Search Results: gender-and-family-change-in-industrialized-countries

Gender and Family Change in Industrialized Countries

Author: Karen Oppenheim Mason,An-Magritt Jensen

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 0191590886

Category:

Page: 338

View: 2974

This volume focuses on the relationship between change in the family and change in the roles of women and men on contemporary industrial societies. Of central concern is whether change in gender roles has fuelled - or is merely historically coincident with - such changes in the family as rising divorce rates, increases in out-of-wedlock childbearing, declining marriage rates, and a growing disconnection between the lives of men and children. Covering more that twenty countries, including the USA, the countries of western Europe, and Japan, each essay in the volume is organized around an important theoretical or policy question; all offer new data analyses, and several offer prescriptions of how to fashion more equitable and humane family and gender systems. The second demographic transition and microeconomic theory of marital exchange are the dominant theoretical models considered; several chapters feature state-of-the-art quantitative analyses of large scale surveys.

Genders in the Life Course

Demographic Issues

Author: Antonella Pinnelli,Filomena Racioppi,Rosella Rettaroli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402060025

Category: Social Science

Page: 329

View: 8275

Here is a comprehensive and hugely important treatment of the topic of gender and demographic behaviour. It covers a lot of ground, from the age at first intercourse, through union formation and dissolution, to subjects such as fertility, migration, and ageing. It also examines in detail excess male mortality and provides a comparison of gender-specific behaviour and its determinants. It reports new findings of empirical research, mostly based on data from a number of European countries, making good use of Family and Fertility surveys and other international databases.

Marriage and Family

Perspectives and Complexities

Author: H. Elizabeth Peters,Claire M. Kamp Dush

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231520026

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 8568

Family life has been radically transformed over the past three decades. Half of all households are unmarried, while only a quarter of all married households have kids. A third of the nation's births are to unwed mothers, and a third of America's married men earn less than their wives. With half of all women cohabitating before they turn thirty and gay and lesbian couples settling down with increasing visibility, there couldn't be a better time for a book that tracks new conceptions of marriage and family as they are being formed. The editors of this volume explore the motivation to marry and the role of matrimony in a diverse group of men and women. They compare empirical data from several emerging family types (single, co-parent, gay and lesbian, among others) to studies of traditional nuclear families, and they consider the effect of public policy and recent economic developments on the practice of marriage and the stabilization or destabilization of family. Approaching this topic from a variety of perspectives, including historical, cross-cultural, gendered, demographic, socio-biological, and social-psychological viewpoints, the editors highlight the complexity of the modern American family and the growing indeterminacy of its boundaries. Refusing to adhere to any one position, the editors provide an unbiased account of contemporary marriage and family.

Gender, Welfare State and the Market

Towards a New Division of Labour

Author: Thomas Boje,Arnlaug Leira

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134564376

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 2115

This volume represents the present state of theoretical debate in welfare state scholarship, drawing on research from western Europe, North America and Japan. It therefore provides a valuable balance of breadth and detail from the broad international overview to comparisons between specific welfare states and national case studies.

Handbook of Life-Span Development

Author: Lawerence K.W. Berg, PhD, Esq.,Karen L. Fingerman, PhD,Jacqui Smith, PhD,Cynthia Berg, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826110800

Category: Psychology

Page: 650

View: 5420

"The handbook is an impressive collection of research studies and theories provided by knowledgeable contributors on life-span development from conception to old age."--Anthropology and Aging Quarterly The doubling of our average life span since the turn of the 20th century is considered by many scholars to be one of the most important changes in human existence. This definitive text is the only volume to fully address, through a multidisciplinary perspective, the biological, cognitive, and psychological development that occurs from infancy through old age, and how the sociocultural and institutional factors interface with these changes. Edited by leading research scholars in the field of life-span development, the volume also includes contributions of specialists in behavioral genetics, socioemotional selectivity theory, neuroscience, ecological models, and more. It examines the dynamics of close relationships and informal ties among the elderly population, child-parent attachment relationships as a life-span phenomenon, developmental tasks across the lifespan, continuity and discontinuity in temperament and personality, the sociocultural context of cognition across the life span, and variability in approaches to social problem solving from early to later life. Given the number of recent demographic shifts, it also explores issues related to fertility, life expectancy, environmental contexts, technology, immigration, and public policy. Key Features: Integrates the full life span from infancy through old age in each chapter Considers multidisciplinary perspectives that address personal relationships, cognitive development, and social, emotional, and physical health across the life span Situates life-span development in ecological contexts (e.g., socioeconomic, neighborhood, and immigration status) Provides a concise but thorough resource for graduate seminars in life-span-related studies Highlights future issues in all areas of life-span study

