The 8.8cm Flugzeugabwehrkanone 18/36/37/41 - more popularly known as the ‘Flak 88’ - was one of the most successful and influential artillery gun types in the German arsenal in the Second World War. Developed during the 1920s and 1930s, the gun combined accuracy, a high muzzle velocity and a rapid rate of fire (15–20rpm). Although at first developed as an anti-aircraft gun, it went on to achieve equal repute as an anti-tank weapon, imposing horrific casualties on Allied armor across all major European and North African theaters of war. In one clash in Normandy, in June 1944, for example, a single Luftwaffe 8.8cm battery destroyed some 40 Allied tanks.
During the Second World War Tiger tank crews had to be trained as quickly and effectively as possible. To assist in this process General Heinz Guderian authorised the publication of the Tigerfibel, the illustrated manual which was issued to Tiger I crews from 1943 onwards. This highly unorthodox publication was full of risqu drawings and humorous illustrations and was designed to convey complex battlefield instructions in a simple and memorable manner.??This unique primary source has now been translated into English by Emmy Award winning historian Bob Carruthers. It makes for indispensable reading for anyone interested in tank warfare in World War II. The manual contains everything the reader could ever wish to know concerning how the crews were instructed to handle the Tiger I under combat conditions. The Tigerfibel contains the original German publication with a complete English translation and a new overview and introduction. The Tigerfibel contains detailed instructions on aiming, firing, ammunition and close combat. There are extensive sections on maintenance, driving, radio operation and the essentials of commanding a Tiger I in combat.??This priceless information is now being made available to a wider English speaking audience as an electronic publication for the first time. Interesting and highly accessible, the Tigerfibel is essential and rewarding reading for all readers interested in the history of this famous tank.??This book is part of the 'Hitler's War Machine' series, a new military history range compiled and edited by Emmy Award winning author and historian Bob Carruthers. The series draws on primary sources and contemporary documents to provide a new insight into the true nature of Hitler's Wehrmacht.??The series consultant is David Mcwhinnie creator of the award winning PBS series 'Battlefield'.
The 88-mm gun was a German anti-aircraft and anti-tank artillery gun from World War II. It was used substantially by Germany throughout the war, and was one of the most recognized German weapons of the war. Development of the 88-mm led to a wide variety of weapons. The 88-mm name applies to a series of guns, the first one officially called the Flak 18, then the improved Flak 36, and later the Flak 37. Flak is a contraction of the German word Flugzeugabwehrkanone, meaning "aircraft-defense cannon," the original purpose of the eighty-eight. In English, "flak" became a generic term for ground anti-aircraft fire. In informal German use, the guns were universally known as the Acht-acht, meaning eighty-eight. During the North African campaign, German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, also known as The Desert Fox, made the most effective use of the weapon, as he lured tanks of the British 8th Army into traps by baiting them with apparently retreating tanks. When the enemy tanks pursued, hidden 88-mm guns picked them off at ranges far beyond those of the tank's guns. A mere two flak battalions destroyed 264 tanks throughout 1941. Created in 1943, this technical manual reveals a great deal about the 88-mm's design and capabilities. Intended as a manual for those responsible for operation and maintenance, it details many aspects of the 88-mm's assembly, recoil and accessories. Originally labeled restricted, this manual was declassified long ago and is here reprinted in book form. Care has been taken to preserve the integrity of the text.
Author: Dr. Maryann Godshall, PhD, RN, CCRN, CPN, CNE
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
"Nurse Educators can no longer be just experts in their specific fields; they need to be able to teach a variety of students in a variety of settings. This book encompasses all topics necessary to assist nurses to become educators. I am not aware any other books that address this area so thoroughly." Score: 98, 5 stars --Doody's ìI truly believe that your book made it possible for me to successfully complete the CNE exam! It truly is the only book you need to pass the CNE exam - I'm living proof! Thanks so much! I learned a lot from your book and intend to keep it on my desk for future reference!î óSue Carroll, MSN, RN Sentara College of Health Sciences This is the only Certified Nurse Educator (CNE) examination prep book that addresses each of the key topics outlined in the actual NLN test blueprint. The review manual serves as an indespensible resource for novice and expert nurse educators seeking to master the content needed for CNE Certification. Each chapter contains only the most important information needed for the test, breaking each topic down into its parts to facilitate quick access to core content. No other review manual offers comprehensive coverage of everything nurse educators need to know for the CNE exam, including guidelines for classroom management, practal teaching strategies, and much more. Why you need this book: Chapter content presents nurse educator core competencies as outlined in the NLN test blueprint Features practice questions in each chapter and an answer key in the back of the book with full explanations of correct answers Includes comprehensive practice test at the end of the book, also with explanations of correct answers Contains essential information on practical teaching strategies, developing lesson plans, culturally diverse students, student evaluation, and much more This guide contains the essential knowledge that all nurse educators need to pass the test and excel in teaching, thus serving as an invaluable resource for systematic review of content before taking the NLN CNE examination.
Relive your favorite memories of the classic G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero cartoon with the G.I. Joe Field Manual, Volume One-an amazing archive of beautiful animation models. From Roadblock to Zartan, from the Skystriker to the H.I.S.S. Tank, from the Weather Dominator to the U.S.S. Flagg, all of your favorite characters, vehicles, and world conquering devices are present in this amazing volume. Thrill to never-before-published production artwork and behind-the-scenes designs that made the classic 80's Joe cartoon so memorable.
The Handbook On German Military Forces is an indispensable primary reference source for historians and enthusiasts. In 1945 the Allies were still engaged in bitter fighting against stiff resistance from the German armies in the west. The US War Department was determined to do its best to equip the US forces fighting the Germans in the field with as much knowledge as possible. March 1945 saw the issue of an astonishing document entitled the Handbook On German Military Forces. This was a truly remarkable work of intelligence gathering which formed a vast compendium of all the relevant knowledge amassed on the German Wehrmacht.??Amazingly accurate and comprehensive, the Handbook ran to over six hundred pages and was designed to equip commanders in the field with everything they were likely to need to know about the German forces. The Handbook remained classified until 1953 and then slipped into obscurity.??This new paperback reprint rescues this great work from obscurity, covering the psychology, organisation, tactics and operational aspects of the German forces. The weapons, machines, aircraft and uniforms of the German forces are also documented within the Handbook.??The Handbook On German Military Forces is a fascinating primary reference source for historians and enthusiasts alike, providing an invaluable insight into the detail of the German Army which is still an unrivaled source of information today.