Search Results: knowing-the-adversary

Knowing the Adversary

Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

Author: Keren Yarhi-Milo

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 140085041X

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 1693

States are more likely to engage in risky and destabilizing actions such as military buildups and preemptive strikes if they believe their adversaries pose a tangible threat. Yet despite the crucial importance of this issue, we don't know enough about how states and their leaders draw inferences about their adversaries' long-term intentions. Knowing the Adversary draws on a wealth of historical archival evidence to shed new light on how world leaders and intelligence organizations actually make these assessments. Keren Yarhi-Milo examines three cases: Britain's assessments of Nazi Germany's intentions in the 1930s, America's assessments of the Soviet Union's intentions during the Carter administration, and the Reagan administration's assessments of Soviet intentions near the end of the Cold War. She advances a new theoretical framework—called selective attention—that emphasizes organizational dynamics, personal diplomatic interactions, and cognitive and affective factors. Yarhi-Milo finds that decision makers don't pay as much attention to those aspects of state behavior that major theories of international politics claim they do. Instead, they tend to determine the intentions of adversaries on the basis of preexisting beliefs, theories, and personal impressions. Yarhi-Milo also shows how intelligence organizations rely on very different indicators than decision makers, focusing more on changes in the military capabilities of adversaries. Knowing the Adversary provides a clearer picture of the historical validity of existing theories, and broadens our understanding of the important role that diplomacy plays in international security.

Knowing the Adversary

Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

Author: Keren Yarhi-Milo

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780691159157

Category: History

Page: 355

View: 5029

"How do political leaders and intelligence organizations make inferences about adversary intentions? Yarhi-Milo makes a major contribution to the study of this critical question by developing a new theory of threat perception and testing it in three important historical cases. With its extraordinarily detailed historical research, extensive coverage of primary sources, compelling evidence, and balanced interpretations, "Knowing the Adversary" is indispensable reading for conflict theorists, intelligence analysts, and diplomatic historians."--Jack S. Levy, Rutgers University "Threat perception is a central topic for international politics, but is remarkably understudied. Yarhi-Milo's fascinating and important book is a huge step forward. Testing theories based on rational choice, organization theory, and psychology, and using original research on British perceptions of Nazi Germany and American views of the USSR, she shows that decision makers and intelligence analysts looked at different indicators and that the attention paid by both groups was highly selective."--Robert Jervis, author of "Perception and Misperception in International Politics" ""Knowing the Adversary" tackles a central question in international security and reaches nonobvious conclusions with wide implications. The quality of the empirical work is outstanding. I can think of few recent qualitative studies that are in its league."--William C. Wohlforth, coauthor of "World Out of Balance: International Relations and the Challenge of American Primacy" ""Knowing the Adversary" makes a significant contribution to the literature on how states assess others' intentions. Surprisingly little research has focused as directly and fully on this important question as Yarhi-Milo does here. She looks carefully at a huge amount of evidence. This is an important book."--Charles L. Glaser, author of "Rational Theory of International Politics: The Logic of Competition and Cooperation"

Knowing the Adversary

Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

Author: Keren Yarhi-Milo

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780691159164

Category: History

Page: 355

View: 4516

States are more likely to engage in risky and destabilizing actions such as military buildups and preemptive strikes if they believe their adversaries pose a tangible threat. Yet despite the crucial importance of this issue, we don't know enough about how states and their leaders draw inferences about their adversaries' long-term intentions. Knowing the Adversary draws on a wealth of historical archival evidence to shed new light on how world leaders and intelligence organizations actually make these assessments. Keren Yarhi-Milo examines three cases: Britain's assessments of Nazi Germany's intentions in the 1930s, America's assessments of the Soviet Union's intentions during the Carter administration, and the Reagan administration's assessments of Soviet intentions near the end of the Cold War. She advances a new theoretical framework--called selective attention--that emphasizes organizational dynamics, personal diplomatic interactions, and cognitive and affective factors. Yarhi-Milo finds that decision makers don't pay as much attention to those aspects of state behavior that major theories of international politics claim they do. Instead, they tend to determine the intentions of adversaries on the basis of preexisting beliefs, theories, and personal impressions. Yarhi-Milo also shows how intelligence organizations rely on very different indicators than decision makers, focusing more on changes in the military capabilities of adversaries. Knowing the Adversary provides a clearer picture of the historical validity of existing theories, and broadens our understanding of the important role that diplomacy plays in international security.

