Author: Donald L. Pavia,Gary M. Lampman,George S. Kriz
Publisher: Thomson Brooks/Cole
Category: Organic compounds
Gain an understanding of the latest advances in spectroscopy with the text that has set the unrivaled standard for more than 30 years: Pavia/Lampman/Kriz/Vyvyan's INTRODUCTION TO SPECTROSCOPY, 4e International Edition. This comprehensive resource provides an unmatched systematic introduction to spectra and basic theoretical concepts in spectroscopic methods that create a practical learning resource whether you're an introductory student or someone who needs a reliable reference text on spectroscopy.This well-rounded introduction features updated spectra; a modernized presentation of one-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy; the introduction of biological molecules in mass spectrometry; and inclusion of modern techniques alongside DEPT, COSY, and HECTOR. Count on this book's exceptional presentation to provide the comprehensive coverage you need to understand today's spectroscopic techniques.
Author: Donald L.. Pavia,George S. Kriz,Gary M.. Lampman
Publisher: Thomson Brooks/Cole
Category: Infraed spectroscopy
Gain an understanding of the latest advances in spectroscopy with the text that has set the unrivaled standard for more than 30 years: Pavia/Lampman's SPECTROSCOPY, 4e, International Edition. This comprehensive resource provides an unmatched systematic introduction to spectra and basic theoretical concepts in spectroscopic methods that create a practical learning resource whether you're an introductory student or someone who needs a reliable reference text on spectroscopy. This well-rounded introduction features updated spectra; a modernized presentation of one-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy; the introduction of biological molecules in mass spectrometry; and inclusion of modern techniques alongside DEPT, COSY, and HECTOR. Count on this book's exceptional presentation to provide the comprehensive coverage you need to understand today's spectroscopic techniques.
International Series of Monographs in Natural Philosophy
Author: I. I. Sobel'Man
Introduction to the Theory of Atomic Spectra is a systematic presentation of the theory of atomic spectra based on the modern system of the theory of angular momentum. Many questions which are of interest from the point of view of using spectroscopic methods for investigating various physical phenomena, including continuous spectrum radiation, excitation of atoms, and spectral line broadening, are discussed. This volume consists of 11 chapters organized into three sections. After a summary of elementary information on atomic spectra, including the hydrogen spectrum and the spectra of multi-electron atoms, the reader is methodically introduced to angular momentum, systematics of the levels of multi-electron atoms, and hyperfine structure of spectral lines. Relativistic corrections are also given consideration, with particular reference to the use of the Dirac equation to determine the stationary states of an electron in an arbitrary electromagnetic field. In addition, the book explores the Stark effect and the Zeeman effect, the interaction between atoms and an electromagnetic field, and broadening of spectral lines. The final chapter is devoted to the problem of atomic excitation by collisions. This book is intended for advanced-course university students, postgraduate students and scientists working on spectroscopy and spectral analysis, and also in the field of theoretical physics.
Introduction to Microscopic and Spectroscopic Methods
Author: Yang Leng
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Technology & Engineering
Now in its second edition, this continues to serve as an ideal textbook for introductory courses on materials characterization, based on the author's experience in teaching advanced undergraduate and postgraduate university students. The new edition retains the successful didactical concept of introductions at the beginning of chapters, exercise questions and an online solution manual. In addition, all the sections have been thoroughly revised, updated and expanded, with two major new topics (electron backscattering diffraction and environmental scanning electron microscopy), as well as fifty additional questions - in total about 20% new content. The first part covers commonly used methods for microstructure analysis, including light microscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission and scanning electron microscopy, as well as scanning probe microscopy. The second part of the book is concerned with techniques for chemical analysis and introduces X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy, fluorescence X-ray spectroscopy and such popular surface analysis techniques as photoelectron and secondary ion mass spectroscopy. This section concludes with the two most important vibrational spectroscopies (infra-red and Raman) and the increasingly important thermal analysis. The theoretical concepts are discussed with a minimal involvement of mathematics and physics, and the technical aspects are presented with the actual measurement practice in mind. Making for an easy-to-read text, the book never loses sight of its intended audience.