Children and the Changing Family

Between Transformation and Negotiation

Author: An-Magritt Jensen,Lorna McKee

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134471904

Category: Education

Page: 192

View: 8941

This timely and thought-provoking book explores how social and family change are colouring the experience of childhood. The book is centred around three major changes: parental employment, family composition and ideology. The authors demonstrate how children's families are transformed in accordance with societal changes in demographic and economic terms, and as a result of the choices parents make in response to these changes. Despite claims that society is becoming increasingly child-centred, this book argues that children still have little influence over the major changes in their lives. This book breaks new ground by researching family change from the child's point of view. Through combinations from childhood experts in Scandinavia, the UK and America, the book shows the importance of studying children's lives in families in order to understand how far children are active agents in contemporary society. Students of childhood studies, sociology, social work and education will find this book essential reading. It will also be of interest to practitioners in the social, child and youth services.

The Family on the Threshold of the 21st Century

Trends and Implications

Author: Solly Dreman

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135808554

Category: Psychology

Page: 320

View: 3414

Is there life for the family in the 21st century? Pessimists view the traditional two-parent nuclear family as a relic of the past, attributing their gloomy outlook to increased demands from the workplace, rampant technological advancement, and the pursuit of personal achievement at the expense of interpersonal needs and values. Optimists, on the other hand, claim that increasing alienation and emphasis on the occupational sphere necessitate a sense of family, community, and belonging as a haven from work-related stress. This volume addresses these and related issues such as the interplay of personal versus interpersonal factors in family development, the role of the extended family, and the interface between work, community and family. The contents of this book--scholarly contributions from a unique interdisciplinary rostrum of behavioral scientists in such diverse fields as psychology, sociology, anthropology, social work, industrial management, and demography--represent the latest developments in research, theory, and practice in family studies. The reader is presented with theoretical formulations, empirical findings, and applied interventions regarding family life in different parts of the world. A systems perspective is adopted as the family is examined at its interface with individuals, community, society, and culture, with the interdependence of these different levels emphasized. In addition, an attempt is made to integrate the work of theoreticians, researchers, and practitioners in understanding the evolving family. Dreman provides a survey of family life in the international arena and finds a surprising consensus between the different disciplinary perspectives and the respective geographical arenas. He discusses life-span issues in relation to all levels of family life including the impact of increased longevity and decreased fertility in relation to topics such as individual development, parent-child and couple relationships, the workplace, and the community. This book also highlights the interplay of biological and interpersonal dynamics as in the case of spousal depression.

Welten des Wohlfahrtskapitalismus

der Sozialstaat in vergleichender Perspektive

Author: Stephan Lessenich

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Welfare economics

Page: 349

View: 9890

Die Beitäge dieses Bandes widmen sich Fragen der Einheit und Vielfalt, der Stabilität und Dynamik, der Vergangenheit und Zukunft entwickelter Wohlfahrtsstaatlichkeit. Theoretischer Bezugsrahmen ist das Konzept wohlfahrtsstaatlicher Regime, das in der internationalen Diskussion Karriere gemacht hat. Das Buch bietet damit eine Bestandsaufnahme vergleichender Wohlfahrtsstaatsforschung mit grundlegenden Analysen für die aktuelle politische Debatte um die Zukunft des Sozialstaats.

Reshaping Social Life

Author: Sarah Irwin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134301383

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 5334

Caught up in current social changes, we do not fully understand the reshaping of social life. In sociological analyses there is a conceptual gap between subjectivities and social structural processes, and we face real difficulties in understanding social change and diversity. Through analysis of key areas of social life, here, Sarah Irwin develops a new and exciting resource for better understanding our changing social world. Breaking with conventional approaches and reconnecting the subjective with the objective, Irwin’s book develops a new conceptual and analytical perspective with social relationality, interdependence and social context at its heart. The new perspective is developed through grounded analyses of empirical evidence, and draws on new data. It explores and analyzes: * significant changes in family forms, fertility, gender relations and commitments to employment, children and care, both now, and with comparisons to early twentieth century developments * the meshing of norms and social relations in contexts of change * diverse values, norms and perceptions of fairness, analyzed with respect to diversity over the life course, and in respect of gender, ethnicity and social class. Through analysis of context, Irwin offers new insights, and tackles puzzles of explanation. Reshaping Social Life offers a fascinating and innovative way of slicing into and re-interrogating our changing social world, and is sure to become a landmark resource for students, scholars and researchers.

