The Science of How We Experience Time
Author: Marc Wittmann,Erik Butler
Publisher: Mit Press
We have widely varying perceptions of time. Children have trouble waiting for anything. ("Are we there yet?") Boredom is often connected to our sense of time passing (or not passing). As people grow older, time seems to speed up, the years flitting by without a pause. How does our sense of time come about? In Felt Time, Marc Wittmann explores the riddle of subjective time, explaining our perception of time -- whether moment by moment, or in terms of life as a whole. Drawing on the latest insights from psychology and neuroscience, Wittmann offers a new answer to the question of how we experience time. Wittmann explains, among other things, how we choose between savoring the moment and deferring gratification; why impulsive people are bored easily, and why their boredom is often a matter of time; whether each person possesses a personal speed, a particular brain rhythm distinguishing quick people from slow people; and why the feeling of duration can serve as an "error signal," letting us know when it is taking too long for dinner to be ready or for the bus to come. He considers the practice of mindfulness, and whether it can reduce the speed of life and help us gain more time, and he describes how, as we grow older, subjective time accelerates as routine increases; a fulfilled and varied life is a long life. Evidence shows that bodily processes -- especially the heartbeat -- underlie our feeling of time and act as an internal clock for our sense of time. And Wittmann points to recent research that connects time to consciousness; ongoing studies of time consciousness, he tells us, will help us to understand the conscious self.
Unifying Block Universe Physics and Time as Experienced
Author: Michael Silberstein,W. M. Stuckey,Timothy McDevitt
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Theoretical physics and foundations of physics have not made much progress in the last few decades. Whether we are talking about unifying general relativity and quantum field theory (quantum gravity), explaining so-called dark energy and dark matter (cosmology), or the interpretation and implications of quantum mechanics and relativity, there is no consensus in sight. In addition, both enterprises are deeply puzzled about various facets of time including above all, time as experienced. The authors argue that, across the board, this impasse is the result of the "dynamical universe paradigm," the idea that reality is fundamentally made up of physical entities that evolve in time from some initial state according to dynamical laws. Thus, in the dynamical universe, the initial conditions plus the dynamical laws explain everything else going exclusively forward in time. In cosmology, for example, the initial conditions reside in the Big Bang and the dynamical law is supplied by general relativity. Accordingly, the present state of the universe is explained exclusively by its past. This book offers a completely new paradigm (called Relational Blockworld), whereby the past, present and future co-determine each other via "adynamical global constraints," such as the least action principle. Accordingly, the future is just as important for explaining the present as is the past. Most of the book is devoted to showing how Relational Blockworld resolves many of the current conundrums of both theoretical physics and foundations of physics, including the mystery of time as experienced and how that experience relates to the block universe.
Die wunderbare Welt der Pflanzen. Aus dem Leben einer leidenschaftlichen Forscherin
Author: Hope Jahren
Eine hinreißende Geschichte über Pflanzen, Liebe und die Wissenschaft Hope Jahren hat das, wovon viele Menschen träumen: einen Beruf, der ihr Herz und ihr Leben erfüllt. Seit sie denken kann, ist die Geo-Biologin fasziniert von der Natur – von Pflanzen, Bäumen, Blättern, Samenkörnern und den unglaublichen Geschichten, die sie uns erzählen, sogar noch in fossiler Form. Wie ist es beispielsweise möglich, dass ein Kirschkern hundert Jahre lang geduldig warten kann, bis er sich auf einmal dazu entscheidet zu keimen? Hope Jahrens Werdegang von der kindlichen Forscherin zur angesehenen Wissenschaftlerin, die sich trotz zahlreicher Hindernisse in einer Männerwelt behauptet, ist eine inspirierende und mitreißende Geschichte voller Leidenschaft, Durchhaltevermögen und ewiger Neugierde. Ein wunderbares Gleichnis über die Kraft der Natur und die Freude des Entdeckens, das einen ganz neuen Blick auf die Pflanzenwelt eröffnet. Seite für Seite. Blatt für Blatt. Für die New York Times ist Hope Jahrens »Blattgeflüster« eines der 100 besten Bücher des Jahres 2016.
