The Rise of People's Journalism
Author: John C. Merrill,Peter J. Gade,Frederick R. Blevens
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
This volume offers a historical, philosophical, and practical critique of public and civic journalism--a movement that gained momentum in the final decade of the 20th century. During that period, proponents of the movement have published nearly a dozen books expanding upon and expounding the virtues of journalism, seeking to repair what is thought to be the torn social, political, and moral fabric in America. Although previous works have established a strong practical underpinning for public and civic journalism, none has examined its philosophical roots or challenged its methodology and grounding in neoliberal constructs. This volume does just that, tracing its origins in early philosophy to the current newsroom policies and practices that conflict with traditional constructs in libertarian press theory. Twilight of Press Freedom postulates that institutionalized journalism is fading away and world journalism--prompted by the people--is veering toward more order and social harmony, and away from the traditional idea of the great value of press freedom. The volume provides a critical examination of the trend toward public journalism and considers how press freedom will be impacted by this trend in coming years. Scholars and students in journalism, public opinion, and media studies will find this book insightful and invaluable.
Author: Vereinte Nationen
Die Allgemeine Erklärung der Menschenrechte (A/RES/217, UN-Doc. 217/A-(III)), auch: Deklaration der Menschenrechte oder UN-Menschenrechtscharta oder kurz AEMR, ist das ausdrückliche Bekenntnis der Vereinten Nationen zu den allgemeinen Grundsätzen der Menschenrechte. Es wurde am 10. Dezember 1948 von der Generalversammlung der Vereinten Nationen im Palais de Chaillot in Paris genehmigt und verkündet.
The Changing American Front Page
Author: Michele Weldon
Publisher: University of Missouri Press
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
"Examines how newspapers have changed over the past few years, becoming story papers. Comparing 850 stories, story approaches, and unofficial sourcing in twenty American newspapers from 2001 and 2004, Weldon reveals a shift toward features over hard news, along with an increase in anecdotal or humanistic approaches to all stories"--Provided by publisher.
The Forces Shaping Journalism in Uncertain Times
Author: Wilson Lowrey,Peter J. Gade
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Changing the News examines the difficulties in changing news processes and practices in response to the evolving circumstances and struggles of the journalism industry. The editors have put together this volume to demonstrate why the prescriptions employed to salvage the journalism industry to date haven’t worked, and to explain how constraints and pressures have influenced the field’s responses to challenges in an uncertain, changing environment. If journalism is to adjust and thrive, the following questions need answers: Why do journalists and news organizations respond to uncertainties in the ways they do? What forces and structures constrain these responses? What social and cultural contexts should we take into account when we judge whether or not journalism successfully responds and adapts? The book tackles these questions from varying perspectives and levels of analysis, through chapters by scholars of news sociology and media management. Changing the News details the forces that shape and challenge journalism and journalistic culture, and explains why journalists and their organizations respond to troubles, challenges and uncertainties in the way they do.
Zwanzig Lektionen für den Widerstand
Author: Timothy Snyder
Category: Political Science
Wir sind nicht klüger als die Menschen, die erlebt haben, wie überall in Europa die Demokratie unterging und Faschismus, Nationalsozialismus und Kommunismus kamen. Aber einen Vorteil haben wir. Wir können aus ihren Erfahrungen lernen. „Leiste keinen vorauseilenden Gehorsam.“ So lautet die erste von 20 Lektionen für den Widerstand, mit denen Timothy Snyder die Bürger der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika vorbereitet auf das, was gestern noch unvorstellbar zu sein schien: einen Präsidenten, der das Gesicht der Demokratie verstümmelt und eine rechtsradikale Tyrannei errichtet. Doch nicht nur in den USA sind Populismus und autoritäres Führertum auf dem Vormarsch. Auch in Europa rückt die Gefahr von rechts immer näher – als ob es das 20. Jahrhundert und seine blutigen Lehren niemals gegeben hätte. Snyders historische Lektionen, die international Aufsehen erregt haben, sind ein Leitfaden für alle, die jetzt handeln wollen - und nicht erst, wenn es zu spät ist. Lektion 8: „Setze ein Zeichen.“ Dieses Buch tut es. Tun Sie es auch.
Author: Salman Rushdie
Publisher: btb Verlag
Bejubelt und verdammt: Das Buch, für das Salman Rushdie zum Tode verurteilt wurde Über der englischen Küste wird ein Flugzeug in die Luft gesprengt. Die einzigen Überlebenden dieses Terroranschlags sind Gibril Farishta und Saladin Chamcha, zwei indische Schauspieler, die buchstäblich vom Himmel fallen und wie durch ein Wunder unversehrt bleiben. Doch nach dem Absturz gehen seltsame Dinge mit ihnen vor: Der Muslim Gibril zeigt immer mehr Ähnlichkeit mit dem Erzengel Gabriel, während sich Saladin, der stets seine Herkunft verleugnete, zu einem Abbild des Teufels entwickelt. Doch das ist erst der Beginn einer überwältigenden Odysee zwischen Gut und Böse, zwischen Fantasie und Realität.
