The fast growth in world population and the associated energy requirements, the announced depletion of fossil fuel resources, the continuing rise in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions with the induced climatic changes represent some of the major challenges to be taken up in the coming years and decades. Hybridization therefore typically represents a transition technology which can significantly improve the energy and environmental performance of current vehicles, without radically changing their use typologies, while opening the way to new propulsion modes for the longer term. It is nevertheless a complex subject requiring a multidisciplinary approach. This book, which is intended to be exhaustive, considers the vehicle, its components, their association and their control, as well as the global balances determined over the vehicle lifetime. It starts with a general presentation of the various conditions of use of vehicles, to give readers an understanding of the stakes related to the development of hybrid vehicles and the methods used to compare the performance of the various solutions. The principles and the various types of internal combustion engine and electrical drives, onboard energy storage systems, principles, architectures, specific components and operation of hybrid drivetrains, as well as the energy management in these vehicles, are developed. A global analysis of the various drivetrains life cycle assessment (LCA), total costs and availability of sensitive materials is also provided. This book is intended for everyone involved in the design, manufacture and implementation of hybrid drive vehicles and their components. It will also be of interest to students, teachers and researchers wishing to acquire or further their knowledge in all fields impacted by drivetrain electrification. More globally, after consulting this book, readers will be in a position to evaluate the technologies related to the concept of drivetrain hybridization, their implementation, balances and generalization conditions. This book is available in French Under the title "Véhicules hybrides". Contents : 1. Vehicle use. 2. Internal combustion engines. 3. Electric drivetrain. 4. On-board energy storage systems. 5. Hybridization. 6. Control of hybrid vehicles. 7. Comparative study of hybrid vehicles: greenhouse gas emissions, energy consumption, and cost. Appendixes.
Thoroughly updated to encompass the significant technological advances since the publication of the first edition, Electric and Hybrid Vehicles: Design Fundamentals, Second Edition presents the design fundamentals, component sizing, and systems interactions of alternative vehicles. This new edition of a widely praised, bestselling textbook maintains the comprehensive, systems-level perspective of electric and hybrid vehicles while covering the hybrid architectures and components of the vehicle in much greater detail. The author emphasizes technical details, mathematical relationships, and design guidelines throughout the text. New to the Second Edition New chapters on sizing and design guidelines for various hybrid architectures, control strategies for hybrid vehicles, powertrain component cooling systems, and in-vehicle communication methods New sections on modeling of energy storage components, tire-road force mechanics, compressed air-storage, DC/DC converters, emission control systems, electromechanical brakes, and vehicle fuel economy Reorganization of power electronics, electric machines, and motor drives sections Enhanced sections on mechanical components that now include more technical descriptions and example problems An emphasis on the integration of mechanical and electrical components, taking into account the interdisciplinary nature of automotive engineering As an advisor to the University of Akron’s team in the Challenge X: Crossover to Sustainable Mobility, Dr. Husain knows first-hand how to teach students both the fundamentals and cutting-edge technologies of the next generation of automotives. This text shows students how electrical and mechanical engineers must work together to complete an alternative vehicle system. It empowers them to carry on state-of-the-art research and development in automotive engineering in order to meet today’s needs of clean, efficient, and sustainable vehicles.
This workshop concentrated on the technologies to improve the design, performance, manufacturing, and economics of the critical components for the next generation of electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles for the year 2000 and beyond. Over 100 illustrations.
Offering in-depth coverage of hybrid propulsion topics, energy storage systems and modelling, and supporting electrical systems, this book will be an invaluable resource for practising engineers and managers involved in all aspects of hybrid vehicle development, modelling, simulation and testing.
The first book on electric and hybrid vehicles (EVs) written specifically for automotive students and vehicle owners Clear diagrams, photos and flow charts outline the charging infrastructure, how EV technology works, and how to repair and maintain hybrid and electric vehicles Optional IMI online eLearning materials enable students to study the subject further and test their knowledge Full coverage of IMI Level 2 Award in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Operation and Maintenance, IMI Level 3 Award in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Repair and Replacement, IMI Accreditation, C&G and other EV/Hybrid courses. The first book on electric and hybrid vehicles (endorsed by the IMI) starts with an introduction to the market, covering the different types of electric vehicle, costs and emissions, and the charging infrastructure, before moving on to explain how hybrid and electric vehicles work. A chapter on electrical technology introduces learners to subjects such as batteries, control systems and charging which are then covered in more detail within their own chapters. The book also covers the maintenance and repair procedures of these vehicles, including fault finding, servicing, repair and first-responder information. Case studies are used throughout to illustrate different technologies.