Women and Men in Political and Business Elites

A Comparative Study in the Industrialized World

Author: Mino Vianello,Gwen Moore

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412933749

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 4466

··Awarded the Descartes Prize 2004 of the European Commission·· How do gender inequalities translate at the top of politics and business? Is the gender gap eliminated for the most influential players in industrial democratic society? This informed and compelling analysis examines the demographic characteristics, family circumstances and career paths of a group of elite women. The book is noteworthy for being one of the first empirically based studies of women elites. Drawing on a sample from no less than 27 countries, a convincing and highly original picture is constructed that informs readers of career paths, values, social networks and gender battles for women elites. Co-ordinated by Mino Vianello and Gwen Moore, the research fills in a huge gap about how power actually operates in industrial-democratic societies. It enables us to test the view that substantial equality between the sexes has been achieved in the twenty first century. It constitutes a landmark work, both in the study of gender difference and the analysis of power. The findings will be of interest to academics and advanced students in a wide range of disciplines including stratification, globalization, political science, international relations, gender, sociology, organizational studies and much more.

Social Structures

Demographic Changes and the Well-Being of Older Persons

Author: K. Warner Schaie, PhD,Peter Uhlenberg, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826101099

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 2697

Significant demographic changes are altering the structure of the American population. Larger numbers of immigrants are entering the work force, will become part of our aging population, and increasingly, are providing care for the elderly. Family structures and communities are evolving as marriage, childbearing, divorce, and cohabitation trends are changing. The working population that supports the elderly, physically and economically, is also changing and will most likely become smaller and less able to support this growing population. What does this mean for the well-being of our aging population and our efforts to ensure the quality of life for our elderly now and that we will want to enjoy ourselves as we become part of this older population? In this volume Drs. Schaie and Uhlenberg and a host of leading scholars look at the current structure of the American population in an effort to determine the impact it will have on the lives of the elderly and those growing older with disabilities and chronic illness. They examine the effects of the aging baby boomers on health care, migration and immigration and how it can support or tax health care networks, cultural issues regarding access to health care, and changing cultural attitudes towards marriage and family that are affecting the relationships between the elderly and their communities.

Household Demography and Household Modeling

Author: Evert van Imhoff,Anton Kuijsten,Pieter Hooimeijer,Leo J.G. van Wissen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475754248

Category: Social Science

Page: 369

View: 6516

In 1992, a summer course 'Demographic Perspectives on Living Arrangements' as well as a one-day workshop 'Recent Issues in Household Modelling' were held in Wassenaar, The Netherlands. This volume is based on the lectures delivered during the summer course, as well as on the presentations made in the workshop. As such, the present volume combines the two elements of transfer of knowledge, on the one hand, and updating the state-of-the-art in the field of household demography, especially in household modelling, on the other hand. In organizing the contents and structure of this volume, we have aimed at creating a book that covers the field of household demography and household modelling in a certain logical and comprehensive way. The purpose of this book is to offer a comprehensive treatment of recent developments in various aspects of the growing field of household demography. Since these recent developments have particularly occurred in household analysis and modelling, these topics will receive special emphasis. The book was written for demographers, social scientists, and planners who are involved in the study and projection of popUlation in general, and of households in particular.

Contemporary Issues in Family Studies

Global Perspectives on Partnerships, Parenting and Support in a Changing World

Author: Angela Abela,Janet Walker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118321030

Category: Psychology

Page: 448

View: 5761

This volume tackles key issues in the changing nature of familylife from a global perspective, and is essential reading for thosestudying and working with families. Covers changes in couple relationships and the challenges thesepose; parenting practices and their implications for childdevelopment; key contemporary global issues, such as migration,poverty, and the internet, and their impact on the family; and therole of the state in supporting family relationships Includes a stellar cast of international contributors such asPaul Amato and John Coleman, and contributions from leading expertsbased in North Africa, Japan, Australia and New Zealand Discusses topics such as cohabitation, divorce, single-parenthouseholds, same-sex partnerships, fertility, and domesticviolence Links research and practice and provides policy recommendationsat the end of each chapter

Immigration, Gender, and Family Transitions to Adulthood in Sweden

Author: Eva Bernhardt

Publisher: University Press of Amer

ISBN: 9780761835707

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 8211

This work features an in-depth quantitative and qualitative set of studies on family issues in early adulthood among young adults born in Sweden of Swedish, Polish, and Turkish origins. The results are analyzed to explore the educational attainment of Swedish young adults of different origins, their transitions to marriage and cohabitation, inter-ethnic partnering, and the balance between work and family. The quantitative analyses are further enhanced by anthropologists' examinations of transitions to adulthood by young men and women. These analyses add depth to the survey findings, and are the basis for creating a new understanding of the diversity among these communities in Sweden. This integrated volume represents the work of an interdisciplinary team of demographers, sociologists, and anthropologists whose findings are compared to immigration and family transitions in Sweden, Norway, and other similar communities throughout Europe.