Author: Carlo Rovelli
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
Leben wir in der Zeit oder lebt die Zeit vielleicht nur in uns? Alle theoretischen Physiker von Weltrang, die den großen und kleinen Kräften des Universums nachspüren, beschäftigen sich immer wieder mit der entscheidenden Frage, was Zeit ist. Wenn ihre großen Modelle die Zeit zur Erklärung des Elementaren nicht mehr brauchen, wie kommt es dann, dass sie für unser Leben so wichtig ist? Geht es wirklich ohne sie? Carlo Rovelli gibt in diesem Buch überraschende Antworten. Er nimmt uns mit auf eine Reise durch unsere Vorstellungen der von der Zeit und spürt ihren Regeln und Rätseln nach. Ein großes, packend geschriebenes Lese-Abenteuer, ein würdiger Nachfolger des Welt-Bestsellers "Sieben kurze Lektionen über Physik".
Die Physik der Zeit
Author: Richard A. Muller
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
Sie lesen jetzt das Wort »jetzt« – und schon ist es vergangen. Das flüchtige Dasein der Gegenwart hat Philosophen und Physiker vor die größten Rätsel gestellt: Was ist die Zeit? Und warum fließt sie? Generationen von Wissenschaftlern haben sich vergeblich um Antworten bemüht, einige haben es aufgegeben. Nicht so Richard A. Muller. Er hat eine Theorie der Zeit aufgestellt, die neu ist und experimentell überprüfbar. Um sie vorzustellen, erklärt er zunächst mit großem Geschick die physikalischen Grundkonzepte wie Relativität, Entropie, Verschränkung, Antimaterie und Urknall. Darauf aufbauend entfaltet er seine provozierend neue Sicht mit all ihren Folgen für die Philosophie oder die Frage nach der Willensfreiheit. Eine kraftvolle und überzeugende Vision für die Lösung des alten Rätsels der Zeit. »Muller hat einen bemerkenswert frischen und aufregenden Ansatz für die Erklärung der Zeit.« Saul Perlmutter, Physik-Nobelpreisträger »Ein provokatives und gut argumentiertes Buch über die Natur der Zeit.« Lee Smolin
Author: Dustin Stokes,Mohan Matthen,Stephen Biggs
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This volume is about the many ways we perceive. In nineteen new essays, philosophers and cognitive scientists explore the nature of the individual senses, how and what they tell us about the world, and how they interrelate. They consider how the senses extract perceptual content from receptoral information and what kinds of objects we perceive and whether multiple senses ever perceive a single event. Questions pertaining to how many senses we have, what makes one sense distinct from another, and whether and why distinguishing senses may be useful feature prominently. Contributors examine the extent to which the senses act in concert, rather than as discrete modalities, and whether this influence is epistemically pernicious, neutral, or beneficial. Many of the essays engage with the idea that it is unduly restrictive to think of perception as a collation of contents provided by individual sense modalities. Rather, contributors contend that to understand perception properly we need to build into our accounts the idea that the senses work together. In doing so, they aim to develop better paradigms for understanding the senses and thereby to move toward a better understanding of perception.
The Work of Etienne-Jules Marey (1830-1904)
Author: Marta Braun
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
A complete, illustrated survey of Etienne-Jules Marey's work that investigates the far reaching effects of her inventions on stream-of-consciousness literature, psychoanalysis, Bergsonian philosophy, and the art of cubists and futurists.
A Vocabulary of the Present
Author: Amy Elias
Publisher: NYU Press
Category: Literary Criticism
The concept of time in the post-millennial age is undergoing a radical rethinking within the humanities. Time: A Vocabulary of the Present newly theorizes our experiences of time in relation to developments in post-1945 cultural theory and arts practices. Wide ranging and theoretically provocative, the volume introduces readers to cutting-edge temporal conceptualizations and investigates what exactly constitutes the scope of time studies. Featuring twenty essays that reveal what we talk about when we talk about time today, especially in the areas of history, measurement, and culture, each essay pairs two keywords to explore the tension and nuances between them, from “past/future” and “anticipation/unexpected” to “extinction/adaptation” and “serial/simultaneous.” Moving beyond the truisms of postmodernism, the collection newly theorizes the meanings of temporality in relationship to aesthetic, cultural, technological, and economic developments in the postwar period. This book thus assumes that time—not space, as the postmoderns had it—is central to the contemporary period, and that through it we can come to terms with what contemporaneity can be for human beings caught up in the historical present. In the end, Time reveals that the present is a cultural matrix in which overlapping temporalities condition and compete for our attention. Thus each pair of terms presents two temporalities, yielding a generative account of the time, or times, in which we live.
