Search Results: gangs-and-delinquency-in-developmental-perspective-cambridge-studies-in-criminology

Gangs and Delinquency in Developmental Perspective

Author: Terence P. Thornberry

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521891295

Category: Social Science

Page: 238

View: 7474

Gang membership has long been understood to have a disruptive influence on adolescent development and to contribute disproportionately to the rate of delinquent crime. The nature of the impact, and the long-term effects on individuals, have not been well understood. This book uses longitudinal data to examine the developmental consequences of gang membership, and its longer term influence on the life course. This longitudinal approach is made possible by data from a study of antisocial behavior, The Rochester Youth Development Study, which followed one thousand adolescents through their early adult years. The subjects include delinquents who were gang members and others who were not, allowing the authors to compare motives, patterns of behavior, and recurring problems with caregivers and the law, education, peer relations, and career paths. The findings indicate that multiple developmental deficits lead to gang membership and that membership leads to an increase in delinquency.

Gewaltmassen

Über Eigendynamik und Selbstorganisation kollektiver Gewalt

Author: Axel T. Paul,Benjamin Schwalb

Publisher: Hamburger Edition HIS

ISBN: 3868546502

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 9901

Kollektive Gewalt ist Gewalt im Wir-Modus. Thema dieses Bandes sind solche Phänomene kollektiver Gewalt, die sich spontan und ungeplant ereignen. Die Frage lautet, wie "ganz normale" Männer und auch Frauen in Gruppen und Menschenmengen dazu kommen, gemeinsam Gewalt auszuüben, die sie zuvor als illegitim und unvereinbar mit ihrem Selbstverständnis wahrgenommen haben. Diese Prozesse zu untersuchen, haben sich Gewaltforscher/innen aus Soziologie, Geschichte, Ethnologie, Psychologie und Philosophie zur Aufgabe gemacht. Sie ergründen, in welcher Weise kollektive Erlebnisse Gewaltverläufe initiieren, welche gruppenbedingten Erfahrungen Gewalt zu einer selbstverständlichen oder gar "attraktiven" Handlungsoption machen, ob es typische (Verlaufs-)Formen von nicht organisierter Gewalt gibt und wie sich kollektive Gewaltroutinen einspielen. Das Spektrum der behandelten Phänomene reicht dabei von unblutigen Tumulten in einem Theater über Protestgewalt, Lynchmobs und Kriegsgräuel bis hin zu der Entstehung von Volksmilizen und der Radikalisierung von Untergrundorganisationen. In einer Welt, in der Gewalt in weiten Teilen zwar grundsätzlich verurteilt wird, sie aber gleichzeitig omnipräsent zu sein scheint, bietet der vorliegende multi-perspektivische Ansatz unter Einbeziehung sowohl der Ursachen als auch der Phänomenologie unterschiedlichster Gewaltereignisse einen Erklärungsansatz wie auch aktuelle Orientierung.

Städtische Armutsquartiere - Kriminelle Lebenswelten?

Studien zu sozialräumlichen Kontexteffekten auf Jugendkriminalität und Kriminalitätswahrnehmungen

Author: Dietrich Oberwittler,Susann Rabold,Dirk Baier

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531932446

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 2056

Die Konzentration von Kriminalität und Gewalt in sozial benachteiligten Wohnquartieren erfährt in Zeiten wachsender sozialer Spaltungen zunehmende Aufmerksamkeit. Die Annahme, dass Segregationsprozesse und räumliche Armutskonzentrationen in Großstädten Jugendkriminalität verschärfen können, ist weit verbreitet und hat in der Stadt- und Kriminalsoziologie insbesondere in den USA im letzten Jahrzehnt eine bedeutende Renaissance erfahren. Mithilfe neuer statistischer Verfahren wie der Mehrebenenanalyse ist es möglich, eigenständige Effekte des sozialräumlichen Kontextes auf das Verhalten der Bewohner genauer zu untersuchen. Der Sammelband greift diese neue Forschungsrichtung auf und vereinigt erstmals aktuelle deutsche und internationale Studien zu Kontexteffekten auf Jugendkriminalität und Kriminalitätswahrnehmungen der Bewohner. Die Studien werden ergänzt durch ausführliche theoretische Beiträge aus stadt- und kriminalsoziologischer Perspektive sowie durch methodisch orientierte Beiträge.

