Search Results: key-ideas-in-linguistics-and-the-philosophy-of-language

Key Thinkers in Linguistics and the Philosophy of Language

Author: Siobhan Chapman,Christopher Routledge

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195187670

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 282

View: 5702

This book is a unique and accessible reference guide to the work of eighty key figures who have played an important rol in the development of ideas about language from antiquity t the twenty-first century. The entries are extensively cross referenced, allowing readers to trace influences, developments, and debates both in contemporary thinking and across time. Each entry concludes with suggestions for further reading of primary texts and secondary sources, encouraging readers to find out more about the particular key thinker and the impact of his or her ideas.

Key Ideas in Linguistics and the Philosophy of Language

Author: Siobhan Chapman

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748631429

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 6314

This book offers introductory entries on 80 ideas that have shaped the study of language up to the present day. Entries are written by experts in the fields of linguistics and the philosophy of language to reflect the full range of approaches and modes of thought. Each entry includes a brief description of the idea, an account of its development, and its impact on the field of language study. The book is written in an accessible style with clear descriptions of technical terms, guides to further reading, and extensive cross-referencing between entries. A useful additional feature of this book is that it is cross-referenced throughout with Key Thinkers in Linguistics and the Philosophy of Language (Edinburgh, 2005), revealing significant connections and continuities in the two related disciplines. Ideas covered range from Sense Data, Artificial Intelligence, and Logic, through Generative Semantics, Cognitivism, and Conversation Analysis, to Political Correctness, Deconstruction, and Corpora.

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Language

Author: Gillian Russell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415993105

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 924

View: 834

Philosophy of language examines the nature of meaning, the relationship of language to reality, and the ways in which we use, learn, and understand language. This volume provides a comprehensive and up-to-date survey of the field, charting key ideas and movements, and addressing contemporary research.

Die Logik oder die Kunst des Denkens

Author: Antoine Arnauld,Pierre Nicole

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783534037100

Category: Logic

Page: 349

View: 9298

Concise Encyclopedia of Philosophy of Language, Peter V. Lamarque, 1992

Concise Encyclopedia of Philosophy of Language,

Author: Elsevier Science, Ltd

Publisher: Bukupedia

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 620

View: 8400

CONCISE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PHILOSOPHY OF LANGUAGE Edited by PETER V. LAMARQUE University of Hull Consulting Editor R. E. ASHER University of Edinburgh PERGAMON UK Elsevier Science Ltd, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, UK USA Elsevier Science Inc, 655 Avenue of die Americas, New York, NY 10010, USA JAPAN Elsevier Science Japan, 9-15 Higashi-Azabu 1-chome, Minato-ku, Tokyo 106, Japan Copyright O 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in any retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means: electronic, electrostatic, magnetic tape, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without permission in writing from the publishers. Library of Congress Cataloging ia P*blicatio* Data Concise encyclopedia of philosophy of language / edited by Peter V. Lamarque ; consulting editor, R. E. Asher. p. cm. ISBN 0-08-042991-2 (hardcover) 1. Language and languages—Philosophy— Encyclopedias. I. Lamarque, Peter. II. Asher, R. E. P106.C5946 1997 401—

Language and Mind

Author: Noam Chomsky

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521858199

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 190

View: 7177

Presents a collection of essays on language and mind. This book brings the author's influential approach into the twenty-first century. The chapters 1-6 present his early work on the nature and acquisition of language as a genetically-endowed, biological system, the rules and principles of which we acquire an internalized knowledge.

Was für Lebewesen sind wir?

Author: Noam Chomsky

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518748289

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 8551

Noam Chomsky gilt als der Begründer der modernen Linguistik und als einer der Gründerväter der Kognitionswissenschaften. Zugleich ist er einer der meistgelesenen politischen Denker der Welt. Dieses Buch ist die philosophische Summe seines Lebens: Erstmals führt er alle seine großen Themen zusammen und begibt sich auf die Suche nach dem Wesen des Menschen. Chomsky nimmt seinen Ausgang bei der Sprache. Diese ist für ihn ein angeborener Mechanismus, der ein keineswegs zwingendes Muster aufweist und unser Denken bestimmt. Wir alle denken gemäß diesem Muster – und daher können wir auch nur das wissen, was die menschliche Sprache zu denken erlaubt. Einige Geheimisse der Natur könnten uns deshalb für immer verborgen bleiben. Zugleich eröffnet die Sprache aber eine kreative Freiheit; uns ist ein Freiheitsinstinkt gegeben, der uns gegen Herrschaft aufbegehren und eine freie Entfaltung suchen lässt. In der libertären Tradition von Wilhelm von Humboldt, John Stuart Mill und Rudolf Rocker zeichnet uns Chomsky als anarchische Lebewesen, die nach einer Assoziation freier Menschen streben.

