Search Results: international-relations-under-risk

International Relations under Risk

Framing State Choice

Author: Jeffrey D. Berejikian

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 079148548X

Category: Political Science

Page: 166

View: 8890

Argues that international relations ought to be anchored in realistic models of human decision making.

China's Crisis Behavior

Political Survival and Foreign Policy after the Cold War

Author: Kai He

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316539113

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 8136

Since the end of the Cold War, China has experienced several notable interstate crises: the 1999 'embassy bombing' incident, the 2001 EP-3 mid-air collision with a United States aircraft, and the Diaoyu/Senkaku dispute with Japan. China's response to each incident, however, has varied considerably. Drawing from a wealth of primary sources and interviews, this book offers a systematic analysis of China's crisis behavior in order to identify the factors which determine when Chinese leaders decide to escalate or scale down their response to crises. Inspired by prospect theory - a Nobel Prize-winning behavioral psychology theory - Kai He proposes a 'political survival prospect' model as a means to understand the disparities in China's behavior. He argues that China's response depends on a combination of three factors that shape leaders' views on the prospects for their 'political survival status', including the severity of the crisis, leaders' domestic authority, and international pressure.

Well-Oiled Diplomacy

Author: N.A

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791480224

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8477

Risk-Taking in International Politics

Prospect Theory in American Foreign Policy

Author: Rose McDermott

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472087877

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 8026

Discusses the way leaders deal with risk in making foreign policy decisions

United States-Republic of Korea alliance

an alliance at risk? : hearing before the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, second session, September 27, 2006

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on International Relations

Publisher: Government Printing Office

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 96

View: 4578

National Security and International Relations (Routledge Revivals)

Author: Peter Mangold

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135046794

Category: Political Science

Page: 118

View: 3279

First published in 1990, National Security and International Relations provides a concise analysis of the problem of national security in the twentieth century. It examines the criteria by which states decide what level of security they want to seek in an uncertain and essentially Hobbesian world, and why some states tend to underinsure, while obsessively insecure states overinsure, frequently making others more insecure in the process. In the wake of two world wars and the threat of nuclear destruction, Peter Mangold argues that war was becoming as much a source of insecurity as the intentions of other states. It then explores the different approaches attempted during the twentieth century to ameliorate or ideally escape from the security dilemma. These range from international regimes, to the restructuring of the international politics of Western Europe so as to substitute cooperation for conflict, and U.S. and Soviet attempts to render nuclear competition safer through arms control and confidence building measures. Of special value to students of International Relations and Strategic Studies, this book will also interest those keen to understand the challenges embodied in Gorbachev’s ‘new thinking’ in foreign policy.

Prospect Theory and Foreign Policy Analysis in the Asia Pacific

Rational Leaders and Risky Behavior

Author: Kai He,Huiyun Feng

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415656214

Category: Political Science

Page: 155

View: 8886

Why does North Korea behave erratically in pursuing its nuclear weapons program? Why did the United States prefer bilateral alliances to multilateral ones in Asia after World War II? Why did China become "nice"—no more military coercion—in dealing with the pro-independence Taiwan President Chen Shuibian after 2000? Why did China compromise in the negotiation of the Chunxiao gas exploration in 2008 while Japan became provocative later in the Sino-Japanese disputes in the East China Sea? North Korea’s nuclear behavior, U.S. alliance strategy, China’s Taiwan policy, and Sino-Japanese territorial disputes are all important examples of seemingly irrational foreign policy decisions that have determined regional stability and Asian security. By examining major events in Asian security, this book investigates why and how leaders make risky and seemingly irrational decisions in international politics. The authors take the innovative step of integrating the neoclassical realist framework in political science and prospect theory in psychology. Their analysis suggests that political leaders are more likely to take risky actions when their vital interests and political legitimacy are seriously threatened. For each case, the authors first discuss the weaknesses of some of the prevailing arguments, mainly from rationalist and constructivist theorizing, and then offer an alternative explanation based on their political legitimacy-prospect theory model. This pioneering book tests and expands prospect theory to the study of Asian security and challenges traditional, expected-utility-based, rationalist theories of foreign policy behavior.

