Search Results: geography-social-justice-social-justice-in-a-changing-world

Geography and Social Justice

Social Justice in a Changing World

Author: David M. Smith

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631190264

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 7627

Human geography - cultural, economic, political, and social - is inherently concerned with social justice and injustice. So also are the associated fields of urban and regional analysis and planning: being born in one country, region or one part of a particular city many, for example, be the single most important factor in an individual's health, education, and longevity. It is clear that in every nation, including present and former socialist societies, wealth and privilege are unevenly divided. But would an equal division of resources really be preferable from a moral point of view? Is it even possible to propound universal prescriptions of what is socially just? or to talk about universal rights in a world in which different kinds of people (according to class, gender, race, and religion) are treated so differently in different places? Such questions are far from simple. In this book David Smith, one of the world's leading geographical thinkers, throws incisive light upon them. He proceeds first by providing a critical and accessible review of relevant issues in social and moral philosophy, in particular the contrasting claims of different theories of social justice, and the nature of rights and needs. He examines John Rawls's proposition that inequality can be justified to the extent that it benefits the worst-off; and he considers how far justice may or should be seen as a process for equalization or of returning to equality, in the face of persistent and widespread inequality. The author then applied theoretical perspectives to case studies. These are based on his own first-hand research, and cover racial injustice in the American South, inequality under socialism and its aftermath in eastern Europe, and the porspects for social justice in post-apartheid South Africa. David Smith examines the plight of those peoples who have no secure place or defined territory, focussing on the conflicting claims of the Palestinians and the Israelis. Finally he draws together elements of theory and experience to present trenchantly argued conclusions on the justice of market-led society, the ends of egalitarianism, and the universality of just principles. By both precept and example he shows the central contribution that geographers can make to the understanding of social justice in a complex and rapidly changing world.

Geography and Social Justice in the Classroom

Author: Todd W. Kenreich

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136196528

Category: Education

Page: 174

View: 3357

The rise of critical discourses in the discipline of geography has opened up new avenues for social justice. Geography and Social Justice in the Classroom brings together contemporary research in geography and fresh thinking about geography’s place in the social studies curriculum. The book’s main purposes are to introduce teachers and teacher educators to new research in geography, and to provide theoretical and practical examples of geography in the curriculum. The book begins with the premise that power and inequality often have spatial landscapes. With the tools and concepts of geography, students can develop a critical geographic literacy to explore the spatial expressions of power in their lives, communities, and the wider world. The first half of the book introduces new research in the field of geography on diverse topics including the social construction of maps as instruments of power and authority. The second half of the book turns the readers’ attention to geography in the P-12 classroom, and it highlights how geography can enable teachers and students to explore issues of power and social justice in the classroom. Through critical geographic literacy, educators can boldly position themselves and their students as advocates for a more just world.

Social Justice in a Global Age

Author: Olaf Cramme,Patrick Diamond

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745658717

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 8310

What is the relationship between the principles of social justice and global justice? How can we best reconcile the quest for greater social justice ‘at home' with greater social justice in the world? Are the social justice pressures our societies currently face the result of globalisation or are they domestically generated? How can we advance social justice in the light of the new social realities? In this volume, leading international experts offer compelling answers to these questions. The aim of this volume is to articulate a modern conception of social justice that remains relevant for an era of rapid globalisation. The authors have developed a robust theoretical account of the relationship between globalisation and social justice complemented by an underpinning policy framework that aims to sustain new forms of equity and solidarity.

Spaces of Environmental Justice

Author: Ryan Holifield,Michael Porter,Gordon Walker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444399446

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 8276

In this cutting-edge volume, leading scholars examine a diverse range of environmental inequalities from around the world. Shows how far the field has moved beyond its original focus on uneven distributions of pollution in the USA Considers the influence of critical geographical and social theory on environmental justice studies Examines a range of possibilities for future research directions Explores the challenges of investigating and pursuing environmental justice at a time of rapid economic and environmental change

Environments in a Changing World

Author: John Huckle,Adrian Martin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317881540

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 7930

While there is no shortage of of books on the environment there are few introductory texts that outline the social theory that informs human geographical approaches to the interactions between ecology and society. Students arriving at university often lack the understanding of history, economics, politics, sociology and philosophy that contemporary human geography requires. Environments in a Changing World addresses this deficit, providing foundation knowledge in a form that is accessible to first year students and applied to the understanding of both contemporary environmental issues and the challenge of sustainability. Students are challenged to develop and defend their own ethical and political positions on sustainability and respond to the need for new forms of ecological citizenship.

