Generations ago, gambling in America was an illicit activity, dominated by gangsters like Benny Binion and Bugsy Siegel. Today, forty-eight out of fifty states permit some form of legal gambling, and America’s governors sit at the head of the gaming table. But have states become addicted to the revenue gambling can bring? And does the potential of increased revenue lead them to place risky bets on new casinos, lotteries, and online games? In Gangsters to Governors, journalist David Clary investigates the pros and cons of the shift toward state-run gambling. Unearthing the sordid history of America’s gaming underground, he demonstrates the problems with prohibiting gambling while revealing how today’s governors, all competing for a piece of the action, promise their citizens payouts that are rarely delivered. Clary introduces us to a rogue’s gallery of colorful characters, from John “Old Smoke” Morrissey, the Irish-born gangster who built Saratoga into a gambling haven in the nineteenth century, to Sheldon Adelson, the billionaire casino magnate who has furiously lobbied against online betting. By exploring the controversial histories of legal and illegal gambling in America, he offers a fresh perspective on current controversies, including bans on sports and online betting. Entertaining and thought-provoking, Gangsters to Governors considers the past, present, and future of our gambling nation. Author's website (http://www.davidclaryauthor.com)
During the 1990s, the "roving bandits", big business or the oligarchs, stole Russia. They gained influence over President Yeltsin and his government, and gradually shaped policy in their own interests. In this first comprehensive account to explain why Russia took the course it did, Martin McCauley examines the period through the prism of government, including Yeltsin's shadow government, and looks at the military, police, security and intelligence services. Relations between Moscow and the regions, industry, agriculture, social policy and foreign policy are also explored.
A detailed compendium of American gangsters and gangs from the end of the Civil War to the present day. • Comprises 50 alphabetically organized entries on American gangsters and gangs from the post-Civil War era to the present • Offers a wealth of primary sources, including newspaper articles dating back to the 1880s and FBI files obtained by the author • Includes photographs of prominent American gangsters and the aftermaths of their crimes • Presents a glossary of gangster slang, past and present • Provides a comprehensive index
The Access to History series is the most popular and trusted series for AS and A level history students. This new edition provides accessible and complete coverage of the USA from 1890-1954, from the presidential situation in 1890 and the reasons for entering the First World War, to the policies of the New Deal and the impacts of the Second World War. It charts the changing optimism of the time, from the apparent economic stability of the 1920s, the devastation of the Depression, to the optimism under Roosevelt's presidency. Throughout the book, key dates, terms and issues are highlighted, and historical interpretations of key debates are outlined. Summary diagrams are included to consolidate knowledge and understanding of the period, and exam-style questions and tips written by examiners for each specification provide the opportunity to develop exam skills.