Bush League Diplomacy

How the Neoconservatives are Putting the World at Risk

Author: Craig R. Eisendrath,Melvin Allan Goodman

Publisher: Pyr Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 268

View: 3925

Argues how the Bush administration has destroyed years of foreign policy accomplishments, and discusses how the United States needs to improve its reputation in the global community.

Avoiding Losses/taking Risks

Prospect Theory and International Conflict

Author: Barbara Farnham

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472082766

Category: Political Science

Page: 165

View: 3985

The impact of prospect theory on international relations theory

Insuring War

Sovereignty, Security and Risk

Author: Luis Lobo-Guerrero

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136330941

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 6940

Insurance is a central, if until now ignored, instrument of war in the modern period. Ever since the eighteenth century, interaction between governments and insurers in Western countries has materialised in the form of war risk schemes that have contributed to the waging of war and the preservation of peace. The operation of those schemes has given rise to a curious, if not innocent, association between practices of statehood and practices of risk, which are theorised here under the label of ‘insurantial sovereignty’. The book draws on the British experience of using maritime insurance as an instrument of war during the Napoleonic Wars, the two World Wars, and the early twenty-first century. It asks, what happens, when, under conditions of war, the sovereign adopts insurantial imaginaries and practices into its rationalities of government? In doing so the book makes a novel contribution to the understanding of liberal security and liberal governance which is central to the theory of Political Science and International Relations, the understanding of international political sociology, and international political economy. The book follows Insuring Security: Biopolitics, Security and Risk as the second of a trilogy that analyses how concepts and practices of power, risk and security materialise in the form of insurance as a central instrument of governance in the liberal world.

Controversies in Globalization: Contending Approaches to InternationalRelations, 2nd Edition

Author: Peter M Haas,John a Hird

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 160871795X

Category: Political Science

Page: 577

View: 1348

Debate-style readers can be effective and provocative teaching tools in the classroom. But if the readings are not in dialogue with one another, the crux of the debate is lost on students, and the reader fails to add real depth to the course. Controversies in Globalization solves this issue by inviting 15 pairs of scholars and practitioners to write specifically for the volume, directly addressing current and relevant questions in international relations through brief "yes" and "no" pieces. Providing students with necessary context, the editors offer introductions that effectively frame the debate and make clear what is at stake, both from a theoretical as well as from a practical perspective. Concluding discussion questions in each chapter encourage critical thinking and analysis.

International Relations 1914-1995

Author: Tony Rea,John Wright

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199171675

Category: History, Modern

Page: 216

View: 8202

This book provides the core content required by many of the new GCSE syllabuses. Strongly narrative in approach, there are also many visual and written sources to aid students' understanding of the topics covered. Key Stage 4.

Critical Theorists and International Relations

Author: Jenny Edkins,Nick Vaughan-Williams

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134025807

Category: Political Science

Page: 424

View: 6944

A wide range of critical theorists is used in the study of international politics, and until now there has been no text that gives concise and accessible introductions to these figures. Critical Theorists and International Relations provides a wide-ranging introduction to thirty-two important theorists whose work has been influential in thinking about global politics. Each chapter is written by an expert with a detailed knowledge of the theorist concerned, representing a range of approaches under the rubric ‘critical’, including Marxism and post-Marxism, the Frankfurt School, hermeneutics, phenomenology, postcolonialism, feminism, queer theory, poststructuralism, pragmatism, scientific realism, deconstruction and psychoanalysis. Key features of each chapter include: a clear and concise biography of the relevant thinker an introduction to their key writings and ideas a summary of the ways in which these ideas have influenced and are being used in international relations scholarship a list of suggestions for further reading Written in engaging and accessible prose, Critical Theorists and International Relations is a unique and invaluable resource for undergraduates, postgraduates and scholars of international relations.

