Search Results: gold-and-gold-mining-in-ancient-egypt-and-nubia-geoarchaeology-of-the-ancient-gold-mining-sites-in-the-egyptian-and-sudanese-eastern-deserts-natural-science-in-archaeology

Gold and Gold Mining in Ancient Egypt and Nubia

Geoarchaeology of the Ancient Gold Mining Sites in the Egyptian and Sudanese Eastern Deserts

Author: Rosemarie Klemm,Dietrich Klemm

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364222508X

Category: Social Science

Page: 649

View: 3942

The book presents the historical evolution of gold mining activities in the Egyptian and Nubian Desert (Sudan) from about 4000 BC until the Early Islamic Period (~800–1350 AD), subdivided into the main classical epochs including the Early Dynastic – Old and Middle Kingdoms – New Kingdom (including Kushitic) – Ptolemaic – Roman and Early Islamic. It is illustrated with many informative colour images, maps and drawings. An up to date comprehensive geological introduction gives a general overview on the gold production zones in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and northern (Nubian) Sudan, including the various formation processes of the gold bearing quartz veins mined in these ancient periods. The more than 250 gold production sites presented, are described both, from their archaeological (as far as surface inventory is concerned) and geological environmental conditions, resulting in an evolution scheme of prospection and mining methods within the main periods of mining activities. The book offers for the first time a complete catalogue of the many gold production sites in Egypt and Nubia under geological and archaeological aspects. It provides information about the importance of gold for the Pharaohs and the spectacular gold rush in Early Arab times.

Gold and Gold Mining in Ancient Egypt and Nubia

Geoarchaeology of the Ancient Gold Mining Sites in the Egyptian and Sudanese Eastern Deserts

Author: Rosemarie Klemm,Dietrich Klemm

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783662520673

Category: Social Science

Page: 649

View: 2623

The book presents the historical evolution of gold mining activities in the Egyptian and Nubian Desert (Sudan) from about 4000 BC until the Early Islamic Period (~800–1350 AD), subdivided into the main classical epochs including the Early Dynastic – Old and Middle Kingdoms – New Kingdom (including Kushitic) – Ptolemaic – Roman and Early Islamic. It is illustrated with many informative colour images, maps and drawings. An up to date comprehensive geological introduction gives a general overview on the gold production zones in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and northern (Nubian) Sudan, including the various formation processes of the gold bearing quartz veins mined in these ancient periods. The more than 250 gold production sites presented, are described both, from their archaeological (as far as surface inventory is concerned) and geological environmental conditions, resulting in an evolution scheme of prospection and mining methods within the main periods of mining activities. The book offers for the first time a complete catalogue of the many gold production sites in Egypt and Nubia under geological and archaeological aspects. It provides information about the importance of gold for the Pharaohs and the spectacular gold rush in Early Arab times.

Gold and Gold Mining in Ancient Egypt and Nubia

Geoarchaeology of the Ancient Gold Mining Sites in the Egyptian and Sudanese Eastern Deserts

Author: Rosemarie Klemm,Dietrich Klemm

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642225079

Category: Social Science

Page: 649

View: 7801

The book presents the historical evolution of gold mining activities in the Egyptian and Nubian Desert (Sudan) from about 4000 BC until the Early Islamic Period (~800–1350 AD), subdivided into the main classical epochs including the Early Dynastic – Old and Middle Kingdoms – New Kingdom (including Kushitic) – Ptolemaic – Roman and Early Islamic. It is illustrated with many informative colour images, maps and drawings. An up to date comprehensive geological introduction gives a general overview on the gold production zones in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and northern (Nubian) Sudan, including the various formation processes of the gold bearing quartz veins mined in these ancient periods. The more than 250 gold production sites presented, are described both, from their archaeological (as far as surface inventory is concerned) and geological environmental conditions, resulting in an evolution scheme of prospection and mining methods within the main periods of mining activities. The book offers for the first time a complete catalogue of the many gold production sites in Egypt and Nubia under geological and archaeological aspects. It provides information about the importance of gold for the Pharaohs and the spectacular gold rush in Early Arab times.

