Search Results: international-order-in-diversity

International Order in Diversity

Author: Andrew Phillips,J. C. Sharman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107084830

Category: Political Science

Page: 274

View: 786

This book explains how a diverse Indian Ocean international system arose and endured during Europe's crucial opening stages of imperial expansion.

Empires of the Weak

The Real Story of European Expansion and the Creation of the New World Order

Author: Jason Sharman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780691182797

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 216

View: 7466

How the rise of the West was a temporary exception to the predominant world order What accounts for the rise of the state, the creation of the first global system, and the dominance of the West? The conventional answer asserts that superior technology, tactics, and institutions forged by Darwinian military competition gave Europeans a decisive advantage in war over other civilizations from 1500 onward. In contrast, Empires of the Weak argues that Europeans actually had no general military superiority in the early modern era. J. C. Sharman shows instead that European expansion from the late fifteenth to the late eighteenth centuries is better explained by deference to strong Asian and African polities, disease in the Americas, and maritime supremacy earned by default because local land-oriented polities were largely indifferent to war and trade at sea. Europeans were overawed by the mighty Eastern empires of the day, which pioneered key military innovations and were the greatest early modern conquerors. Against the view that the Europeans won for all time, Sharman contends that the imperialism of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries was a relatively transient and anomalous development in world politics that concluded with Western losses in various insurgencies. If the twenty-first century is to be dominated by non-Western powers like China, this represents a return to the norm for the modern era. Bringing a revisionist perspective to the idea that Europe ruled the world due to military dominance, Empires of the Weak demonstrates that the rise of the West was an exception in the prevailing world order.

On Cultural Diversity

International Theory in a World of Difference

Author: Christian Reus-Smit

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108473857

Category: Political Science

Page: 294

View: 4705

Critically evaluates how international relations theories have conceived culture, and advances a new account of cultural diversity and international order.

Multicultural Odysseys

Navigating the New International Politics of Diversity

Author: Will Kymlicka

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191623369

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 8719

We are currently witnessing the global diffusion of multiculturalism, both as a political discourse and as a set of international legal norms. States today are under increasing international scrutiny regarding their treatment of ethnocultural groups, and are expected to meet evolving international standards regarding the rights of indigenous peoples, national minorities, and immigrants. This phenomenon represents a veritable revolution in international relations, yet has received little public or scholarly attention. In this book, Kymlicka examines the factors underlying this change, and the challenges it raises. Against those critics who argue that multiculturalism is a threat to universal human rights, Kymlicka shows that the sort of multiculturalism that is being globalized is inspired and constrained by the human rights revolution, and embedded in a framework of liberal-democratic values. However, the formulation and implementation of these international norms has generated a number of dilemmas. The policies adopted by international organizations to deal with ethnic diversity are driven by conflicting impulses. Pessimism about the destabilizing consequences of ethnic politics alternates with optimism about the prospects for a peaceful and democratic form of multicultural politics. The result is often an unstable mix of paralyzing fear and naïve hope, rooted in conflicting imperatives of security and justice. Moreover, given the enormous differences in the characteristics of minorities (eg., their size, territorial concentration, cultural markers, historic relationship to the state), it is difficult to formulate standards that apply to all groups. Yet attempts to formulate more targeted norms that apply only to specific categories of minorities (eg., "indigenous peoples" or "national minorities") have proven controversial and unstable. Kymlicka examines these dilemmas as they have played out in both the theory and practice of international minority rights protection, including recent developments regarding the rights of national minorities in Europe, the rights of indigenous peoples in the Americas, as well as emerging debates on multiculturalism in Asia and Africa.

International Relations Theories

Author: Tim Dunne,Milja Kurki,Steve Smith

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199696012

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 2885

Drawing on a wealth of expertise from a global team of contributors, the third edition of International Relations Theories provides an up-to-date and comprehensive account of all the major IR theories--including some of the more alternative understandings not found in other texts--and supports them with case study examples. Editors Tim Dunne, Milja Kurki, and Steve Smith have brought together a team of international contributors, each specializing in a different theory. The contributors explain the theoretical background to their positions before showing how and why their theories matter. The book opens up space for analysis and debate, allowing students to decide which theories they find most useful in explaining and understanding international relations. While some of the theories discussed are complex, the authors convey them in a clear and accessible manner, with the use of engaging pedagogical features, making this an ideal introduction to the field. NEW TO THIS EDITION * A new chapter on Critical Theory, authored by Steven Roach, which addresses this important theoretical orientation * Updated chapters and case studies that reflect new developments in world politics International Relations Theories, Third Edition, is accompanied by a Companion Website that provides additional resources for instructors--PowerPoint-based slides and figures and tables from the text--and students--web links, a flashcard glossary, and a revision guide.