Instrumentation, Applications, and Strategies for Data Interpretation
Author: J. Throck Watson,O. David Sparkman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Completely revised and updated, this text provides an easy-to-read guide to the concept of mass spectrometry and demonstrates its potential and limitations. Written by internationally recognised experts and utilising "real life" examples of analyses and applications, the book presents real cases of qualitative and quantitative applications of mass spectrometry. Unlike other mass spectrometry texts, this comprehensive reference provides systematic descriptions of the various types of mass analysers and ionisation, along with corresponding strategies for interpretation of data. The book concludes with a comprehensive 3000 references. This multi-disciplined text covers the fundamentals as well as recent advance in this topic, providing need-to-know information for researchers in many disciplines including pharmaceutical, environmental and biomedical analysis who are utilizing mass spectrometry
Author: Max Diem
Practical and up-to-date, it incorporates some theoretical background material necessary to understand vibrational spectroscopy principles in addition to computational methods, instrumental aspects, novel developments and a number of detailed examples for vibrational spectra interpretations. Features a chapter on biological applications of vibrational spectroscopy and one devoted to a new branch of vibrational spectroscopy carried out with circularly polarized light.
Introduction to the Theory of Hyperfine Structure
Author: Anatoli V. Andreev
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Atomic Spectroscopy provides a comprehensive discussion on the general approach to the theory of atomic spectra, based on the use of the Lagrangian canonical formalism. This approach is developed and applied to explain the hydrogenic hyperfine structure associated with the nucleus motion, its finite mass, and spin. The non-relativistic or relativistic, spin or spin-free particle approximations can be used as a starting point of general approach. The special attention is paid to the theory of Lamb shift formation. The formulae for hydrogenic spectrum including the account of Lamb shift are written in simple analytical form. The book is of interest to specialists, graduate and postgraduate students, who are involved into the experimental and theoretical research in the field of modern atomic spectroscopy.
Author: John Michael Hollas
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
The latest in the 'Tutorial Chemistry Texts' series, 'Basic Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy' contains chapters on quantization in polyelectronic atoms, molecular vibrations and electronic spectroscopy.
Author: Melinda J. Duer
Introduction to Solid State NMR Spectroscopy is written for undergraduate and graduate students of chemistry, either taking a course in advanced or solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy or undertaking research projects where solid-state NMR is likely to be a major investigative technique. It will also serve as a practical introduction in industry, where the techniques can provide new or complementary information to supplement other investigative techniques. By covering solid-state NMR spectroscopy in a clear, straightforward and approachable way with detailed descriptions of the major solid-state NMR experiments focussing on what the experiments do and what they tell the researcher, this book will serve as an ideal introduction to the subject. These descriptions are backed up by separate mathematical explanations for those who wish to gain a more sophisticated quantitative understanding of the phenomena. With additional coverage of the practical implementation of solid-state NMR experiments integrated into the discussion, this book will be essential reading for all those using, or about to use, solid-state NMR spectroscopy. Dr Melinda Duer is a senior lecturer in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
An introduction to Principles and Practices
Author: Paul van der Heide
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
This book introduces readers interested in the field of X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) to the practical concepts in this field. The book first introduces the reader to the language and concepts used in this field and then demonstrates how these concepts are applied. Including how the spectra are produced, factors that can influence the spectra (all initial and final state effects are discussed), how to derive speciation, volume analysed and how one controls this (includes depth profiling), and quantification along with background substraction and curve fitting methodologies. This is presented in a concise yet comprehensive manner and each section is prepared such that they can be read independently of each other, and all equations are presented using the most commonly used units. Greater emphasis has been placed on spectral understanding/interpretation. For completeness sake, a description of commonly used instrumentation is also presented. Finally, some complementary surface analytical techniques and associated concepts are reviewed for comparative purposes in stand-alone appendix sections.
