Land of the Sagas
Author: David Roberts,Jon Krakauer
Publisher: Villard Books
Photographs exploring the grandeur of Iceland's remarkable geography accompany tales of real-life heroes and supernatural beings
Author: Jesse L. Byock
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Byock sees the crucial element in the origin of the Icelandic sagas not as the introduction of writing or the impact of literary borrowings from the continent but the subject of the tales themselves - feud. This simple thesis is developed into a thorough examination of Icelandic society and feud, and of the narrative technique of recounting it.
Author: Theodore Murdock Andersson
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Andersson introduces readers to the development of the Icelandic sagas between 1180 and 1280, a crucial period that witnessed a gradual shift of emphasis from tales of adventure and personal distinction to the analysis of politics and history.
Author: E. Paul Durrenberger,Dorothy Durrenberger
Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press
The fulfilment of a prophetic dream takes a young man from his troubled teenage years in medieval Iceland to his death in a duel with his love rival in a foreign land. Thorsteinn, son of the prominent Egill Skalla-Grimsson, also of saga fame, dreams two men will fight and die over his daughter, and that she will marry a third man. When his father forbids the headstrong Gunnlaugur from traveling to foreign lands, he takes refuge with Thorsteinn, where he studies law and becomes close to his daughter, Helga the fair. At eighteen, the stubborn and proud Gunnlaugur betroths himself to Helga and arranges with her father for her to wait for him for three years while he is away. While abroad, Gunnlaugur gets in and out of trouble with various kings and gains a reputation as both a poet and a warrior. With a show of arrogance at the court of the Swedish king, he makes an enemy of another Icelandic poet, Hrafn, who had befriended him. Having sworn to disgrace Gunnlaugur, Hrafn returns to Iceland to ask for Helga in marriage as the three years she was to wait have passed. Delayed in his travels, Gunnlaugur returns the day of the wedding but can not stop it. Gunnlaugur challenges Hrafn to the last duel ever fought in Iceland, but kinsmen and friends of both prevent the fight. The two travel to Sweden where they meet and fight. Both die as foretold in Thorsteinn's dream. Dreaming of Gunnlaugur, Helga dies in the arms of her second husband, a third poet, as the dream foretold. There the saga ends. In addition to the translation of the saga, this book contains an anthropological analysis of the saga and saga writing in medieval Iceland. Beyond relating events, this saga, like others of its genre, is an expression of the totemic system of the primitive society that produced it, a stratified society without the institutions of a state. The analysis of the saga shows its richly textured patterns of opposition and similarity, its complex analogical logic, and its fascinating mirror-image arrangement of events centering around the fatal insults between Gunnlaugur and Hrafn in Sweden. Since the saga is a product of a totemic society, the authors preserve that dimension in their translation. Rather than trying to smooth over the work to "elevate" it to modern standards of the novel, they preserve the texture of oppositions, similarities, and analogies that make the saga what it is.
Society, Sagas, and Power
Author: Jesse L. Byock
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Study of the society and history of Iceland during the Free State period of ca. 930-1260 A.D., using the Sagas as main source of data.
Author: William Pencak
The world's longest lasting republic between ancient Rome and modern Switzerland, medieval Iceland (c. 870-1262) centered its national literature, the great family sagas, around the problem of can a republic survive and do justice to its inhabitants. The Conflict of Law and Justice in the Icelandic Sagas takes a semiotic approach to six of the major sagas which depict a nation of free men, abetted by formidable women, testing conflicting legal codes and principles - pagan v. Christian, vengeance v. compromise, monarchy v. republicanism, courts v. arbitration. The sagas emerge as a body of great literature embodying profound reflections on political and legal philosophy because they do not offer simple solutions, but demonstrate the tragic choices facing legal thinkers (Njal), warriors (Gunnar), outlaws (Grettir), women (Gudrun of Laxdaela Saga), priests (Snorri of Eyrbyggja Saga), and the Icelandic community in its quest for stability and a good society. Guest forewords by Robert Ginsberg and Roberta Kevelson, set the book in the contexts of philosophy, semiotics, and Icelandic studies to which it contributes.
Priests, Power, and Social Change 1000-1300
Author: Orri Vesteinsson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
In this first historical study of High-Medieval Iceland to be published in English, Dr Vesteinsson investigates the influence of the Christian Church on the formation of the earliest state structures in Iceland, from the conversion in 1000 to the union with Norway in 1262. In the history of mankind states and state structures have usually been established before the advent of written records. As a result historians are rarely able to trace with certainty the early development of complex structures of government. In Iceland, literacy and the practice of native history writing had been established by the beginning of the twelfth century; whereas the formation of a centralised government did not occur until more than a hundred years later. The early development of statelike structures has therefore been unusually well chronicled, in the Icelandic Sagas, and in the historical records of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. Based on this wealth of material,The Christianization of Iceland is an important contribution to the discussion on the formation of states.