Providing for Consideration of H.r. 1646, the Foreign relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2002 and 2003

Author: N.A

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1428961577

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8376

Deference in International Courts and Tribunals

Standard of Review and Margin of Appreciation

Author: Lukasz Gruszczynski,Wouter Werner

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191026506

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 494

International courts and tribunals are often asked to review decisions originally made by domestic decision-makers. This can often be a source of tension, as the international courts and tribunals need to judge how far to defer to the original decisions of the national bodies. As international courts and tribunals have proliferated, different courts have applied differing levels of deference to those originial decisions, which can lead to a fragmentation in international law. International courts in such positions rely on two key doctrines: the standard of review and the margin of appreciation. The standard of review establishes the extent to which national decisions relating to factual, legal, or political issues arising in the case are re-examined in the international court. The margin of appreciation is the extent to which national legislative, executive, and judicial decision-makers are allowed to reflect diversity in their interpretation of human rights obligations. The book begins by providing an overview of the margin of appreciation and standard of review, recognising that while the margin of appreciation explicitly acknowledges the existence of such deference, the standard of review does not: it is rather a procedural mechanism. It looks in-depth at how the public policy exception has been assessed by the European Court of Justice and the WTO dispute settlement bodies. It examines how the European Court of Human Rights has taken an evidence-based approach towards the margin of appreciation, as well as how it has addressed issues of hate speech. The Inter-American system is also investigated, and it is established how far deference is possible within that legal organisation. Finally, the book studies how a range of other international courts, such as the International Criminal Court, and the Law of the Sea Tribunal, have approached these two core doctrines.

Negotiated Risks

International Talks on Hazardous Issues

Author: Rudolf Avenhaus,Gunnar Sjöstedt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540929932

Category: Political Science

Page: 369

View: 7750

The International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) has had risk as a research topic on its agenda right from its inception in 1972. Risk has played a - jor role in the Energy Program, with research being carried out both in-house and in cooperationwith other internationalinstitutions like the InternationalAtomic - ergy Agency (IAEA) and national research centers. Research areas were primarily the evaluationof all possible risks within one categoryof energysupply like nuclear ?ssion or fusion or fossil fuels and, even more important,the comparisonof risks of different energy-supplystrategies. Later on an independent program was started which still exists today under the name Risk and Vulnerability. There is a large amount of literature on risks to which IIASA’s research programs have contributed signi?cantly over the years, and there is, of course, an abundance of published work on international negotiations, part of which is a result of the work of the Processes of International Negotiation (PIN) Program. There are, however, so far no studies on the combination of these two strands. Therefore, and as research on both topics is housed at IIASA, we are happy that our PIN Program has undertaken the dif?cult and important task of analyzing what the editors of this book have called negotiated risks.

Issues In International Relations

Author: Trevor C. Salmon,Mark F. Imber

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135359393

Category: Medical

Page: 336

View: 8642

First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Thinking International Relations Differently

Author: Arlene B. Tickner,David L. Blaney

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136473815

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 6191

A host of voices has risen to challenge Western core dominance of the field of International Relations (IR), and yet, intellectual production about world politics continues to be highly skewed. This book is the second volume in a trilogy of titles that tries to put the "international" back into IR by showing how knowledge is actually produced around the world. The book examines how concepts that are central to the analysis of international relations are conceived in diverse parts of the world, both within the disciplinary boundaries of IR and beyond them. Adopting a thematic structure, scholars from around the world issues that include security, the state, authority and sovereignty, globalization, secularism and religion, and the "international" - an idea that is central to discourses about world politics but which, in given geocultural locations, does not necessarily look the same. By mapping global variation in the concepts used by scholars to think about international relations, the work brings to light important differences in non-Western approaches and the potential implications of such differences for the IR discipline and the study of world politics in general. This is essential reading for anyone who is concerned about the history, development and future of International Relations.

The Restructuring of International Relations Theory

Author: Mark A. Neufeld

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521479363

Category: Political Science

Page: 174

View: 4936

In this book Mark Neufeld argues for a theory of international politics committed to human emancipation. He suggests that international relations theory must move in a nonpositivist direction, and explores recent developments in the discipline, including critical, Gramscian, postmodernist, feminist and normative approaches. Drawing on recent work in social and political theory, as well as international relations, this book offers an accessible review of recent developments in the study of international politics.

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