Routledge International Handbook of Diversity Studies

Author: Steven Vertovec

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131760069X

Category: Social Science

Page: 404

View: 3862

In recent years the concept of ‘diversity’ has gained a leading place in academic thought, business practice and public policy worldwide. Although variously used, ‘diversity’ tends to refer to patterns of social difference in terms of certain key categories. Today the foremost categories shaping discourses and policies of diversity include race, ethnicity, religion, gender, disability, sexuality and age; further important notions include class, language, locality, lifestyle and legal status. The Routledge Handbook of Diversity Studies will examine a range of such concepts along with historical and contemporary cases concerning social and political dynamics surrounding them. With contributions by experts spanning Sociology, Anthropology, Political Science, History and Geography, the Handbook will be a key resource for students, social scientists and professionals. It will represent a landmark volume within a field that has become, and will continue to be, one of the most significant global topics of concern throughout the twenty-first century.

Indian Ocean Slavery in the Age of Abolition

Author: Robert W. Harms,Bernard K. Freamon,David W. Blight

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 030016646X

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 9402

div While the British were able to accomplish abolition in the trans-Atlantic world by the end of the nineteenth century, their efforts paradoxically caused a great increase in legal and illegal slave trading in the western Indian Ocean. Bringing together essays from leading authorities in the field of slavery studies, this comprehensive work offers an original and creative study of slavery and abolition in the Indian Ocean world during this period. Among the topics discussed are the relationship between British imperialism and slavery; Islamic law and slavery; and the bureaucracy of slave trading./DIV

The Struggle for Power in Early Modern Europe

Religious Conflict, Dynastic Empires, and International Change

Author: Daniel H. Nexon

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400830800

Category: History

Page: 408

View: 5826

Scholars have long argued over whether the 1648 Peace of Westphalia, which ended more than a century of religious conflict arising from the Protestant Reformations, inaugurated the modern sovereign-state system. But they largely ignore a more fundamental question: why did the emergence of new forms of religious heterodoxy during the Reformations spark such violent upheaval and nearly topple the old political order? In this book, Daniel Nexon demonstrates that the answer lies in understanding how the mobilization of transnational religious movements intersects with--and can destabilize--imperial forms of rule. Taking a fresh look at the pivotal events of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries--including the Schmalkaldic War, the Dutch Revolt, and the Thirty Years' War--Nexon argues that early modern "composite" political communities had more in common with empires than with modern states, and introduces a theory of imperial dynamics that explains how religious movements altered Europe's balance of power. He shows how the Reformations gave rise to crosscutting religious networks that undermined the ability of early modern European rulers to divide and contain local resistance to their authority. In doing so, the Reformations produced a series of crises in the European order and crippled the Habsburg bid for hegemony. Nexon's account of these processes provides a theoretical and analytic framework that not only challenges the way international relations scholars think about state formation and international change, but enables us to better understand global politics today.

The Ordinary Virtues

Moral Order in a Divided World

Author: Michael Ignatieff

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674976274

Category: Applied ethics

Page: 236

View: 9470

Introduction: Moral globalization and its discontents -- Jackson Heights, New York: Diversity Plaza -- Los Angeles: the moral operating systems of global cities -- Rio de Janeiro: order, corruption, and public trust -- Bosnia: war and reconciliation -- Myanmar: the politics of moral narrative -- Fukushima: resilience and the unimaginable -- South Africa: after the rainbow -- Conclusion: Human rights, global ethics, and the ordinary virtues

Inclusion Dividend

Why Investing in Diversity & Inclusion Pays off

Author: Mark Kaplan,Mason Donovan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351861654

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 7590

In today's increasingly diverse, global, interconnected business world, diversity and inclusion (D&I) is no longer just "the right thing to do," it is a core leadership competency and central to the success of business. Working effectively to combat unconscious bias across differences such as gender, culture, generational, race, and sexual orientation not only leads to a more productive, innovative corporate culture but also to a better engagement with customers and clients. The Inclusion Dividend provides a framework to tap the bottom-line impact that results from an inclusive culture. Most leaders have the intent to be inclusive, however translating that intent into a truly inclusive outcome with employees, customers, and other stakeholders requires a focused change effort. The authors explain that challenge and provide straightforward advice on how to achieve the kind of meritocracy that will result in a tangible dividend and move companies ahead of their competition.

