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Jungle Laboratories

Mexican Peasants, National Projects, and the Making of the Pill

Author: Gabriela Soto Laveaga

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 346

View: 281

In the 1940s chemists discovered that barbasco, a wild yam indigenous to Mexico, could be used to mass-produce synthetic steroid hormones. Barbasco spurred the development of new drugs, including cortisone and the first viable oral contraceptives, and positioned Mexico as a major player in the global pharmaceutical industry. Yet few people today are aware of Mexico’s role in achieving these advances in modern medicine. In Jungle Laboratories, Gabriela Soto Laveaga reconstructs the story of how rural yam pickers, international pharmaceutical companies, and the Mexican state collaborated and collided over the barbasco. By so doing, she sheds important light on a crucial period in Mexican history and challenges us to reconsider who can produce science. Soto Laveaga traces the political, economic, and scientific development of the global barbasco industry from its emergence in the 1940s, through its appropriation by a populist Mexican state in 1970, to its obsolescence in the mid-1990s. She focuses primarily on the rural southern region of Tuxtepec, Oaxaca, where the yam grew most freely and where scientists relied on local, indigenous knowledge to cultivate and harvest the plant. Rural Mexicans, at first unaware of the pharmaceutical and financial value of barbasco, later acquired and deployed scientific knowledge to negotiate with pharmaceutical companies, lobby the Mexican government, and ultimately transform how urban Mexicans perceived them. By illuminating how the yam made its way from the jungles of Mexico, to domestic and foreign scientific laboratories where it was transformed into pills, to the medicine cabinets of millions of women across the globe, Jungle Laboratories urges us to recognize the ways that Mexican peasants attained social and political legitimacy in the twentieth century, and positions Latin America as a major producer of scientific knowledge.

Twentieth Century Population Thinking

A Critical Reader of Primary Sources

Author: The Population Knowledge Network

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 246

View: 934

This reader on the history of demography and historical perspectives on "population" in the twentieth century features a unique collection of primary sources from around the globe, written by scholars, politicians, journalists, and activists. Many of the sources are available in English for the first time. Background information is provided on each source. Together, the sources mirror the circumstances under which scientific knowledge about "population" was produced, how demography evolved as a discipline, and how demographic developments were interpreted and discussed in different political and cultural settings. Readers thereby gain insight into the historical precedents on debates on race, migration, reproduction, natural resources, development and urbanization, the role of statistics in the making of the nation state, and family structures and gender roles, among others. The reader is designed for undergraduate and graduate students as well as scholars in the fields of demography and population studies as well as to anyone interested in the history of science and knowledge.

A Companion to Mexican History and Culture

Author: William H. Beezley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 688

View: 968

A Companion to Mexican History and Culture features 40 essays contributed by international scholars that incorporate ethnic, gender, environmental, and cultural studies to reveal a richer portrait of the Mexican experience, from the earliest peoples to the present. Features the latest scholarship on Mexican history and culture by an array of international scholars Essays are separated into sections on the four major chronological eras Discusses recent historical interpretations with critical historiographical sources, and is enriched by cultural analysis, ethnic and gender studies, and visual evidence The first volume to incorporate a discussion of popular music in political analysis This book is the receipient of the 2013 Michael C. Meyer Special Recognition Award from the Rocky Mountain Conference on Latin American Studies.

A History of Family Planning in Twentieth-Century Peru

Author: Raúl Necochea López

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN:

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 248

View: 973

History of Family Planning in Twentieth-Century Peru

The River People in Flood Time

The Civil Wars in Tabasco, Spoiler of Empires

Author: Terry Rugeley

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 506

The River People in Flood Time tells the astonishing story of how the people of nineteenth-century Tabasco, Mexico, overcame impossible odds to expel foreign interventions. Tabascans resisted control by Mexico City, overcame the grip of a Cuban adventurer who seized the region for two years, turned back the United States Navy, and defeated the French Intervention of the early 1860s, thus remaining free territory while the rest of the nation struggled for four painful years under the imposed monarchy of Maximilian. With colorful anecdotes and biographical sketches, this deeply researched and masterfully written history reconstructs the lives and culture of the Tabascans, as well as their pre-Columbian and colonial past. Rugeley reveals how over the centuries, one colorful character after another sets foot on the Tabascan stage, only to be undone by climate, disease, and more than anything else, tenacious Tabascan resistance. Virtually the only English-language study of this little-known province, River People in Flood Time explores the ways in which geography, climate, and social relationships contributed to an extraordinarily successful defense against unwelcome meddling from the outside world. River People in Flood Time demonstrates the complex relationship between imperial forces in relation to remote parts of Latin America, and the way that resistance to external pressure helped mold the thoughts, attitudes, and actions of those remote peoples. Nineteenth-century Mexico was more a land of localities than a unified nation, and Rugeley's narrative paints an indelible portrait of one of its least known and most unique provinces.