Author: Margaret A. Blanchard
First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
The Fall and Rise of a Great Power, 1850 - 2009
Author: Jonathan Fenby
Publisher: Penguin UK
'China's reemergence as a global economic powerhouse has compressed into a single generation an industrial and urban revolution on a scale the world has never seen. Its transformation looks to many foreigners, and to millions of newly prosperous Chinese, like a near-miraculous escape from the agonies of its recent history - late imperial, warlord-republican and Maoist. The great merit of Jonathan Fenby's vivid account of the years since 1850 is to underline how heavily that history still weighs on the present' Rosemary Righter, The Times
The Transformation of the Press and Reshaping of the Law in the Internet Age
Author: Scott Gant
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
As the internet continues to reshape almost all corners of our world, no institution has been more profoundly altered than the practice of journalism and distribution of information. In this provocative new book, Scott Gant, a distinguished Washington attorney and constitutional law scholar, argues that we as a society need to rethink our notions of what journalism is, who is a journalist and exactly what the founding fathers intended when they referred to "the freedom of the press." Are bloggers journalists, even if they receive no income? Even if they are unedited and sometimes irresponsible? Many traditional news organizations would say no. But Gant contends otherwise and suggests we think of these sometimes unruly online purveyors of information and opinion as heirs to those early pamphleteers who helped shape our fledgling democracy. He gives us a persuasive and engaging argument for affording bloggers and everyone else who disseminates information and opinion in the U.S. the same rights and privileges that traditional journalists enjoy. The rise of the Internet and blogosphere has blurred the once distinct role of the media in our society. It wasn't long ago that the line between journalists and the rest of us seemed relatively clear: Those who worked for news organizations were journalists and everyone else was not. Those days are gone. On the Internet, the line has totally disappeared. It's harder than ever to answer the question, "Who is a journalist?" Yet it is a question asked routinely in American courtrooms and legislatures because there are many circumstances where those deemed "journalists" are afforded rights and privileges not available to the rest of us. The question will become increasingly important as the transformation of journalism continues, and bloggers and other "citizen journalists" battle for equal standing with professional journalists. Advancing arguments that are sure to stir controversy, Scott Gant leads the debate with a serious yet accessible discussion about whether, where, and how the government can decide who is a journalist. Challenging the mainstream media, Gant puts forth specific arguments about how to change existing laws and makes elegant suggestions for new laws that will properly account for the undeniable reality that We're All Journalists Now. For all of us who care about the ways in which the digital revolution is sweeping through our culture, this is a work of opinion that will be seen as required reading.
Israel und die geheimen Tötungskommandos des Mossad - Ein SPIEGEL-Buch
Author: Ronen Bergman
Von der Staatsgründung Israels bis heute - die erste umfassende Geschichte der geheimen Tötungskommandos des Mossad Mordanschläge, die dem israelischen Geheimdienst Mossad zugeschrieben werden, sorgen immer wieder für Aufsehen. Doch über die Hintergründe dieser Aktionen war bislang kaum etwas bekannt. In seinem packend geschriebenen Enthüllungsbuch deckt der israelische Geheimdienstexperte Ronen Bergman nun erstmals die ganze Dimension eines Schattenkriegs auf, der seit Jahrzehnten im Geheimen ausgetragen wird. Er beschreibt die Erfolge und Misserfolge der zum Teil unbekannten Attentate, benennt Opfer, Täter und Verantwortliche und fragt, welchen Preis Staat und Gesellschaft in Israel für ihre Sicherheit bezahlen.
Author: Robert W. Widell, Jr.
Birmingham, Alabama looms large in the history of the twentieth-century black freedom struggle, but to date historians have mostly neglected the years after 1963. Here, author Robert Widell explores the evolution of Birmingham black activism into the 1970s, providing a valuable local perspective on the "long" black freedom struggle.