Key Thinkers on Space and Place

Author: Phil Hubbard,Rob Kitchin,Gill Valentine

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761949633

Category: Science

Page: 356

View: 3386

A comprehensive guide to the latest work on space. Each entry is a short interpretative essay, outlining the contributions made by the key theorists.

Social Justice and Neoliberalism

Global Perspectives

Author: Professor Adrian Smith,Professor Alison Stenning,Katie Willis

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1848137818

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 5534

The continuing expansion of neoliberalism into ever more spaces and spheres of life has profound implications for social justice. Despite the number of policies designed to target ‘social exclusion’, people in many communities continue to be marginalized by economic restructuring. Social Justice and Neoliberalism explores the connections between neoliberalism, social justice and exclusion. The authors raise critical questions about the extent to which neoliberal programmes are able to deliver social justice in different locations around the world. The book offers grounded, theoretically oriented, empirically rich analysis that critiques neoliberalism while understanding its material impacts. It also stresses the need to extend analyses beyond the dominant spheres of capitalism to look at the ways in which communities resist and remake the economic and social order, through contestation and protest but also in their everyday lives. Global in scope, this book brings together writers who examine these themes in the global South, the former ‘communist’ East and the West, using the experience of marginal peoples, places and communities to challenge our conceptions of capitalism and its geographies.

Urban Geography

A Global Perspective

Author: Michael Pacione

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0415462010

Category: Architecture

Page: 703

View: 2990

Today, for the first time in the history of Humankind urban dwellers outnumber rural residents. Urban places, towns and cities, are of fundamental importance – for the distribution of population within countries; in the organization of economic production, distribution and exchange; in the structuring of social reproduction and cultural life; and in the allocation and exercise of power. Furthermore, in the course of the present century the number of urban dwellers and level of global urbanisation are destined to increase. Even those living beyond the administrative or functional boundaries of a town or city will have their lifestyle influenced to some degree by a nearby, or even distant, city. The analysis of towns and cities is a central element of all social sciences including geography, which offers a particular perspective on and insight into the urban condition. The principal goal of this third edition of the book remains that of providing instructors and students of the contemporary city with a comprehensive introduction to the expanding field of urban studies. The structure of the first two editions is maintained, with minor amendments. Each of the thirty chapters has been revised to incorporate recent developments in the field. All of the popular study aids are retained; the glossary has been expanded; and chapter references and notes updated to reflect the latest research. This third edition also provides new and expanded discussions of key themes and debates including detailed consideration of metacities, boomburgs, public space, urban sprawl, balanced communities, urban economic restructuring, poverty and financial exclusion, the right to the city, urban policy, reverse migration , and traffic and transport problems. The book is divided into six main parts. Part one outlines the field of urban geography and explains the importance of a global perspective. Part two explores the growth of cities from the earliest times to the present day and examines the urban geography of the major world regions. Part three considers the dynamics of urban structure and land use change in Western cities. Part four focuses on economy, society and politics in the Western city. In part five attention turns to the urban geography of the Third World, where many of the countries experiencing highest rates or urban growth are least well equipped to respond to the economic, social, political and environmental challenge. Finally part six affords a prospective on the future of cities and cities of the future. New to this edition are: further readings based on the latest research; updated data and statistics; an expanded glossary; new key concepts; additional study questions; and a listing of useful websites. The book provides a comprehensive interpretation of the urban geography of the contemporary world. Written in a clear and readable style, lavishly illustrated with more than eighty photographs, 180 figures, 100 tables and over 200 boxed studies and with a plethora of study aids Urban Geography: A Global Perspective represents the ultimate resource for students of urban geography.