Minerals, Collecting, and Value Across the U.S.-Mexico Border

Author: Elizabeth Emma Ferry

Publisher: Tracking Globalization

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 235

View: 164

Traces the movement of minerals from Mexican mines to markets, museums, and provate collections and explores their value as scientific specimens, religious offerings, works of art, and luxury collectibles.

Mapping Shangrila

Contested Landscapes in the Sino-Tibetan Borderlands

Author: Emily T. Yeh

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 332

View: 933

Mapping Shangrila advances a view of landscapes as media of governance, representation, and resistance, examining how they are reshaping cultural economies, political ecologies of resource use, subjectivities, and inter-ethnic relations.

الاقتصاد العجيب: اقتصادي مارق يبحث في الجانب الخفي من كل شي

Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything

Author: Steven D. Levitt

Publisher: العبيكان للنشر

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 264

View: 357

أيهما أشد خطراً، المسدس أم حوض السباحة؟ ما هي الأشياء المشتركة بين معلمي المدارس ومصارعي السومو؟ لماذا ما يزال تجار المخدرات يعيشون مع أمهاتهم؟ ما هو مقدار اهتمام الوالدين حقاً؟ ما هو تأثير قضية «رو» و«ويد» في جرائم العنف؟ قد لا تبدو هذه الأسئلة مثل الأسئلة النمطية التي يسألها الاقتصادي، لكن ستيفن د. ليفيت ليس اقتصادياً نمطياً؛ إنه عالم شجاع أكثر من أي شيء آخر، يدرس المادة والأحاجي في الحياة اليومية ــ من الغش والجريمة إلى الرياضة وتربية الأطفال ــ وتقوم استنتاجاته عادة على قلب الحكمة التقليدية رأساً على عقب. وغالباً ما يبدأ بتل كبير من المعطيات وبسؤال بسيط لم يطرح من قبل. إنه يهتم ببعض هذه الأسئلة مثل قضايا الحياة والموت، وبعضها الآخر ذو ميزات استثنائية دون شك. وهكذا يحتوي هذا الكتاب على حقل جديد من الدراسة، وهو (الاقتصاد العجيب). ومن خلال سرده للقصص الآسرة ومن النظرة العميقة غير المباشرة، يبين ليفيت وزميله ستيفن ج. دوبنر أن الاقتصاد -في جذوره- دراسة للحوافز ـــ كيف يحصل الناس على ما يريدون أو يحتاجون، لاسيما عندما يريد الناس الآخرون الشيء ذاته أو يحتاجونه. في كتابهما (الاقتصاد العجيب)، يشرع المؤلفان في استكشاف الجانب الخفي ـــ من كل شيء؛ الأعمال الداخلية لعصابة مخدرات، وحقيقة الوسطاء العقاريين، وأساطير تمويل الحملات. وقصص الغش لدى معلمي المدارس. وأسرار جمعية كوكلوكس كلان (العرقية). ومن هنا فإذا كانت الأخلاق تمثل كيف نريد للعالم أن يسير، فإن الاقتصاد يمثل كيف يعمل العالم فعلاً. صحيح إن قراء هذا الكتاب سيتسلحون بقصص وأحاجٍ تكفي لتروى في آلاف الحفلات، لكن كتاب (الاقتصاد العجيب) يستطيع أن يقدم أكثر من ذلك، إنه يعيد تعريف الطريقة التي ننظر بها إلى العالم الحديث تعريفاً حرفياً. العبيكان للنشر

التداوى بالاعشاب فى مصر القديمة

Author: احمد زهير مانكه امين

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Herbals

Page: 396

View: 173

هكذا تكلم زرادشت

Author: فريدريك نيتشه

Publisher: وكالة الصحافة العربية

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 536

View: 645

إن نيتشه مفكر جبار يفتح أمام الفرد آفاقًا وسيعة في مجال القوة والثقة بالنفس وتحرير الحياة من المسكنة والذل، تائقًّا إلى إيجاد إنسان يتفوق على إنسانيته بالمجاهدة والتغلب على العناصر والعادات والتقاليد وما توارثته الأجيال من العقائد الموهنة للعزم؛ يقف وقفة الحائر المتردد عندما يحاول إقامة مجتمعٍ لأفراده المتفوقين بل هو يضطر إلى نقض أوليَّاته القائمة على احتقار الرحمة والرحماء حتى ينتهي إلى قوله: "إن العالم الذي يتفوق على الإنسانية إنما يعود بها بعد هذا الجنوح إلى بذل حبه للأصاغر ".. وهكذا ترى زرادشت الداعي إلى تحطيم ألواح الوصايا جميعها، وإلى إنكار الشريعة الأدبية لإقامة شرعة جديدة ما وراء الخير والشر.

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