Language, Culture, and Society

Key Topics in Linguistic Anthropology

Author: Christine Jourdan,Kevin Tuite

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139452517

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: N.A

View: 6250

Language, our primary tool of thought and perception, is at the heart of who we are as individuals. Languages are constantly changing, sometimes into entirely new varieties of speech, leading to subtle differences in how we present ourselves to others. This revealing account brings together eleven leading specialists from the fields of linguistics, anthropology, philosophy and psychology, to explore the fascinating relationship between language, culture, and social interaction. A range of major questions are discussed: How does language influence our perception of the world? How do new languages emerge? How do children learn to use language appropriately? What factors determine language choice in bi- and multilingual communities? How far does language contribute to the formation of our personalities? And finally, in what ways does language make us human? Language, Culture and Society will be essential reading for all those interested in language and its crucial role in our social lives.

Teaching and Researching: Speaking

Author: Rebecca Hughes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317862759

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 248

View: 5603

Speaking is a dynamic, interpersonal process and one that strongly influences how we are perceived by others in a range of formal and everyday contexts. Despite this, speaking is often researched and taught as if it is simply writing delivered in a different mode. In Teaching and Researching Speaking, Rebecca Hughes suggests that we have less understanding than we might of important meaning-making aspects of speech such as prosody, gaze, affect, and the ways speakers collaborate and negotiate with one another in interaction. This thoroughly revised and updated second edition looks to the future of the field, offering: A new chapter on assessment, discussing 'high stakes' oral language testing contexts such as immigration New material considering access to spoken data via the worldwide web and new technologies that allow neurolinguistic insights formerly hidden from view Summaries and case studies to help the reader understand how to approach researching speaking and encourages practitioners to question the models of speaking that they are using in their classrooms. Reviewing materials and assessment practices in the light of current knowledge about spoken language, and highlighting areas for new work and collaboration between researchers and practitioners, this book will be a valuable resource for anyone involved in language teaching.

Key Ideas in Sociology

Author: Martin Slattery

Publisher: Nelson Thornes

ISBN: 9780748765652

Category: Social Science

Page: 295

View: 8219

Key Ideas in Sociology provides a tour d'horizon of the great sociological thinkers of the last two centuries -- their lives, their main ideas, and their influence on further thinking and practice in sociology. Fifty key thinkers in sociology are represented, both to give a sense of history to the development of the discipline and to exemplify the range of issues that have been covered. Each essay concludes with an annotated Suggested Readings list, and a General Bibliography is also provided.

Introduction to Research Methods in Psychology

Author: Dennis Howitt,Duncan Cramer

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780131399846

Category: Psychology

Page: 354

View: 2630

Introduction to Research Methods in Psychology This text is accessible, practical and authoritative. It meets the needs of students doing research at all levels for the first time. The key theoretical and conceptual issues are discussed in detail alongside the practicalities of doing research. There are major chapters on searching the literature, ethics, and developing ideas for research projects. Quantitative and qualitative research are covered and the appropriate use of both explained. It is a complete and attractive book written to help psychology students throughout their course. Introduction to Research Methods in Psychology can be used to alone or to complement the authors' Introduction to Statistics in Psychology and Introduction to SPSS in Psychology also published by Prentice Hall. Key Features - Meets the needs of all students, a book that is well organised, well written, comprehensive and relevant- Explains the purpose and benefits of all types of research design- Sets research in the context of the general study of psychology- Discusses at length neglected topics such as the literature search and the process of originating ideas for research- Looks at writing research reports as a major aspect of planning and carrying out research- Includes expert guidance on both quantitative and qualitative research Dennis Howitt and Duncan Cramer are both Readers in Psychology at Loughborough University

