Search Results: frames-in-the-toxicity-controversy

Frames in the Toxicity Controversy

Risk Assessment and Policy Analysis Related to the Dutch Chlorine Debate and the Swedish PVC Debate

Author: Arnold Tukker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401147566

Category: Science

Page: 382

View: 1865

Preface When you write a book like this after ten years' working as an environmental specialist, you end up with something that reflects your career. Of course, when I started working at the Ministry of the Environment in the Netherlands, I could not foresee that I would now be at TNO, nor that I would have performed research into chlorine, PVC, waste, etc. , that would come to form the basis for this book. But step by step, with some coincidence and with the support of several people - who were probably unaware of the crucial role that, with hindsight, they played - I arrived at a position where I could start to consider this enterprise. At this point I shall try something dangerous - thanking a few of those people who gave that support. At the same time, it is obvious that I cannot mention them all. I hope that those whom I do not mention will forgive me. A first, crucial moment in this sequence of events came quite soon after I joined TNO in 1990. Just a few weeks later, all the senior staff in my section decided to leave in order to set up their own company. I decided to stay at TNO. As a consequence, I had to manage it on my own.

Verhalten und Abbau von Umweltchemikalien

Physikalisch-chemische Grundlagen

Author: Walter Klöpffer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527326731

Category: Chemicals

Page: 588

View: 9630

Um die Gefahrdung der Umwelt durch Chemikalien einschatzen zu konnen, reicht es nicht aus, nur die Schadwirkung, d. h. den Einfluss der Chemikalie auf die Umwelt zu betrachten. Auch der Einfluss der Umwelt auf die Chemikalie spielt eine wichtige Rolle, uber deren Verteilung, Verbreitung und Abbau in den verschiedenen Umweltkompartimenten. Seit etwa 30 Jahren existieren immer wieder verbesserte Modelle, die diese Umweltfaktoren abbilden und eine Vorhersage zu Dauer und Intensitat der Umweltgefahrdung nach Freisetzung eines Schadstoffes ermoglichen. Mit Hilfe dieser Einfuhrung in die Grundlagen des Verhaltens von Chemikalien in der Umwelt wird der Leser in die Lage versetzt, die verfugbaren Rechenmodelle und Simulationen zum Abbau von Chemikalien in Luft, Wasser und Boden sinnvoll einzusetzen und deren Ergebnisse fachgerecht zu interpretieren. Das Buch besteht aus vier Teilen. Der erste Teil dient als Einleitung in die Thematik, der zweite befasst sich mit der Verbreitung und Verteilung von Chemikalien in Luft, Wasser und Boden. Im dritten Teil wird der abiotische und biotische Abbau der Chemikalien betrachtet. Im vierten Teil schlielich werden die verschiedenen Verteilungs- und Abbauwege zu einfachen bis komplexen Rechenmodellen zusammengefugt, und die wichtigsten, von nationalen und internationalen Organisationen verwendeten Modelle werden eingehend anhand von Beispielen erlautert.


Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 4230

The British National Bibliography

Author: Arthur James Wells

Publisher: N.A


Category: English literature

Page: N.A

View: 2836

Toxic Communities

Environmental Racism, Industrial Pollution, and Residential Mobility

Author: Dorceta Taylor

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479861626

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 7809

From St. Louis to New Orleans, from Baltimore to Oklahoma City, there are poor and minority neighborhoods so beset by pollution that just living in them can be hazardous to your health. Due to entrenched segregation, zoning ordinances that privilege wealthier communities, or because businesses have found the ‘paths of least resistance,’ there are many hazardous waste and toxic facilities in these communities, leading residents to experience health and wellness problems on top of the race and class discrimination most already experience. Taking stock of the recent environmental justice scholarship, Toxic Communities examines the connections among residential segregation, zoning, and exposure to environmental hazards. Renowned environmental sociologist Dorceta Taylor focuses on the locations of hazardous facilities in low-income and minority communities and shows how they have been dumped on, contaminated and exposed. Drawing on an array of historical and contemporary case studies from across the country, Taylor explores controversies over racially-motivated decisions in zoning laws, eminent domain, government regulation (or lack thereof), and urban renewal. She provides a comprehensive overview of the debate over whether or not there is a link between environmental transgressions and discrimination, drawing a clear picture of the state of the environmental justice field today and where it is going. In doing so, she introduces new concepts and theories for understanding environmental racism that will be essential for environmental justice scholars. A fascinating landmark study, Toxic Communities greatly contributes to the study of race, the environment, and space in the contemporary United States.

Current Controversies in Bone Marrow Transplantation

Author: Brian J. Bolwell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1592596576

Category: Medical

Page: 322

View: 4688

Leading transplant physicians critically review and interpret twenty-one key clinical challenges in bone marrow/hematopoietic cell transplantation, and offer their best personal recommendations for treatment. Topics range from transplant strategies to complications of bone marrow transplantation, including a discussion of the indications, benefits, and the risks for a variety of leukemias, lymphomas, and solid tumors. The authors debate such contentious issues as the appropriateness of transplants in older patients, how many stem cells are sufficient for engraftment, and the pros and cons of umbilical cord blood transplantation. Up-to-date and clinically focused, Current Controversies in Bone Marrow Transplantation offers clinical oncologists, hematology/oncology fellows in training, and residents in internal medicine today's best ready reference and management guide for all their critical oncologic problems arising from the use of bone marrow/stem cell transplantation.