Cyber Adversary Characterization

Auditing the Hacker Mind

Author: Tom Parker,Marcus Sachs,Eric Shaw,Ed Stroz

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080476995

Category: Computers

Page: 512

View: 1022

The wonders and advantages of modern age electronics and the World Wide Web have also, unfortunately, ushered in a new age of terrorism. The growing connectivity among secure and insecure networks has created new opportunities for unauthorized intrusions into sensitive or proprietary computer systems. Some of these vulnerabilities are waiting to be exploited, while numerous others already have. Everyday that a vulnerability or threat goes unchecked greatly increases an attack and the damage it can cause. Who knows what the prospects for a cascade of failures across US infrastructures could lead to. What type of group or individual would exploit this vulnerability, and why would they do it? "Inside the Mind of a Criminal Hacker" sets the stage and cast of characters for examples and scenarios such as this, providing the security specialist a window into the enemy’s mind - necessary in order to develop a well configured defense. Written by leading security and counter-terrorism experts, whose experience include first-hand exposure in working with government branches & agencies (such as the FBI, US Army, Department of Homeland Security), this book sets a standard for the fight against the cyber-terrorist. Proving, that at the heart of the very best defense is knowing and understanding your enemy. * This book will demonstrate the motives and motivations of criminal hackers through profiling attackers at post attack and forensic levels. * This book is essential to those who need to truly "know thy enemy" in order to prepare the best defense. * . The breadth of material in "Inside the Criminal Mind" will surprise every security specialist and cyber-terrorist buff of how much they do and (more importantly) don't know about the types of adversaries they stand to face.

Your Adversary, the Devil

Author: J. Dwight Pentecost

Publisher: Kregel Publications

ISBN: 9780825434556

Category: Religion

Page: 191

View: 7274

Here is an illuminating study of the devil from a veteran seminary professor and author. "This work uses the light of Scripture to expose the person and methods of Satan . . . Competent books on this subject are not plentiful. . . . Pentecost gives us a very useful survey of information on Satan."--"Christianity Today."

The Art of War

Author: Tzu, Sun

Publisher: Aegitas

ISBN: 5000645391

Category: Fiction

Page: 125

View: 9111

The Art of War is an ancient Chinese military treatise attributed to Sun Tzu, a high-ranking military general, strategist and tactician. The treatise in translated from the Chinese, with an introduction and critical notes by Lionel Giles, M.A. Assistant Department of Oriental Printed Books And Manuscripts.

Know Your Enemy

The Rise and Fall of America's Soviet Experts

Author: David C. Engerman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199717231

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 356

As World War II ended, few Americans in government or universities knew much about the Soviet Union. As David Engerman shows in this book, a network of scholars, soldiers, spies, and philanthropists created an enterprise known as Soviet Studies to fill in this dangerous gap in American knowledge. This group brought together some of the nation's best minds from the left, right, and center, colorful and controversial individuals ranging from George Kennan to Margaret Mead to Zbigniew Brzezinski, not to mention historians Sheila Fitzpatrick and Richard Pipes. Together they created the knowledge that helped fight the Cold War and define Cold War thought. Soviet Studies became a vibrant intellectual enterprise, studying not just the Soviet threat, but Soviet society and culture at a time when many said that these were contradictions in terms, as well as Russian history and literature. And this broad network, Engerman argues, forever changed the relationship between the government and academe, connecting the Pentagon with the ivory tower in ways that still matter today.