Author: James Mussell
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Category: Literary Criticism
James Mussell engages with nineteenth-century scientific writing and recent theoretical discussion to propose a new methodology that situates the periodical press in space and time. Well-known writers like H. G. Wells and Arthur Conan Doyle are discovered in new contexts, while other authors, publishers, editors, and scientists are discussed in ways that inform current debates about the status of digital publication and the preservation of archival material in electronic forms.
Author: International Society for the Study of Time
Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press
For the first fifteen centuries of Western civilization, the Chinese were far ahead of Europe in applying their knowledge of nature to useful purposes. Why, then, did modern mathematized science, with all its implications for advanced technology, rise meteorically in Renaissance Europe rather than in China? Prompted by this observation, Joseph Needham explored the paradox three decades ago in what he termed "The Scientific Revolution Problem." This collection of original papers continues the exploration. Focusing on the idea and experience of time, twenty-four scholars from China and the West speak of the different aspects of cultural life and tradition that favored the creation of mathematized science in Europe and discouraged such development in China. An understanding of this cultural history is of interest to modern China, which labors to join the advanced scientific and technological communities of the world. It is also of interest to those concerned with the position of science and technology in the West, since a comparative interpretation of the origins of Western advances helps identify the many problems those very advances have created.
Author: Charles Wankel
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
Covers a range of approaches to applying social media in teaching arts and science courses. This title covers collaborative social media in writing courses, the use of wikis as a platform for co-creation of digital content, and powerful data sharing.
The Science of Sentiment
Author: Dylan Evans
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
From Darwin to "Star Trek", Evans offers a lively look at the science of emotions and finds that whether we live in the shadow of Times Square or in the depths of the rain forest, all humans feel disgust, joy, surprise, anger, fear, and distress. 20 halftones.
The Second Annual International Vincentian Conference Promoting Business Ethics
Author: Marilynn Fleckenstein,Mary Maury,Laura Pincus,Pat Primeaux
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
From the Universities to the Marketplace: The Business Ethics Journey arose from the awareness of the slow progression of academic theory into market practice. The contributions in this volume reflect a diversity of disciplines and approaches to research, study and teaching business ethics, such as philosophy, accounting, theology, marketing, management and finance. The contributors represent a wide variety of professional and geographical backgrounds, creating a fruitful discussion of a large number of issues related to implementation and measurement of business ethics, and feedback from all parties involved.
Author: William Finnegan
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
Vor fünfzig Jahren verfällt William Finnegan dem Surfen. Damals verschafft es ihm Respekt, dann jagt es ihn raus in die Welt – Samoa, Indonesien, Australien, Südafrika –, als Familienvater mit Job beim New Yorker dient es der Flucht vor dem Alltag ... Barbarentage erzählt die Geschichte dieser lebenslangen Leidenschaft, sie handelt vom Fernweh, von wahren Abenteuern und den Versuchen, trotz allem ein Träumer zu bleiben. Ein Buch wie das Meer, atemberaubend schön. »Wie Into the Wild erzählt dieses Buch auf mitfühlende, kluge Weise, was passiert, wenn Ideen von Freiheit einen jungen Menschen erfassen und in die entlegensten Winkel der Welt hinausschleudern.« The New York Times Magazine »Fesselnde Abenteuergeschichte, intellektuelle Autobiografie, rastlose Meditation über Liebe, Freundschaft und Familie ... Barbarentage ist ein Buch von ergreifender Schönheit und wird Surfer und Nichtsurfer gleichermaßen begeistern.« Washington Post »Das zu lesen, was dieser Kerl über Wellen und Wasser schreibt, ist wie Hemingway über Stierkämpfe zu lesen, William Burroughs über Drogen und Updike über Ehebruch.« Sports Illustrated
Computational Media Aesthetics
Author: Chitra Dorai,Svetha Venkatesh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Media Computing: Computational Media Aesthetics is an essential reference for both professional and academic researchers in the fields of content management, media analysis, video indexing, video annotation, semantic indexing, MPEG-7, and multimedia systems. It will also be of interest to those working in signal processing, image processing, computer vision, audio analysis, and speech processing. With the explosion of digital media and online services, a key challenge is the automation of content annotation, indexing and organizing for efficient media access, retrieval and browsing. Today, a major failing of automated media annotation systems is the semantic gap - the incompatibility between the low-level features that can be computed now to describe media and the high-level meaning sought by user queries in search for audio and video. This book explores the new area of computational media aesthetics to bridge the semantic gap. It brings together researchers from multiple disciplines, from computer scientist to content creators from engineers to media specialists, to highlight recent advances in this area. It examines the elements of media production and aesthetics principles in order to establish the foundation for semantics indexing, and to build innovative and effective technologies for content annotation, search, and browsing. Media Computing: Computational Media Aesthetics outlines strategic means and methods to derive high level semantic constructs from automatic analysis of media. It is suitable for the use as a text in courses on multimedia and informational retrieval.
