What will the Asia-Pacific rim look like in the years ahead? What tools will international relations theorists need to understand the complex relationship among China, Japan, and the United States as the three powers shape the economic and political future of this crucial region? Some of the best and most innovative scholars in international relations and Asian area studies gather here with the working premise that stability in the broader Asia-Pacific region is in large part a function of the behavior of, and relationships among, these three major powers. Each author analyzes the foreign policy behavior of one or more of these states and/or relations among them in an effort to make claims about the prospects for regional stability. Some of the chapters focus on security relationships, some on economic relations, and some on the interaction of the two. The authors do not promote any particular theoretical perspective, but instead draw on the full diversity of theoretical approaches in contemporary international relations scholarship to illuminate international interactions among the Pacific powers. The creative collaboration of international relations and Asian studies specialists presents the opportunity to assess the applicability of Western categories of analysis to the beliefs and behaviors of Asian actors. The scholars in this volume share the conviction that a deeper understanding of the effects of cultural divides between Asian and American policymakers is essential if the Pacific rim's economic and regional security is to be safeguarded.
Why does North Korea behave erratically in pursuing its nuclear weapons program? Why did the United States prefer bilateral alliances to multilateral ones in Asia after World War II? Why did China become "nice"—no more military coercion—in dealing with the pro-independence Taiwan President Chen Shuibian after 2000? Why did China compromise in the negotiation of the Chunxiao gas exploration in 2008 while Japan became provocative later in the Sino-Japanese disputes in the East China Sea? North Korea’s nuclear behavior, U.S. alliance strategy, China’s Taiwan policy, and Sino-Japanese territorial disputes are all important examples of seemingly irrational foreign policy decisions that have determined regional stability and Asian security. By examining major events in Asian security, this book investigates why and how leaders make risky and seemingly irrational decisions in international politics. The authors take the innovative step of integrating the neoclassical realist framework in political science and prospect theory in psychology. Their analysis suggests that political leaders are more likely to take risky actions when their vital interests and political legitimacy are seriously threatened. For each case, the authors first discuss the weaknesses of some of the prevailing arguments, mainly from rationalist and constructivist theorizing, and then offer an alternative explanation based on their political legitimacy-prospect theory model. This pioneering book tests and expands prospect theory to the study of Asian security and challenges traditional, expected-utility-based, rationalist theories of foreign policy behavior.
The leaders and bureaucrats of China have actively attended, initiated, promoted or made skilful use of regional multilateral political, economic, and security institutions to accelerate regional cooperation and integration with neighboring states, convince Asian states that China’s rise will not threaten the regional order and their national interests, and exploit its role and diplomacy in the Asia-Pacific as a launch pad for greater influence in world affairs. This book examines why and to what extent China wishes to promote, accelerate, delay, or overcome constrains to, the institutionalization of these regional organizations. It explores the meaning, scope and repercussion in the drive that a rising China has for institutionalizing multilateral cooperative processes in the Asia-Pacific region, the extent to which its actions are motivated by concerns of politics, economics or security, and the obstacles it faces for so doing. These arrangements have varying effect on the diplomatic postures, economic development, and strategic orientation of countries in Asia and the Western Pacific, and hence the stability and prosperity of the entire region. China's Multilateral Co-operation in Asia and the Pacific will be of interest to those studying the politics and international relations of China and the Asia-Pacific region.
Caliphates and Islamic Global Politics (E-IR Edited Collections)
Author: Timothy Poirson
Publisher: العبيكان للنشر
شهد العالم أحداث الربيع العربي عام 2011، حيث كان قد تجدّد أمل المجتمع المدني العربي بتلك الوقائع، ومع انحدار ليبيا وسوريا إلى حرب أهلية وفوضى يبقى نجاح المجتمع المدني في إيجاد مساحة لنفسه موضع تساؤل؛ إذ إن سقوط أنظمة استبدادية راسخة ظاهريًّا لم يُفد المجتمع المدني كثيرًا، إلا أن حركات إسلامية سياسية استفادت من الفراغ لإنشاء قواعد لها وإطلاق عملياتها من أجل تطبيق إيديولوجيتها. وبعد سنوات عدة على أول الاحتجاجات تعود جماعات إسلامية بقوة في بعض دول الشرق الأوسط، وشمالي إفريقيا، (في سوريا، والعراق، وبلدات في ليبيا، وبعض مناطق لبنان)، حيث تعلن جماعات مثل الدولة الإسلامية في العراق والشام، أو أنصار الشريعة أو غيرها من الجماعات تنصيب خلفاء في المناطق التي تستولي عليها، في محاولة لتحقيق الهدف الإسلامي السياسي المتمثّل بإنشاء (خلافة إسلامية عالمية) تضم العالم الإسلامي برمَّته. يطرح هذا الكتاب وجهة نظر مؤلِّفه بشكل خاص، والعالم الغربي بشكل عام، عن الإسلام السياسي، إضافة إلى تقويم للدولة الإسلامية وتحدّيها المفاهيم والواقعية والمنطقية، وركز بين صفحاته على العلاقة بين الإسلام والديموقراطية. العبيكان 2016
The recent proliferation of theories of international relations has transformed analyses of Southeast Asia’s international affairs. A new generation of scholars has promoted a lively and illuminating debate which has seen the traditional realist/ neorealist approach, which continues to hold centre stage, challenged by constructivist analyses. In turn, constructivists have found themselves under fire from an array of competing approaches. This collection engages this emerging debate. It underscores the point that Southeast Asia is now an important site for applying new theories of international relations. It also demonstrates that theoretical frameworks originally developed in North America and Europe have to be adapted to the specific circumstances found in places like Southeast Asia and that this process can enrich theory building. The chapters in this book focus on the realist/neorealist, constructivist, English School and critical approaches. The resulting debate helps to shed light on ways of analysing Southeast Asian relations as well as on the evolution of these key theoretical frameworks. This book was published as a special issue of The Pacific Review.
Demonstrating that none of the various perspectives under review has emerged as the clear winner in the struggle for theoretical hegemony in security studies, this book shows that eclectic perspectives, like democratic realist institutionalism, can better explain peace and security in the Asian Pacific.
This book aims to provide for a path-breaking cross-regional comparison of the capabilities and readiness of Asia-Pacific countries to contribute to peace support missions, with an eye to identifying emerging trends and policy implications.
Post-Cold War Japan-China Relations in the Asia-Pacific
Author: Assoc Prof Chien-peng Chung
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Category: Political Science
This book studies the relationship between the People's Republic of China and Japan as the basis of the construction and maintenance of economic and security arrangements in the Asia-Pacific. It explains how these arrangements have been challenged by the occasionally testy ties between these two major Asian powers and explores their dynamic interactions in promoting their own agenda and ambitions, and obstructing that of the other's in contending for leadership of East Asia.
This handbook examines the theory and practice of international relations in Asia. Building on an investigation of how various theoretical approaches to international relations can elucidate Asia's empirical realities, authors examine the foreign relations and policies of major countries or sets of countries.