The Environmental Movement in Ireland

Author: Liam Leonard

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402068126

Category: Science

Page: 234

View: 6031

This book examines key themes in Irish environmental politics, including the main components that have come to define such events, and incidents of environmental collective action in this country during forty years of growth and development. The author analyses the mobilization and framing processes undertaken in these disputes, locating them in the context of a wider rural identity that has shaped grassroots environmentalism in the Irish case.

Volatile Places

A Sociology of Communities and Environmental Controversies

Author: Valerie Gunter,Steve Kroll-Smith

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452239568

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 3433

Volatile Places: A Sociology of Communities and Environmental Controversies is a thoughtful guide to the spirited public controversies that inevitably occur when environments and human communities collide. The movie "An Inconvenient Truth" based on the environmental activism of Al Gore and the devastation of Hurricane Katrina are specifically highlighted. Authors Valerie Gunter and Steve Kroll-Smith begin with a simple observation and offer a provocative case study approach to the investigation of community and environmental controversies.

Foreign Compound Metabolism in Mammals

Author: D. E. Hathway

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 0851860583

Category: Medical

Page: 405

View: 9058

Reflecting the growing volume of published work in this field, researchers will find this book an invaluable source of information on current methods and applications.

Advances and Controversies in Prostate Cancer, An Issue of Urologic Clinics - E-Book

Author: William K. Oh,James C. Hu

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455700746

Category: Medical

Page: 159

View: 8630

An estimated 234,000 new cases of prostate cancer will be diagnosed in the United States this year, making it one of the most common cancers affecting American men; however, it can be a controversial disease to diagnose and treat now that there is research abounding for both “watchful waiting and aggressive treatments. Dr. Oh supplies balanced information, with articles on: Prostate Cancer: To Screen or Not To Screen?; High Intensity Focused Ultrasound: Ready for Primetime?; The Case for Open vs. Robotic Assisted Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy; Primary and Salvage Prostate Cancer Cryotherapy; and The Case for Open vs. Robotic Assisted Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy, to name a few. The state-of-the art information presented in this issue make is must-have for all urologists.

Books in Print

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 5496

Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.

EPA Science: New Assessment Process Further Limits the Credibility and Timeliness of EPA's Assessments of Toxic Chemicals

Congressional Testimony

Author: John B. Stephenson

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1437909922


Page: 32

View: 4753

The EPA¿s Integrated Risk Info. System (IRIS) contains EPA¿s scientific position on the potential human health effects of exposure to more than 540 chemicals. Toxicity assessments in the IRIS database constitute the first two critical steps of the risk assessment process. Thus, IRIS is a critical component of EPA¿s capacity to support scientifically sound environmental decisions, policies, and regulations. This testimony discusses: (1) highlights of a report, ¿Chemical Assessments: Low Productivity and New Interagency Review Process Limit the Usefulness and Credibility of EPA¿s IRIS:¿; (2) key aspects of EPA¿s revised IRIS assessment process; and (3) progress EPA has made in completing assessments in FY 2008. Charts and tables.

Mandated Science: Science and Scientists in the Making of Standards

Science and Scientists in the Making of Standards

Author: L. Salter,W. Leiss,Edwin Levy

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400927118

Category: Philosophy

Page: 220

View: 9773

For a long time I would not eat strawberries. In 1977, a scandal broke about a testing laboratory having falsified the data that was used to register a large number of pesticides. The Canadian government, along with several others, began the process of re-evaluating both the procedures for testing and these specific chemicals. One chemical proved particularly controversial, the commonly-used pesticide named captan. In light of the controversy, which was manifest in a conflict between two government departments, in 1981, the Canadian government chose to appoint a special panel of experts to advise them. I was a member of this expert committee. The experience on the captan committee did little to reassure me, either about captan or about the way that decisions had been made about many pesticides in widespread use. Although it could not be demonstrated that captan was dangerous to people in the amounts to which they would likely be exposed, the animal studies provided the basis for concern. Prudence required at the very least that consumers take the precaution of washing their fruit, for captan is widely used on apples, cherries and berry fruits. Captan residues wash off apples relatively easily; they are less easily removed from berry fruits, such as straw berries.

Endotoxin in Health and Disease

Author: Helmut Brade

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824719449

Category: Science

Page: 968

View: 9010

Offering a basis for further research into the interactions of hosts and pathogens, this work gathers up-to-date findings, and details basic structures, functions and immunology. It provides descriptions of a variety of experimental endotoxin neutralizing agents, as well as a guide to clinical research initiatives and the latest treatments.