The World of Ancient Egypt: A Daily Life Encyclopedia [2 volumes]

A Daily Life Encyclopedia

Author: Peter Lacovara

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1610692306

Category: History

Page: 585

View: 6319

This absorbing reference covers everyday life in ancient Egypt, spanning a period of more than 5,000 years—from the Stone Age to the advent of Christianity. • Supports the national standards for world history curricula • Discusses the everyday lives of average people of all levels and classes • Includes entries on architecture, tomb painting, gods and goddesses, animal mummification, sculpture, and beer and wine • Offers topical sections organized thematically to promote more in-depth study of subjects

Metals in Past Societies

A Global Perspective on Indigenous African Metallurgy

Author: Shadreck Chirikure

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331911641X

Category: Social Science

Page: 166

View: 3090

This book seeks to communicate to both a global and local audience, the key attributes of pre-industrial African metallurgy such as technological variation across space and time, methods of mining and extractive metallurgy and the fabrication of metal objects. These processes were transformative in a physical and metaphoric sense, which made them total social facts. Because the production and use of metals was an accretion of various categories of practice, a chaine operatoire conceptual and theoretical framework that simultaneously considers the embedded technological and anthropological factors was used. The book focuses on Africa’s different regions as roughly defined by cultural geography. On the one hand there is North Africa, Egypt, the Egyptian Sudan, and the Horn of Africa which share cultural inheritances with the Middle East and on the other is Africa south of the Sahara and the Sudan which despite interacting with the former is remarkably different in terms of technological practice. For example, not only is the timing of metallurgy different but so is the infrastructure for working metals and the associated symbolic and sociological factors. The cultural valuation of metals and the social positions of metal workers were different too although there is evidence of some values transfer and multi-directional technological cross borrowing. The multitude of permutations associated with metals production and use amply demonstrates that metals participated in the production and reproduction of society. Despite huge temporal and spatial differences there are so many common factors between African metallurgy and that of other regions of the world. For example, the role of magic and ritual in metal working is almost universal be it in Bolivia, Nepal, Malawi, Timna, Togo or Zimbabwe. Similarly, techniques of mining were constrained by the underlying geology but this should not in any way suggest that Africa’s metallurgy was derivative or that the continent had no initiative. Rather it demonstrates that when confronted with similar challenges, humanity in different regions of the world responded to identical challenges in predictable ways mediated as mediated by the prevailing cultural context. The success of the use of historical and ethnographic data in understanding variation and improvisation in African metallurgical practices flags the potential utility of these sources in Asia, Latin America and Europe. Some nuance is however needed because it is simply naïve to assume that everything depicted in the history or ethnography has a parallel in the past and vice versa. Rather, the confluence of archaeology, history and ethnography becomes a pedestal for dialogue between different sources, subjects and ideas that is important for broadening our knowledge of global categories of metallurgical practice.

Ceramic Manufacturing Techniques and Cultural Traditions in Nubia from the 8th to the 3rd Millennium BC

Examples from Sai Island

Author: Giulia D'Ercole

Publisher: Archaeopress Archaeology

ISBN: 9781784916718

Category: Pottery, Ancient

Page: 204

View: 6236

This book presents a comprehensive critical analysis of diverse ceramic assemblages from Sai Island, in the Middle Nile Valley of Northern Sudan, on the border between ancient Upper and Lower Nubia. The assemblages included in this study cover about five millennia, spanning the period c. 8000 to c. 2500 BC.