The Image of the Enemy

Intelligence Analysis of Adversaries since 1945

Author: Paul Maddrell

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 1626162409

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 6730

Intelligence agencies spend huge sums of money to collect and analyze vast quantities of national security data for their political leaders. How well is this intelligence analyzed, how often is it acted on by policymakers, and does it have a positive or negative effect on decision making? Drawing on declassified documents, interviews with intelligence veterans and policymakers, and other sources, The Image of the Enemy breaks new ground as it examines how seven countries analyzed and used intelligence to shape their understanding of their main adversary. The cases in the book include the Soviet Union's analysis of the United States (and vice versa), East Germany's analysis of West Germany (and vice versa), British intelligence in the early years of the Troubles in Northern Ireland, Israeli intelligence about the Palestinians, Pakistani intelligence on India, and US intelligence about Islamist terrorists. These rivalries provide rich case studies for scholars and offer today’s analysts and policymakers the opportunity to closely evaluate past successes and failures in intelligence analysis and the best ways to give information support to policymakers. Using these lessons from the past, they can move forward to improve analysis of current adversaries and future threats.

The Secret Adversary

Author: Agatha Christie

Publisher: The Floating Press

ISBN: 177541860X

Category: Fiction

Page: 458

View: 4730

A must-read for fans of stories from the Golden Age of Detective Fiction, The Secret Adversary is Agatha Christie at her finest. In the midst of spinning an engrossing tale of adventure and international intrigue, Christie uses the novel to introduce the characters Tommy and Tuppence, both of whom figure in many of her books and short stories.

How Statesmen Think

The Psychology of International Politics

Author: Robert Jervis

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400885337

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 3009

Robert Jervis has been a pioneering leader in the study of the psychology of international politics for more than four decades. How Statesmen Think presents his most important ideas on the subject from across his career. This collection of revised and updated essays applies, elaborates, and modifies his pathbreaking work. The result is an indispensable book for students and scholars of international relations. How Statesmen Think demonstrates that expectations and political and psychological needs are the major drivers of perceptions in international politics, as well as in other arenas. Drawing on the increasing attention psychology is paying to emotions, the book discusses how emotional needs help structure beliefs. It also shows how decision-makers use multiple shortcuts to seek and process information when making foreign policy and national security judgments. For example, the desire to conserve cognitive resources can cause decision-makers to look at misleading indicators of military strength, and psychological pressures can lead them to run particularly high risks. The book also looks at how deterrent threats and counterpart promises often fail because they are misperceived. How Statesmen Think examines how these processes play out in many situations that arise in foreign and security policy, including the threat of inadvertent war, the development of domino beliefs, the formation and role of national identities, and conflicts between intelligence organizations and policymakers.

Ally to Adversary

An Eyewitness Account of Iraq's Fall from Grace

Author: Rick Francona

Publisher: Naval Inst Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 186

View: 5364

Francona, a retired Air Force intelligence officer who served throughout the Middle East with the Defense Department and various national intelligence agencies, chronicles the course of US-Iraqi relations from inside the highest military and diplomatic levels. His firsthand account takes readers on

Intelligence-Driven Incident Response

Outwitting the Adversary

Author: Scott J Roberts,Rebekah Brown

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491935197

Category: Computers

Page: 284

View: 8520

Using a well-conceived incident response plan in the aftermath of an online security breach enables your team to identify attackers and learn how they operate. But, only when you approach incident response with a cyber threat intelligence mindset will you truly understand the value of that information. With this practical guide, you’ll learn the fundamentals of intelligence analysis, as well as the best ways to incorporate these techniques into your incident response process. Each method reinforces the other: threat intelligence supports and augments incident response, while incident response generates useful threat intelligence. This book helps incident managers, malware analysts, reverse engineers, digital forensics specialists, and intelligence analysts understand, implement, and benefit from this relationship. In three parts, this in-depth book includes: The fundamentals: get an introduction to cyber threat intelligence, the intelligence process, the incident-response process, and how they all work together Practical application: walk through the intelligence-driven incident response (IDIR) process using the F3EAD process—Find, Fix Finish, Exploit, Analyze, and Disseminate The way forward: explore big-picture aspects of IDIR that go beyond individual incident-response investigations, including intelligence team building