Author: Robert M. Silverstein,Francis X. Webster,David J. Kiemle,David L. Bryce
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Author: Günter Gauglitz,David S. Moore
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
This second, thoroughly revised, updated and enlarged edition provides a straightforward introduction to spectroscopy, showing what it can do and how it does it, together with a clear, integrated and objective account of the wealth of information that may be derived from spectra. It also features new chapters on spectroscopy in nano-dimensions, nano-optics, and polymer analysis. Clearly structured into sixteen sections, it covers everything from spectroscopy in nanodimensions to medicinal applications, spanning a wide range of the electromagnetic spectrum and the physical processes involved, from nuclear phenomena to molecular rotation processes. In addition, data tables provide a comparison of different methods in a standardized form, allowing readers to save valuable time in the decision process by avoiding wrong turns, and also help in selecting the instrumentation and performing the experiments. These four volumes are a must-have companion for daily use in every lab.
Author: Helmut H. Telle,Ángel González Ureña
Publisher: CRC Press
"a very valuable book for graduate students and researchers in the field of Laser Spectroscopy, which I can fully recommend" —Wolfgang Demtröder, Kaiserslautern University of Technology How would it be possible to provide a coherent picture of this field given all the techniques available today? The authors have taken on this daunting task in this impressive, groundbreaking text. Readers will benefit from the broad overview of basic concepts, focusing on practical scientific and real-life applications of laser spectroscopic analysis and imaging. Chapters follow a consistent structure, beginning with a succinct summary of key principles and concepts, followed by an overview of applications, advantages and pitfalls, and finally a brief discussion of seminal advances and current developments. The examples used in this text span physics and chemistry to environmental science, biology, and medicine. Focuses on practical use in the laboratory and real-world applications Covers the basic concepts, common experimental setups Highlights advantages and caveats of the techniques Concludes each chapter with a snapshot of cutting-edge advances This book is appropriate for anyone in the physical sciences, biology, or medicine looking for an introduction to laser spectroscopic and imaging methodologies. Helmut H. Telle is a full professor at the Instituto Pluridisciplinar, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain. Ángel González Ureña is head of the Department of Molecular Beams and Lasers, Instituto Pluridisciplinar, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain.
Author: D.N. Sathyanarayana
Category: Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy
This book brings together the three branches of magnetic resonance spectroscopy namely, electron spin resonance (ESR), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) and presents a coherent and progressive coverage of the subject in a simple and lucid style. Each part covers the physical basis of a related spectroscopic method and its chemical applications. The emphasis is on obtaining and interpreting some types of spectra often met in the laboratory that can be applied in solving problems related to structure and behaviour of organic and inorganic molecules. Each part concludes with references to advanced literature and exercises that test the readers' understanding. This text may be used for self study.The text will benefit post graduate students at M.Sc., M. Phil. And research in Chemistry, Physics, Biology and Pharmacology.Key Features:" Use of Huckel and crystal field theory as tools in the interpretation of spectra." Extended coverage of 2D NMR spectra." NMR of nuclei such as 13C, 19F and 31P." Non-mathematical description of the experiments." Develops the foundation in a clear step-by-step manner." End of chapter exercises.
Author: David M. Jameson
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
The phenomenon known as fluorescence is now widely used in the chemical and life sciences largely due to the development of highly sophisticated fluorescent probe chemistries and the commercial availability of these probes as well as the development of novel microscopy approaches. Introduction to Fluorescence helps readers acquire a sound understanding of basic fluorescence theory and practice. It describes general principles in a straightforward way and uses examples from a variety of disciplines to demonstrate them. In color throughout, the book takes readers through the history of important discoveries to the most current advances. It introduces the fundamentals of the fluorescence phenomenon and gives detailed examples of fluorescence applications in the molecular life sciences, including biochemistry, biophysics, clinical chemistry and diagnostics, pharmaceutical science, and cell and molecular biology. The author presents the basic theories underlying the applications and offers in-depth information on practical aspects. Along with a list of references in each chapter, the text incorporates more than 250 figures that clearly illustrate the concepts and gives the chemical structures of the most widely used fluorescent molecules. In addition, the appendix provides a "Rogue’s Gallery" of the most common errors and pitfalls to avoid.