The Handbook of Gangs

Author: Scott H. Decker,David C. Pyrooz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118726871

Category: Social Science

Page: 592

View: 587

Pulling together the most salient, current issues in the field today, The Handbook of Gangs provides a significant assessment by leading scholars of key topics related to gangs, gang members, and responses to gangs. • Chapters cover a wide array of the most prominent issues in the field of gangs, written by scholars who have been leaders in developing new ways of thinking about the topics • Delivers cutting-edge reviews of the current state of research and practice and addresses where the field has been, where it is today and where it should go in the future • Includes extensive coverage of the individual theories of delinquency and provides special emphasis on policy and prevention program implications in the study of gangs • Offers a broad understanding of how other countries deal with gangs and their response to gangs, including Great Britain, Latin America, Australia and Europe • Chapters covering the legacies of four pioneers in gang research—Malcolm W. Klein, Walter B. Miller, James F. Short Jr., and Irving A. Spergel

Youth Gangs and Community Intervention

Research, Practice, and Evidence

Author: Robert Chaskin

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231519311

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 9064

Although a range of program and policy responses to youth gangs exist, most are largely based on suppression, implemented by the police or other criminal justice agencies. Less attention and fewer resources have been directed to prevention and intervention strategies that draw on the participation of community organizations, schools, and social service agencies in the neighborhoods in which gangs operate. Also underemphasized is the importance of integrating such approaches at the local level. In this volume, leading researchers discuss effective intervention among youth gangs, focusing on the ideas behind, approaches to, and evidence about the effectiveness of community-based, youth gang interventions. Treating community as a crucial unit of analysis and action, these essays reorient our understanding of gangs and the measures undertaken to defeat them. They emphasize the importance of community, both as a context that shapes opportunity and as a resource that promotes positive youth engagement. Covering key themes and debates, this book explores the role of social capital and collective efficacy in informing youth gang intervention and evaluation, the importance of focusing on youth development within the context of community opportunities and pressures, and the possibilities of better linking research, policy, and practice when responding to youth gangs, among other critical issues.

Researching Theories of Crime and Deviance

Author: Thomas Dain Stucky,Marvin D. Krohn

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195340860

Category: Social Science

Page: 351

View: 4294

This new book from noted criminologists Charis Kubrin, Thomas Stucky and Marvin Krohn is a unique supplement for criminological theory courses, graduate level research methods courses, or seminars that take a close look at the development of criminological theory and/or methods. This book is intended to bridge the gap between theory and research in the study of crime and deviant behavior. There are a number of textbooks that provide excellent summaries of criminological theories. Many ofthese include critiques of the theories discussing the empirical evidence that has been rendered in support (or not) of those theories. However, empirical evidence is only as good as the research methods that were used to generate it. Theory texts do not critically evaluate the research methods that generate the findings they cite. The student, therefore, obtains an impression of the utility of the theory based on an uncritical assessment of the research evidence. The purpose of this book is to explicitly assess the research methods that have been used to test nine theoretical perspectives of crime. Specifically, the authors focus on sampling, measurement, and analytical issues in doing theoretically directed research.

Serious Delinquency

An Anthology

Author: Thomas J. Bernard

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195330779

Category: Law

Page: 242

View: 6728

Serious Delinquency features a survey approach to the major issues in delinquency and the juvenile justice system. Coverage is both broad and deep, yet presented accessibly for students. Topics include patterns of offending and victimization, predictors, theoretically driven correlates, and a wide range of issues in the operations of the juvenile justice system.

Juvenile Delinquency

Author: Clemens Bartollas

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 562

View: 7175

"Juvenile Delinquency" provides a comprehensive, cutting-edge overview of all aspects of juvenile delinquency with a sociological focus. As Simon Dinitz, Ohio State University, says "Clemens Bartollas is genuinely interested in delinquents and in all those who work with and have contact with delinquents. This book reflects Professor Bartollas' abiding intellectual and emotional commitment to understanding and reducing delinquency, as well as ameliorating the personal and social ills that generate the massive delinquency problems not only in the United States but also in nearly all modern industrial nations." Every edition is thoroughly updated to reflect current research. Some exciting new updates in this edition: A new emphasis on the importance of human agency, or the interpretation and meaning that delinquents themselves bring to their social world¬ - as hot area within juvenile delinquency research. Coverage of delinquency across the life course, one of the most promising and exciting perspectives in studying delinquency today, can be found in each chapter. Increased focus on race and delinquency, especially in Chapters 7 and 10, allows for an examination of how racial factors affect the definition, handling, and processing of juvenile delinquents. An updated Chapter 10, "Gang Delinquency" provides more explanation of female gangs. Increased coverage of international juvenile justice in Chapters 14 and 15.