The Routledge Handbook of Epistemic Contextualism

Author: Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317594681

Category: Philosophy

Page: 502

View: 6143

Epistemic contextualism is a recent and hotly debated topic in philosophy. Contextualists argue that the language we use to attribute knowledge can only be properly understood relative to a specified context. How much can our knowledge depend on context? Is there a limit, and if so, where does it lie? What is the relationship between epistemic contextualism and fundamental topics in philosophy such as objectivity, truth, and relativism? The Routledge Handbook of Epistemic Contextualism is an outstanding reference source to the key topics, problems, and debates in this exciting subject and is the first collection of its kind. Comprising thirty-seven chapters by a team of international contributors the Handbook is divided into eight parts: Data and motivations for contextualism Methodological issues Epistemological implications Doing without contextualism Relativism and disagreement Semantic implementations Contextualism outside ‘knows’ Foundational linguistic issues. Within these sections central issues, debates and problems are examined, including contextualism and thought experiments and paradoxes such as the Gettier problem and the lottery paradox; semantics and pragmatics; the relationship between contextualism, relativism, and disagreement; and contextualism about related topics like ethical judgments and modality. The Routledge Handbook of Epistemic Contextualism is essential reading for students and researchers in epistemology and philosophy of language. It will also be very useful for those in related fields such as linguistics and philosophy of mind.

Noam Chomsky and Language Descriptions

Author: John Ole Askedal,Ian G. Roberts,Tomonori Matsushita

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027210691

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 223

View: 1927

For sale in all countries except Japan. For customers in Japan: please contact Yushodo Co.The general aim of the Senshu University Project "The Development of the Anglo-Saxon Language and Linguistic Universals" is investigation of structural characteristics common to the Germanic languages, such as English, German and Norwegian, and of works on and in the tradition of Generative Grammar founded by Noam Chomsky in the 1950s. The central idea of Generative Grammar, that the nature of natural-language syntax can be captured by a finite set of rules which are able to produce an infinite set of well-formed structures has been highly evaluated and influential even in related fields such as biolinguistics, philosophy, psychology and computer science." Noam Chomsky and Language Descriptions" is a collection of articles that focus on the earliest but essential linguistic theory proposed by Noam Chomsky and articles that discuss specific topics pertaining to the study Germanic languages, in particular English and German. It is divided into two parts: Part 1. Genesis of Generative Grammar; and Part 2. Current Issues in Language Descriptions. The present book will be of general interest to linguists who seek to understand the original idea of Generative Grammar and nature of the Germanic languages.

The Dictionary of Historical and Comparative Linguistics

Author: Robert Lawrence Trask

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781579582180

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 403

View: 4209

Historical and comparative linguistics has been a major scholarly discipline for 200 years, and yet this is the first dictionary ever devoted to it. With nearly 2,400 entries, Dictionary of Historical and Comparative Linguistics covers every aspect of the subject, from the most venerable work to the exciting advances of the last few years -- many of which have not yet even made it into textbooks.All of the traditional terms are here, but so are the terms introduced only recently, in connection with such varied subjects as pidgin and creole languages, the sociolinguistic study of language change, mathematical and computational methods, the novel approaches to linguistic geography, the controversial proposals of new and vast language families, and the attempts at relating the theories of historical linguists to those of archaeologists, the anthropologists, and geneticists.More than just a dictionary, this book provides genuine linguistic examples of most of the terms entered, detailed explanations of fundamental concepts, critical assessments of controversial ideas, cross-references to related terms, and an abundance of references to the original literature.

Tense, Aspect, and Indexicality

Author: James Higginbotham

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191567485

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 280

View: 7803

James Higginbotham's work on tense, aspect, and indexicality discusses the principles governing demonstrative, temporal, and indexical expressions in natural language and presents new ideas in the semantics of sentence structure. The book brings together his key contributions to the fields, including his recent intervention in the debate on the roles of context and anaphora in reference. The book's chapters are presented in the form in which they were first published, with afterwords where needed to cover points where the author's thought has developed. It is fully indexed and has a collated bibliography. This will be a precious resource for all those involved in the study of current semantics, and its interactions with syntactic theory, in linguistics, philosophy, and related fields.

