Search Results: fiction-and-fictionalism-new-problems-of-philosophy

Fiction and Fictionalism

Author: R. M. Sainsbury

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135278342

Category: Mathematics

Page: 264

View: 5007

Are fictional characters such as Sherlock Holmes real? What can fiction tell us about the nature of truth and reality? In this excellent introduction to the problem of fictionalism R. M. Sainsbury covers the following key topics: what is fiction? realism about fictional objects, including the arguments that fictional objects are real but non-existent; real but non-factual; real but non-concrete the relationship between fictional characters and non-actual worlds fictional entities as abstract artefacts fiction and intentionality and the problem of irrealism fictionalism about possible worlds moral fictionalism. R. M. Sainsbury makes extensive use of examples from fiction, such as Sherlock Holmes, Anna Karenina and Madame Bovary and examines the work of philosophers who have made significant contributions to the topic, including Meinong, David Lewis, and Bas Van Fraassen. Additional features include chapter summaries, annotated further reading and a glossary of technical terms, making Fiction and Fictionalism ideal for those coming to the issue for the first time.

A Critical Introduction to Fictionalism

Author: Frederick Kroon,Jonathan McKeown-Green,Stuart Brock

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472513940

Category: Philosophy

Page: 280

View: 4194

A Critical Introduction to Fictionalism provides a clear and comprehensive understanding of an important alternative to realism. Drawing on questions from ethics, the philosophy of religion, art, mathematics, logic and science, this is a complete exploration of how fictionalism contrasts with other non-realist doctrines and motivates influential fictionalist treatments across a range of philosophical issues. Defending and criticizing influential as well as emerging fictionalist approaches, this accessible overview discuses physical objects, universals, God, moral properties, numbers and other fictional entities. Where possible it draws general lessons about the conditions under which a fictionalist treatment of a class of items is plausible. Distinguishing fictionalism from other views about the existence of items, it explains the central features of this key metaphysical topic. Featuring a historical survey, definitions of key terms, characterisations of important subdivisions, objections and problems for fictionalism, and contemporary fictionalist treatments of several issues, A Critical Introduction to Fictionalism is a valuable resource for students of metaphysics as well as students of philosophical methodology. It is the only book of its kind.

Die Philosophie des Als Ob

Author: Hans Vaihinger

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 395800685X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 852

View: 5740

Nachdruck des Originals von 1918.

Pretense and Pathology

Author: Bradley Armour-Garb,James A. Woodbridge

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107028272

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 286

View: 6246

This book provides a new philosophical fictionalism to solve traditional paradoxes and puzzles in the philosophy of language and metaphysics.

Probleme der Philosophie

Author: Bertrand Russell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518102077

Category: Knowledge, Theory of

Page: 151

View: 8661

Physicalism

Author: Daniel Stoljar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135149216

Category: Philosophy

Page: 264

View: 9731

Physicalism, the thesis that everything is physical, is one of the most controversial problems in philosophy. Its adherents argue that there is no more important doctrine in philosophy, whilst its opponents claim that its role is greatly exaggerated. In this superb introduction to the problem Daniel Stoljar focuses on three fundamental questions: the interpretation, truth and philosophical significance of physicalism. In answering these questions he covers the following key topics: a brief history of physicalism and its definitions what a physical property is and how physicalism meets challenges from empirical sciences ‘Hempel’s dilemma’ and the relationship between physicalism and physics physicalism and key debates in metaphysics and philosophy of mind, such as supervenience, identity and conceivability physicalism and causality. Additional features include chapter summaries, annotated further reading and a glossary of technical terms, making Physicalism ideal for those coming to the problem for the first time.

Proceedings of the Boston Colloquium for the Philosophy of Science 1964/1966

In Memory of Norwood Russell Hanson

Author: Robert S. Cohen,Marx W. Wartofsky

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401035083

Category: Science

Page: 489

View: 2570

This third volume of Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science contains papers which are based upon Colloquia from 1964 to 1966. In most cases, they have been substantially modified subsequent to presentation and discussion. Once again we publish work which goes beyond technical analysis of scientific theories and explanations in order to include philo sophical reflections upon the history of science and also upon the still problematic interactions between metaphysics and science. The philo sophical history of scientific ideas has increasingly been recognized as part of the philosophy of science, and likewise the cultural context of the genesis of such ideas. There is no school or attitude to be taken as de fining the scope or criteria of our Colloquium, and so we seek to under stand both analytic and historical aspects of science. This volume, as the previous two, constitutes a substantial part of our final report to the U. S. National Science Foundation, which has continued its support of the Boston Colloquium for the Philosophy of Science by a grant to Boston University. That report will be concluded by a subse quent volume of these Studies. It is a pleasure to record our thanks to the Foundation for its confidence and funds. We dedicate this book to the memory of Norwood Russell Hanson. During this academic year of 1966-67, this beloved and distinguished American philosopher participated in our Colloquium, and he did so before.

