English summary: A comprehensive overview of gender-historical trends in Expressionism is still a desideratum; the number and heterogeneity of such trends call for a diverse range of specialized studies. This volume makes an important contribution to cultural-historical research on the links between Expressionism and gender; it deals with literature (especially prose), film, plays by Ernst Toller, and paintings by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. The contributions explore topics such as fantasies of male birth, sexuality in contexts of money and traffic flows, aspects of maternal practice, crises of masculinities, gender symbolism, prostitute figures, and women as means for the increase of male social power. The findings suggest that future research should focus more strongly on three ways in which expressionists problematize gender positions: on symbolically meaningful transgressions of gender roles, on contradictory specifications of gender-coded identities, and on de-essentialized modes of sexual expression in the force fields of technology and social power. German and English text. German description: Eine umfassende Bestandsaufnahme genderhistorisch bedeutsamer Tendenzen des Expressionismus steht nach wie vor aus; angesichts der epochalen Vielfalt dieser Tendenzen lasst sich das Bild der expressionistischen Moderne nur mit Hilfe einer Vielzahl kleinerer Schritte in unterschiedliche Richtungen aktualisieren. Der Band leistet einen wichtigen Beitrag zu jener Bestandsaufnahme; neben der Literatur, insbesondere der Prosa, werden u.a. Strassenszenen von Ernst Ludwig Kirchner und Filme der Weimarer Republik berucksichtigt. Die Beitrage behandeln maskuline Geburtsphantasien, Sexualitat in Kontexten des Strassen- und Geldverkehrs, Aspekte mutterlichen Handelns, krisenhafte Maskulinitaten, Geschlechtersymbolik, Prostituiertenmotive sowie Frauenfiguren, die als Mittel zur Steigerung mannlicher Macht fungieren. Die Befunde legen nahe, drei Varianten der Problematisierung von Geschlechterpositionen im Expressionismus kunftig starker zu berucksichtigen: die symbolisch bedeutsame Uberschreitung von Spielraumen der Geschlechter, die widerspruchliche Codierung geschlechtermarkierten Sinns sowie die Darstellung von Substanzverlusten sexueller Beziehungen im Wirkungsfeld instrumentellen Handelns.
Siegfried Kracauer was one of the twentieth century's most brilliant cultural critics, a daring and prolific scholar, and an incisive theorist of film. In this volume his finest writings on modern society make their long-awaited appearance in English. This book is a celebration of the masses--their tastes, amusements, and everyday lives. Taking up themes of modernity, such as isolation and alienation, urban culture, and the relation between the group and the individual, Kracauer explores a kaleidoscope of topics: shopping arcades, the cinema, bestsellers and their readers, photography, dance, hotel lobbies, Kafka, the Bible, and boredom. For Kracauer, the most revelatory facets of modern life in the West lie on the surface, in the ephemeral and the marginal. Of special fascination to him is the United States, where he eventually settled after fleeing Germany and whose culture he sees as defined almost exclusively by "the ostentatious display of surface." With these essays, written in the 1920s and early 1930s and edited by the author in 1963, Kracauer was the first to demonstrate that studying the everyday world of the masses can bring great rewards. The Mass Ornament today remains a refreshing tribute to popular culture, and its impressively interdisciplinary essays continue to shed light not only on Kracauer's later work but also on the ideas of the Frankfurt School, the genealogy of film theory and cultural studies, Weimar cultural politics, and, not least, the exigencies of intellectual exile. In his introduction, Thomas Levin situates Kracauer in a turbulent age, illuminates the forces that influenced him--including his friendships with Walter Benjamin, Theodor Adorno, and other Weimar intellectuals--and provides the context necessary for understanding his ideas. Until now, Kracauer has been known primarily for his writings on the cinema. This volume brings us the full scope of his gifts as one of the most wide-ranging and penetrating interpreters of modern life.
Joyful Babel: Translating Hélène Cixous is a selection of critical essays on translation and the writing of Hélène Cixous, with contributions from translators of her texts into different languages and cultures. The present volume is unique in that it is the first collection of essays on the work of Cixous from the perspective of translation. It presents new explorations into translating as process, theory and practice, and new insights on Cixous's fictional and theoretical world. It is an international collection, open to readings of Cixous's writing, including the theoretical, fictional and dramatic discourses. The variety of intersecting subjects and perspectives provokes, interrogates and explores Cixous's theory and writing in ways that will contribute to a deeper understanding of her oeuvre, will motivate new debates as well as inspire new research. This book is addressed to a wide range of readers, from those who initiate themselves to translation or already practise it, to readers and critics of Cixous's work, linguists and translation theorists, scholars interested in gender and postcolonial issues, and critics of contemporary literature; thus, not only academics but also professional translators, as well as drama/theatre staging practitioners.
Theosophy, Cabala, and the Modern Spiritual Revival
Author: June O. Leavitt
Publisher: OUP USA
Category: Literary Criticism
June O. Leavitt offers a fascinating examination of the mystical in Franz Kafka's life and writings, showing that Kafka's understanding of the occult was not only a product of his own clairvoyant experiences but of the age in which he lived.
Investigations of a Dog (German: Forschungen eines Hundes) is a short story by Franz Kafka written in 1922. It was published posthumously in Beim Bau der Chinesischen Mauer (Berlin, 1931). Told from the perspective of a dog, the story concerns the nature and limits of knowledge, by way of the dog's inquiries into the practices of his culture. Investigations of a Dog was written in September and October 1922, soon after Kafka ended work on his unfinished novel The Castle. Similar to other Kafka stories such as A Report to an Academy, Josephine the Singer, and The Burrow, the protagonist is an animal.