The Nile: Natural and Cultural Landscape in Egypt

Author: Harco Willems,Jan-Michael Dahms

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 383943615X

Category: History

Page: 374

View: 5395

Although Herodot's dictum that "Egypt is a gift of the Nile" is proverbial, there has been only scant attention to the way the river impacted on ancient Egyptian society. Egyptologists frequently focus on the textual and iconographic record, whereas archaeologists and earth scientists approach the issue from the perspective of natural sciences. The contributions in this volume bridge this gap by analyzing the river both as a natural and as a cultural phenomenon. Adopting an approach of cultural ecology, it addresses issues like ancient land use, administration and taxation, irrigation, and religious concepts.

Egypt and Nubia

Gifts of the Desert

Author: Renée F. Friedman

Publisher: British Museum Publications Limited

ISBN: 9780714119540

Category: History

Page: 255

View: 8745

Egypt and Nubia: Gifts of the Desert originates in an international colloquium of the same name held in the British Museum in 1998. It comprises eighteen papers, written by leading scholars, each of whom explores an aspect of the use and occupation of the deserts lying to the east and west of the Nile Valley by the ancient Egyptians and Nubians and their prehistoric ancestors. Exploding the old myth that Egypt was simply the 'Gift of the Nile' and illuminating the wider environment, this volume represents a new understanding of how these deserts have been perceived and exploited through time.

Archaeology For Dummies

Author: Nancy Marie White

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470457813

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 6240

An objective guide to this fascinating science of history and culture Archaeology continually makes headlines--from recent discoveries like the frozen Copper-Age man in the Italian Alps to the newest dating of the first people in America at over 14,0000 years ago. Archaeology For Dummies offers a fascinating look at this intriguing field, taking readers on-site and revealing little-known details about some of the world's greatest archaeological discoveries. It explores how archaeology attempts to uncover the lives of our ancestors, examining historical dig sites around the world and explaining theories about ancient human societies. The guide also offers helpful information for readers who want to participate in an excavation themselves, as well as tips for getting the best training and where to look for jobs.

Die Ortsangaben im Buch Genesis

Ein historisch-topographischer und literarisch-topographischer Kommentar

Author: Detlef Jericke

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3647536105

Category: Fiction

Page: 384

View: 9680

Detlef Jericke kommentiert alle in der Genesis vorkommenden Ortsangaben nach der Reihenfolge ihres Auftretens. Zu jeder Ortsangabe werden Lokalisierungsvorschläge diskutiert, wobei, soweit möglich, ein Vorschlag näher begründet wird. Daneben steht die literarisch-topographische Auswertung, bei welcher erörtert wird, inwieweit die Verwendung der Toponyme den Sinngehalt der Erzählungen der Genesis mitgestaltet. Insofern lässt sich von einer „topographischen Inszenierung“ der Texte sprechen. Dabei geht Jericke auch Fragen nach dem zeitgeschichtlichen Hintergrund einzelner Erzählabschnitte nach. 5 Karten veranschaulichen die Ergebnisse der topographischen Untersuchungen.

Eastern Sudan in Its Setting

The Archaeology of a Region Far from the Nile Valley

Author: Andrea Manzo

Publisher: Archaeopress Archaeology

ISBN: 9781784915582

Category: Excavations

Page: 82

View: 8334

Ongoing research in Eastern Sudan has provided a preliminary reconstruction of the history of the region from c. 6000 BC to AD 1500. This publication outlines this reconstruction and also considers the more general setting known for the other regions of northeastern Africa

Encyclopedia of the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt

Author: Kathryn A. Bard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134665253

Category: Social Science

Page: 968

View: 9660

The Encyclopedia opens with a general map of the region and a chronology of periods and dynasties, providing a context for the entries. The first section of the volume then comprises 14 overviews which explore the history and significance of each period. The main body of the text offers more than 300 alphabetically organized entries, written by some of the most eminent scholars in this field. Areas covered include: artefacts - glass, jewellery, sculpture archaeological practices - dating techniques, representational evidence, textual sources biographies - Howard Carter, Gertrude Caton Thompson, Gaston Maspero buildings - cult temples, private tombs, pyramid complexes geographical features - agriculture, climate, irrigation sites - Abydos, Dakhla Oasis, Thebes social organization - kingship, law, taxation The text is extensively illustrated with over 120 images. Each entry is followed by a selected further reading section which includes foreign language sources to supplement the available works in English.