Worlds in Collision

Terror and the Future of Global Order

Author: Ken Booth,T. Dunne

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9780333998052

Category: Political Science

Page: 386

View: 6350

Bringing together an outstanding group of thinkers, Worlds in Collision is the essential book for understanding the debate about the future of global order in the wake of international terrorism and the war in Afghanistan. For years to come, if not decades, the 'war on terrorism' will be the defining paradigm in the struggle for global order. When the victim of such horrific terror attacks happens to be the world's only superpower, the agenda is set for the future global order. This book, offering a comprehensive and provocative collection of viewpoints from leading intellectuals from a number of countries, will help readers understand the ways in which our worlds collided on September 11, 2001. Not only does it comprehensively address the first phase of the war against international terrorism, the book also looks at the wider regional and global ramifications. Worlds in Collision is ultimately about more than the war on terrorism, it concerns itself with the possibilities for re-shaping global order on the basis of new kinds of politics.

Diversity in the Workplace

Multi-disciplinary and International Perspectives

Author: Stefan Gröschl

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131714919X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 222

View: 2675

Most regions and countries in the world are experiencing increasingly diverse populations and labour markets. While the causes may vary, the challenges businesses face due to a heightened awareness of this diversity are often similar. Internally, organisations promote diversity and manage increasingly heterogeneous workforces, accommodate and integrate employees with different value and belief systems, and combat a range of different forms of discrimination with organisational and also societal consequences. Externally, organisations have to manage demands from government, consumer, and lobbying sources for the implementation of anti-discrimination policies and laws. This has generated demand for appropriate higher level teaching programmes and for more diversity-focused research. Diversity in the Workplace responds to the increasing social and political debate and interest in diversity throughout Europe. The contributors discuss the concept of diversity in different social and legal contexts and from the perspectives of different academic disciplines including sociology, anthropology, psychology, philosophy and organizational theory. The book includes a European view and the makings of a conceptual framework to literature on diversity that hitherto has tended to be US orientated and overwhelmingly practice focused. It will stimulate fruitful exchanges of ideas about different approaches to the challenges faced by businesses and organisations of all kinds. With chapters by authors involved in research into diversity issues at leading academic institutions across Europe, this book offers much that will interest academics, researchers and higher level students, as well as practitioners wanting to understand managing workforce diversity; affirmative action programmes; and anti-discriminatory policy and practice in a wider context.

The Inclusion Paradox - 2nd Edition

The Obama Era and the Transformation of Global Diversity

Author: Andrés T. Tapia

Publisher: BookBaby

ISBN: 098909801X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 436

View: 8472

Dramatically changing demographics are upending politics, marketplaces, and workplaces. In this Second Edition of The Inclusion Paradox: The Obama Era and the Transformation of Global Diversity, Andrés T. Tapia, President of Diversity Best Practices and former Chief Diversity Officer for a global firm, examines how today’s hyper-diverse world of the Obama Era is transforming policy agendas, marketplace penetration, and workforce management -- and what those changes mean for our future. With its more than fifty new pages of updated facts, figures, and current event references, in this Second Edition, Tapia explores not the political implications, but rather the cultural implications of what it takes to move into the next generation of diversity work to grow business and attract and retain the best talent. He makes the case that the work of diversity and inclusion has never been more urgent, particularly as everything has globalized at a massive scale. But nations and companies are woefully and dangerously unprepared for this diversity. Because it’s one thing to acknowledge the diversity already here, quite another to make the most out of it. “Diversity is the mix. Inclusion is making the mix work” is what Author Andres T. Tapia says about this reality. Which means that inclusion is hard. Very hard. Harder than diversity itself. Inclusion defines the challenge all leaders face as they address the dramatic shifts of diversity --racial, ethnic, generational, gender, sexual orientation, faith, personality, nationality, and on -- in our workplaces and communities. As author Tapia writes in one of his pivotal chapters, not being able to manage these differences well is leading us all to ask about others, “Are You Evil, a Moron, or Just Plain Incompetent?” The key, therefore, to facing these diversity and inclusion challenges is developing the skills and abilities to, while still nurturing our commonalities, to constructively know how to surface our differences so we can treat others not as we would like to be treated, but as they would like to be treated.

