. Analyzing Foreign Policy examines the wide range of factors that explain why states and other actors behave in the way they do. Showing how theory can illuminate practice, Derek Beach explores how different theoretical approaches – including structural realism, liberalism and constructivism – can be applied to deepen our understanding of events and actions. The book covers all aspects of the policy process – from what states want and how decisions are made through to what states actually do across security, economic and diplomatic policies. Derek Beach also assesses whether we are witnessing a fundamental shift in the nature of foreign policy as a result of globalization and the rise of new non-state actors. The concluding chapter introduces readers to the various research methods available for the study of foreign policy. Engagingly written, this text is the ideal starting point for all who wish to understand and explain the drivers of contemporary foreign policy.

Oman and the World

The Emergence of an Independent Foreign Policy

Author: Joseph A. Kechichian

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 9780833023322

Category: History

Page: 409

View: 4228

In July 1970, amid vast turmoil throughout the Persian Gulf region, Qaboos bin Sa'id led a successful coup against his father and proclaimed himself the new Head of State. Sultan Qaboos promised to institute a modern, efficient, and just government and to establish friendly relations with neighboring countries. Facing significant internal challenges to his authority, Qaboos restored internal order through effective military and economic measures. Simultaneously, he adopted long-term principles that facilitated the introduction of capable foreign policy initiatives, based on nonintervention in the affairs of other countries, respect for international law, and nonalignment. Today, the Sultanate of Oman remains stable--its foreign policy flexible by nature, its regional preeminence assured. This report systematically analyzes the foreign policy of the Sultanate. It traces the origins of the Omani nation-state, identifies trends in Omani diplomacy, and examines the Sultanate's foreign policy in the modern era, focusing on relations with states on the Arabian Peninsula and in the Persian Gulf region, with the West, and around the world.

Franklin D. Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy, 1932-1945

With a New Afterword

Author: Robert Dallek

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195097327

Category: History

Page: 671

View: 3905

Discusses the domestic pressure which influenced Roosevelt's foreign policy and American foreign relations

Risk-Taking in International Politics

Prospect Theory in American Foreign Policy

Author: Rose McDermott

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472087877

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 2500

Discusses the way leaders deal with risk in making foreign policy decisions

Ideology and U. S. Foreign Policy

Author: Michael H. Hunt

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300158866

Category: HISTORY

Page: 276

View: 9089

This new edition of Michael H. Hunt's classic reinterpretation of American diplomatic history includes a preface that reflects on the personal experience and intellectual agenda behind the writing of the book, surveys the broad impact of the book's argument, and addresses the challenges to the thesis since the book's original publication. In the wake of 9/11 this interpretation is more pertinent than ever. Praise for the previous edition: Clearly written and historically sound. . . . A subtle critique and analysis.Gaddis Smith, Foreign Affairs A lean, plain-spoken treatment of a grand subject. . . . A bold piece of criticism and advocacy. . . . The right focus of the argument may insure its survival as one of the basic postwar critiques of U.S. policy.John W. Dower, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists A work of intellectual vigor and daring, impressive in its scholarship and imaginative in its use of material.Ronald Steel, Reviews in American History A masterpiece of historical compression.Wilson Quarterly A penetrating and provocative study. . . . A pleasure both to read and to contemplate.John Martz, Journal of Politics

Wronged by Empire

Post-Imperial Ideology and Foreign Policy in India and China

Author: Manjari Chatterjee Miller

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 080478843X

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 630

Although India and China have very different experiences of colonialism, they respond to that history in a similar way—by treating it as a collective trauma. As a result they have a strong sense of victimization that affects their foreign policy decisions even today. Wronged by Empire breaks new ground by blending this historical phenomenon, colonialism, with mixed methods—including archival research, newspaper data mining, and a new statistical method of content analysis—to explain the foreign policy choices of India and China: two countries that are continuously discussed but very rarely rigorously compared. By reference to their colonial past, Manjari Chatterjee Miller explains their puzzling behavior today. More broadly, she argues that the transformative historical experience of a large category of actors—ex-colonies, who have previously been neglected in the study of international relations—can be used as a method to categorize states in the international system. In the process Miller offers a more inclusive way to analyze states than do traditional theories of international relations.