Author: Norman B. Colthup,Lawrence H. Daly,Stephen E. Wiberley
Now in its third edition, this classic text covers many aspects of infrared and Raman spectroscopy that are critical to the chemist doing structural or compositional analysis. This work includes practical and theoretical approaches to spectral interpretation as well as a discussion of experimental techniques. Emphasis is given to group frequencies, which are studied in detailed discussions, extensive tables, and over 600 carefully chosen and interpreted spectral examples. Also featured is a unique treatment of group frequencies that stresses their mechanical origin. This qualitative approach to vibrational analysis helps to simplify spectral interpretation. Additional topics include basic instrumental components and sampling techniques, quantitative analysis, Raman polarization data, infrared gas contours, and polarized IR studies, among others. Key Features * Focuses on group frequency correlations and how to use them in spectral interpretation * Revised and updated by a pioneer in the field, Norman Colthup, who for thirty years has served as an expert lecturer for the Fisk Infrared Institute * Explores new group frequency studies in aromatics, alkanes and olefins, among others * Includes completely updated section on instrumentation
Author: Ralph J. Fessenden,Joan S. Fessenden,Patty Feist
Publisher: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company
This highly effective and practical manual is designed to be used as a supplementary text for the organic chemistry laboratory course - and with virtually any main text - in which experiments are supplied by the instructor or in which the students work independently. Each technique contains a brief theoretical discussion. Steps used in each technique, along with common problems that might arise. These respected and renowned authors include supplemental or related procedures, suggested experiments, and suggested readings for many of the techniques. Additionally, each chapter ends with a set of study problems that primarily stress the practical aspects of each technique, and microscale techniques are included throughout the text, as appropriate. Additional exercises, reference material, and quizzes are available online.
Author: David L. Andrews,Andrey A. Demidov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Remarkably sustained advances in the development of new lasers and their applications in spectroscopy have prompted this revised and expanded edition of the highly successful Introduction to Laser Spectroscopy, first published in 1995. In the new edition the editors have preserved the basic concept and structure, with the involvement of some new authors - all recognized experts in laser spectroscopy. Each chapter addresses a different technique, providing a review and analysis of the current status, and reporting some of the latest achievements. With the key formulas and methods detailed in many sections, this text represents a practicable handbook of its subject. It will be a valuable tool both for specialists to keep abreast of developments and for newcomers to the field needing an accessible introduction to specific methods of laser spectroscopy - and also as a resource for primary references. The first two chapters lay out the technical details of the main laser systems now employed for spectroscopy, and then the principles and applications of absorption and fluorescence measurements. Following a description of Raman scattering, the development of pump-probe techniques is then traced. The next chapters deal more specifically with applications of laser-induced fluorescence, first addressing diagnostics for biochemical systems, and then applications to ordered systems. The use of tunable infrared lasers for the spectroscopy of transient species is discussed in the next chapter, followed by an introduction to optical nonlinearity focusing on its surface applications. The utilisation of nonlinear optics for tunable ultraviolet generation is then described and the penultimate chapter gives a description of femtosecond laser ionisation applied in mass spectrometry. The book concludes with a survey of the environmental applications of laser remote sensing.
Author: Howard Mark,Jerry Workman, Jr.
Publisher: Academic Press
This tutorial offers a basic hands-on approach to statistical analysis for chemists and spectroscopists. Without involving complicated mathematics, this book is designed to provide the reader with the basic principles underlying the use of common mathematical and statistical tools. Particular emphasis has been given to problem-solving applications and the proper use and interpretation of spectroscopic data. With exercises throughout, this book is also suitable for use as a textbook in analytical chemistry, instrumental analysis, and statistics in chemistry courses. Key Features * Serves as a primer for all chemists who need to know more about statistical analysis * Explains the effect of error on data and how to make the correct interpretation * Written in a readable style with minimal mathematics * Developed from the popular series of the same name first published in Spectroscropy magazine