Zentrum für Umfragen, Methoden und Analysen Nachrichten

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social sciences

Page: N.A

View: 6001

Beschäftigung in Europa

Ergebnisse eines interdisziplinären Symposiums des Europaforums Steiermark

Author: Max Haller

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Employment (Economic theory)

Page: 187

View: 9323

Adult Mortality in Developed Countries

From Description to Explanation

Author: Alan D. Lopez,Graziella Caselli,Tapani Valkonen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198233299

Category: Mortality

Page: 361

View: 5183

With sharp declines in infant and child mortality during the twentieth century, virtually all deaths in developed countries now occur among adults. Demographers have long been aware, however, of the great diversity of adult mortality experience within and among countries, due to a host of interactions between societal, environmental, biological and behavioural variables, the mechanisms of which, for the most part, remain elusive. The challenge for demographers, taken up by this book, is to move away from description towards explanation. The first section is concerned with the more theoretical aspects of conceptual models and frameworks for the analysis of adult mortality. The second section deals with the diversity of mortality patterns and trends among industrialized countries, searching for explanations in the context of the conceptual models proposed earlier. This is followed by a series of chapters which focus on the causes and extent of differentials in adult mortality, paying particular attention to sex, region of residence, and socio-economic status. The final section of the book draws heavily on the North American experience to consider some of the policy and programme implications necessary to reduce preventable adult mortality levels further - including government policies to control smoking and alcohol abuse, and to promote healthful behaviour patterns. It also indicates areas of future research.

Exploring Family Relationships With Other Social Contexts

Author: Ross D. Parke,Sheppard G. Kellam

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134767625

Category: Psychology

Page: 256

View: 3201

In the 1990s it is no longer "news" that families do not operate independently from other social organizations and institutions. Instead, it is generally recognized that families are embedded in a complex set of relationships with other institutions and contexts outside the family. In spite of this recognition, a great deal remains to be discovered about the ways in which families are influenced by these outside agencies or how families influence the functioning of children and adults in these extra-familial settings--school, work, day-care, or peer group contexts. Moreover, little is known about the nature of the processes that account for this mutual influence between families and other societal institutions and settings. The goal of this volume is to present examples from a series of ongoing research programs that are beginning to provide some tentative answers to these questions. The result of a summer workshop characterized by lively exchanges not only between speakers and the audience, but among participants in small group discussions as well, this volume attempts to communicate some of the dynamism and excitement that was evident at the conference. In the final analysis, this book should stimulate further theoretical and empirical advances in understanding how families relate to other contexts.

Women's Roles and Women's Poverty in Eight Industrialized Countries

Author: Sara S. McLanahan,Lynne M. Casper,Annemette Sorensen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Women

Page: 29

View: 9587

Women in the Labour Market in Changing Economies

Demographic Issues

Author: Brígida García,Richard Anker,Antonella Pinnelli

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191555565

Category: Social Science

Page: 356

View: 2324

This book examines a central issue in understanding recent changes in demographic patterns and the labour market - the increased participation of women in the workforce, and how the nature of this participation has developed. In the context of such economic and labour phenomena as globalization, increasing flexibilty in work patterns, intermittent and part-time employment, and in many countries high underemployment or unemployment, the role of women workers has transformed dramatically. This book explores a number of demographic issues associated with these developments, such as migration in the developed world and transition economies, family formation and dissolution, the autonomy of women migrants, household composition, the evolution of gender systems, and contraceptive behaviour, both as factors that determine the labour market conditions for women and their income levels, and as demographic outcomes. The studies cover a wide-range of situations, from societies with a strong patriarchal ideology and residential female seclusion, to industrialized countries with policies designed to assist women manage both a work and a family role, and makes use of extensive data sets collected at country level. The Editors have sought to maintain an interdisciplinary outlook in the book, and to draw policy implications from the various socio-economic situations examined.

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