Encyclopedia of Human Services and Diversity

Author: Linwood H. Cousins

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483370836

Category: Social Science

Page: 1632

View: 2832

Encyclopedia of Human Services and Diversity is the first encyclopedia to reflect the changes in the mission of human services professionals as they face today’s increasingly diverse service population. Diversity encompasses a broad range of human differences, including differences in ability and disability, age, education level, ethnicity, gender, geographic origin, religion, sexual orientation, socioeconomic class, and values. Understanding the needs and problems of Asian Americans, Hispanic Americans, the deaf, the blind, the LGBT community, and many other groups demands an up-to-date and cutting-edge reference. This three-volume encyclopedia provides human services students, professors, librarians, and practitioners the reference information they need to meet the needs of an increasingly diverse population. Features: 600 signed entries are organized A-to-Z across three volumes. Entries, authored by key figures in the field, conclude with cross references and further readings. A Reader’s Guide groups related articles within broad, thematic areas, such as aging, community mental health, family and child services, substance abuse, etc. A detailed index, the Reader’s Guide, and cross references combine for search-and-browse in the electronic version. A helpful Resource Guide guides students to classic books, journals, and web sites, and a glossary assists them with the terminology of the field. Available in both print and electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Human Services and Diversity is an ideal reference for students, practitioners, faculty and librarians.

California: The Politics of Diversity

Author: David G. Lawrence,Jeff Cummins

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305629914

Category: Education

Page: 320

View: 9254

CALIFORNIA: THE POLITICS OF DIVERSITY, 9th Edition, explores the uniqueness and excitement of California's political environment through two key themes: diversity and hyperpluralism. Experienced educators with backgrounds in state and local government, Lawrence and Cummins bring an informed, insightful perspective to the examination of the numerous pressures that make governing the state increasingly challenging. This edition adds student learning outcomes, which highlight the central ideas and points that students should take away from each chapter. The text is also written in an easily accessible way that provides examples particularly interesting to students. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The Despot's Guide to Wealth Management

On the International Campaign against Grand Corruption

Author: J.C. Sharman

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 1501708430

Category: Law

Page: 274

View: 9139

An unprecedented new international moral and legal rule forbids one state from hosting money stolen by the leaders of another state. The aim is to counter grand corruption or kleptocracy ("rule by thieves"), when leaders of poorer countries—such as Marcos in the Philippines, Mobutu in the Congo, and more recently those overthrown in revolutions in the Arab world and Ukraine—loot billions of dollars at the expense of their own citizens. This money tends to end up hosted in rich countries. These host states now have a duty to block, trace, freeze, and seize these illicit funds and hand them back to the countries from which they were stolen. In The Despot's Guide to Wealth Management, J. C. Sharman asks how this anti-kleptocracy regime came about, how well it is working, and how it could work better. Although there have been some real achievements, the international campaign against grand corruption has run into major obstacles. The vested interests of banks, lawyers, and even law enforcement often favor turning a blind eye to foreign corruption proceeds. Recovering and returning looted assets is a long, complicated, and expensive process. Sharman used a private investigator, participated in and observed anti-corruption policy, and conducted more than a hundred interviews with key players. He also draws on various journalistic exposés, whistle-blower accounts, and government investigations to inform his comparison of the anti-kleptocracy records of the United States, Britain, Switzerland, and Australia. Sharman calls for better policing, preventative measures, and use of gatekeepers like bankers, lawyers, and real estate agents. He also recommends giving nongovernmental organizations and for-profit firms more scope to independently investigate corruption and seize stolen assets.