Author: Gudbergur Bergsson
Publisher: Lindhardt og Ringhof
In seinem Roman erzählt der isländische Autor die Geschichte einer Neunjährigen, die zum ersten Mal das Elternhaus an der Küste Islands verlässt. Als Strafe für einen Ladendiebstahl muss sie den Sommer auf einem Bauernhof im Landesinneren verbringen. Der Autor nennt weder den Namen der Heldin noch die Namen der übrigen Figuren: Das kleine Mädchen, so heisst es, muss Bauer und Bäuerin dienen, Leuten, die nur bedingt umgänglich sind. Immerhin ersparen sie der Sünderin Entrüstung und moralische Tiraden, da sie mit ihren eigenen Sorgen beschäftigt sind. Der Knecht, mit dem die Kleine die Unterkunft teilen muss, verkündet düstere Weisheiten und verwirrt dem Mädchen den Kopf. Dennoch hängt es an dem Sonderling, weil dessen Gesellschaft die Last der Einsamkeit zu mindern scheint. –Eine überaus phantasievolle und poetische Erzählung, berichtet aus der Perspektive eines aus seiner Unschuld erwachenden Kindes. Gudbergur Bergsson wurde 1932 in Island geboren und zählt zu einem der beliebtesten Erzähler seines Heimatlandes. Er lebt als Schriftsteller und Übersetzer in Reykjavik und Madrid und wurde für seine Bücher bereits mehrmals ausgezeichnet.
Author: George Webbe Dasent
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This four-volume set of Icelandic sagas with English translations was prepared between 1887 and 1894 by the celebrated Icelandic scholar Gudbrand Vigfusson (1827-89) and the foremost translator of the day, Sir George Webbe Dasent (1817-96). It includes Orkneyinga saga, a history of the jarls of Orkney from the late ninth century to about 1200, composed in Iceland around 1230 but preserved complete only in the fourteenth-century Flateyjarbók; and Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar, the life of the king of Norway from 1217 to 1263 and the principal source for Norwegian history over this period, in which Hákon's reign put an end to a long civil war. It was written soon after his death by the Icelandic chieftain and historian Sturla Þórðarson at the instigation of the king's son. Volume 4 contains Dasent's translation, The Saga of Hacon, the fragment of the saga of Hákon's son Magnús, and other appended texts.
Author: Otto Pettersson
Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.
Author: Einar Kárason
Publisher: btb Verlag
Eine der kriegerischsten Zeiten Islands Island, Mitte des 13. Jahrhunderts, in einer der kriegerischsten Zeiten, die das Land je erlebt hat: Der heimtückische Mord an Snorri Sturlusson, dem berühmten Politiker und Dichter, Autor der Edda und der Egils-Saga, hat bürgerkriegsähnliche Zustände entfacht. Brutale Gewalt und zerstörerische Machtkämpfe bestimmen das Bild, zwei verfeindete Familienclans stehen sich unversöhnlich gegenüber. Island ist nunmehr gespalten, wird von der norwegischen Krone regiert. Da reicht einer der vormaligen Kriegstreiber, Gissur Thorvaldsson, dem Clan der Sturlungen die Hand zum Frieden. Eine Heirat zwischen den beiden Parteien soll den Pakt besiegeln, soll dem Land die Einheit geben und der Bevölkerung bessere Lebensbedingungen verschaffen. Aber nicht alle, die zur Hochzeit kommen, sind einverstanden mit diesem Plan ... Ausgezeichnet mit dem Isländischen Literaturpreis.
Author: Angus A. Somerville,R. Andrew McDonald
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
This book, the first in our Companions to Medieval Studies series, is a brief introduction to the history, culture, and religion of the Viking Age and provides an essential foundation for study of the period. The companion begins by defining the Viking Age and explores topics such as Viking society and religion. Viking biographies provide students with information on important figures in Viking lore such as Harald Bluetooth, Eirik the Red, Leif Eiriksson, and Gudrid Thorbjarnardaughter, a female Viking traveler. A compelling chapter entitled "How Do We Know About the Vikings?" and a case study on the wandering monks of St. Philibert introduce students to the process of historical inquiry. The book concludes with a discussion of the impact of the Vikings and their legacy. Pedagogical resources include a detailed chronology, study questions, a glossary, 4 maps, and 14 images. Text boxes provide information on outsider perceptions of the Vikings, a detailed account of a Viking raid, and a description of a chieftain's dwelling in Arctic Norway. This study also benefits from a multi-disciplinary approach including insights and evidence from such diverse disciplines as archaeology, philology, religion, linguistics, and genetics.
Author: Oddr Snorrason
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Oddr Snorrason, a Benedictine monk in northern Iceland in the late twelfth century, composed a landmark Latin biography of the legendary Norwegian king Olaf Tryggvason (died 1000 C.E.). This biography was soon translated into Icelandic, and the translation (though not the Latin original) is preserved in two somewhat differing versions and a small fragment of a third. The Saga of Olaf Tryggvason is the first English translation of this text, augmented by an introduction and notes to guide the reader. There is a strong possibility that Oddr's biography was the first full-length saga of the Icelandic Middle Ages. It ushered in a century of saga writing that assured Iceland a unique place in medieval literature and in the history of prose writing. Aside from being a harbinger of the saga tradition, and indeed of the modern novel, The Saga of Olaf Tryggvason has its own literary merits, including an epic description of the great Battle of Svoldr, in which King Olaf succumbed. In significant ways the narrative of this battle anticipates the mature style of the classical sagas in the thirteenth century.