Painful Choices

A Theory of Foreign Policy Change

Author: David A. Welch

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400840748

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 8298

Under what conditions should we expect states to do things radically differently all of a sudden? In this book, David Welch seeks to answer this question, constructing a theory of foreign policy change inspired by organization theory, cognitive and motivational psychology, and prospect theory. He then "test drives" the theory in a series of comparative case studies in the security and trade domains: Argentina's decision to go to war over the Falklands/Malvinas vs. Japan's endless patience with diplomacy in its conflict with Russia over the Northern Territories; America's decision to commit large-scale military force to Vietnam vs. its ultimate decision to withdraw; and Canada's two abortive flirtations with free trade with the United States in 1911 and 1948 vs. its embrace of free trade in the late 1980s. Painful Choices has three main objectives: to determine whether the general theory project in the field of international relations can be redeemed, given disappointment with previous attempts; to reflect on what this reveals about the possibilities and limits of general theory; and to inform policy. Welch argues that earlier efforts at general theory erred by aiming to explain state behavior, which is an intractable problem. Instead, since inertia is the default expectation in international politics, all we need do is to explain changes in behavior. Painful Choices shows that this is a tractable problem with clear implications for intelligence analysts and negotiators.

Bureaucratic Politics and Foreign Policy

Author: Morton H. Halperin,Priscilla Clapp

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815734107

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 8315

The first edition of Bureaucratic Politics and Foreign Policy is one of the most successful Brookings titles of all time. This thoroughly revised version updates that classic analysis of the role played by the federal bureaucracy—civilian career officials, political appointees, and military officers—and Congress in formulating U.S. national security policy, illustrating how policy decisions are actually made. Government agencies, departments, and individuals all have certain interests to preserve and promote. Those priorities, and the conflicts they sometimes spark, heavily influence the formulation and implementation of foreign policy. A decision that looks like an orchestrated attempt to influence another country may in fact represent a shaky compromise between rival elements within the U.S. government. The authors provide numerous examples of bureaucratic maneuvering and reveal how they have influenced our international relations. The revised edition includes new examples of bureaucratic politics from the past three decades, from Jimmy Carter's view of the State Department to conflicts between George W. Bush and the bureaucracy regarding Iraq. The second edition also includes a new analysis of Congress's role in the politics of foreign policymaking.

Small States in Global Affairs

The Foreign Policies of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM)

Author: J. Braveboy-Wagner

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230610331

Category: Social Science

Page: 278

View: 3647

This book updates the 1989 volume 'Caribbean in World Affairs' providing a comprehensive and theoretically-grounded account of diplomatic developments in the Caribbean. The new material includes attention to the changed global setting, updated theoretical developments in foreign policy, and the inclusion of Haiti and Suriname.

The Absence of Grand Strategy

The United States in the Persian Gulf, 1972--2005

Author: Steve A. Yetiv

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 080188781X

Category: History

Page: 250

View: 3075

Great powers and grand strategies. It is easy to assume that the most powerful nations pursue and employ consistent, cohesive, and decisive policies in trying to promote their interests in regions of the world. Popular theory emphasizes two such grand strategies that great powers may pursue: balance of power policy or hegemonic domination. But, as Steve A. Yetiv contends, things may not always be that cut and dried. Analyzing the evolution of the United States' foreign policy in the Persian Gulf from 1972 to 2005, Yetiv offers a provocative and panoramic view of American strategies in a region critical to the functioning of the entire global economy. Ten cases -- from the policies of the Nixon administration to George W. Bush's war in Iraq -- reveal shifting, improvised, and reactive policies that were responses to unanticipated and unpredictable events and threats. In fact, the distinguishing feature of the U.S. experience in the Gulf has been the absence of grand strategy. Yetiv introduces the concept of "reactive engagement" as an alternative approach to understanding the behavior of great powers in unstable regions. At a time when the effects of U.S. foreign policy are rippling across the globe, The Absence of Grand Strategy offers key insight into the nature and evolution of American foreign policy in the Gulf. -- David E. Long

National Security Through a Cockeyed Lens

How Cognitive Bias Impacts U.S. Foreign Policy

Author: Steve A. Yetiv

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421411253

Category: Political Science

Page: 155

View: 6614

"What are key mental errors that can undermine good decision making? Drawing on four decades of psychological, historical, and political science research on cognitive biases, this book illuminates key pitfalls in how we and our leaders make decisions. It shows in five case studies of American foreign and energy policy that such errors--a dozen different cognitive biases--have been more important in shaping and impacting U.S. national interests than we currently understand. In so doing, it also sheds light on U.S. foreign policy toward and interests in the Middle East. That story prominently features non-psychological explanations, but cognitive biases exercised by American and foreign actors also represent a slice of the story that is worth revealing. As examples, the book shows how the distorted cognitive lens of Al-Qaeda leaders contributed to the September 11 attacks and the ongoing conflict with America and the West; how overconfidence impacted America's decision to invade Iraq in 2003; and how short term thinking--a prominent cognitive bias--hurts America's ability to develop a comprehensive energy policy, making the Middle East more important to the United States and enhancing its proclivity to be involved in the region. The book is aimed chiefly at students and the lay public, though academics may benefit from it"--

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