The last several decades have seen a dramatic increase in the value, number and speed of cross-border securities transactions, facilitated by advances in technology. Legal uncertainty as to the law governing the perfection, priority and other effects of transfers imposes significant friction costs on even routine transactions and operates as an important constraint on desirable reductions in credit and liquidity exposures. To address the current uncertainties, the 19th Diplomatic Session of the Hague Conference on Private International Law unanimously adopted the Convention on the Law Applicable to Certain Rights in Respect of Securities held with an Intermediary (the Hague Securities Convention). This volume provides the most authoritative and comprehensive explanations of the Convention. It is divided into two parts: A General Introduction, which offers a helpful overview of the Convention and succinctly describes its key features, and a full commentary on each article of the Convention. Numerous practical examples effectively illustrate the nature and content of the commentaries.
A Comparative Analysis in Substantive Law and Private International Law
Author: Changmin Chun
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This work aims to analyse substantive and conflict of laws rules regarding intermediated securities in a comparative way. For this purpose, it examines major jurisdictions’ rules for intermediated securities and the intermediated securities holding systems, such as the rules of the German, US, Korean, Japanese and Swiss systems, as well as the relevant EU regimes and initiatives. Above all, it analyses the two international instruments related to intermediated securities, i.e. the Geneva Securities Convention and the Hague Securities Convention. Through a functional comparative approach based upon legal traditions of the various jurisdictions, this book gives readers theoretical and practical information on intermediated securities and their national and international aspects.
The last decade has seen the increasing integration of European financial markets due to a number of factors including the creation of a common regulatory framework, the liberalisation of international capital movements, financial deregulation, advances in technology and the introduction of the Euro. However, the process of integration has proceeded largely in the absence of any comprehensive legal regulation, and has rather been constructed on the basis of sectorial provisions dictated by the needs of cross-border transactions. This has meant that many legal barriers still remain as obstacles to complete integration. This book considers the discipline of monetary obligations within the wider context of financial markets. The book provides a comparative and transnational examination of the legal rules which form the basis of transactions on financial markets. Analysing the integration of the markets from a legal point of view provides an opportunity to highlight the role of globalisation as the key element favouring the circulation of rules, models, and especially the development of new regulatory sources. The book examines market transactions and the institutes at the root of these transactions, including the type of legislative sources in force and the subjects acting as legislators. The first part of the book concentrates on the micro-discipline of money, debts, payments and financial instruments. The second part goes on to analyse the macro-context of integration of the markets, looking at the persistence of legal barriers and options for their removal, as well as the development of new legal sources as a consequence of the transfer of monetary and political sovereignty. Finally, the book draws links between the two parts and assesses the consequences of the changes at the macro-level of regulation on the micro-level of legal discipline of monetary obligations, particularly focusing on the emergence and growing importance of soft law.
Globally, there has been a shift from securities being held directly by an investor, to a situation in which many securities are held via an intermediary. The existence of one or more intermediaries between the investor and the issuer has a potentially significant impact on the rights of the investor, the role and obligations of the issuer, and on the position and responsibilities of the intermediary. However, different jurisdictions have dealt with the issues arising from intermediation in a variety of ways. In the UK, for example, the concept of a trust is used to explain the different rights and obligations which arise in this scenario, whereas in the US the issues have been addressed by legislation, in the form of UCC Article 8. This variety is problematic, given that it is possible for an investor to hold securities in a number of different jurisdictions. A new UNIDROIT Convention on the issue of Intermediated Securities, the Geneva Securities Convention 2009, aims to create a common framework for dealing with these issues. This collection of essays explores the issues that arise when securities are held via an intermediary, and in particular assesses the solutions put forward by the new Convention on this issue. It will be essential reading for practitioners and academics.
The professionaland’s favored tool for over a decade, this backbone reference provides a comprehensive set of drafting elements that can be used from contract to contract. Move step-by-step through the contract-creation process and—from conducting the initial client meeting to closing the deal, with detailed discussions of the eleven, essential drafting elements, parties, recitals, subject, consideration, warranties and representations, risk allocation, conditions, performance, dates and term, boilerplate, and signatures. By Robert A. Feldman and Raymond T. Nimmer A favorite reference tool for professional drafters for over a decade, Drafting Effective Contracts combines a clear analysis of how effective agreements are structured with a practical breakdown of the essential elements of any contractand— giving you the best way to draft contracts. This completely updated practical reference guide presents a consistent structural analysis and a comprehensive set of drafting elements that can be used from contract to contract. You are led step-by-step through the process by which contracts are created, given clear sample contract provisions, and offered direction around the obstacles that may be encountered in drafting agreements for goods and services, promissory notes, guaranties, and secured transactions. Drafting Effective Contracts provides a complete handbook for drafting legal agreements that work. For starters, you get a practical and comprehensive approach to the overall contract processand—from conducting the initial client meeting to closing the deal. Youand’ll find a detailed discussion of the 11 drafting elements that every contract may have: Parties Recitals Subject Consideration Warranties and Representations Risk Allocation Conditions Performance Dates and Term Boilerplate Signatures After you get a solid explanation of these essential elements and how theyand’re assembled to create effective contracts, you get key strategies for negotiating the agreement and closing the deal. You get an overview of the legal concepts that underpin various types of agreements and—such as promissory notes, guaranties, security agreements, and agreements for the sale of goods and services. Then youand’ll see how to apply the drafting elements to create the finished contract. You also get an array of sample agreements and contracts as well as statutory material. Only Drafting Effective Contracts combines the best benefits of a forms book and a treatise to give you the most complete tool for building effective legal agreements.
United States, Japan, and the UNIDROIT Draft Convention
Author: Charles W. Mooney
Category: Right of property
This paper compares the private law of the United States and Japan that applies to the holding of securities through intermediaries, such as securities firms and banks. In particular, it focuses on Articles 8 and 9 of the United States Uniform Commercial Code and the Japanese Book-Entry Transfer Act. That act is now in effect in Japan for most securities other than equity securities and it will become operative for equities in January 2009. The paper also examines the proposed UNIDROIT Draft Convention on Substantive Rules regarding Intermediated Securities. The Convention will be discussed at a diplomatic conference to be held in Geneva in September 2008, with the goal of adopting a final text. It considers the Convention on alternative assumptions that the non-Convention law is the law of the United States or the law of Japan. It generally concludes that the functional approach (i.e., result-oriented, as opposed to doctrine- or theory-oriented) adopted by the Convention is successful and appropriate. Finally, the paper considers differences between United States law and Japanese law in the context of similarities and differences in the principal systems and practices for clearance and settlement of securities transactions in the United States and Japan.--Author's description.
The fourth edition of this title further develops its exploration of fundamental concepts of common law and equity as they affect typical secured transactions. This edition has been revised and expanded to accommodate developments in legislation and case law.
The main theme of Volume 5 in this series is law and financial stability. The chapters cover many topics that enhance the reader's understanding of financial stability, as well as the many instruments available to promote it. The contributors discuss and analyze a range of issues such as, competing responsibilities of central banks and the institutional responses to past episodes of instability; the reasons for and against regulating hedge funds and derivatives, and the methods available for doing so; and the contributions of deposit insurance schemes, payments systems and securities settlement systems towards achieving financial stability. The relationship between laws proscribing money laundering and the financing of terrorism and the goal of financial stability is also discussed. The chapters in this edited volume are based on presentations from the tenth biennial seminar for legal advisors of central banks and member countries organized by the Legal Department and Institute of the IMF. The chapter authors include scholars, lawyers, representatives from the private sector, as well as officials of the IMF, other international organizations, and central banks.