Gangs in the global city

alternatives to traditional criminology

Author: John Hagedorn

Publisher: Univ of Illinois Pr

ISBN: 9780252030963

Category: Law

Page: 356

View: 2548

Understanding worldwide gangs through the lens of globalization

The Handbook of Criminological Theory

Author: Alex R. Piquero

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118512383

Category: Social Science

Page: 560

View: 761

"Provides up-to-date, in-depth summaries of the most important theories in criminology, from classic deterrence theory and social disorganization to modern labeling theory and integrated theory"--

Street Gangs, Migration and Ethnicity

Author: Frank van Gemert,Dana Peterson,Inger-Lise Lien

Publisher: Willan Pub

ISBN: 9781843923961

Category: Social Science

Page: 286

View: 8737

Most, if not all, countries have street gangs. There is considerable variety when it comes to their history, (criminal) activities and composition, but often migrant youth are among the members. These newcomers may find themselves in a marginal position, which can lead them to become gang-members. Apart from this socio-economic aspect, nowadays youth culture seems to promote a gang lifestyle and play a role in gang formation. This lifestyle is strongly influenced by stereotypical American gangs.The chapters in this book are based on research from twelve different countries. They address both situations where there have been longstanding problems with street gangs as well as areas where such issues have just started to emerge. Different research methods, both qualitative and quantitative, provide a unique insight into the influence of migration on local gang formation and development, paying particular attention to the importance of ethnicity. The chapters also explore the challenges that migration and ethnicity pose for responding effectively to the growth of such gangs, particularly in areas where public discourse on such issues is restricted. This peer-reviewed volume will be essential reading for anybody interested in the phenomenon of street gangs.This is the third book produced by the Eurogang network, consisting of researchers working together to develop a common framework for international comparative research on street gangs, based on standardised methodological instruments and a common research design. The Eurogang network started in 1998 and now has some 200 members working on various continents.

Gang Membership, Delinquent Peers, and Delinquent Behavior

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Criminal behavior

Page: 11

View: 4644

Justice quarterly

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 7123

Studying youth gangs

Author: James F. Short,Lorine A. Hughes

Publisher: Altamira Pr

ISBN: 9780759109384

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 6593

This absorbing new collection is an introduction to the study of gangs how we define them, what we know and kno't know about gangs. The authors offer both a domestic and international view of processes of delinquency and gang formation and identity. It is an ideal text for criminal justice, sociology and social work, and a resource for law enforcement, probation and parole practitioners, and public defenders.

Bibliographic Guide to Education

Author: GK Hall

Publisher: G K Hall

ISBN: 9780783805016

Category: Reference

Page: 512

View: 6718

The "Bibliographic Guide to Education" lists recent publications cataloged during the past year by Teachers College, Columbia University, supplemented by publications in the field of education cataloged by The Research Libraries of The New York Public Library, selected on the basis of subject headings. Non-book materials, including theses, are included in this "Guide," with the exception of serials. All aspects and levels of education are represented in this "Guide," including such areas as: American elementary and secondary education, higher and adult education, early childhood education, history and philosophy of education, applied pedagogy, international and comparative education, educational administration, education of the culturally disadvantaged and physically handicapped, nursing education and education of minorities and women. Also well covered are the administrative reports of departments of education for various countries and for U.S. states and large cities. The Teachers College collection covers over 200 distinct educational systems. Works in all languages are included. The" Bibliographic Guide to Education" serves in part as an annual supplement to the "Dictionary Catalog of the Teachers College Library, Columbia University" (G.K. Hall & Co., 1970) and Supplements ("First Supplement," 1971; "Second Supplement," 1973; "Third Supplement," 1977).