Uncover the Technology behind Hybrids and Make an Intelligent Decision When Purchasing Your Next Vehicle With one billion cars expected to be on the roads of the world in the near future, the potential for war over oil and the negative environmental effects of emissions will be greater than ever before. Now is the time to seriously consider an alternative to standard automobiles. Exploring practical solutions to these problems, Hybrid Vehicles and the Future of Personal Transportation provides broad coverage of the technologies involved in manufacturing and operating hybrids. It reviews key components of hybrid and pure electric vehicles, including batteries, fuel cells, and ultracapacitors. The book also discusses both concept and production-bound hybrids as well as the economics and safety issues of hybrid ownership. In addition, the author supplies effective tips on how to save gasoline with conventional and hybrid automobiles. Making the jargon of fuel-efficient vehicles accessible to a wide audience, this guide explains the history of hybrids, how they work, and their impact on the environment. It will help you make a sound decision concerning the purchase and operation of a hybrid or electric vehicle.
How Do We Get the Innovation Back Into Vehicle Design?
Author: Peter R. N. Childs
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Technology & Engineering
Based on papers, debate and discussion at the IMechE Automobile Division Southern Centre Conference on Total Vehicle Technology 2002, the work covers much of the life cycle of the modern vehicle. From concept design and visualization to the constraints of a real life vehicle design, the shape of the vehicle is examined. The powertrain remains of central importance and with a view of the longer term future, the influence of electronics and the development of new types of propulsion systems the role of the powertrain and its development potential are covered in detail. Getting the vehicle to market is of increasing urgency and the selection of performance, driveability and exhaust emissions controls is of increasing complexity. New techniques are considered and analysed. The selection of components is a crucial part of the vehicle design process. Trends in component - mechanical and electronic - illustrate the technical and commercial issues facing component suppliers.
Technologies, Modeling and Control - A Mechatronic Approach
Author: Amir Khajepour
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Technology & Engineering
An advanced level introductory book covering fundamentalaspects, design and dynamics of electric and hybrid electricvehicles There is significant demand for an understanding of thefundamentals, technologies, and design of electric and hybridelectric vehicles and their components from researchers, engineers,and graduate students. Although there is a good body of work in theliterature, there is still a great need for electric and hybridvehicle teaching materials. Electric and Hybrid Vehicles:Technologies, Modeling and Control – A MechatronicApproach is based on the authors’ current research invehicle systems and will include chapters on vehicle propulsionsystems, the fundamentals of vehicle dynamics, EV and HEVtechnologies, chassis systems, steering control systems, and state,parameter and force estimations. The book is highly illustrated,and examples will be given throughout the book based on realapplications and challenges in the automotive industry. Designed to help a new generation of engineers needing tomaster the principles of and further advances in hybrid vehicletechnology Includes examples of real applications and challenges in theautomotive industry with problems and solutions Takes a mechatronics approach to the study of electric andhybrid electric vehicles, appealing to mechanical and electricalengineering interests Responds to the increase in demand of universities offeringcourses in newer electric vehicle technologies
This is an engineering reference book on hybrid vehiclesystem analysis and design, an outgrowth of theauthor's substantial work in research, development andproduction at the National Research Council Canada, Azure Dynamicsand now General Motors. It is an irreplaceable tool for helpingengineers develop algorithms and gain a thorough understanding ofhybrid vehicle systems. This book covers all the major aspects ofhybrid vehicle modeling, control, simulation, performance analysisand preliminary design. It not only systemically provides the basicknowledge of hybrid vehicle system configuration and maincomponents, but also details their characteristics and mathematicmodels. Provides valuable technical expertise necessary forbuilding hybrid vehicle system and analyzing performance viadrivability, fuel economy and emissions Built from the author's industry experience at major vehiclecompanies including General Motors and Azure Dynamics Inc. Offers algorithm implementations and figures/examplesextracted from actual practice systems Suitable for a training course on hybrid vehicle systemdevelopment with supplemental materials An essential resource enabling hybrid development and designengineers to understand the hybrid vehicle systems necessary forcontrol algorithm design and developments.