Pastoral states: toward a comparative archaeology of early Kush

Published in Origini n. XXXVI/2014. Rivista annuale del Dipartimento di Scienze dell’Antichità – “Sapienza” Università di Roma | Preistoria e protostoria delle civiltà antiche – Prehistory and protohistory of ancient civilizations

Author: Geoff Emberling

Publisher: Gangemi Editore spa

ISBN: 8849294433

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 802

Ancient Kush was one of the earliest complex societies in Africa, yet it is not normally considered in comparative archaeologies of states and empires. This paper makes the case for considering Kush as a culturally distinctive trajectory to political authority, social inequality, and economic complexity. It also considers reasons for its omission from comparative studies, which include a past focus on primary states, a lack of fit with existing archaeological classifications of ancient societies, the overshadowing effect of ancient Egypt to the north, and lingering institutional prejudice. Recent research on early Kush – the Kerma period in archaeological terms – has recovered increasingly detailed evidence from its major urban center at Kerma, but has also begun to gather regional data on the expansion and internal structure of early Kush. Among its many distinctive features, the most significant for understanding the unusual features of its trajectory may be the role of cattle herding and likely associated mobility of population.

Copper and Trade in the South-Eastern Mediterranean

Trade Routes of the Near East in Antiquity

Author: Karolina Rosińska-Balik,Agnieszka Ochał-Czarnowicz,Marcin Czarnowicz,Joanna Dębowska-Ludwin

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Oxford Limited

ISBN: 9781407314143

Category: Bronze age

Page: 157

View: 7604

This book is the result of a large-scale research undertaking Trade Routes of the Near East," examining Egyptian-Levantine interaction in the 4th Millennium BC. Chapters explore many issues related to copper and trade in the long period covering the Chalcolithic and Bronze Ages, but also Roman period, with a special extension to present metallurgical practices in the African interior. A wide range of data discussed here was collected from across the eastern Mediterranean region including Egypt, Jordan, Cyprus and Greece.

Archaeomineralogy

Author: George R. Rapp

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662050056

Category: Science

Page: 326

View: 616

1.1 Prologue What is archaeomineralogy? The term has been used at least once before (Mitchell 1985), but this volume is the first publication to lay down the scientific basis and systematics for this subdiscipline. Students sometimes call an introductory archaeology course "stones and bones." Archaeomineralogy covers the stones component of this phrase. Of course, archaeology consists of a great deal more than just stones and bones. Contemporary archaeology is based on stratigraphy, geomorphology, chronometry, behavioral inferences, and a host of additional disciplines in addition to those devoted to stones and bones. To hazard a definition: archaeomineralogy is the study of the minerals and rocks used by ancient societies over space and time, as implements, orna ments, building materials, and raw materials for ceramics and other processed products. Archaeomineralogy also attempts to date, source, or otherwise char acterize an artifact or feature, or to interpret past depositional alteration of archaeological contexts. Unlike geoarchaeology, archaeomineralogy is not, and is not likely to become, a recognized subdiscipline. Practitioners of archaeomineralogy are mostly geoarchaeologists who specialize in geology and have a strong background in mineralogy or petrology (the study of the origin ofrocks).

The Stones of the Pyramids

Provenance of the Building Stones of the Old Kingdom Pyramids of Egypt

Author: Dietrich D. Klemm,Rosemarie Klemm

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110221237

Category: History

Page: 167

View: 3606

During the Egyptian Old Kingdom (2650-2135 BC), the most impressive of all monuments were built in the form of the pyramids and their associated temples. The provision of enormous quantities of stone from suitable quarries was the most important requirement for their construction. This volume comprises short archaeological descriptions of the pyramids and their enclosures and determines the exact origin of the building material (above all limestone) from a total of 26 pyramids through a petrographic and geochemical comparison with samples from other quarries.