Environmental Health Hazards and Social Justice

Geographical Perspectives on Race and Class Disparities

Author: Florence Margai

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136537821

Category: HEALTH & FITNESS

Page: 304

View: 3050

First Published in 2010. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Democracy, States, and the Struggle for Social Justice

Author: Heather D. Gautney,Neil Smith,Omar Dahbour,Ashley Dawson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135856818

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 7481

Democracy, States, and the Struggle for Social Justice draws on the fields of geography, political theory, and cultural studies to analyze experiments with novel forms of democracy, highlighting the critical issue of the changing nature of the state and citizenship in the contemporary political landscape as they are buffeted by countervailing forces of corporate globalization and participatory politics. Using interesting case studies, the book explores these 3 main themes: the meaning of radical democracy in light of recent developments in democratic theory new spatial arrangements or scales of democracy – from local to global, from streets protests to the development of transnational networks the character and role of states in the development of new forms of democracy The book asks and answers: are participatory models of democracy viable alternatives in their own right or are they best understood as supplemental to traditional representative democracy? What are the conditions that give rise to the development of such models and are they equally effective at every scale; i.e., do they only realize their radical potential in particular, local places? A useful text in a broad range of advanced undergraduate courses including social movements, political sociology or geography, political philosophy.

David Harvey's Geography (RLE Social & Cultural Geography)

Author: John L. Paterson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317906535

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 8614

The emphasis of this book is to explore two major philosophical influences in contemporary human geography, namely logical positivism and Marxism, and to explore the relationships between philosophy, methodology and geographical research. Rather than being a biography of David Harvey, the book contributes to the understanding of one of the most innovative and iconoclastic scholars in contemporary Anglo-American human geography.

Justice, Nature and the Geography of Difference

Author: David Harvey

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781557866813

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 8425

This book engages with the politics of social and environmental justice, and seeks new ways to think about the future of urbanization in the twenty-first century. It establishes foundational concepts for understanding how space, time, place and nature - the material frames of daily life - are constituted and represented through social practices, not as separate elements but in relation to each other. It describes how geographical differences are produced, and shows how they then become fundamental to the exploration of political, economic and ecological alternatives to contemporary life. The book is divided into four parts. Part I describes the problematic nature of action and analysis at different scales of time and space, and introduces the reader to the modes of dialectical thinking and discourse which are used throughout the remainder of the work. Part II examines how "nature" and "environment" have been understood and valued in relation to processes of social change and seeks, from this basis, to make sense of contemporary environmental issues. Part III, is a wide-ranging discussion of history, geography and culture, explores the meaning of the social "production" of space and time, and clarifies problems related to "otherness" and "difference". The final part of the book deploys the foundational arguments the author has established to consider contemporary problems of social justice that have resulted from recent changes in geographical divisions of labor, in the environment, and in the pace and quality of urbanization. Justice, Nature and the Geography of Difference speaks to a wide readership of students of social, cultural and spatial theory and of the dynamics of contemporary life. It is a convincing demonstration that it is both possible and necessary to value difference and to seek a just social order.

Social Justice and the University

Globalization, Human Rights and the Future of Democracy

Author: J. Shefner,H. Dahms,R. Jones,A. Jalata

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137289384

Category: Education

Page: 356

View: 7022

Can universities continue to play a major role in advancing social justice today? This volume illuminates key aspects of social justice as a theoretical project and as a set of practical challenges. Authors address related issues from the perspectives of active practitioners in the context of or from close proximity to universities.

Key Concepts in Geography

Author: Sarah Holloway,Stephen P Rice,Gill Valentine

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761973898

Category: Science

Page: 342

View: 4000

Defining the key terms that inform the language of geography and define the geographical imagination: space, time, place, scale, landscape, this volume provides definitions of terms from both human and physical geography.

Southeastern Geographer

Summer 2013 Issue

Author: David M. Cochran Jr.,Carl A. Reese

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469609010

Category: Social Science

Page: 233

View: 8888

Table of Contents for Volume 53, Number 2 (Summer 2013) Cover Art Sleeping Kudzu J. O. Joby Bass Introduction to Southeastern Geographer, Volume 53, Number 2 David M. Cochran and Carl A. Reese Part I: Papers Recovering Destination from Devastation: Tourism, Image, and Economy Along the Hurricane Coasts Ronald L. Schumann, III Foreign-born Latino Labor Market Concentration in Six Metropolitan Areas in the U.S. South Sara Gleave and Qingfang Wang Downstream Trends in Grain Size, Angularity, and Sorting of Channel-Bed and Bank Deposits in a Coastal Plain Sand-Bed River: the Pascagoula River System, Mississippi, USA Zachary A. Musselman and Allison M. Tarbox Displacement and the Racial State in Olympic Atlanta, 1990–1996 Seth Gustafson Pentagon Contracts and Dixie Barney Warf Part II: Reviews Swamplife: People, Gators, and Mangroves Entangled in the Everglades Laura A. Ogden Reviewed by Scott H. Markwith Cahokia: Ancient America's Great City on the Mississippi Timothy R. Pauketat Reviewed by William I. Woods

