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Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2012 in the subject Communications - Journalism, Journalism Professions, , language: English, abstract: This study is a contribution to development in the field of journalism in Malawi and neighbouring countries of Malawi, Zambia and Tanzania, at a time of growing concern about the developmental challenges being posed by the spread of the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Southern Africa. For Malawi in particular, it examines the struggle against the pandemic that has been underway since 1993 and how the interventions to check its spread have included calls for projects and information that would lead to behaviour change and lowering of infection rates. The campaign along this line has targeted the media, among key stakeholders. To gauge the extent to which journalists are playing their role in the campaign in question, a survey was carried out in Malawi and then also in Zambia and Tanzania. This revealed that journalists in all the three countries covered are currently somewhat hampered in their advocacy of HIVAIDS issues, and that is due to several factors. These include the dearth of communication research in the region, as well as the related lack of relevant education and training opportunities for journalists. They also encompass the absence of laws granting journalists access to relevant government information about epidemiology; the culture of silence which surrounds the exchange of news about HIV/AIDS related deaths and competition in the media posed by popularity of stories about politics, economics and religion. As a way forward, it is proposed and recommended that journalists should be linked to projects that directly address the needs of local communities in the national campaign against HIV/AIDS. These would be projects like those which incorporated the citizen participation tradition, by empowering even the least respected members of the society. For the media, these include community radio stations, and vernacular newspapers. For people at village or grassroots level, these are important channels of information about HIV/AIDS and other major killer diseases, to which the common man is able to directly relate. The study also advances the need for a course or course module on Health Journalism to be offered by an appropriate school of journalism within the countries. Through such a course, journalists would be equipped with skills to enable them to cover HIV/AIDS issues effectively and comprehensively.
Finding a Place on the Global Agenda: Workshop Summary
Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
Category: Social Science
The current state of science in violence prevention reveals progress, promise, and a number of remaining challenges. In order to fully examine the issue of global violence prevention, the Institute of Medicine in collaboration with Global Violence Prevention Advocacy, convened a workshop and released the workshop summary entitled, Violence Prevention in Low-and Middle-Income Countries. The workshop brought together participants with a wide array of expertise in fields related to health, criminal justice, public policy, and economic development, to study and articulate specific opportunities for the U.S. government and other leaders with resources to more effectively support programming for prevention of the many types of violence. Participants highlighted the need for the timely development of an integrated, science-based approach and agenda to support research, clinical practice, program development, policy analysis, and advocacy for violence prevention.
International in scope, The Handbook of Global HealthCommunication offers a comprehensive and up-to-date analysis ofthe role of communication processes in global public health,development and social change Brings together 32 contributions from well-respected scholarsand practitioners in the field, addressing a wide range ofcommunication approaches in current global health programs Offers an integrated view that links communication to thestrengthening of health services, the involvement of affectedcommunities in shaping health policies and improving care, and theempowerment of citizens in making decisions about health Adopts a broad understanding of communication that goes beyondconventional divisions between informational and participatoryapproaches
Since its inception 14 years ago, CAPRISA has conducted numerous clinical studies that have influenced international TB-HIV treatment guidelines as well as HIV prevention through innovations in the microbicide and vaccine fields. This book provides a historical account of how each of CAPRISA’s high impact studies was created, developed, implemented, analysed and communicated. In doing so, the reader is taken on a journey that provides glimpses into the genesis of research ideas and how this ultimately leads to a range of HIV prevention and treatment studies that have impacted the global response to the HIV and TB epidemics. Comprised of 5 sections, the book details the following: HIV epidemic in South Africa and the establishment of a research centre to undertake clinical, epidemiological and laboratory research on HIV. CAPRISA’s clinical trials on HIV and HSV-2 prevention. These studies investigated the impact of tenofovir gel as topical antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), implementation of topical PrEP through family planning clinics, conditional cash incentives for HIV prevention, HIV vaccines, and passive immunisation with broadly neutralising antibodies. CAPRISA’s research on the treatment of HIV and TB co-infection. A review of the major scientific findings from the CAPRISA studies on acute infection and genital mucosal immunology. Essential support activities for the conduct of clinical trials, including research laboratories and pharmacies, as well as establishing effective communication and sustainable structures for community engagement to maintain effective and respectful partnerships with participating communities. The book concludes with a chapter about the challenges facing future HIV prevention and treatment trials. The CAPRISA Clinical Trials: HIV Treatment and Prevention is a resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students, health care providers, doctors, decision-makers and researchers who are seeking guidance and insights on clinical trials – their creation, conduct and impact.
This unique publication, chronicles all the major activities of the United Nations system, including those of intergovernmental and expert bodies, major reports, Secretariat activities and, in selected cases, the views of the Member States. This volume is fully indexed and reproduces all major resolutions and decisions of the General Assembly, Security Council and Economic and Social Council issued during the year together with the voting records. Chronicles the final year of Secretary-General Kofi Annan's tenure.
The rapidly evolving world of global health and medicine -- in the palm of your hand "The book's 17 multi-authored chapters cover contemporary global public health remarkably well....Overall, it is a superb introductory text for preclinical and public health novices in global health across a wide spectrum of health careers."--Family Medicine Journal "This is a welcome addition to the expanding roster of books on global health. It is well written and provides appropriate background information required to initiate any study program in global health. 3 Stars."--Doody's Review Service Understanding Global Health is the groundbreaking, go-to primer that puts global health and its many challenges into sharp focus like no other text. Written with the nonspecialist in mind, this powerful resource expertly reviews all the core topics that you must know in order to thrive in this decentralized new global health environment. It's all here: unique, authoritative coverage of public health concepts, plus insights into infectious diseases and clinical medicine-everything you need to truly comprehend how global medicine is dramatically affecting today's practice of medicine-and to prepare for your role in it.
This ambitious book provides a comprehensive history of the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Programme on AIDS (GPA), using it as a unique lens to trace the global response to the AIDS pandemic. The authors describe how WHO came initially to assume leadership of the global response, relate the strategies and approaches WHO employed over the years, and expound on the factors that led to the Programme’s demise and subsequent formation of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS(UNAIDS). The authors examine the global impact of this momentous transition, portray the current status of the global response to AIDS, and explore the precarious situation that WHO finds itself in today as a lead United Nations agency in global health. Several aspects of the global response – the strategies adopted, the roads taken and not taken, and the lessons learned – can provide helpful guidance to the global health community as it continues tackling the AIDS pandemic and confronts future global pandemics. Included in the coverage: The response before the global response Building and coordinating a multi-sectoral response Containing the global spread of HIV Addressing stigma, discrimination, and human rights Rethinking global AIDS governance UNAIDS and its place in the global response The AIDS Pandemic: Searching for a Global Response recounts the global response to the AIDS pandemic from its inception to today. Policymakers, students, faculty, journalists, researchers, and health professionals interested in HIV/AIDS, global health, global pandemics, and the history of medicine will find it highly compelling and consequential. It will also interest those involved in global affairs, global governance, international relations, and international development.