Philosophy of Language and Linguistics

The Legacy of Frege, Russell, and Wittgenstein

Author: Piotr Stalmaszczyk

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110342758

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 2335

This collection brings together contributions by philosophers, logicians and linguists, offering a variety of interdisciplinary approaches to crucial problems in the contemporary philosophy of language and linguistics. Individual chapters concentrate on different aspects of the influence of Frege, Russell and Wittgenstein. These articles offer new insights into the historical developments and current issues in philosophy and language studies.

Bertrand Russell, Language and Linguistic Theory

Author: Keith Green

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1441197494

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 192

View: 9653

Although there has been a significant revival in interest in Bertrand Russells work in recent years, most professional philosophers would still argue that Russell was not interested in language. Here, in the first full-length study of Russells work on language throughout his long career, Keith Green shows that this is in fact not the case. In examining Russells work, particularly from 1900 to 1950, Green exposes a repeated emphasis on, and turn to, linguistic considerations. Green considers how linguistics and philosophy were struggling in the twentieth century to define themselves and to create appropriate contemporary disciplines. They had much in common during certain periods, yet seemed to continue in almost total ignorance of one another. This negative relation has been noted in the past by Roy Harris, whose work provides some of the inspiration for the present book. Taking those two aspects, Greens aim here is to provide the first full-length consideration of Russells varied work in language, and to read it in the context of developing contemporary (i.e. with Russells work) linguistic theory. The main aims of this important new book, in focusing exclusively on Russells work on language throughout his career, are to place Russell within the changing contexts of contemporary linguistic thought; to read Russells language-theories against the grain of his own linguistic practice; to assess the relationship between linguistic and philosophical thought during Russells career, and to reassess his place in the history of linguistic thought in the twentieth century. As such, this fascinating study will make a vital contribution to Russell studies and to the study of the relationship between philosophy and linguistics.

The Oxford Handbook of Continental Philosophy

Author: Brian Leiter,Michael Rosen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199234097

Category: Philosophy

Page: 812

View: 3062

This is a guide to the major themes of the continental European tradition in philosophy in the 19th and 20th centuries. The contributors provide a thematic treatment of continental philosophy, treating its subject matter philosophically and not simply as a series of museum pieces from the history of ideas.

Metaphor and Thought

Author: Andrew Ortony

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521405614

Category: Psychology

Page: 678

View: 2570

Metaphor and Thought reflects the surge of interest in and research into the nature and function of metaphor in language and thought. Philosophers, psychologists, linguists, and educators raise serious questions about the viability of the traditional distinction between the literal and the metaphorical, discussing problems ranging from the definition of metaphor to its role in language acquistion, learning, scientific thinking, and the creation of social policy. In the second edition, the contributors have updated their original essays to reflect changes in their fields. The volume also includes six new chapters that present important and influential new ideas about metaphor that have appeared in such fields as the philosophy of language and the philosophy of science, linguistics, cognitive and clinical psychology, education, and artificial intelligence. The book will serve as an excellent graduate-level textbook in cognitive psychology, linguistics, and artificial intelligence.

The Logic of Mind

Author: R.J. Nelson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400925956

Category: Philosophy

Page: 394

View: 5227

This book presents a mechanist philosophy of mind. I hold that the human mind is a system of computational or recursive rules that are embodied in the nervous system; that the material presence of these rules accounts for perception, conception, speech, belief, desire, intentional acts, and other forms of intelligence. In this edition I have retained the whole of the fIrst edition except for discussion of issues which no longer are relevant in philosophy of mind and cognitive psychology. Earlier reference to disputes of the 1960's and 70's between hard-line empiricists and neorationalists over the psychological status of grammars and language acquisition, for instance, has simply been dropped. In place of such material I have entered some timely or new topics and a few changes. There are brief references to the question of computer versus distributed processing (connectionist) theories. Many of these questions dissolve if one distinguishes as I now do in Chapter II between free and embodied algorithms. I have also added to my comments on artifIcal in telligence some reflections. on Searle's Chinese Translator. The irreducibility of machine functionalist psychology in my version or any other has been exaggerated. Input, output, and state entities are token identical to physical or biological things of some sort, while a machine system as a collection of recursive rules is type identical to representatives of equivalence classes. This nuld technicality emerges in Chapter XI. It entails that so-called "anomalous monism" is right in one sense and wrong in another.

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