Author: Denis McQuail
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
What are the media's responsibilities? To whom are they accountable? Are they increasingly growing out of control? In the twenty-first century, our mass media are becoming more powerful and more difficult to hold to account, and attempts at control to prevent harm or make media more responsible are often viewed as infringements of market and media freedom. In this stimulating new study, Denis McQuail identifies problematic trends and issues and outlines the principles underlying media regulation and accountability. In a wide-ranging discussion, which demonstrates that freedom and accountability are not incompatible, the book includes: a review of relevant theory of media and society; a statement of basic communication/publication values; an overview of the system of media governance; an assessment of media effects; a clarification of key concepts, especially accountability, responsibility, freedom, and publication; an analytic framework and a comparative assessment of the alternative means available for holding media to account.
Journalism on the World's Front Lines
Author: Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ)
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Business & Economics
The world's most comprehensive guide to international press freedom Every day, journalists around the world face incredible risks—from imprisonment and assassination to simply just "disappearing"—all for the ethical practice of their profession. Caught between wars and uprisings and corrupt police and drug cartels, as well as increasingly oppressive censorship laws, they find themselves in some of the most dangerous situations imaginable. This is why the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) continues to create the annual edition of Attacks on the Press. Started as a simple typewritten list over 25 years ago, this reliable resource has grown to become the definitive annual assessment of press freedoms globally. It provides analyses of media conditions, press freedom violations, and emerging threats to journalists in every corner of the world. In this 2014 edition, you will find front-line reports and analytical essays by CPJ experts covering an array of topics of critical importance to journalists Discusses how governments' capacity to store transactional data and the content of communications poses a unique threat to journalism in the digital age Addresses the hope for more freedom in Iran and how the practical needs for communications technology may work in favor of a freer press Examines the inability to solve journalist murders in areas such as Colombia and why eliminating witnesses has become an all too easy, and effective, method of stymying justice In addition to being an invaluable source of timely information and guidance for media professionals, Attacks on the Press gives voice to journalists globally, providing them with a platform for direct advocacy with governments and a tool for influence at the UN, OAS, EU, AU, and other official bodies.
The Impact of Globalization and Civil Society on Media-government Relations
Author: Carl Patrick Burrowes
Publisher: Africa World Press
Category: Social Science
This book tells the rich and often heroic story of the press in Liberia. Early newspapers were infused with a broad race consciousness which gave way to a specific nationalism at the turn of the last century. Initially, newspapers featured biting social commentary and enjoyed wide latitude to criticise officials, but restrictions were soon applied. Exploring the uses and abuses of power, the author demonstrates that the experience of Liberia provides a sobering corrective to the current euphoria regarding the effects of globalisation.
Freedom and the Press
Author: Richard Reeves
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
The former chief political correspondent for The New York Times offers a critical view of the influence of new technology, media moguls, and celebrity on American journalism, arguing that journalists have relinquished their objectivity and investigative role. UP.
A Paradoxical Legacy
Author: Clair Apodaca
Category: Political Science
This book provides a comprehensive historical overview and analysis of the complex and often vexing problem of understanding the formation of US human rights policy over the past thirty-five years, a period during which concern for human rights became a major factor in foreign policy decision-making. Clair Apodaca demonstrates that the history of American human rights policy is a series of different paradoxes that change depending on the presidential administration, showing that far from immobilizing the progression of a genuine and functioning human rights policy, these paradoxes have actually helped to improve the human rights protections over the years. Readers will find in a single volume a historically informed, argument driven account of the erratic evolution of US human rights policy since the Nixon administration. Understanding U.S. Human Rights Policy will be an essential supplement in courses on human rights, foreign policy analysis and decision-making, and the history of US foreign policy.
Media and Power in South America
Author: C. Martens,E. Vivares,R. McChesney
Category: Social Science
This collection reflects on the international political economy of media and the valuable lessons to be learned from the media reforms currently taking place across South America. The contributors present a range of theoretical and methodological perspectives on the ongoing battle for media space in South America.
The Informal Practices That Shaped Post-Soviet Politics and Business
Author: Alena V. Ledeneva
Publisher: Cornell University Press
During the Soviet era, blat—the use of personal networks for obtaining goods and services in short supply and for circumventing formal procedures—was necessary to compensate for the inefficiencies of socialism. The collapse of the Soviet Union produced a new generation of informal practices. In How Russia Really Works, Alena V. Ledeneva explores practices in politics, business, media, and the legal sphere in Russia in the 1990s—from the hiring of firms to create negative publicity about one's competitors, to inventing novel schemes of tax evasion and engaging in "alternative" techniques of contract and law enforcement. Ledeneva discovers ingenuity, wit, and vigor in these activities and argues that they simultaneously support and subvert formal institutions. They enable corporations, the media, politicians, and businessmen to operate in the post-Soviet labyrinth of legal and practical constraints but consistently undermine the spirit, if not the letter, of the law. The "know-how" Ledeneva describes in this book continues to operate today and is crucial to understanding contemporary Russia.