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A History of Two Open Societies: New Zealand and the United States
Author: David Hackett Fischer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Fairness and Freedom compares the history of two open societies--New Zealand and the United States--with much in common. Both have democratic polities, mixed-enterprise economies, individuated societies, pluralist cultures, and a deep concern for human rights and the rule of law. But all of these elements take different forms, because constellations of value are far apart. The dream of living free is America's Polaris; fairness and natural justice are New Zealand's Southern Cross. Fischer asks why these similar countries went different ways. Both were founded by English-speaking colonists, but at different times and with disparate purposes. They lived in the first and second British Empires, which operated in very different ways. Indians and Maori were important agents of change, but to different ends. On the American frontier and in New Zealand's Bush, material possibilities and moral choices were not the same. Fischer takes the same comparative approach to parallel processes of nation-building and immigration, women's rights and racial wrongs, reform causes and conservative responses, war-fighting and peace-making, and global engagement in our own time--with similar results. On another level, this book expands Fischer's past work on liberty and freedom. It is the first book to be published on the history of fairness. And it also poses new questions in the old tradition of history and moral philosophy. Is it possible to be both fair and free? In a vast array of evidence, Fischer finds that the strengths of these great values are needed to correct their weaknesses. As many societies seek to become more open--never twice in the same way, an understanding of our differences is the only path to peace.
Imprisoned in English argues that in the present English-dominated world, social sciences and the humanities are locked in a conceptual framework grounded in English and that scholars need to break away from this framework to reach a more universal, culture-independent perspective on things human.
One of the biggest problems with modern democracy is that most of the public is usually ignorant of politics and government. Often, many people understand that their votes are unlikely to change the outcome of an election and don't see the point in learning much about politics. This may be rational, but it creates a nation of people with little political knowledge and little ability to objectively evaluate what they do know. In Democracy and Political Ignorance, Ilya Somin mines the depths of ignorance in America and reveals the extent to which it is a major problem for democracy. Somin weighs various options for solving this problem, arguing that political ignorance is best mitigated and its effects lessened by decentralizing and limiting government. Somin provocatively argues that people make better decisions when they choose what to purchase in the market or which state or local government to live under, than when they vote at the ballot box, because they have stronger incentives to acquire relevant information and to use it wisely.
an annotated bibliography : second supplement, 1978-1992
Author: Ralph Edward McCoy
Publisher: Southern Illinois Univ Pr
Category: Political Science
Ralph E. McCoy’s Freedom of the Press: An Annotated Bibliography covered some four hundred years of press freedom in the English-speaking world and was hailed by a reviewer as "the most useful annotated bibliography ever produced on the topics of freedom and censorship in mass communication." This second supplement, covering the years from 1978 to 1992, contains more than 3,900 entries and follows the pattern and scope of both the original bibliography and the first supplement, which covered the years from 1967 to 1977. An annotated bibliography of books, pamphlets, journal articles, dissertations, films, and other materials relating to freedom of the press in the English-speaking world, the bibliography defines the word press generically to include all media of mass communications: books, newspapers, and other printed matter, but also motion pictures, recordings, radio and television broadcasts, and to a limited extent, stage plays. Annotations in this supplement are descriptive rather than critical, and both positive and negative statements on press freedom are included. Whenever possible the author’s own words have been used to summarize the work or to express salient points of view. Articles on the nature and effect of pornography that do not deal directly with press freedom but provide background information are included. The present volume is more selective than the original and the first supplement, particularly in covering news events. One or two reports are often used to represent a much larger number of articles available, thereby eliminating much duplication. The format of this volume, however, follows that of the earlier volumes: it is arranged alphabetically by personal or corporate author or by title where the author is unknown. To facilitate a subject approach to the work, a comprehensive subject index identifies topics, concepts, countries, individuals, court decisions, and titles of censored works.