Semantic Externalism

Author: Jesper Kallestrup

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136819436

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 8124

Semantic externalism is the view that the meanings of referring terms, and the contents of beliefs that are expressed by those terms, are not fully determined by factors internal to the speaker but are instead bound up with the environment. The debate about semantic externalism is one of the most important but difficult topics in philosophy of mind and language, and has consequences for our understanding of the role of social institutions and the physical environment in constituting language and the mind. In this long-needed book, Jesper Kallestrup provides an invaluable map of the problem. Beginning with a thorough introduction to the theories of descriptivism and referentialism and the work of Frege and Kripke, Kallestrup moves on to analyse Putnam’s Twin Earth argument, Burge’s arthritis argument and Davidson’s Swampman argument. He also discusses how semantic externalism is at the heart of important topics such as indexical thoughts, epistemological skepticism, self-knowledge, and mental causation. Including chapter summaries, a glossary of terms, and an annotated guide to further reading, Semantic Externalism an ideal guide for students studying philosophy of language and philosophy of mind.

From Fictionalism to Realism

Author: Carola Barbero,Maurizio Ferraris,Alberto Voltolini

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 144384649X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 160

View: 3285

In ontology, realism and anti-realism may be taken as opposite attitudes towards entities of different kinds, so that one may turn out to be a realist with respect to certain entities, and an anti-realist with respect to others. In this book, the editors focus on this controversy concerning social entities in general and fictional entities in particular, the latter often being considered nowadays as kinds of social entities. More specifically, fictionalists (those who maintain that we only make-believe that there are entities of a certain kind) and creationists (those who believe that entities of a certain kind are the products of human activity) present themselves as the champions of the anti-realist and the realist stance, respectively, regarding the above entities. By evaluating the pros and cons of both these positions, this book intends to focus new light on a longstanding debate.

Fictional Objects

Author: Stuart Brock,Anthony Everett

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198735596

Category: Fiction

Page: 288

View: 8053

Discusses a range of philosophical questions about fictional characters and fictional objects, with implications for metaphysics, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of language.

Scythe – Die Hüter des Todes

Author: Neal Shusterman

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3733650158

Category: Fiction

Page: 528

View: 8264

Unsterblichkeit, Wohlstand, unendliches Wissen. Die Menschheit hat die perfekte Welt erschaffen – aber diese Welt hat einen Preis. Citra und Rowan leben in einer Welt, in der Armut, Kriege, Krankheit und Tod besiegt sind. Aber auch in dieser perfekten Welt müssen Menschen sterben, und die Entscheidung über Leben und Tod treffen die Scythe. Sie sind auserwählt, um zu töten. Sie entscheiden, wer lebt und wer stirbt. Sie sind die Hüter des Todes. Aber die Welt muss wissen, dass dieser Dienst sie nicht kalt lässt, dass sie Mitleid empfinden. Reue. Unerträglich großes Leid. Denn wenn sie diese Gefühle nicht hätten, wären sie Monster. Als Citra und Rowan gegen ihren Willen für die Ausbildung zum Scythe berufen werden und die Kunst des Tötens erlernen, wächst zwischen den beiden eine tiefe Verbindung. Doch am Ende wird nur einer von ihnen auserwählt. Und dessen erste Aufgabe wird es sein, den jeweils anderen hinzurichten ... Der erste Band der internationalen Bestseller-Trilogie! Schutzumschlag mit Metallic-Folien-Veredelung

Philosophy in Review

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 373

Philosophy Through Video Games

Author: Jon Cogburn,Mark Silcox

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113585968X

Category: Games

Page: 216

View: 3406

How can Wii Sports teach us about metaphysics? Can playing World of Warcraft lead to greater self-consciousness? How can we learn about aesthetics, ethics and divine attributes from Zork, Grand Theft Auto, and Civilization? A variety of increasingly sophisticated video games are rapidly overtaking books, films, and television as America's most popular form of media entertainment. It is estimated that by 2011 over 30 percent of US households will own a Wii console - about the same percentage that owned a television in 1953. In Philosophy Through Video Games, Jon Cogburn and Mark Silcox - philosophers with game industry experience - investigate the aesthetic appeal of video games, their effect on our morals, the insights they give us into our understanding of perceptual knowledge, personal identity, artificial intelligence, and the very meaning of life itself, arguing that video games are popular precisely because they engage with longstanding philosophical problems. Topics covered include: * The Problem of the External World * Dualism and Personal Identity * Artificial and Human Intelligence in the Philosophy of Mind * The Idea of Interactive Art * The Moral Effects of Video Games * Games and God's Goodness Games discussed include: Madden Football, Wii Sports, Guitar Hero, World of Warcraft, Sims Online, Second Life, Baldur's Gate, Knights of the Old Republic, Elder Scrolls, Zork, EverQuest Doom, Halo 2, Grand Theft Auto, Civilization, Mortal Kombat, Rome: Total War, Black and White, Aidyn Chronicles

Plato's Problem

An Introduction to Mathematical Platonism

Author: M. Panza,A. Sereni

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137298138

Category: Mathematics

Page: 306

View: 3657

What is mathematics about? And how can we have access to the reality it is supposed to describe? The book tells the story of this problem, first raised by Plato, through the views of Aristotle, Proclus, Kant, Frege, Gödel, Benacerraf, up to the most recent debate on mathematical platonism.