Spaces of Capital

Towards a Critical Geography

Author: David Harvey

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415932417

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 429

View: 3292

David Harvey is the most influential geographer of our era, possessing a reputation that extends across the social sciences and humanities. Spaces of Capital, a collection of seminal articles and new essays spanning three decades, demonstrates why his work has had-and continues to have-such a major impact. The book gathers together some of Harvey's best work on two of his central concerns: the relationship between geographical thought and political power as well as the capitalist production of space. In addition, he chips away at geography's pretenses of "scientific" neutrality and grounds spatial theory in social justice. Harvey also reflects on the work and careers of little-noticed or misrepresented figures in geography's intellectual history-Kant, Von Thünen, Humboldt, Lattimore, Hegel, Heidegger, Darwin, Malthus, Foucault and many others.

Companion Encyclopedia of Geography

The Environment and Humankind

Author: Ian Douglas,Richard John Huggett,Mike Robinson

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415277501

Category: Political Science

Page: 1021

View: 1505

The Companion Encyclopedia of Geography provides an authoritative and provocative source of reference for all those concerned with the earth and its people. Examining both physical and human geography and charting human activities within their habitat up to the present day, this Companion also asks what lies in the future: * A differentiated world * A world transformed by the growth of a global economy * The global scale of habitat modification * A world of questions * Changing worlds, changing geographies * Geographical futures. The forty-five self contained chapters are bound into a unifying whole by the editors' general and part introductions; each chapter provides details of the most useful sources of further reading and research, and the volume is concluded with a comprehensive index. This is an invaluable resource not only for students, teachers and researchers in the academic domain but also professionals in interested commercial and public-sector organisations.

Studying PGCE Geography at M Level

Reflection, Research and Writing for Professional Development

Author: Clare Brooks

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135253838

Category: Education

Page: 192

View: 8479

Studying PGCE Geography at M Level is for all students undertaking their PGCE, those working to gain Masters credits, and experienced teachers who wish to broaden their understanding of geography education. Bridging the gap between theory and practice, it is designed to support and challenge teachers as they explore geography education research, consider how theory and research enhance practice, and develop critical reflection on practice. Divided into three key sections, it: investigates professional practice - what we understand about professionalism and quality in geography education, and how teachers can improve their practice introduces perspectives and debates on key themes and ideas in geography education, including subject expertise, sustainable development, learning outside the classroom, and assessment provides practical guidance on the skills involved in undertaking M level work – extended reading, engaging with theory, undertaking research, and writing your dissertation. Chapters include key readings and questions to encourage further research and reflection, and every chapter is illustrated with summaries of real students’ dissertations, demonstrating the kind of research undertaken at M Level. Written by experts in geography education, Studying PGCE Geography at M Level offers invaluable support and inspiration for all those engaged in teaching, research and writing in geography education.

Slum. Eine Geschichte von Leben, Tod und Hoffnung

Author: Katherine Boo

Publisher: Droemer eBook

ISBN: 3426416158

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 6524

Annawadi ist ein Slum jenseits des luxuriösen Flughafens von Mumbai. Hier wohnen Tausende Menschen in notdürftig errichteten Hütten. Eng ist es hier und schmutzig. Und nicht selten fallen hungrige Ratten nachts über die Kinder her. In Annawadi lebt Abdul, der Müllsammler. Dass er geschickt ist in seinem Job, dass er Müll zu sammeln, zu sortieren und weiterzuverkaufen weiß wie kein Zweiter, ruft viele Neider auf den Plan. Denn der Erfolg des einen bedeutet den möglichen Ruin des anderen. Und jeder in dem Slum kämpft mit allen Mitteln um die pure Existenz. Katherine Boo erzählt nicht nur die Geschichten der Menschen in Annawadi – sie erzählt auch von ihrer Hoffnung und ihrem Streben nach einem besseren Leben und von den Auswirkungen des westlichen Konsums bis in dieses Eckchen der Welt.

Encyclopedia of Diversity and Social Justice

Author: Sherwood Thompson

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442216069

Category: Education

Page: 816

View: 4987

This encyclopedia contains over 300 entries alphabetically arranged for straightforward use by scholars and general readers alike. Thompson, assisted by a network of contributors and consultants, provides a comprehensive and systematic collection of designated entries that describe, in detail, important diversity and social justice themes.

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