Perception and Misperception in International Politics

Author: Robert Jervis

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400885116

Category: Political Science

Page: 544

View: 9505

With a new preface by the authorSince its original publication in 1976, Perception and Misperception in International Politics has become a landmark book in its field, hailed by the New York Times as "the seminal statement of principles underlying political psychology." This new edition includes an extensive preface by the author reflecting on the book's lasting impact and legacy, particularly in the application of cognitive psychology to political decision making, and brings that analysis up to date by discussing the relevant psychological research over the past forty years. Jervis describes the process of perception (for example, how decision makers learn from history) and then explores common forms of misperception (such as overestimating one's influence). He then tests his ideas through a number of important events in international relations from nineteenth- and twentieth-century European history. Perception and Misperception in International Politics is essential for understanding international relations today.

Know Your Enemy

The Christian's Critic

Author: Nicholl McGuire

Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub

ISBN: 9781451526547

Category: Religion

Page: 284

View: 5482

You didn't see it coming! Another insult, lie, exaggeration, and other negative behaviors from someone who claims that he or she believes and loves the Lord. Really? You shake your head. How can a person claim to love Christ when he or she doesn't listen to him, attempt to follow his precepts, or do anything to uplift, encourage, edify or rebuke brothers and sisters wayward in the faith? Rather, he or she criticizes the messenger, builds up a defense, and finds fault with those God has appointed to convict one's spirit. If you have ever been hurt by those who love you since walking with the Lord, then this book is a must-read! It's time to break free from relatives, friends, acquaintances and others who are hindering your walk with the Lord no matter the title, association, or what contributions they have made to your life in the past. Be renewed, find your strength in the Lord and know who your enemies are! In the book, Know Your Enemy: The Christian's Critic you will gain: further insight in determining friends from foes, identifying Satan's manipulative strategies, what to do when the critic attacks, and other useful information. We are told in the Bible to love an enemy, but how can you love someone who is permitting his or herself to be used by the devil? This book will help you get to know your enemies from a spiritual perspective.Allow this book to help you deal with the challenges you may face from the enemy's name-calling to debating. Stay humbled with lessons learned from the past. This book provides biblical scriptures to help you stand even when our adversary tempts us, yet again, to fall away from our Lord.

Trump: The Art of the Deal

Author: Donald J. Trump,Tony Schwartz

Publisher: Ballantine Books

ISBN: 9780307575333

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 3692

President Donald J. Trump lays out his professional and personal worldview in this classic work—a firsthand account of the rise of America’s foremost deal-maker. “I like thinking big. I always have. To me it’s very simple: If you’re going to be thinking anyway, you might as well think big.”—Donald J. Trump Here is Trump in action—how he runs his organization and how he runs his life—as he meets the people he needs to meet, chats with family and friends, clashes with enemies, and challenges conventional thinking. But even a maverick plays by rules, and Trump has formulated time-tested guidelines for success. He isolates the common elements in his greatest accomplishments; he shatters myths; he names names, spells out the zeros, and fully reveals the deal-maker’s art. And throughout, Trump talks—really talks—about how he does it. Trump: The Art of the Deal is an unguarded look at the mind of a brilliant entrepreneur—the ultimate read for anyone interested in the man behind the spotlight. Praise for Trump: The Art of the Deal “Trump makes one believe for a moment in the American dream again.”—The New York Times “Donald Trump is a deal maker. He is a deal maker the way lions are carnivores and water is wet.”—Chicago Tribune “Fascinating . . . wholly absorbing . . . conveys Trump’s larger-than-life demeanor so vibrantly that the reader’s attention is instantly and fully claimed.”—Boston Herald “A chatty, generous, chutzpa-filled autobiography.”—New York Post