Handbook of Life-Course Criminology

Emerging Trends and Directions for Future Research

Author: Chris L. Gibson,Marvin D. Krohn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461451132

Category: Social Science

Page: 341

View: 5835

The wide-ranging scope of the Handbook of Life-Course Criminology covers genetics and environment, child offenders and late bloomers, the impact of school and peers, lifelong and time-limited criminal careers, and qualitative and quantitative methodologies. This unique Handbook is further set apart by its dual coverage of the leading edge of current research and innovative directions for future work in the field. Pathways to crime have been a central concept of criminology from its inception. Accordingly, a lifespan approach to the field has replaced earlier biological and sociological perspectives with a more nuanced understanding of offender behavior and a wider lens of study. The contributions to this Handbook break down issues of criminal and antisocial behavior from early childhood to late adulthood, examining developmentally targeted prevention and intervention strategies and reviewing emerging trends in research. Among the topics: · Childhood: including physical aggression in childhood, pre- and peri-natal development, and environment. · Adolescence: the impact of schooling, unstructured time with peers, gang membership and peer networks. · Adulthood: Adult onset crime, unemployment in emerging adulthood, crime and adult outcomes. · Prevention and Intervention: community programs, lifetime intervention strategies, re-entry. This volume will be a valuable piece for researchers in Criminology and Criminal Justice as well as related disciplines such as Sociology, Developmental Psychology, and Social Policy. It will serve as an important reference for the current state of research, as well as a roadmap for future scholars. "This impressive Handbook provides comprehensive coverage of key developmental and life course issues in criminology from birth to adulthood, including biology, genetics, gangs, schools, neighborhoods, adult onset, desistance, and interventions. The research recommendations in each chapter are especially important, and they should stimulate advances in knowledge for many years to come. This Handbook should be required reading for all criminologists." David P. Farrington, Professor of Psychological Criminology, Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK “In just a few decades developmental criminology has become the dominant intellectual force in criminology. This volume demonstrates why. It provides incisive reviews of important themes in developmental criminology. More importantly, it lays out rich agendas for future research that should inspire the next generation of developmental criminologists.” Daniel S. Nagin, Teresa and H. John Heinz III University Professor of Public Policy and Statistics, Carnegie Melon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

Adolescent Psychology

Author: Fred E. Stickle

Publisher: Dushkin Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780073516103

Category: Education

Page: 193

View: 6211

This fifth edition of ANNUAL EDITIONS: ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGY provides convenient, inexpensive access to current articles selected from the best of the public press. Organizational features include: an annotated listing of selected World Wide Web sites; an annotated table of contents; a topic guide; a general introduction; brief overviews for each section; a topical index; and an instructor’s resource guide with testing materials. USING ANNUAL EDITIONS IN THE CLASSROOM is offered as a practical guide for instructors. ANNUAL EDITIONS titles are supported by our student website, www.dushkin.com/online.

Gangs in the Caribbean

Author: Randy Seepersad

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443852791

Category: Social Science

Page: 315

View: 2972

The present volume represents the first published book on gangs in the Caribbean. The study of criminal gangs is both timely and of the utmost importance to policy and security in the region. In many countries across the Caribbean, criminal gangs are increasing in number and prominence, and official crime data indicate that they are responsible for an increasing proportion of violent crimes. The Caribbean region experienced a dramatic increase in murder rates from 14.3 murders per 100,000 inhabitants in 2000 to 28.1 murders per 100,000 inhabitants in 2010. In some of the countries with comparatively high murder rates, such as Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago, the proportion of gang-related murders has reached alarming levels. In the case of Trinidad and Tobago, for example, for the period 2001 to 2012, 29.5% of all murders which occurred were classified as gang-related, with fully 38% being so classified in 2012. The Caribbean represents a diverse region with very different cultures and security issues. Foreign experiences and research on gangs may not generalize to the region, nor may foreign policy be entirely relevant. The present volume represents an attempt to come to terms with the phenomenon of gangs in the Caribbean, and presents a wealth of empirical data, as well as an analysis of the varying issues from a number of disciplinary perspectives. Much of what is currently known about gangs in the Caribbean is brought together in this volume, with the primary aims of understanding the varying issues and examining relevant strategies for dealing with the proliferation of criminal gangs.

Gangs in America III

Author: C. Ronald Huff

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 9780761924234

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 3845

As communities face ever-growing gang-related problems, Gangs in America III provides the most up-to-date information on the diverse perspectives and complex issues that arise in our efforts to understand, prevent, and control gang violence and crime.

Handbook of Adolescent Psychology, Individual Bases of Adolescent Development

Author: Richard M. Lerner,Laurence Steinberg, PhD

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780470149218

Category: Psychology

Page: 823

View: 8425

The study of and interest in adolescence in the field of psychology and related fields continues to grow, necessitating an expanded revision of this seminal work. This multidisciplinary handbook, edited by the premier scholars in the field, Richard Lerner and Laurence Steinberg, and with contributions from the leading researchers, reflects the latest empirical work and growth in the field.

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