How We Experience Time
Author: Michael G. Flaherty
Publisher: NYU Press
Visit theUnspun website which includes Table of Contents and the Introduction. The World Wide Web has cut a wide path through our daily lives. As claims of "the Web changes everything" suffuse print media, television, movies, and even presidential campaign speeches, just how thoroughly do the users immersed in this new technology understand it? What, exactly, is the Web changing? And how might we participate in or even direct Web-related change? Intended for readers new to studying the Internet, each chapter in Unspun addresses a different aspect of the "web revolution"--hypertext, multimedia, authorship, community, governance, identity, gender, race, cyberspace, political economy, and ideology--as it shapes and is shaped by economic, political, social, and cultural forces. The contributors particularly focus on the language of the Web, exploring concepts that are still emerging and therefore unstable and in flux. Unspun demonstrates how the tacit assumptions behind this rhetoric must be examined if we want to really know what we are saying when we talk about the Web. Unspun will help readers more fully understand and become critically aware of the issues involved in living, as we do, in a wired society. Contributors include: Jay Bolter, Sean Cubitt, Jodi Dean, Dawn Dietrich, Cynthia Fuchs, Matthew Kirschenbaum, Timothy Luke, Vincent Mosco, Lisa Nakamura, Russell Potter, Rob Shields, John Sloop, and Joseph Tabbi.
Intellectual and Institutional Preconditions for a Global Social Science
Author: Hans Joas,Barbro Klein
More than perhaps anybody else in the world, the Swedish social scientist Björn Wittrock has contributed - both on the intellectual and institutional level - to making a truly global science possible. This book is devoted to an appreciation of his contributions.
Geographical Societal Perspectives
Author: A. Kellerman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Time and space are two of the most basic dimensions of human life. They envelop all human beings from birth to death. As such, they provide the context for human existence. At the same time, however, time and space also serve as major influencing factors in mankind's actions. Hence, a vast literature has developed on time and space as separate dimensions, and recently on time-space as joint dimensions. Interestingly enough, the social connotations of time and space have mostly been studied with the individual human being in mind. The more societal significance of time and space, whether separately or jointly, have been relatively neglected. It is the purpose of this volume to help fill this lacuna through discussions on some of the many junctions of time, space, and society at large. The discussion will naturally involve concepts and findings from more than just one discipline -- notably, geography, sociology, social history and political science. It is, thus, obvious that the topic may be highlighted from several perspectives. Given my own education and work, the approach will lean more to the geographical perspective. Geography has a special merit as an integrating framework for the study of time, space, and society. It is a discipline that has space at the center of its raison d'etre and, as such, has always striven for integration, holism and comprehensiveness.
Author: Gardner Dozois
Publisher: St. Martin's Griffin
The stories in this collection imaginatively take readers far across the universe, into the very core of their beings, to the realm of the Gods, and to the moment just after now. Included are the works of masters of the form and the bright new talents of tomorrow. This book is a valuable resource in addition to serving as the single best place in the universe to find stories that stir the imagination and the heart.