Filled with powerful imagery, this poem relates the tragic story of Indios, a native woman falsely accused of the death of her children. As it echoes the plight of other women like Indios—including Malinche, Pocahontas, La Llorona, and Medea—this narrative conveys the truth of a history twisted to suit the needs of a conquering power. Weaving Native American history with contemporary situations, this evocative poem focuses on the concept and consequences of the oppression of women.
The Indigenous Struggle for Justice in Sixteenth-Century Spain
Author: Nancy E. van Deusen
Publisher: Duke University Press
In the sixteenth century hundreds of thousands of indios—indigenous peoples from the territories of the Spanish empire—were enslaved and relocated throughout the Iberian world. Although various laws and decrees outlawed indio enslavement, several loopholes allowed the practice to continue. In Global Indios Nancy E. van Deusen documents the more than one hundred lawsuits between 1530 and 1585 that indio slaves living in Castile brought to the Spanish courts to secure their freedom. Because plaintiffs had to prove their indio-ness in a Spanish imperial context, these lawsuits reveal the difficulties of determining who was an indio and who was not—especially since it was an all-encompassing construct connoting subservience and political personhood and at times could refer to people from Mexico, Peru, or South or East Asia. Van Deusen demonstrates that the categories of free and slave were often not easily defined, and she forces a rethinking of the meaning of indio in ways that emphasize the need to situate colonial Spanish American indigenous subjects in a global context.
Desde la Conquista hasta la Independencia, el gobierno provincial de Tlaxcala estuvo en manos de una nobleza india de origen prehisp nico, cuyos descendientes adaptaron sin perderla la organizaci n pol tica antigua y lograron mantener una relativa autonom a respecto del estado novohispano. Los espa oles no tuvieron una representaci n pol tica en ella ni mucho menos pudieron dividirla. Las intrigas sectarias, la corrupci n e incluso la misma lucha de los macehuales de la provincia contra sus antiguos se ores crearon crisis pol ticas que repercutieron en el gobierno indio, sin embargo esto no lleg a destruir esa instituci n.
"Historical demography for 16th- and 17th-century Ecuador. The book's regional framework reveals major differences in mortality rates. Calculates that depopulation in the Sierra during the 16th century was four times that of the Coast"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57.