The Master and His Emissary

The Divided Brain and the Making of the Western World

Author: Iain McGilchrist

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 030014878X

Category: History

Page: 597

View: 7924

Why is the brain divided? The difference between right and left hemispheres has been puzzled over for centuries. In a book of unprecedented scope, Iain McGilchrist draws on a vast body of recent brain research, illustrated with case histories, to reveal that the difference is profound—not just this or that function, but two whole, coherent, but incompatible ways of experiencing the world. The left hemisphere is detail oriented, prefers mechanisms to living things, and is inclined to self-interest, where the right hemisphere has greater breadth, flexibility, and generosity. This division helps explain the origins of music and language, and casts new light on the history of philosophy, as well as on some mental illnesses. In the second part of the book, McGilchrist takes the reader on a journey through the history of Western culture, illustrating the tension between these two worlds as revealed in the thought and belief of thinkers and artists, from Aeschylus to Magritte. He argues that, despite its inferior grasp of reality, the left hemisphere is increasingly taking precedence in the modern world, with potentially disastrous consequences. This is truly a tour de force that should excite interest in a wide readership.

The Book of Five Rings

Author: Musashi Miyamoto

Publisher: Booklassic

ISBN: 9635243979

Category: Philosophy

Page: 31

View: 3748

Miyamoto Musashi's Go Rin no Sho or the book of five rings,is considered a classic treatise on military strategy, much like Sun Tzu's The Art of War and Chanakya's Arthashastra. The five "books" refer to the idea that there are different elements of battle, just as there are different physical elements in life, as described by Buddhism, Shinto, and other Eastern religions. Through the book Musashi defends his thesis: a man who conquers himself is ready to take it on on the world, should need arise.

The Hunt for Red October

Author: Tom Clancy

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0425269361

Category: Fiction

Page: 518

View: 9248

Both the Americans and the Soviets commence an intense naval search when a trusted and skilled Soviet naval officer defects—using the USSR's most valuable nuclear submarine as his escape vehicle. Reissue. A best-selling novel. 50,000 first printing.

Who Fights for Reputation

The Psychology of Leaders in International Conflict

Author: Keren Yarhi-Milo

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400889987

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 1327

How psychology explains why a leader is willing to use military force to protect or salvage reputation In Who Fights for Reputation, Keren Yarhi-Milo provides an original framework, based on insights from psychology, to explain why some political leaders are more willing to use military force to defend their reputation than others. Rather than focusing on a leader's background, beliefs, bargaining skills, or biases, Yarhi-Milo draws a systematic link between a trait called self-monitoring and foreign policy behavior. She examines self-monitoring among national leaders and advisers and shows that while high self-monitors modify their behavior strategically to cultivate image-enhancing status, low self-monitors are less likely to change their behavior in response to reputation concerns. Exploring self-monitoring through case studies of foreign policy crises during the terms of U.S. presidents Carter, Reagan, and Clinton, Yarhi-Milo disproves the notion that hawks are always more likely than doves to fight for reputation. Instead, Yarhi-Milo demonstrates that a decision maker's propensity for impression management is directly associated with the use of force to restore a reputation for resolve on the international stage. Who Fights for Reputation offers a brand-new understanding of the pivotal influence that psychological factors have on political leadership, military engagement, and the protection of public prestige.

The Old Man and the Sea

Author: Ernest Miller Hemingway

Publisher: Al Manhal

ISBN: N.A

Category: Fiction

Page: 84

View: 3515

This is an Egyptian edition of one of the most internationally celebrated works of fiction, Hemingway’s The old Man and the Sea. A Pulitzer-award and - Noble-prize winner, this work has cer- tainly become so extensively known all over the world, receiving a myriad of critical studies and translations. Hemingway himself could have never imagined such a sweeping success for his novel- la, devised while temporarily staying (for a few weeks) at a fishing village in Cuba. It is not simply the story of a big fish catch, but it is the story of a touching human relationship between old age and younghood, not to mention its highly philosophical message that it carries. All this, apart from other equally significant factors, makes Hemingway’s work worth reading and contemplating.

Find eBook