New Waves in Metaethics

Author: Michael Brady

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780230251625

Category: Philosophy

Page: 300

View: 1056

Metaethics occupies a central place in analytical philosophy, and the last forty years has seen an upsurge of interest in questions about the nature and practice of morality. This collection presents original and ground-breaking research on metaethical issues from some of the very best of a new generation of philosophers working in this field.

Metaethics

An Introduction

Author: Andrew Fisher

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317491815

Category: Philosophy

Page: 200

View: 8908

Do moral facts exist? What would they be like if they did? What does it mean to say that a moral claim is true? What is the link between moral judgement and motivation? Can we know whether something is right and wrong? Is morality a fiction? Metaethics: An Introduction presents a very clear and engaging survey of the key concepts and positions in what has become one of the most exciting and influential fields of philosophy. Free from technicality and jargon, the book covers the main ideas that have shaped metaethics from the work of G. E. Moore to the latest thinking. Written specifically for beginning students, the book assumes no prior philosophical knowledge. The book highlights ways to avoid common errors, offers hints and tips on learning the subject, includes a glossary of core terms, and provides guidance for further study.

Die Tatsachen in der Wahrnehmung

Eine Rede

Author: Hermann von Helmholtz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783743484566

Category:

Page: 76

View: 6151

Die Tatsachen in der Wahrnehmung - Eine Rede ist ein unveranderter, hochwertiger Nachdruck der Originalausgabe aus dem Jahr 1879. Hansebooks ist Herausgeber von Literatur zu unterschiedlichen Themengebieten wie Forschung und Wissenschaft, Reisen und Expeditionen, Kochen und Ernahrung, Medizin und weiteren Genres. Der Schwerpunkt des Verlages liegt auf dem Erhalt historischer Literatur. Viele Werke historischer Schriftsteller und Wissenschaftler sind heute nur noch als Antiquitaten erhaltlich. Hansebooks verlegt diese Bucher neu und tragt damit zum Erhalt selten gewordener Literatur und historischem Wissen auch fur die Zukunft bei."

Model-Based Reasoning in Scientific Discovery

Author: L. Magnani,Nancy Nersessian,Paul Thagard

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306462924

Category: Computers

Page: 343

View: 2220

The volume is based on the papers that were presented at the Interna tional Conference Model-Based Reasoning in Scientific Discovery (MBR'98), held at the Collegio Ghislieri, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy, in December 1998. The papers explore how scientific thinking uses models and explanatory reasoning to produce creative changes in theories and concepts. The study of diagnostic, visual, spatial, analogical, and temporal rea soning has demonstrated that there are many ways of performing intelligent and creative reasoning that cannot be described with the help only of tradi tional notions of reasoning such as classical logic. Traditional accounts of scientific reasoning have restricted the notion of reasoning primarily to de ductive and inductive arguments. Understanding the contribution of model ing practices to discovery and conceptual change in science requires ex panding scientific reasoning to include complex forms of creative reasoning that are not always successful and can lead to incorrect solutions. The study of these heuristic ways of reasoning is situated at the crossroads of philoso phy, artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, and logic; that is, at the heart of cognitive science. There are several key ingredients common to the various forms of model based reasoning to be considered in this book. The models are intended as in terpretations of target physical systems, processes, phenomena, or situations. The models are retrieved or constructed on the basis of potentially satisfying salient constraints of the target domain.

Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Determinables - Fuzzy logic

Author: Donald M. Borchert

Publisher: Thomson Gale/MacMillan Reference USA

ISBN: 9780028657837

Category: Philosophy

Page: 10

View: 4232

Containing material from hundreds of highly distinguished contributors representing the world's top universities and institutions, the second edition has a truly global perspective. It contains more than 2,100 entries -- including more than 450 new articles. Among the many topics covered are African, Islamic, Jewish, Russian, Chinese, and Buddhist philosophies; bioethics and biomedical ethics; art and aesthetics; epistemology; metaphysics; peace and war; social and political philosophy; the Holocaust; feminist thought; and much more. Additionally, the second edition also features 1,000 biographical entries on major figures in philosophical thought throughout history.

Models as Make-Believe

Imagination, Fiction and Scientific Representation

Author: Adam Toon

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0230301215

Category: Philosophy

Page: 148

View: 2556

Scientists often try to understand the world by creating simplified or idealised models of it. And yet modelling is hard to make sense of, not least because it seems to involve learning about things that don't exist, like ideal oscillators or perfect spheres. Models as Make-Believe offers a new approach to scientific modelling by looking to an unlikely source of inspiration: the dolls and toy trucks of children's games of make-believe. Drawing on philosophical discussions of art and fiction, Adam Toon offers a unified framework that can solve difficult metaphysical problems posed by modelling at the same time as helping to make sense of scientific practice. In developing this new perspective, Models as Make-Believe combines careful philosophical analysis with historical and sociological approaches, shedding light on a range of issues, from scientists' visual and tactile interaction with models to the role that cardboard cut-outs played in the development of our understanding of atoms.

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