The Western Desert of Egypt

An Explorer's Handbook

Author: Cassandra Vivian

Publisher: Amer Univ in Cairo Press

ISBN: 9789774160905

Category: History

Page: 459

View: 4940

Already the most comprehensive guide ever for desert and oasis travel in Egypt west of the Nile, The Western Desert of Egypt: An Explorer's Handbook has now been fully revised and updated for the latest generation of twenty-first century desert adventurers. Fully illustrated with some 50 maps and plans and over 270 drawings, the guide covers both the natural history and the human history of the desert and the oases. It then explores chapter by chapter the oases of Kharga, Dakhla, Farafra, Bahariya, Fayoum, and Siwa, and the desert areas of al-Diffa (the northern, semiarid edge of the desert), the Darb al-Arbain caravan route in the south, and Uwaynat (including Gilf Kebir) in the southwest. Descriptions of routes, sites, people, and places are complemented by practical information on places to stay, eat, and fill your gas tank. Global positioning system (GPS) waypoints are provided as an aid to navigation on many routes--though for the sake of conservation and the protection of unguarded antiquities they are not given for remote sites. Almost encyclopedic in its scope, this is the one guide that belongs on the bookshelf, dashboard, or rucksack of every Western Desert traveler.

Egyptian Mummies and Modern Science

Author: Rosalie David

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139467948

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 2694

Egyptian mummies have always aroused popular and scientific interest; however, most modern studies, although significantly increased in number and range, have been published in specialist journals. Now, this unique book, written by a long-established team of scientists, brings this exciting, cross-disciplinary area of research to a wider readership. It shows how this team's multidisciplinary, investigative methods and the unique resource of the Egyptian Mummy Tissue Bank are being used for the new major international investigations of disease evolution and ancient Egyptian pharmacy and pharmacology. It also assesses the current status of palaeopathology and ancient DNA research, and treatments available for conserving mummified remains. Descriptions of the historical development of Egyptian mummifications and medicine and detailed references to previous scientific investigations provide the context for firsthand accounts of cutting-edge research by prominent specialists in this field, demonstrating how these techniques can contribute to a new perspective on Egyptology.

The Red Land

The Illustrated Archaeology of Egypt's Eastern Desert

Author: Steven E. Sidebotham,Martin Hense,Hendrikje M. Nouwens

Publisher: American University in Cairo Press

ISBN: 1617972266

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 8530

For thousands of years Egypt has crowded the Nile Valley and Delta. The Eastern Desert, however, has also played a crucial-though until now little understood-role in Egyptian history. Ancient inhabitants of the Nile Valley feared the desert, which they referred to as the Red Land, and were reluctant to venture there, yet they exploited the extensive mineral wealth of this region. They also profited from the valuable wares conveyed across the desert between the Nile and the Red Sea ports, which originated from Arabia, Africa, India, and elsewhere in the east. Based on twenty years of archaeological fieldwork conducted in the Eastern Desert, The Red Land reveals the cultural and historical richness of this little known and seldom visited area of Egypt. A range of important archaeological sites dating from Prehistoric to Byzantine times is explored here in text and illustrations. Among these ancient treasures are petroglyphs, cemeteries, fortified wells, gold and emerald mines, hard stone quarries, roads, forts, ports, and temples. With 250 photographs and fascinating artistic reconstructions based on the evidence on the ground, along with the latest research and accounts from ancient sources and modern travelers, the authors lead the reader into the remotest corners of the hauntingly beautiful Eastern Desert to discover the full story of the area's human history.

A History of the Animal World in the Ancient Near East

Author: Billie Jean Collins

Publisher: Brill Academic Pub

ISBN: 9789004121263

Category: Architecture

Page: 620

View: 6517

A reference guide and key to all aspects of man s contact with the menagerie of the Ancient Near East. With ample original illustrations."

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