Mercenaries, Pirates, and Sovereigns

State-building and Extraterritorial Violence in Early Modern Europe

Author: Janice E. Thomson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780691086583

Category: Europe

Page: 219

View: 2738

The contemporary organization of global violence is neither timeless nor natural, argues Janice Thomson. It is distinctively modern. In this book she examines how the present arrangement of the world into violence-monopolizing sovereign states evolved over the six preceding centuries. Tracing the activities of mercenaries, pirates, mercantile companies, and sovereigns from the Mediterranean to the Northwest Territories, the author addresses compelling questions: Why do we have centralized bureaucracies - states - which claim a monopoly on violence? Why is this monopoly based on territorial boundaries? Why is coercion not an international market commodity? Thomson maintains that the contemporary monopolization of violence by sovereign states results from the collective practices of rulers, all seeking power and wealth for their states and themselves, and all competing to exploit extraterritorial nonstate violence to achieve those ends. She examines the unintended consequences of such acts, and shows how individual states eventually fell victim to nonstate violence. As rulers became increasingly aware of the problems created by non-state coercive tactics abroad, they worked together to curtail this violence, only to find it intertwined with nonstate violence on the national state level. Exploring the blurred boundaries between the domestic and international, the economic and political, and the state and nonstate realms of authority, this book addresses practical and theoretical issues underlying the reconciliation of violence with political legitimacy.

Havens in a Storm

The Struggle for Global Tax Regulation

Author: Jason Campbell Sharman

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801445040

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 211

View: 8098

Small states have learned in recent decades that capital accumulates where taxes are low; as a result, tax havens have increasingly competed for the attention of international investors with tax and regulatory concessions. Economically powerful countries including France, Britain, Japan, and the United States, however, wished to stanch the offshore flow of domestic taxable capital. Since 1998 the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has attempted to impose common tax regulations on more than three dozen small states. In a fascinating book based on fieldwork and interviews in twenty-two countries in the Caribbean, North America, Europe, and islands in the Pacific and Indian Oceans, J. C. Sharman shows how the struggle was decided in favor of the tax havens, which eventually avoided common regulation. No other book on tax havens is based on such extensive fieldwork, and no other author has had access to so many of the key decision makers who played roles in the conflict between onshore and offshore Sharman suggests that microstates succeeded in their struggle with great powers because of their astute deployment of reputation and effective rhetorical self-positioning. In effect, they persuaded a transnational audience that the OECD was being untrue to its own values by engaging in a hypocritical, bullying exercise inimical to free competition.

Driven by Difference

How Great Companies Fuel Innovation Through Diversity

Author: David Livermore

Publisher: AMACOM

ISBN: 0814436544

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 9443

Today’s workforce is more diverse than ever before. But despite new perspectives and talents, the promise of increased innovation rarely materializes. Why are so few businesses seeing results? Studies show that diverse teams are more creative than homogenous ones—but only when they are managed effectively. The secret is to minimize conflict while maximizing the informational diversity found in varied values and experiences. To do this, both leaders and team members need a high level of cultural intelligence, or CQ. Drawing on success stories from Google, Alibaba, Novartis, and other groundbreaking companies, Driven by Difference identifies the management practices necessary to guide multicultural teams to innovation, including how to: Create an optimal environment Build trust Fuse differing perspectives Align goals and expectations Generate fresh ideas Consider the various audiences when selecting and selling an idea Design and test for different users Cultural differences can lead to gridlock, or they can catalyze innovation and growth. This research-based plan turns diversity’s potential into economic reality.

Fear of Diversity

The Birth of Political Science in Ancient Greek Thought

Author: Arlene W. Saxonhouse

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226735542

Category: History

Page: 253

View: 5044

This wide-ranging and provocative book locates the origin of political science in the everyday world of ancient Greek life, thought, and culture. Arlene Saxonhouse contends that the Greeks, confronted by the puzzling diversity of the physical world, sought an unseen and unifying force that would constrain and explain it. This drive toward unity did more than place the mind over the senses: it led the Greeks to play down the very real differences - in particular the female, the family, and sexuality - in both their political and personal lives. While the dramatists and Plato captured the tragic consequences of trying to do so, it was not until Aristotle and his Politics did the Greek world - and its heirs - have a true science of politics, one capable of embracing diversity and accommodating conflict. Much of the book's force derives from Saxonhouse's masterful interweaving of Greek philosophy and drama, her juxtaposition of the thought of the pre-Socratics, Plato, and other philosophers to the cultural life revealed by such dramatists as Aristophanes and Aeschylus. Her approach opens up fresh understandings of such issues as the Greeks' fear of the feminine and their attempts to ignore the demands that gender, reproduction, and the family inevitably make on the individual and the family. The Fear of Diversity represents an important contribution to political philosophy, classics, and gender studies.

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