Mainstreaming America and Media Hegemony

How Network Television News Has Constructs [sic] the Meanings of the Industrial Toxic Waste Movement

Author: Jung Hye Yang

Publisher: N.A



Page: 518

View: 8497

Clinical Toxicology

Principles and Mechanisms, Second Edition

Author: Frank A. Barile

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 142009226X

Category: Medical

Page: 482

View: 9957

Examining the complex interactions associated with clinical toxicological events and chemical exposure of drug administration, this updated and revised Second Edition functions as a stand-alone text or reference of clinical toxicology for professionals, students of toxicology and pharmacy, as well as forensic toxicologists, occupational healthcare workers, industrial hygienists, and safety engineers. This all-inclusive source has been updated to include the latest issues and the most current research in clinical toxicology. Key features in Clinical Toxicology: Principles and Mechanisms include: Convenient and organized categorization of compounds into therapeutic and non-therapeutic agents Tables, drawings, and figures that provide readily accessible, precise data Tables for easy usage and cross-reference to names, indications, effects, adverse reactions, and drug interactions for over 70 common herbal products The brand, generic, and street names of therapeutic agents Topics covered in the Second Edition include: Symptoms of diseases and pathology caused by toxins and clinical drugs Biological and chemical toxins, changes in protocols for managing toxic ingestions, new antidotes, changes in treatments, and the pharmacology and toxicology of herbal products The effects of biological and chemical agents cited by the U.S. and U.N. as potential bioterrorist weapons General physiology and pharmacology principles The widely distributed chemical agents and currently used therapeutic drugs that have hazardous effects

Toxic Capitalism

The orgy of consumerism and waste: Are we the last generation on earth?

Author: Gilbert Van Kerckhove

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 1477219072

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 361

View: 1565

The West is causing depletion of natural resources and environmental destruction with the help of questionable companies, financial institutions and governments. Today, all eyes are on China and its hazardous environment. Toxic Capitalism, a succinct volume jam-packed with informative but scary data, shows how to fight overconsumption and wastage. Yes, there is a solution. Only complaining will not guarantee the well-being of future generations. What you will discover and learn in the book: The reality of Global Warming How financial institutions and companies fail in their job How governments fail in their duty, vested interests at work How income inequality affects society The role of corruption How inadequate job markets impede better consumption Details on water pollution & scarcity, focus on China What China is doing to combat pollution, to improve the energy mix and promote renewables How China roams the world to buy up and import the much needed resources, including food How much and why we waste (including food and medicine) Air pollution, soil pollution, impact on health Everyday examples of waste, focus on China How we can enforce quality and durability How we can do our part to safeguard the future for our children

Environmental Public Health Policy for Asbestos in Schools

Unintended Consequences

Author: Jacqueline Karn Corn

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566704885

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 1468

On January 3, 1977, Howell Township, New Jersey closed its schools while scientists tested for dangerous levels of asbestos. After reports of unexplained ailments in some children, the parents of 4,500 elementary school children had threatened to boycott classes until the Board of Education removed asbestos-containing materials. Similar cases occurred across the country. In February, 1977, the New York Times reported that the child whose illness had been attributed to asbestos actually had mononucleosis. Was the reaction of parents and officials unwarranted? Did scientific evidence exist indicating that asbestos in schools caused children to become ill? Was all the relevant information - including the impact of their decisions on public policy in the future - considered? Environmental Public Health Policy for Asbestos in Schools addresses these questions by focusing on the development, institutionalization, and consequences of federal environmental policy for asbestos in schools. This unique and timely book explores the history of asbestos in schools and buildings and how this issue shaped the development of public health policy. Insight into past policy, including how, why, and who caused action to be taken, will enlighten and guide the scientific and regulatory communities in the future. The story of asbestos is a cautionary tale. Other toxic agents, such as lead, nitrogen dioxide and radon, could follow the same model as asbestos, raising similar questions. Written in a straightforward style, Environmental Public Health Policy for Asbestos in Schools explains technical concepts in language easily understood by non-experts. Understanding the factors and judgments involved in this issue gives insight into how the government - and society - perceives, assesses, and develops public health policy.

Radiotherapy in Prostate Cancer

Innovative Techniques and Current Controversies

Author: Hans Geinitz,Mack Roach III,Nicholas van As

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642370993

Category: Medical

Page: 297

View: 7134

Today, the arsenal of “high-precision” or “targeted” radiotherapy includes a variety of techniques and approaches that, like the pieces of a puzzle, need to be put together to provide the prostate cancer patient with high-level optimized radiation treatment. This book examines in detail the role of these innovative radiation techniques in the management of prostate cancer. In addition, a variety of current controversies regarding treatment are carefully explored, including whether prophylactic treatment of the pelvic lymphatics is essential, the magnitude of the effect of dose escalation, whether a benefit accrues from hypofractionation, and what evidence exists for the superiority of protons or heavy ions. Radiotherapy in Prostate Cancer: Innovative Techniques and Current Controversies is intended for both radiation oncologists and urologists with an interest in the up-to-date capabilities of modern radiation oncology for the treatment of prostate cancer.

BCR-ABL Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition


Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1481697625

Category: Medical

Page: 89

View: 8109

BCR-ABL Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about Nilotinib in a concise format. The editors have built BCR-ABL Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Nilotinib in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of BCR-ABL Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at

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